Professor Gijsbert Stoet

Department of Psychology
Professor Gijsbert Stoet



I have a background in cognitive psychology, neuroscience, and educational research. I am particularly interested in individual differences in cognitive abilities and personality. Please check my professional website:


  • MA University of Groningen, (1993)

  • PhD Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, (1998)


University of Essex

  • Professor, Psychology, University of Essex (1/12/2018 - present)

Research and professional activities

Research interests

I have a background in psychology, education, and neuroscience. My current work focuses mainly on individual differences in cognitive abilities and attitudes, including in educational achievement and attitudes.

Open to supervise

Conferences and presentations

Parents make a difference. Problems and solutions to attract more children to STEM.

Invited presentation, Keynote presentation, The parents, that is us, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 23/2/2019

How can we overcome the gender gap in STEM?

Invited presentation, Keynote presentation, Invited as key-note speaker at the conference: "Women in the digital future: Breaking through stereotypes [Frauen in der digitalen Zukunft: Stereotype durchbrechen“ am 7.12.2018 an der TU München"] This conference was attended by more than 1000 attendees with a background in equality and diversity, education, media, and politics. Other keynote speakers were high profile German media managers (e.g., head of one of the national TV senders), educational researchers, and policy makers. The conference was sponsored by the German department for education and research., Women in the digital future: Breaking through stereotypes, Munich, Germany, 7/12/2018

International perspectives on improving boys’ success at school

Invited presentation, Keynote presentation, Creating Positive Futures for Boys and Young Men, Men and Boys Coalition, London, United Kingdom, 19/11/2018

How to get more girls into maths and related disciplines

Invited presentation, Keynote presentation, Contemporary research in mathematics anxiety and emotions: redefining the field, Contemporary research in mathematics anxiety and emotions: redefining the field, Manchester, United Kingdom, 25/11/2016

Attention for mens' educational difficulties

Invited presentation, Keynote presentation, Male Psychology Conference, Male Psychology Conference, London, United Kingdom, 25/6/2016

Gender differences in education & the challenges in bringing change

Invited presentation, Keynote presentation, Opening Doors (The conference, chaired by Dame Barbara Stocking, will open with an introduction from Caroline Dinenage, Minister for Women, Equalities and Family Justice at the Ministry of Justice and the launch of our Opening Doors report. Professor Louise Archer, Dr Stephanie Burnett Heyes, Dr Gijsbert Stoet will discuss current research in the fields of sociology, neuroscience and psychology. An afternoon panel discussion will give delegates the opportunity to ask questions about research, current practice in schools and the Opening Doors report.), Opening Doors, London, United Kingdom, 20/10/2015

Teaching and supervision

Current teaching responsibilities

  • Statistics for Psychologists, 2nd Year (PS212)

  • Memory Attention and Language (PS415)

  • Personality and Individual Differences (PS416)

  • Special Topics in Individual Differences and Developmental Psychology (PS938)

  • Advanced Personality and Individual Differences (PS945)


Journal articles (31)

Stoet, G. and Geary, DC., (2020). The Gender-Equality Paradox Is Part of a Bigger Phenomenon: Reply to Richardson and Colleagues (2020). Psychological Science, 095679762090413-095679762090413

Li, B., Li, X., Stoet, G. and Lages, M., (2019). Exploring individual differences in task switching. Acta Psychologica. 193, 80-95

Stoet, G. and Geary, DC., (2019). A simplified approach to measuring national gender inequality. PLOS ONE. 14 (1), e0205349-e0205349

Li, X., Li, B., Liu, X., Lages, M. and Stoet, G., (2019). Task-switching costs disappear if non-Chinese participants respond to Chinese characters. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 45 (11), 2051-2071

Stoet, G. and Geary, DC., (2018). The Gender-Equality Paradox in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education. Psychological Science. 29 (4), 581-593

Stoet, G. and Geary, DC., (2017). Students in countries with higher levels of religiosity perform lower in science and mathematics. Intelligence. 62, 71-78

Stoet, G., (2017). Sex differences in the Simon task help to interpret sex differences in selective attention. Psychological Research. 81 (3), 571-581

Stoet, G., (2017). Multiple choices on assessment. PSYCHOLOGIST. 30, 5-5

Stoet, G., (2017). PsyToolkit: A Novel Web-Based Method for Running Online Questionnaires and Reaction-Time Experiments. Teaching of Psychology. 44 (1), 24-31

Stoet, G. and Geary, DC., (2016). Challenges for determining the causal effects between social behavior and testosterone. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 113 (5), E499-E499

