Professor Suma Athreye

EBS - Strategy, Operations and Entrepreneurship (SOE)
Professor Suma Athreye
  • Email

  • Telephone

    +44 (0) 1702 328438

  • Location

    GB.4.72A, Southend Campus

  • Academic support hours

    Wednesday, 11am-1pm



SUMA ATHREYE is Professor of Technology Strategy at Essex Business School and is a member of the Strategy, Operations and Entrepreneurship Group. Suma's main research interests lie in the fields of Economics of Innovation and International Economics and she has published over 50 papers on these subjects and won several research grants for work in these areas. She is on the Editorial Board of the academic journals Research Policy, Journal of International Business Policy, L'Industria Industrial and Corporate Change, Perspectives on Globalisation and Development, International Journal of Technological Learning; Innovation and Development and Multinational Business Review. She also advises the UK intellectual Property Office on their research as member of their research advisory board. Suma has consulted to the World Intellectual Property Organisation, worked closely with the UK Intellectual Property Office and was Rapporteur of the European Research Area (2008) report Opening to the world: International cooperation in Science and Technology. Suma is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts and the Academy of Social Sciences.


  • B.A. (Honours) Economics, University of Delhi

  • M.A.Economics,Jawaharlal Nehru University, New-Delhi

  • D.Phil (Science and Technology Studies), Science Policy Research Unit, University of Sussex.


University of Essex

  • Professor of Technology Strategy, Management Science and Entreprenuership, Essex Business School (16/11/2016 - present)

Research and professional activities

Research interests

Economics of Innovation

Open to supervise

Economics and Management of Intellectual Property

Open to supervise

Technology Management

Open to supervise

Evolution of Technology Markets

Open to supervise

Technology Licensing

Open to supervise

Open Innovation

Open to supervise

Inclusive Innovation

Open to supervise

International R&D Management

Open to supervise

International Cooperation in Science and Technology

Open to supervise

Emerging Market Multinationals

Open to supervise

Foreign Direct Investment

Open to supervise

Current research

patent use and the barriers to patent use in the UK

commercialisation of public science in the UK

valuation of Intangibles and novel technologies by TTOs and M&A

other technology acquisition strategies of emerging economy multinationals.

The transformative role of digital technologies for resilience in Fresh Food supply chains in response to the COVID-19 Pandemic

To explore how Fresh Food supply chains (FFSC) have been affected due to the restrictions placed during the multiple COVID- 19 lockdowns. To explore ways in which digital technologies (DT) have helped to transform and improve resilience in FFSCs during and after the restrictions. Specifically, to identify best practices in FFSCs that used digital technologies to help monitor food quality and keep running their businesses during the lockdown

Teaching and supervision

Previous supervision

Lipeng Wang
Lipeng Wang
Thesis title: Three Essays on Finance and Innovation
Degree subject: Finance
Degree type: Doctor of Philosophy
Awarded date: 11/10/2021


Journal articles (42)

Athreye, S., Sengupta, A. and Odetunde, O., (2023). Academic entrepreneurial engagement with weak institutional support: roles of motivation, intention and perceptions. Studies in Higher Education. 48 (5), 683-694

Athreye, S., Saeed, A. and Saad Baloch, M., (2023). The survival of outward investments from China and India: Is there a North-South divide?. Journal of Business Research. 154, 113374-113374

Ramani, SV., Athreye, S., Bruder, M. and Sengupta, A., (2023). Inclusive innovation for the BoP: It's a matter of survival!. Technological Forecasting and Social Change. 194, 122666-122666

Athreye, S., Kathuria, V., Martelli, A. and Piscitello, L., (2023). Intellectual property rights and the international transfer of climate change mitigating technologies. Research Policy. 52 (9), 104819-104819

Alomani, A., Baptista, R. and Athreye, S., (2022). The interplay between human, social and cognitive resources of nascent entrepreneurs. Small Business Economics. 59 (4), 1301-1326

Athreye, S., Cantwell, J., Edris, S. and Marra, M., (2022). Temporal Sequence of Knowledge Sourcing in Pharmaceutical MNEs. Industria. 43 (4), 555-580

Athreye, S., Fassio, C. and Roper, S., (2021). Small firms and patenting revisited. Small Business Economics. 57 (1), 513-530

Athreye, S., Saeed, A. and Baloch, MS., (2021). Financial crisis of 2008 and outward foreign investments from China and India. Journal of World Business. 56 (3), 101190-101190

