Dr Carolina Garriga

Reader (R)
Department of Government
Dr Carolina Garriga



I am a Reader (associate professor) in the Department of Government at the University of Essex, and Affiliated Professor at CIDE, Mexico. My research and teaching interests include international and comparative political economy, the influence of domestic institutions on international cooperation, and Latin American politics. My current research includes the study of central banks'governance, the causes and consequences of central bank independence and other monetary institutions, the political determinants and consequences of FDI, and the political economy of conflict. My work has been published or is forthcoming in the Journal of Politics, International Studies Quarterly, the Journal of Peace Research, the Journal of Conflict Resolution, Governance, Regulation & Governance, Political Research Quarterly, Economic Modelling, Economic Analysis and Policy, and other outlets. I am co-editor of International Interactions and Deputy Director of the Essex Summer School in Social Science Data Analysis . I am interested in supervising doctoral dissertations and post-doctoral research addressing new issues in international political economy and in global governance. If you need a letter of recommendation, please send me your request and materials with a minimum three-week notice. Please, see


  • PhD University of Pittsburgh,

  • MA, European Union Law Universidad Complutense de Madrid,


University of Essex

  • Reader, University of Essex (1/10/2020 - present)

  • Deputy Director, Essex Summer School in Social Science Data Analysis (1/9/2022 - present)

  • Director of Diversity and Inclusion, Department of Government, (1/9/2019 - 31/8/2022)

  • Lecturer, Government, University of Essex (1/10/2018 - 30/9/2020)

Other academic

  • Affiliated professor, Political Science, Centro de Investigación y Docencia Economicas (CIDE) (1/1/2020 - present)

  • Associate professor, Political Science, Centro de Investigación y Docencia Economicas (CIDE) (1/11/2016 - 30/9/2018)

  • Assistant professor, Political Science, Centro de Investigación y Docencia Economicas (CIDE) (1/6/2010 - 31/10/2016)

Research and professional activities

Research interests

International Political Economy

Open to supervise

Comparative Political Economy

Open to supervise

Central banks

Open to supervise

Foreign direct investment

Open to supervise

International cooperation/International institutions

Key words: International organizations
Open to supervise

Current research

Central banks' mandates

Conflict finance: the role of monetary institutions

Central bank independence: determinants and consequences

Foreign direct investment and environmental regulation

Subnational allocation of FDI

Teaching and supervision

Current teaching responsibilities

  • International Political Economy (GV314)

  • Applied Research Design (GV915)

  • International Institutions and Global Governance (GV945)

  • International Institutions (GV212)

Previous supervision

Manuel Ernesto Perez Aguirre
Manuel Ernesto Perez Aguirre
Thesis title: The Effects of Criminal Violence and State Weakness on Human Rights Abuses: The Mexican Case
Degree subject: Government
Degree type: Doctor of Philosophy
Awarded date: 8/8/2023


Journal articles (19)

Bodea, C. and Garriga, AC., (2023). Central bank independence in Latin America: Politicization and de-delegation. Governance: an international journal of policy, administration, and institution. 36 (1), 59-80

Garriga, AC. and Rodriguez, CM., (2023). Central Bank Independence and Inflation Volatility in Developing Countries. Economic Analysis and Policy. 78, 1320-1341

Garriga, AC. and Phillips, B., (2023). Organized crime and foreign direct investment: Evidence from criminal groups in Mexico. Journal of Conflict Resolution. 67 (9), 1675-1703

Garriga, AC., (2022). International Capital and Subnational Politics: Partisanship and Foreign Direct Investment in Mexican States. Political Research Quarterly. 75 (4), 1006-1020

Garriga, AC., (2022). Central Banks and Civil War Termination. Journal of Peace Research. 59 (4), 508-525

Garriga, AC. and Negri, J., (2020). It’s (Almost) Always the Economy: Economic Performance and Political Realignments In Argentina. Revista de Ciencia Política. 40 (2), 137-161

