2020 applicants
People

Professor Clara Sandoval-Villalba

Professor
School of Law
Professor Clara Sandoval-Villalba
  • Email

  • Telephone

    +44 (0) 1206 874218

  • Location

    5S.6.22, Colchester Campus

  • Academic support hours

    By appointment only. Please email csando@essex.ac.uk for an appointment

Profile

Biography

Clara Sandoval is a qualified lawyer, Professor in the School of Law at Essex University, member of the Human Rights Centre and Co-Director of the Essex Transitional Justice Network. She has been Acting Director of the Human Rights Centre, Director of the Essex Transitional Justice Network (ETJN), and former Director of the LLM in International Human Rights Law. Clara is also part of the Faculty teaching at the Master in Transitional Justice, Human Rights and the Rule of Law at the Geneva Academy. She teaches and researches on areas related to the Inter-American System of Human Rights, Transitional Justice and the Right to Reparation. She is co-author of Doctrine, Practice, and Advocacy in the Inter-American Human Rights System, with Bettinger-Lopez, C., Cavallaro, J., Duhaime, B., Dulitzky, A., and Nadeo, C., (OUP, 2019) and also of the forthcoming book Sandoval, C., Furuya, S., and Correa, C., Reparations for Victims of Armed Conflicts (Third volume of the Max Planck Trialogues on the Law of Peace and War), (CUP, forthcoming 2021). Clara is currently involved in various research projects. She has is a co-investigator of the AHRC GCRF Urgency Grant "Legitimacy, Accountability, Victims' Participation and Reparation in Transitional Justice Settings - Lessons from and for Colombia," where she leads the work on victims' participation before the Special Jurisdiction for Peace (JEP), sanciones propias and hearings on recognition of responsibility. Clara is also a co-investigator of the AHRC funded project "Reparations, Responsibility and Victimhood in Transitional Societies" which is looking at domestic reparation programmes in Colombia, Guatemala, Peru, Nepal, Northern Ireland and Uganda and at key themes such as reparation for victims of sexual violence, the role of non-state actors, and complex victimhood. More on this project, including publications, can be found at: https://reparations.qub.ac.uk She was until recently a co-investigator of a major ESRC funded "Human Rights Law Implementation Project", looking at the factors that hinder or enable implementation of reparation orders/recommendations (in individual cases/petitions/communications) of regional systems and UN treaty bodies. She was responsible for the Americas part of the project, looking at specific cases in Canada, Colombia and Guatemala. A key output of the project, the Special Issue "Righting Wrongs: The Dynamics of Implementing International Human Rights Decisions" is in the process of publication by the Journal of Human Rights Practice (2020). Clara has worked as a consultant for the ICC in the area of reparations (Lubanga) and was also appointed in 2017 as one of four experts by the ICC to advice the Court on various questions surrounding the award of reparations in the Jean Pierre Bemba case (Situation in the Central African Republic). She also engages in human rights litigation, training and capacity building with organisations such as REDRESS. Her latest litigation before the Inter-American System is the case of Azul Rojas Marin and Other v. Peru, decided by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights in March 2020. Clara has also been a consultant for the UN OHCHR for which she wrote the Special Issue on Transitional Justice and Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and the UN Guidance Note of the Secretary-General on Reparations for Conflict-Related Sexual Violence. More recently, in 2018-2019 Clara supported the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the promotion of truth, justice, reparation and guarantees of non-repetition in the preparation (consultation and writing) of the report on best practice and lessons learned on domestic reparation programmes. Between 2018-2020 Clara has led a team of experts in the preparation of an expert report on reparation in an emblematic massacre that took place in Mexico in 2012, and they are currently preparing a final report to be presented to Mexican authorities in 2020. Clara also worked as a consultant to the Transitional Justice of the Ministry of Justice in Colombia providing advice on transitional justice issues during the peace negotiations with the FARC.

Research and professional activities

Research interests

Public International Law

International Human Rights Law

Transitional Justice

Legal Theory

Constitutional Law

Business and Human Rights

Reparations

Teaching and supervision

Current teaching responsibilities

  • Contemporary Issues in Human Rights and Cultural Diversity (HU921)

  • Regional Human Rights Systems (LW515)

  • International Human Rights Law: Law and Practice (LW901)

  • Transitional Justice (LW927)

Previous supervision

Diana Yirley Guarnizo Peralta
Diana Yirley Guarnizo Peralta
Thesis title: Guarantees of Non-Repetition in Public International Law and International Human Rights Law: A Right to Health Case Study
Degree subject: Law
Degree type: Doctor of Philosophy
Awarded date: 4/8/2016

Publications

Journal articles (13)

Sandoval-Villalba, C-L., Leach, P. and Murray, R., (2020). Monitoring, cajoling and promoting dialogue – what role for supranational human rights bodies in the implementation of individual decisions?. Journal of Human Rights Practice. 12 (1), 71-100

