Dr Paul Hanel

Department of Psychology
Dr Paul Hanel



My research interests include social, personality, political, and cross-cultural psychology as well as science communication and research methods. A significant part of my empirical work includes human values (e.g., freedom, loyalty, security). Among other things I am interested in how people perceive the values of other people, and whether living in cities or countries in which other people share one's values has positive effects on one's well-being. Currently, I am especially interested in similarities between groups of people. While people often tend to assume that values, attitudes, and abilities differ between, for example, women and men, younger and older people, or people from different countries, the amount of similarities between these groups is on average pretty large, typically between 80 and 95%. In my research I investigate the effects of highlighting similarities between groups of people. For a full list of my publications see my Google Scholar profile For my research I have received several awards, including the Hadyn Ellis Prize for an Outstanding Dissertation from the School of Psychology (Cardiff University) in 2017 and the Early Career Award from the British Psychological Society, Social Psychology Section, in 2021.


  • PhD (Psychology) Cardiff University, (2016)

  • Master of Science (Psychology) Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, (2013)

  • Bachelor of Arts (Political Science and Sociology) Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, (2013)

  • Bachelor of Science (Psychology) Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, (2010)


Other academic

  • Research Associate, Psychology, University of Bath (1/12/2016 - 31/7/2020)

Research and professional activities

Research interests

Human values

Stereotypes and prejudice

Political psychology

Working from home/remote work

Cross-cultural research



Journal articles (71)

Zarzeczna, NJ., Hanel, PHP., Rutjens, B., Bono, SA., Chen, Y-H. and Haddock, G., Scientists, speak up! Source impacts trust in health advice across five countries. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied

Russo, D., Hanel, PHP. and van Berkel, N., Understanding Developers Well-Being and Productivity: a 2-year Longitudinal Analysis during the COVID-19 Pandemic. ACM Transactions on Software Engineering and Methodology

Haase, J., Hanel, PHP. and Norbert, G., (2023). Creativity Enhancement Methods for Adults: A Meta-Analysis. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts

Hanel, PHP., Roy, D., Taylor, S., Franjieh, M., Heffer, C., Tanesini, A. and Maio, GR., (2023). Using Self-Affirmation to Increase Intellectual Humility in Debate. Royal Society Open Science. 10 (2), 220958-

Buchanan, EM., Lewis, SC., Hanel, PHP., Chiu, F., Sirota, M. and et al, (2023). The Psychological Science Accelerator's COVID-19 Rapid-Response Dataset. Scientific Data. 10 (1)

von Hecker, U., Hanel, PHP., Jin, Z. and Winkielman, P., (2023). Self-generated cognitive fluency: Consequences on evaluative judgments. Cognition and Emotion. 37 (2), 254-270

Russo, D., Hanel, PHP., Altnickel, S. and van Berkel, N., (2023). Satisfaction and Performance of Software Developers during Enforced Work from Home in the COVID-19 Pandemic. Empirical Software Engineering: an international journal. 28 (2), 53-

Holford, D., Fasce, A., ...., Hanel, PHP., Sirota, M. and Wulf, M., (2023). Science Communication as a Collective Intelligence Endeavour: A Manifesto and Examples for Implementation. Science Communication. 45 (4), 107554702311626-107554702311626

Coelho, GLDH., Wolf, LJ., Vilar, R., Pereira Monteiro, R. and Hanel, PHP., (2023). Do Left-Wingers Discriminate? A Cross-Country Study on the Links Between Political Orientation, Values, Moral Foundations, and the Covid-19 Passport. Current Psychology, 1-12

Demmrich, S. and Hanel, PHP., (2023). When Religious Fundamentalists Feel Privileged: Findings from a Representative Study in Contemporary Turkey. Current Research in Ecological and Social Psychology. 4, 100115-100115

Hanel, PHP., Tunç, H., Bhasin, D., Litzellachner, LF. and Maio, GR., (2023). Value Fulfilment and Well-Being: Clarifying Directions over Time. Journal of Personality

Monteiro, R., Coelho, GLDH., Hanel, PHP., Gouveia, V. and Vilar, R., (2023). The 12-Item Mini-DASS: A Concise and Efficient Measure of Depression, Anxiety, and Stress. Applied Research in Quality of Life

Souchon, N., Hanel, PHP., Coutte, A. and Maio, GR., (2023). Prejudice among Egalitarians: The Case of Values and Weight Bias. European Journal of Social Psychology

