Dr Sarah Kunz

Department of Sociology and Criminology
Dr Sarah Kunz



I am a lecturer in the Department of Sociology at the University of Essex. Before joining the University of Essex, I was a Leverhulme Early Career Fellow at the University of Bristol. Trained in sociology and geography, my research explores privileged migration; the politics of migration categories and knowledge production on migration; the historical relationship between mobility, coloniality and racism; corporate migration management, and the commodification of citizenship. My first monograph ‘Expatriate: Following a Migration Category’ (Manchester University Press, 2023) draws on ethnographic and archival research to explore the postcolonial history and politics of the category ‘expatriate’, tracing it from the mid-twentieth-century era of decolonisation to today’s heated debates about migration. My current Leverhulme-funded research focuses on the global Citizenship Industry, the private sector involved in developing, administering and promoting citizenship by investment (CBI). Corporate actors have been key to the rise of investment migration and the Citizenship Industry has become a diverse and highly profitable global sector. From 2021-2022 I worked with the Migration Museum, London, to evaluate the first phase of the Migration Network, which brings together organisations from across the UK museum and heritage sector who work on migration and related themes. I co-founded and co-convene the Elite Studies Working Group and the BSA Sociology of Elites Study Group. I am also part of PriMob, an IMISCOE network of researchers of privileged migration and a co-founding editor of Postgraduate Pedagogies, an open-access journal focused on the experiences and perspectives of GTAs.


  • PhD Geography University College London,

  • MSc Sociology London School of Economics and Political Science,

  • BA Liberal Arts and Sciences Maastricht University,


University of Essex

  • Lecturer, University of Essex (1/10/2022 - present)

Teaching and supervision

Current teaching responsibilities

  • The Sociological Imagination (SC111)

  • Rethinking Modernity (SC301)

  • Migration: Theory, Concepts and Selected Issues (SC982)


Journal articles (13)

Kunz, S., Learning via Instagram. Andragoška spoznanja. 28 (2), 123-136

Samaluk, B. and Kunz, S., Unequal Mobility Regimes and Radical Adult Education in Neoliberal Times. Andragoška spoznanja. 28 (2), 17-36

Kunz, S., (2023). Invisible no more: women’s work in the oil and gas industry. Journal of Energy History/Revue d'Histoire de l'Énergie. 9 (Special issue / Hydrocarbons and human resources: labor, social relations and industrial culture in the history of the oil and gas industry)

Kunz, S., (2022). Provincializing “immigrant integration”: privileged migration to Nairobi and the problem of integration. Ethnic and Racial Studies. 45 (10), 1896-1917

Higgins, K. and Kunz, S., (2022). Book review: Ethnographies of the super-rich. Focaal. 2022 (92), 118-123

Dittmer, J., Kunz, S., Cutmore, A., Brigati, L., Buckley, G., Budd, G., Duxfield, I., Fricker, L., Harris, M., Holt, N., Koedjikov, N., Li, X., Martin, E., O’Sullivan, S., Parr, S., Read, E., Robinson-Rawdah, J., Ivanov, FV., Weiss, C. and Zhou, F., (2021). The force of events: the ‘Brexit interval’ and popular aspirations for Gibraltarian diplomacy. Territory, Politics, Governance. 9 (5), 708-724

Kunz, S. and Brill, F., (2021). GTA teaching outside the classroom: contributions and challenges of GTA teaching on fieldtrips.. Postgraduate Pedagogies. 1 (1), 110-129

Kunz, S., (2020). A business empire and its migrants: Royal Dutch Shell and the management of racial capitalism. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers. 45 (2), 377-391

Kunz, S., (2020). Expatriate, migrant? The social life of migration categories and the polyvalent mobility of race. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies. 46 (11), 2145-2162

Dittmer, J., Kunz, S., Bocking, J., Brown, C., Cooney, H., Datta, S., de Soissons, M., Dixon, E., Fraser, A., Keene, J., Marshall, U., Mitchell, S., Porter, C., Roberts, B., Sivakumaran, A., Tan, W., Thompson, CE., Vernon-Avery, I. and Zamula, F., (2019). Gibraltarians’ attitudes towards Brexit and the Gibraltar-Spain frontier. Space and Polity. 23 (3), 283-298

Kunz, S., (2019). Book review of Chambers, Iain: Postcolonial Interruptions, Unauthorised Modernities. Antipode: a radical journal of geography

Kunz, S., (2018). ‘Making space’ in Cairo: Expatriate movements and spatial practices. Geoforum. 88, 109-117

Kunz, S., (2016). Privileged Mobilities: Locating the Expatriate in Migration Scholarship. Geography Compass. 10 (3), 89-101

Books (1)

Kunz, S., (2023). Expatriate Following a migration category. Manchester University Press. 1526154285. 9781526154286

Book chapters (4)

Kunz, S., (2022). Entwined stories: Privileged family migration, differential inclusion and shifting geographies of belonging. In: How the other half lives: Interconnecting socio-spatial inequalities. Editors: Burgum, S. and Higgins, K., . Manchester University Press. 978-1-5261-4655-7

Kunz, S., (2022). Colonialism, racism and corporations. In: The Wiley-AAG International Encyclopaedia of Geography: People, the Earth, Environment, and Technology. Wiley. 1- 8. 9780470659632

Kunz, S. and Oomen Liebers, MJ., (2018). Gender roles and relations within Bolivian migrant networks: Ambivalent transgressions, regressions and new autonomies. In: Gender, Work and Migration Agency in Gendered Labour Settings. Editors: Amrith, M. and Sahraoui, N., . Routledge. 1351846213. 9781351846219

Kunz, S., (2018). Post-colonial liminality: ‘Expatriate’ narratives in the East Africa Women’s League. In: British Migration. Editors: Leonard, P. and Walsh, K., . Routledge

Reports and Papers (2)

Kunz, S., (2021). The UK Investor Visa: History, Aims and Controversies: Bristol Policy Report

Kunz, S., Clery, E. and Lee, L., (2013). Public attitudes to poverty and welfare, 1983-2011. Analysis using British Social Attitudes data

Grants and funding


Transnational elites in imperial contexts: global power and its contestation

British Academy


The Citizenship Industry: Commodified mobility and global inequalities

Leverhulme Trust

+44 (0) 1206 872650


6.358, Colchester Campus

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