Sandoval-Villalba, C. and Murray, R., (2020). Balancing Specificity of Reparation Measures and States' Discretion to Enhance Implementation. Journal of Human Rights Practice. 12 (1), 101-124

Sandoval, C., (2018). Two steps forward, one step back: Reflections on the jurisprudential turn of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights on domestic reparation programmes. The International Journal of Human Rights. 22 (9), 1192-1208

Sandoval-Villalba, C-L., (2018). The Legal Standing and Significance of the Basic Principles and Guidelines on the Right to a Remedy and Reparation. Heidelberg Journal of International Law. 78 (3), 565-568

Sandoval, C., (2014). Transitional justice and social change. Sur. 11 (20), 180-189

Sandoval, C., (2014). Transitional Justice and Social Change. Sur : International Journal on Human Rights. 11 (20), 181-192

Sandoval, C., (2013). Transitional Justice and Violations of Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights. Aportes DPLF. 18 (6), 8-11

Rubio-Marín, R. and Sandoval, C., (2011). Engendering the Reparations Jurisprudence of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights: The Promise of the Cotton Field Judgment. Human Rights Quarterly. 33 (4), 1062-1091

Sandoval-Villalba, C., (2011). Reflexiones en Torno de la Ley de Justicia y Paz. Revista de Derecho Comparado

Sandoval, C., (2011). Reflexiones Sobre La Ley De Justicia Y Paz En Colombia, Sus Desafíos Y Aciertos. Revista de Derecho Comparado. 19, 43-68

Gilbert, G. and Sandoval, C., (2010). Cross-border conflict and international law. Accord. 22, 20-24

Sandoval, C., (2008). The Challenge of Impunity in Peru: The Significance of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights. Essex Human Rights Review. 5 (1), 1-20

Sandoval, C., (2005). A Critical View of the Protection of Refugees and IDPs by the Inter-American System of Human Rights: Re-assessing its Powers and Examining the Challenges for the Future. International Journal of Refugee Law. 17 (1), 43-66

Books (3)

Cavallaro, JL., Vargas, C. and Bettinger-Lopez, C., (2019). Doctrine, Practice, and Advocacy in the Inter-American Human Rights System. Oxford University Press, USA. 0190900865. 9780190900861

Gilbert, G., Hampson, FJ. and Sandoval, C., (2010). The Delivery of Human Rights: Essays in honour of Professor Sir Nigel Rodley. Routledge. 0203844351. 9780415579926

Gilbert, G., Hampson, FJ. and Sandoval, C., (2010). Strategic Visions for Human Rights: Essays in Honour of Professor Kevin Boyle. Routledge. 0203844327. 9781136919329

Book chapters (18)

Sánchez León, NC. and Sandoval-Villalba, C., (2020). Go Big or Go Home? Lessons Learned from the Colombian Victims' Repration System. In: Reparations for Victims of Genocide, War Crimes and Crimes against Humanity Systems in Place and Systems in the Making. Second Revised Edition. Editors: Ferstman, C. and Goetz, M., . Koninklijke Brill NV. 547- 570. 978-90-04-37719-6

Sandoval, C., Cruz, M. and Ruiz Segovia, C., (2020). Victims’ Participation in Times of Covid-19 in Transitional Justice Accountability Mechanisms: What is Needed for Virtual Hearings to Fulfil this Right? The case of Colombia and the Special Jurisdiction for Peace. In: Covid-19, Law and Human Rights : Essex Dialogues. A Project of the School of Law and Human Rights Centre. Editors: Ferstman, C. and Fagan, A., . University of Essex. 73- 81. 978-1-5272-6632-2

Flynn, T., Fujita, S., Marique, Y., Osuji, O. and Sandoval, C., (2020). Global, Regional and Comparative Perspectives: A Discussion. In: Covid-19, Law and Human Rights : Essex Dialogues. A Project of the School of Law and Human Rights Centre. Editors: Ferstman, C. and Fagan, A., . University of Essex. 29- 30. 978-1-5272-6632-2

Sandoval-Villalba, C., (2017). Reflections on the Transformative Potential of Transitional Justice and the Nature of Social Change in Times of Transition. In: Justice mosaics: How Context Shapes Transitional Justice in Fractured Societies. Editors: Duthie, R. and Seils, P.,

Sandoval-Villalba, C., Murray, R. and Leach, P., (2016). The Duty to Investigate Right to Life Violations Across Three Regional Systems: Harmonisation or Fragmentation of International Law. In: Towards Convergence in International Human Rights Law: Approaches of Regional and International Systems. Editors: Buckley, C., Donald, A. and Leach, P., . Brill Nijhoff. 33- 67. 9789004284241

(2014). Corporate Accountability in the Context of Transitional Justice. In: Corporate Accountability in the Context of Transitional Justice. Routledge. 52- 72. 9780415524902

Sandoval, C., (2014). The Inter-American system of human rights and approach. In: Routledge Handbook of International Human Rights Law. 427- 443. 9780415620734