Swami, V., Tran, US., Stieger, S., ..., Hanel, PHP., ..., M. and Voracek, M., (2023). Body appreciation around the world: Measurement invariance of the Body Appreciation Scale-2 (BAS-2) across 65 nations, 40 languages, gender identities, and age. Body Image. 46, 449-466

Player, L., Hanel, PHP., Whitmarsh, L. and Shah, P., (2023). The 19-Item Environmental Knowledge Test (EKT-19): A Short, Psychometrically Robust Measure of Environmental Knowledge. Heliyon. 9 (8), e17862-e17862

Monteiro, RP., Coelho, GLDH., Hanel, PHP., Medeiros, ED. and Gomes da Silva, PD., (2022). The Efficient Assessment of Self-Esteem: Proposing the Brief Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Applied Research in Quality of Life. 17 (2), 931-947

Nascimento, BS., Little, AC., Monteiro, RP., Hanel, PHP. and Vione, KC., (2022). Attachment styles and mate-retention: Exploring the mediating role of relationship satisfaction. Evolutionary Behavioral Sciences. 16 (4), 362-370

Coelho, GLDH., Hanel, PHP., Johansen, MK. and Maio, GR., (2022). Mental representations of values and behaviors. European Journal of Personality. 36 (6), 926-941

Monteiro, RP., Coelho, GLHD., Hanel, PHP., Vilar, R., Gouveia, VV. and Medeiros, ED., (2022). The Dark Side of Brazil: Effects of Dark Traits on General COVID-19 Worry and Responses Against the Pandemic. Personality and Individual Differences. 185, 111247-111247

Coelho, GLDH., Hanel, PHP., Byrne, A., Hourihane, J. and DunnGalvin, A., (2022). The Food Allergy COPE Inventory: Adaptation and Psychometric Properties. The World Allergy Organization Journal. 15 (2), 100626-100626

Hanel, PHP., da Silva, SMG. and Inman, RA., (2022). Using public datasets to understand the psychological correlates of smoking, alcohol consumption, and obesity: A country-level analysis. Cross-Cultural Research. 56 (2-3), 99-124

Moreira, P., Inman, RA., Hanel, PHP., Faria, S., Araújo, M., Pedras, S. and Cunha, D., (2022). Engagement and Disengagement with Sustainable Development: Further conceptualization and evidence of validity for the Engagement/Disengagement in Sustainable Development Inventory (EDiSDI). Journal of Environmental Psychology. 79, 101729-101729

Hanel, PHP. and Zarzeczna, N., (2022). From multiverse analysis to multiverse operationalisations: 262,143 ways of measuring well-being. Religion, Brain and Behavior, 1-5

Geeraert, N., Ward, C. and Hanel, PHP., (2022). Returning home: The role of expectations in re‐entry adaptation. Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being. 14 (3), 949-966

Efthimiou, TN., Hanel, PHP. and Korb, S., (2022). Volunteers' concerns about facial neuromuscular electrical stimulation.. BMC Psychology. 10 (1), 117-

Legate, N., Nguyen, T-VT., Hanel, PHP., Holford, DL., Sirota, M., Chiu, F. and et al, (2022). A global experiment on motivating social distancing during the COVID-19 pandemic. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 119 (22), e2111091119-e2111091119

Hoogeveen, S., Sarafoglou, A., Hanel, PHP. and et al, (2022). A many-analysts approach to the relation between religiosity and well-being. Religion, Brain & Behavior, 1-47

Haase, J. and Hanel, PHP., (2022). Priming creativity: Math reduces creativity and happiness whereas short online games enhance them. Frontiers in Education. 7

Dorison, C., Lerner, JS., Heller, BH., Rothman, A., Kawachi, II., Wang, K., Rees, VW., Gill, BP., Gibbs, N., Hanel, PHP., Sirota, M., Chiu, F., Holford, DL., Theodoropoulou, A., Coles, NA. and et al, (2022). In COVID-19 health messaging, loss framing increases anxiety with little-to-no concomitant benefits: Experimental evidence from 84 countries. Affective Science. 3 (3), 577-602

Boldina, A., Hanel, PHP. and Steemers, K., (2022). Active Urbanism and Choice Architecture: Encouraging the use of challenging city routes for fitness. Landscape Research. 48 (3), 276-296