Athreye, S., (2020). China’s intellectual property regime. Journal of International Business Policy. 3 (1), 58-59

Athreye, S. and Fassio, C., (2020). Why do innovators not apply for trademarks? the role of informational asymmetries and collaborative innovation. Industry and Innovation. 27 (1-2), 134-154

Athreye, S., Piscitello, L. and Shadlen, KC., (2020). Twenty-five years since TRIPS: Patent policy and international business. Journal of International Business Policy. 3 (4), 315-328

Athreye, S., Batsakis, G. and Singh, S., (2016). Local, global, and internal knowledge sourcing: The trilemma of foreign-based R&D subsidiaries. Journal of Business Research. 69 (12), 5694-5702

Arora, A., Athreye, S. and Huang, C., (2016). The paradox of openness revisited: Collaborative innovation and patenting by UK innovators. Research Policy. 45 (7), 1352-1361

Arora, A. and Athreye, S., (2016). Introduction to the Special Section on Patent Use. Research Policy. 45 (7), 1323-1325

Athreye, S., Tuncay-Celikel, A. and Ujjual, V., (2014). Internationalisation of R&D into Emerging Markets: Fiat's R&D in Brazil, Turkey and India. Long Range Planning. 47 (1-2), 100-114

Athreye, S. and Hobday, M., (2010). Overcoming development adversity: how entrepreneurs led software development in India. International Journal of Technological Learning, Innovation and Development. 3 (1), 36-36

Athreye, S. and Kapur, S., (2009). Introduction: The internationalization of Chinese and Indian firms--trends, motivations and strategy. Industrial and Corporate Change. 18 (2), 209-221

Athreye, S., Kale, D. and Ramani, SV., (2009). Experimentation with strategy and the evolution of dynamic capability in the Indian pharmaceutical sector. Industrial and Corporate Change. 18 (4), 729-759

Athreye, S. and Godley, A., (2009). Internationalization and technological leapfrogging in the pharmaceutical industry. Industrial and Corporate Change. 18 (2), 295-323

Athreye, S. and Cantwell, J., (2007). Creating competition?. Research Policy. 36 (2), 209-226

Athreye, S. and Chaturvedi, S., (2007). Industry Associations and Technology-based Growth in India. The European Journal of Development Research. 19 (1), 156-173

Athreye, S. and Kapur, S., (2006). Industrial concentration in a liberalising economy: A study of Indian manufacturing. The Journal of Development Studies. 42 (6), 981-999

Athreye, SS., (2005). The Indian software industry and its evolving service capability. Industrial and Corporate Change. 14 (3), 393-418

Athreye, SS., (2004). “Role of Transnational Corporations in the Evolution of a High-Tech Industry: The Case of India’s Software Industry”––A Comment. World Development. 32 (3), 555-560

Werker, C. and Athreye, S., (2004). Marshall?s disciples: knowledge and innovation driving regional economic development and growth. Journal of Evolutionary Economics. 14 (5), 505-523

Athreye, SS., (2004). "Role of transnational corporations in the evolution of a high-tech industry: The case of India's software industry" - A comment. WORLD DEVELOPMENT. 32 (3), 555-560

Athreye, SS., (2003). The Microdynamics of Technological Change. Research Policy. 32 (6), 1145-1146

Athreye, SS., (2003). The Indian Software Industry and its Evolving Service Capability. SSRN Electronic Journal (47), 1-27

Athreye, SS. and Keeble, D., (2002). Sources of Increasing Returns and Regional Innovation in the UK. Regional Studies. 36 (4), 345-357

Arora, A. and Athreye, S., (2002). The software industry and India’s economic development. Information Economics and Policy. 14 (2), 253-273

Athreye, SS. and Keeble, D., (2002). Specialized Markets and the Behavior of Firms: Evidence from the United Kingdom’s Regional Economies. International Regional Science Review. 25 (1), 38-62

Athreye, S. and Kapur, S., (2001). Private Foreign Investment in India: Pain or Panacea?. The World Economy. 24 (3), 399-424

Athreye, SS., (2001). Secrets of software success: Management insights from 100 software firms around the world.. R & D MANAGEMENT. 31 (3), 355-355

Athreye, SS., (2001). Competition, Rivalry And Innovative Behaviour. Economics of Innovation and New Technology. 10 (1), 1-21

Athreye, S. and Keeble, D., (2000). Technological convergence, globalisation and ownership in the UK computer industry. Technovation. 20 (5), 227-245