Sandoval-Villalba, C., Vidal, R. and Filippini, L., (2013). Linking Transitional Justice and Corporate Accountability. In: Corporate Accountability in the Context of Transitional Justice. Routledge. 9- 26

Gilbert, G., (2010). Strategic Visions for Human Rights. Routledge. xix- xxvi. 0203844327. 9780203844328

Sandoval, C. and Duttwiler, M., (2010). Redressing Non-Pecuniary Damages of Torture Survivors: The Practice of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights. In: The Delivery of Human Rights: Essays in honour of Professor Sir Nigel Rodley. Editors: Gilbert, G., Hampson, FJ. and Sandoval, C., . Routledge. 114- 136. 9780415579926

Gilbert, G., (2010). Implementing Protection: What Refugee Law Can Learn from IDP Law... and Vice Versa. In: The Delivery of Human Rights: Essays in honour of Professor Sir Nigel Rodley. Editors: Gilbert, G., Hampson, FJ. and Sandoval, C., . Routledge. 183- 198. 0203844351. 9780415579926

Sandoval, C. and Duttwiler, M., (2010). Redressing non-pecuniary damages of torture survivors: The practice of the inter-American court of human rights. In: The Delivery of Human Rights: Essays in Honour of Professor Sir Nigel Rodley. Editors: Gilbert, G., Hampson, FJ. and Sandoval, C., . Routledge. 114- 136. 0203844351. 9780415579926

Gilbert, G., Hampson, F. and Sandoval, C., (2010). The common introduction. xxiii- xxx. 0203844351. 9780203844359

Lubell, N., (2010). Still waiting for the goods to arrive: The delivery of human rights to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. In: The Delivery of Human Rights: Essays in Honour of Professor Sir Nigel Rodley. 199- 227. 0203844351. 9780203844359

Leader, S., (2010). Human rights, power, and the protection of free choice. In: Strategic Visions for Human Rights: Essays in Honour of Professor Kevin Boyle. Editors: Gilbert, G., Hampson, FJ. and Sandoval, C., . Routledge. 81- 90. 0203844327. 9780203844328

Gilbert, G., (2010). Law and human rights rather than international human rights law. In: Strategic Visions for Human Rights: Essays in Honour of Professor Kevin Boyle. Editors: Gilbert, G., Hampson, F. and Sandoval, C., . Routledge. 19- 33. 0203844327. 9781136919329

(2009). Reparations for Victims of Genocide, War Crimes and Crimes against Humanity. In: Reparations for Victims of Genocide, War Crimes and Crimes against Humanity: Systems in Place and Systems in the Making. Brill | Nijhoff. 7- 15. 9004377158. 9789004174498

Rubio-Marín, R., Sandoval, C. and Díaz, C., (2009). Repairing Family Members: Gross Human Rights Violations and Communities of Harm. In: The Gender of Reparations. Cambridge University Press. 215- 290. 9780511596711

Reports and Papers (6)

Guillerot, J., Gilmore, S. and Sandoval, C., (2020). Beyond Silence and Stigma: Crafting a Gender-Sensitive Approach for Victims of Sexual Violence in Domestic Reparation Programmes

Sandoval-Villalba, C. and Miriam, P., (2018). Reparations for the Victims of Conflict in Iraq: Lessons Learned from Comparative Perspective

Sandoval, C., (2014). Guidance Note of the Secretary General - Reparations for Conflict Related Sexual Violence

Sandoval, C., (2014). Transitional Justice and Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

Other (3)

Sandoval-Villalba, C. and Limon, P., (2016).Highlights of the 157th period of sessions of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, https://hrcessex.wordpress.com/2016/05/11/highlights-of-the-157th-period-of-sessions-of-the-inter-american-commission-on-human-rights/,University of Essex Human Rights Centre Blog

Engstrom, P., Limon, P. and Sandoval-Villalba, C., (2016).#CIDHenCrisis: urgent action needed to save the regional human rights system in the Americas, https://www.opendemocracy.net/democraciaabierta/par-engstrom-paola-lim-n-clara-sandoval/cidhencrisis-urgent-action-needed-to-save-,Open Democracy

Sandoval, C., (2013).The Inter-American System and Approach,Routledge

Grants and funding

2020

COVID-19 Extension: Legitimacy, accountability, victims' participation and reparation in transitional justice settings - lessons from and for Colombia

Arts and Humanities Research Council

Enabling Victims Participation at the Special Jurisdiction for Peace in Colombia and access to Reparation

University of Essex (GCRF)

2017

Including third party actors into the Colombian transitional justice process

University of Essex

2016

Reparations, Responsibility and Victimhood in Transnational Societies

Arts And Humanities Research Council

2015

Implementation and compliance with human rights law: An exploration of the interplay between the international, regional and national levels

Economic & Social Research Council

2014

Dealing with land destitution and structural inequalities in transitions

British Council

Contact

csando@essex.ac.uk
+44 (0) 1206 874218

Location:

5S.6.22, Colchester Campus

Academic support hours:

By appointment only. Please email csando@essex.ac.uk for an appointment