Garriga, AC. and Rodriguez, CM., (2020). More Effective than We Thought: Central Bank Independence and Inflation in Developing Countries. Economic Modelling. 85 (1), 87-105

Bodea, C., Garriga, AC. and Higashijima, M., (2019). Economic Institutions and Autocratic Breakdown: Monetary Constraints and Spending in Dominant-Party Regimes. Journal of Politics. 81 (2), 601-615

Garriga, AC. and Meseguer, C., (2019). Remittances, Monetary Institutions, and Autocracies. Oxford Development Studies. 47 (4), 452-467

Garriga, AC., (2017). Regulatory lags, liberalization, and vulnerability to banking crises. Regulation and Governance. 11 (2), 143-165

Garriga, AC., (2017). Inversión extranjera directa en México: comparación entre la inversión procedente de los Estados Unidos y del resto del mundo. Foro Internacional. 57 (2), 317-355

Garriga, AC., (2017). Independencia de los bancos centrales: La "sabiduría convencional" a la luz de nuevos datos.. Studia Politicae. 40, 103-128

Garriga, AC., (2016). Central Bank Independence in the World: A New Data Set. International Interactions. 42 (5), 849-868

Garriga, AC., (2016). Human Rights Regimes, Reputation, and Foreign Direct Investment. International Studies Quarterly. 60 (1), 160-172

Garriga, AC. and Grau Vidiella, M., (2015). Actitudes ante la inversión extranjera: el caso de México. Foro Internacional. 55 (3), 879-916

Garriga, AC., (2015). Leonardo Baccini and Johannes Urpelainen. 2014. Cutting the Gordian Knot of Economic Reform. When and How International Institutions Help (New York: Oxford University Press). The Review of International Organizations. 10 (3), 409-412

Garriga, AC. and Ortiz, HD., (2014). Delegated Decree Authority (DDA): Instruments to compare dda scope, with application to Latin American cases. Politica y Gobierno. 21 (1), 201-232

Garriga, AC. and Phillips, BJ., (2014). Foreign Aid as a Signal to Investors: Predicting FDI in Post-conflict Countries. Journal of Conflict Resolution. 58 (2), 280-306

Garriga, AC., (2009). Regime Type and Bilateral Treaty Formalization. Journal of Conflict Resolution. 53 (5), 698-726

Book chapters (3)

Bodea, C., Garriga, AC. and Higashijima, M., Central Bank Independence and the Fate of Authoritarian Regimes. In: Populism, Economic Policies and Central Banking. Editors: Gnan, E. and Masciandro, D., . Bocconi University and BAFFI CAREFIN. 161- 179. 978-3-902109-89-7

Garriga, AC. and del Tedesco Linz, MA., (2014). El Camino Hacia la Estabilidad. Treinta Años de la Moneda en México y Brasil (The Path Towards Stability: Thirty Years of Currency in Mexico and Brazil). In: La integración de políticas públicas para el desarrollo Brasil y México en perspectiva comparada. Editors: Magaldi de Sousa, M. and Maldonado Trujillos, C., . CIDE. 55- 103. 6079367181. 9786079367183

Garriga, AC., (2014). Other Forms of Punishment of Human Rights Violations: The Case of Foreign Direct Investment. In: Derecho internacional de los derechos humanos manifestaciones, violaciones y respuestas actuales. Editors: Pavón Piscitello, D. and Thiele, C., . EDUCC, Editorial de la Universidad Católica de Córdoba. 99- 138. 987626253X. 9789876262538

Reports and Papers (2)

Garriga, AC. and Phillips, BJ., (2022). Organized Crime and Foreign Direct Investment: Evidence From Criminal Groups in Mexico

Garriga, AC., (2021). Central Banks and Civil War Termination

Grants and funding


Establishing an interdisciplinary network to address the economic consequences of violence in Mexico

Academy of Medical Sciences


A servant of many masters: What are the consequences of assigning multiple mandates to central banks?

British Academy



5B.308, Colchester Campus

Academic support hours:

Friday, 10:00 to 11:30 am (during the term)