Lins de Holanda Coelho, G., Pereira Monteiro, R., Vilar, R., Hanel, PHP., Cunha Moizéis, HB. and Gouveia, VV., (2021). Psychometric Evidence of the Short Almost Perfect Scale (SAPS) in Brazil. The Counseling Psychologist. 49 (1), 6-32

Foad, CMG., Maio, GR. and Hanel, PHP., (2021). Perceptions of values over time and why they matter. Journal of Personality. 89 (4), 689-705

Wolf, LJ., Hanel, PHP. and Maio, GR., (2021). Measured and manipulated effects of value similarity on prejudice and well-being. European Review of Social Psychology. 32 (1), 123-160

Vilar, R., Liu, JH., Coelho, GLDH., Hanel, PHP., Araújo, RDCR., Monteiro, RP. and Gouveia, VV., (2021). On the road: Personality and values of sojourners. Current Psychology. 42 (2), 1193-1200

Coelho, GLH., Hanel, PHP., Monteiro, RP., Vilar, R. and Gouveia, VV., (2021). The dark side of human values: How values are related to bright and dark personality traits.. The Spanish Journal of Psychology. 24, e11-

Russo, D., Hanel, PHP., Altnickel, S. and van Berkel, N., (2021). Predictors of Well-being and Productivity of Software Professionals during the COVID-19 Pandemic - A Longitudinal Study. Empirical Software Engineering. 26 (4), 62-

Zacharopoulos, G., Hanel, PHP., Wolfradt, U., Maio, GR. and Linden, DEJ., (2021). The Relations between Pathological Personality Traits and Human Values. Personality and Individual Differences. 179, 110766-110766

Schweinsberg, M., Feldman, M., Hanel, PHP. and et al, (2021). Same data, different conclusions: Radical dispersion in empirical results when independent analysts operationalize and test the same hypothesis. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes. 165, 228-249

Coelho, GLH., Hanel, PHP., Vilar, R., Monteiro, RP., Cardoso, FJV. and Gouveia, VV., (2021). Who Prioritizes the Economy over Health? The Role of Political Orientation and Human Values. Personality and Individual Differences. 179, 110890-110890

Foad, CMG., Whitmarsh, L., Hanel, PHP. and Haddock, G., (2021). The limitations of polling data in understanding public support for COVID-19 lockdown policies. Royal Society Open Science. 8 (7), 210678-

Wang, K., Goldenberg, A., Hanel, PHP., Holford, DL., Sirota, M., Chiu, F. and et al, (2021). A multi-country test of brief reappraisal interventions on emotions during the COVID-19 pandemic. Nature Human Behaviour. 5 (8), 1089-1110

Taylor, EC., Livingston, LA., Callan, MJ., Hanel, PHP. and Shah, P., (2021). Do Autistic Traits Predict Pro-Environmental Attitudes and Behaviors, and Climate Change Belief?. Journal of Environmental Psychology. 76, 101648-101648

Lins de Holanda Coelho, G., Hanel, PHP. and Wolf, LJ., (2020). The Very Efficient Assessment of Need for Cognition: Developing a Six-Item Version. Assessment. 27 (8), 1870-1885

Hanel, PHP., (2020). Conducting high impact research with limited financial resources (while working from home). Meta-Psychology. 4

Hanel, PHP. and Shah, P., (2020). Simplifying the Measurement of Attitudes towards Autistic People.. Experimental Results. 1 (e29), 1-6

Maio, GR., Hanel, PHP., Martin, R., Lee, A. and Thomas, G., (2020). Setting the Foundations for Theoretical Progress toward Understanding the Role of Values in Organisational Behaviour: Commentary on “Values at Work: The Impact of Personal Values in Organisations” by Arieli, Sagiv, and Roccas. Applied Psychology. 69 (2), 284-290

Hanel, PHP., Wolfradt, U., Wolf, LJ., Coelho, GLDH. and Maio, GR., (2020). Well-being as a Function of Person-Country Fit in Human Values. Nature Communications. 11 (1), 5150-

Hanel, PHP. and Wolf, LJ., (2020). Leavers and Remainers After Brexit: More United Than Divided After All?. British Journal of Social Psychology. 59 (2), 470-493

Hanel, PHP., Zarzeczna, N. and Haddock, G., (2019). Sharing the Same Political Ideology Yet Endorsing Different Values: Left- and Right-Wing Political Supporters Are More Heterogeneous Than Moderates. Social Psychological and Personality Science. 10 (7), 874-882

Coelho, GLDH., Hanel, PHP., Johansen, MK. and Maio, GR., (2019). Mapping the Structure of Human Values through Conceptual Representations. European Journal of Personality. 33 (1), 34-51