Athreye, SS., (1999). Relative Underdevelopment as a Barrier to Technological Efficiency: A Comparative Study of Ministeel Plants in India and the UK. Modern Asian Studies. 33 (3), 733-758

Athreye, SS., (1998). Trade, growth and technical change. RESEARCH POLICY. 27 (9), 979-980

Athreye, SS., (1997). On markets in knowledge. Journal of Management & Governance. 1 (2), 231-253

Athreye, SS., (1996). Technology diffusion and industrial development: A comparative study of electric arc furnace technology in India and the UK. Science, Technology and Development. 14 (1), 36-58




Books (1)

Arundel, A., Athreye, S. and Wunsch-Vincent, S., (2021). Harnessing Public Research for Innovation in the 21st Century An International Assessment of Knowledge Transfer Policies. Cambridge University Press. 1108842798. 9781108842792

Book chapters (10)

Saeed, A. and Athreye, S., Internal Capital Markets and outward Foreign Investment from India and China. In: International Business and Institutions after the Financial Crisis. Palgrave Macmillan

Athreye, S., (2022). Cross border Innovation activities of MNEs: a commentary. In: Cross-Border Innovation in a Changing World Players, Places, and Policies. Editors: Castellani, D., Perri, A., Scalera, V. and Zanfei, A., . Oxford University Press. 74- 81. 9780198870067

Athreye, S., (2021). Outward investment from emerging markets: time for a paradigm shift?. In: A Research Agenda for International Business and Management. Editors: Bozkurt, O. and Geppert, M., . Edward Elgar. 63- 83. 9781789902037

Andersson, U., Athreye, S. and Batsakis, G., (2016). Complementarity and Substitution in the Knowledge Networks of R&D Subsidiaries. In: Perspectives on Headquarters-subsidiary Relationships in the Contemporary MNC. Emerald Group Publishing Limited. 247- 274

Niosi, J., Athreye, S. and Tschang, T., (2012). The Global Computer Software Sector. In: Economic Development as a Learning Process. Edward Elgar Publishing. 72- 112. 9780857937889

Athreye, S., (2011). Overcoming Adversity in Entrepreneurship-led Growth:. In: Entrepreneurship, Innovation, and Economic Development. Oxford University Press. 265- 286. 9780199596515

Athreye, S., Huang, C. and Soete, L., (2010). An ‘Outward-Looking’ Lisbon Strategy: A Solution for Challenges of the Knowledge Economy in the EU, China and India. In: International Science and Technology Cooperation in a Globalized World. Edward Elgar Publishing. 81- 102. 9781849801645

Athreye, SS., (2005). The Indian Software Industry. In: From Underdogs to Tigers. Oxford University Press. 7- 40. 9780199275601

Athreye, S. and Srinivasan, V., (2005). Managerial Synergies and Related Diversification: Software Services and the Business Process Outsourcing Sector in India. In: Information Communication Technology and Economic Development. Edward Elgar Publishing. 167- 183. 9781845421755

Athreye, S., (2004). Agglomeration and Growth. In: Building High-Tech Clusters. Cambridge University Press. 121- 159. 9780521827225

Conferences (1)

Athreye, SS., (2000). Technology policy and innovation: The role of competition between firms

Reports and Papers (7)

Arora, A., Athreye, S. and Huang, C., The Paradox of Openness Revisited: Collaborative Innovation and Patenting by UK Innovators

Arora, A. and Athreye, S., Patent Incentives: Returns to Patenting and the Inducement for Research & Development Executive Summary

Arora, A. and Athreye, S., Patent Incentives: Returns to Patenting and the Inducement for Research & Development

Athreye, SS. and Keeble, DE., Externalities And The Uk Regional Divide In Innovative Behaviour

Arora, A. and Athreye, SS., The Software Industry and India's Economic Development

Athreye, SS. and Cantwell, JA., Creating Competition? Globalisation and the Emergence of New Technology Producers

Athreye, SS., Agglomeration and Growth: A Study of the Cambridge Hi-tech Cluster

Scholarly Editions (1)

Athreye, SS., Multinational Firms and the Evolution of the Indian Software Industry

Grants and funding


The transformative role of digital technologies for resilience in Fresh Food supply chains in response to the COVID-19 Pandemic

University of Essex

The transformative role of digital technologies for resilience in Fresh Food supply chains in response to the COVID-19 Pandemic

University of Essex

+44 (0) 1702 328438


GB.4.72A, Southend Campus

Academic support hours:

Wednesday, 11am-1pm