2020 applicants
Research Project

EU Security: Identifying Threats, Response Preferences and Collective Action Prospects

Principal Investigator
Professor Emil Kirchner

Assessing the contributions EU member states make to security tasks

This project allowed a small team of researchers to engage in analysing questionnaire and interview responses, alongside a quantitative assessment of the contributions EU member states make to security tasks.

The project was funded from March 2007 to February 2009 by a Small Research Grant from The British Academy (award number SG-46165 £7,384). It ran alongside the GARNET project. The outcomes of the research were disseminated through a number of publications and paper presentations.

Our research team

Maximilian Rasch

Research Assistant

,

Benjamin Krug

Research Assistant

,

Oistein Harsem

Research Assistant

,

Objectives

  • to define the range of threats preoccupying EU policy makers and European security experts
  • assess the institutional and instrumental preferences shaping EU security policies 
  • investigate the allocation of resources between the various categories of security expenditure (civilian versus traditional military)
  • detail the elements of EU security culture together with that of EU collective action in the security field

Method

Two parallel investigations were employed. The first involved a survey, carried out by an email questionnaire and interviews. The second was a quantitative assessment of the contributions EU member states make to security tasks, considering burden sharing and collective action.

Results

The results suggest that:

  • ‘new’ security threats dominate 
  • multilateralism is the chosen form of  state interactions 
  • civilian or ‘soft power’ instruments are preferred in dealing with security threats
  • the issue of burden sharing is likely to grow in importance and involve member states in a choice to either institutionalize security cooperation to minimize free-riding, or to allow a few members to shoulder most of the burden and then dictate the direction of policy.

Our publications

National Security Cultures and Global Security Governance

Read more about the book by Professor Emil Kirchner and James Sperling on the Taylor and Francis Group website.

Global Threat Perception: Elite Survey results from Canada, China, the European Union, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States

Read the full working paper from the GARNET project, written by Professor Emil Kirchner and James Sperling on the University of Warwick website.

Sharing the Burden of Collective Security in the European Union

Download the full article by Professor Han Dorussen, Professor Emil Kirchner and James Sperling on the Cambridge University Press website.

European Energy Security Cooperation: between Amity and Enmity

Download the full article by Professor Emil Kirchner and Can Berk from the Wiley Online Library.

The EU’s Role in Regional and Global Security Governance

Download the text by Professor Emil Kirchner from the Nomos eLibrary.

EU Threat Perceptions and Governance

View the full text by Professor Emil Kirchner and Maximilian Rasch from the Routledge website.

Dissemination

A paper on Supranational Threat Perceptions: Survey Results from the EU’ was presented in 2007 and 2008 at universities in:

  • Trento, Italy
  • Shanghai, China
  • Boston, MA
  • Indonesia

A paper on ‘Sharing the Burden of Collective Security in the European Union’ by Han Dorussen, Emil Kirchner and James Sperling was presented in 2007 and 2008 at:

Get in touch
Get in touch
Professor Emil Kirchner University of Essex
Wivenhoe Park, Colchester, CO4 3SQ
Telephone: +44 (0) 1206 872749