Hanel, PHP., Maio, GR. and Manstead, ASR., (2019). A new way to look at the data: Similarities between groups of people are large and important.. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 116 (4), 541-562

Yani-de-Soriano, M., Hanel, PHP., Vazquez-Carrasco, R., Cambra-Fierro, J., Wilson, A. and Centeno, E., (2019). Investigating the role of customers’ perceptions of employee effort and justice in service recovery. European Journal of Marketing. 53 (4), 708-732

Hanel, PHP. and Mehler, DMA., (2019). Beyond reporting statistical significance: Identifying informative effect sizes to improve scientific communication.. Public Understanding of Science. 28 (4), 468-485

Hanel, PHP., Demmrich, S. and Wolfradt, U., (2019). Centrality of Religiosity, Schizotypy, and Human Values: The Impact of Religious Affiliation. Religions. 10 (5), 297-297

Hanel, PHP., Litzellachner, LF. and Maio, GR., (2018). An Empirical Comparison of Human Value Models. Frontiers in Psychology. 9 (SEP), 1643-

Hanel, PHP., Wolfradt, U., Maio, GR. and Manstead, ASR., (2018). The source attribution effect: Demonstrating pernicious disagreement between ideological groups on non-divisive aphorisms. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. 79, 51-63

Hanel, PHP., Maio, GR., Soares, AKS., Vione, KC., de Holanda Coelho, GL., Gouveia, VV., Patil, AC., Kamble, SV. and Manstead, ASR., (2018). Cross-Cultural Differences and Similarities in Human Value Instantiation. Frontiers in Psychology. 9 (MAY), 849-

Lins de Holanda Coelho, G., Hanel, PHP., Vilar, R., P. Monteiro, R., Gouveia, VV. and R. Maio, G., (2018). Need for Affect and Attitudes Toward Drugs: The Mediating Role of Values. Substance Use and Misuse. 53 (13), 2232-2239

Hanel, PHP., Wolfradt, U., Lins de Holanda Coelho, G., Wolf, LJ., Vilar, R., Monteiro, RP., Gouveia, VV., Crompton, T. and Maio, GR., (2018). The Perception of Family, City, and Country Values Is Often Biased. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 49 (5), 831-850

Coelho, GLH., Vilar, R., Hanel, PHP., Monteiro, RP., Ribeiro, MGC. and Gouveia, VV., (2018). Optimism scale: Evidence of psychometric validity in two countries and correlations with personality. Personality and Individual Differences. 134, 245-251

Monteiro, RP., Coelho, GLDH., Hanel, PHP., Pimentel, CE. and Gouveia, VV., (2018). Personality, dangerous driving, and involvement in accidents: Testing a contextual mediated model. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour. 58, 106-114

Nascimento, BS., Hanel, PHP., Monteiro, RP., Gouveia, VV. and Little, AC., (2018). Sociosexuality in Brazil: Validation of the SOI-R and its correlates with personality, self-perceived mate value, and ideal partner preferences. Personality and Individual Differences. 124, 98-104

Coelho, GLH., Monteiro, RP., Hanel, PHP., Vilar, R., Gouveia, VV. and Maio, GR., (2018). Psychometric parameters of an abbreviated vengeance scale across two countries. Personality and Individual Differences. 120, 185-192

Haase, J., Hoff, EV., Hanel, PHP. and Innes-Ker, Å., (2018). A Meta-Analysis of the Relation between Creative Self-Efficacy and Different Creativity Measurements. Creativity Research Journal. 30 (1), 1-16

Inman, RA., da Silva, SMG., Bayoumi, RR. and Hanel, PHP., (2017). Cultural Value Orientations and Alcohol Consumption in 74 Countries: A Societal-Level Analysis. Frontiers in Psychology. 8 (NOV), 1963-

Hanel, PHP. and Haase, J., (2017). Predictors of Citation Rate in Psychology: Inconclusive Influence of Effect and Sample Size. Frontiers in Psychology. 8 (JUL), 1160-

Souchon, N., Maio, GR., Hanel, PHP. and Bardin, B., (2017). Does Spontaneous Favorability to Power (vs. Universalism) Values Predict Spontaneous Prejudice and Discrimination?. Journal of Personality. 85 (5), 658-674