Stoet, G., Bailey, DH., Moore, AM. and Geary, DC., (2016). Countries with Higher Levels of Gender Equality Show Larger National Sex Differences in Mathematics Anxiety and Relatively Lower Parental Mathematics Valuation for Girls. PLoS ONE. 11 (4), e0153857-e0153857

Stoet, G. and Geary, DC., (2015). Sex differences in academic achievement are not related to political, economic, or social equality. Intelligence. 48, 137-151

Mushtaq, F., Stoet, G., Bland, AR. and Schaefer, A., (2013). Relative Changes from Prior Reward Contingencies Can Constrain Brain Correlates of Outcome Monitoring. PLoS ONE. 8 (6), e66350-e66350

Stoet, G. and Geary, DC., (2013). Sex Differences in Mathematics and Reading Achievement Are Inversely Related: Within- and Across-Nation Assessment of 10 Years of PISA Data. PLoS ONE. 8 (3), e57988-e57988

Stoet, G. and Snyder, LH., (2012). The role of executive control in tool use. Behavioral and Brain Sciences. 35 (4), 240-241

Stoet, G. and Geary, DC., (2012). Can Stereotype Threat Explain the Gender Gap in Mathematics Performance and Achievement?. Review of General Psychology. 16 (1), 93-102

Stoet, G., (2011). Sex differences in search and gathering skills. Evolution and Human Behavior. 32 (6), 416-422

Stoet, G. and López, B., (2011). Task-switching abilities in children with autism spectrum disorder. European Journal of Developmental Psychology. 8 (2), 244-260

Stoet, G., (2010). PsyToolkit: A software package for programming psychological experiments using Linux. Behavior Research Methods. 42 (4), 1096-1104

Stoet, G., (2010). Sex differences in the processing of flankers. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 63 (4), 633-638

Stoet, G. and Snyder, LH., (2009). Neural correlates of executive control functions in the monkey. Trends in Cognitive Sciences. 13 (5), 228-234

Stoet, G., Ruge, H. and Snyder, LH., (2008). Modification of response time variability in a decision-making task. NeuroReport. 19 (13), 1321-1324

Stoet, G., Markey, H. and López, B., (2007). Dyslexia and attentional shifting. Neuroscience Letters. 427 (1), 61-65

Stoet, G. and Snyder, LH., (2007). Extensive practice does not eliminate human switch costs. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience. 7 (3), 192-197

Stoet, G. and Snyder, LH., (2007). Correlates of Stimulus-Response Congruence in the Posterior Parietal Cortex. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. 19 (2), 194-203

Ruge, H., Stoet, G. and Naumann, E., (2006). Attentional set mixing: Effects on target selection and selective response activation. Psychophysiology. 43 (4), 413-421

Stoet, G. and Snyder, LH., (2006). Effects of the NMDA Antagonist Ketamine on Task-Switching Performance: Evidence for Specific Impairments of Executive Control. Neuropsychopharmacology. 31 (8), 1675-1681

Stoet, G. and Snyder, LH., (2004). Single Neurons in Posterior Parietal Cortex of Monkeys Encode Cognitive Set. Neuron. 42 (6), 1003-1012

Stoet, G. and Snyder, LH., (2003). Task preparation in macaque monkeys (Macaca mulatta). Animal Cognition. 6 (2), 121-130

Stoet, G. and Snyder, LH., (2003). Executive control and task-switching in monkeys. Neuropsychologia. 41 (10), 1357-1364

Stoet, G. and Hommel, B., (1999). Action planning and the temporal binding of response codes.. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance. 25 (6), 1625-1640

Conferences (7)

Liu, X., Stoet, G. and Lages, M., (2017). Double Cueing in the Posner Task

Low, JHS., (2013). Cardiopulmonary exercise testing and survival after major surgery

Snyder, LH. and Stoet, G., (2012). S.20.02 Neural correlates of cognitive flexibility in monkeys

Bayliss, RA., Allen, C., Stoet, G., Saha, A. and Sivakumar, R., (2012). Should doctors run to crash calls? The effect of exercise on cognitive function

Stoet, G. and Snyder, LH., (2005). A model of effects of ketamine, a NMDA glutamatergic antagonist, on executive control in monkeys

Stoet, G. and Hommel, B., (2002). Interaction between feature binding in perception and action

Strohner, H. and Stoet, G., (1999). Cognitive compositionality: An activation and evaluation hypothesis

+44 (0) 1206 873493


4.708, Colchester Campus

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