Zacharopoulos, G., Hanel, PHP., Lancaster, TM., Ihssen, N., Drakesmith, M., Foley, S., Maio, GR. and Linden, DEJ., (2017). Nonlinear associations between human values and neuroanatomy. Social Neuroscience. 12 (6), 673-684

Hanel, PHP. and Vione, KC., (2016). Do Student Samples Provide an Accurate Estimate of the General Public?. PLoS One. 11 (12), e0168354-e0168354

Hanel, PHP. and Wolfradt, U., (2016). The ‘dark side’ of personal values: Relations to clinical constructs and their implications. Personality and Individual Differences. 97, 140-145

Lins de Holanda Coelho, G., Hanel, PHP., Medeiros Cavalcanti, T., Teixeira Rezende, A. and Veloso Gouveia, V., (2016). Brief Resilience Scale: testing its factorial structure and invariance in Brazil. Universitas Psychologica. 15 (2), 397-397

Book chapters (10)

Hanel, PHP., Foad, C. and Maio, GR., Attitudes and Values. In: Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Psychology. Editors: Hogg, M., . Oxford University Press

Hanel, PHP., (2021). Werte [Values]. In: Kulturpsychologie: Eine Einführung [Psychology of Culture: An Introduction]. Editors: Wolfradt, U., Allolio-Näcke, L. and Ruppel, PS., . Springer Nature

Gocłowska, MA., Ritter, SM. and Hanel, P., (2020). Cultural diversity and creativity.. In: Encyclopedia of Creativity.. Editors: Runco, M. and Pritzker, S., . Academic Press. 301- 305. 9780128093245

Hanel, PHP., Vione, KC., Hahn, U. and Maio, GR., (2017). Value Instantiations: The Missing Link Between Values and Behavior?. In: Values and Behavior. Springer International Publishing. 175- 190. 9783319563503

Gocłowska, MA., Ritter, SM. and H.P. Hanel, P., (2016). Cultural diversity and creativity. In: The Curated Reference Collection in Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Psychology. 9780128093245

Hanel, P., (2015). Eduard Spranger: Kurzbiographie. In: Deutschsprachige Psychologinnen und Psychologen 1933-1945. Editors: Wolfradt, U., Billmann-Mahecha, E. and Stock, A., . VS-Verlag f"ur Sozialwissenschaften. 428- 429. 9783658014803

Hanel, P., (2015). Friedrich Berger: Kurzbiographie. In: Deutschsprachige Psychologinnen und Psychologen 1933-1945. Editors: Wolfradt, U., Billmann-Mahecha, E. and Stock, A., . VS-Verlag f"ur Sozialwissenschaften. 33- 34. 9783658014803

Hanel, PHP., (2015). Wertetheorie. In: Kompendium psychologischer Theorien. Editors: Galliker, M. and Wolfradt, U., . Suhrkamp. 533- 536. 9783518297544

Hanel, PHP., (2013). Tagtraum - zur Taxonomie von Typen der Unaufmerksamkeit. In: Dissoziation und Kultur - Pierre Janets Beitr"age zur modernen Psychiatrie und Psychologie. Editors: Wolfradt, U., Heim, G. and Fiedler, P., . Pabst Science Publishers. 102- 111

Hanel, P., (2011). Anregungen aus empirischen Befunden zur praktischen Umsetzung einiger Gedanken von Benedikt XVI. In: Die Seele Europas. Editors: Sedmak, C. and Horn, S., . Pustet. 315- 330

Conferences (2)

Russo, D., Hanel, PHP., Altnickel, S. and van Berkel, N., (2021). The Daily Life of Software Engineers during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Maio, GR., Souchon, N., Foad, CMG. and Hanel, PHP., (2016). Developments in the Implicit, Self-Report, and Meta-Measurement of Human Values

Reports and Papers (3)

Haase, J. and Hanel, PHP., (2023). Artificial muses: Generative Artificial Intelligence Chatbots Have Risen to Human-Level Creativity

Zarzeczna, N., Hanel, PHP., Rutjens, B., Bono, SA., Chen, Y-H. and Haddock, G., (2021). Scientists, speak up! Source impacts trust in and intentions to comply with health advice cross-culturally

Hanel, PHP., Zacharopoulos, G., Mégardon, G. and Maio, GR., (2018). Pre-print: Detecting Sinusoidal Patterns from Circumplex Models of Psychological Constructs

Media (1)

Hanel, PHP. and Maio, GR., Why the UK isn't as polarised as we think | The Royal Society. Video

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4.704, Colchester Campus