People

Professor Clara Sandoval-Villalba

Professor
School of Law
Professor Clara Sandoval-Villalba
  • Email

  • Telephone

    +44 (0) 1206 874218

  • Location

    5S.6.22, Colchester Campus

  • Academic support hours

    By appointment only. Please email csando@essex.ac.uk for an appointment

Profile

Biography

Clara Sandoval is a qualified lawyer and Professor in the School of Law at Essex University, Acting Director of the Human Rights Centre (January to December 2017), Director of the Essex Transitional Justice Network and former Director of the LLM in International Human Rights Law. She teaches and researches on areas related to the Inter-American System of Human Rights, Legal Theory, Reparations, Business and Human Rights and Transitional Justice. Most of her recent scholarship has been focused on reparations for gross human rights violations by the State and by TNCs. She was a visiting professional at the International Criminal Court in 2005, providing the Court with analysis on the award of reparations for gross human rights violations by regional human rights courts, and has equally worked as a consultant for the ICC in the area of reparations. Besides her academic commitments, Clara also engages in human rights litigation, training and capacity building with organisations such as REDRESS and the IBA and has been a consultant for the UN OHCHR for which she wrote the Special Issue onTransitional Justice and Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and the UN Guidance Note of the Secretary-General on Reparations for Conflict-Related Sexual Violence. More recently, Clara also worked as a consultant to the Transitional Justice of the Ministry of Justice in Colombia providing advice on transitional justice issues during the peace negotiations with the FARC. Clara is co-investigator and leads on the Americas part of a major three years ESRC funded Human Rights Law Implementation Project which looks at the factors that hinder or enable implementation of reparation orders/recommendations (in individual cases/petitions/communications) of regional systems and UN treaty bodies. The Americas the team is looking at Canada, Colombia and Guatemala. From October 2017 Clara is also be involved on the AHRC funded project Reparations, Responsibility and Victimhood in Transitional Justice which will study, among others, the domestic reparation programmes in Colombia, Guatemala, Peru, Nepal, Northern Ireland and Uganda. Clara is currently working on a co-authored booked on Reparations for Victims of Armed Conflicts (Third volume of the Max Planck Trialogues on the Law of Peace and War) written by Sandoval, C., Furuya, S., and Correa, C., to be published by Cambridge University Press in 2018.

Research and professional activities

Research interests

Public International Law

International Human Rights Law

Transitional Justice

Legal Theory

Constitutional Law

Business and Human Rights

Reparations

Teaching and supervision

  • Transitional Justice (LW927)

Publications

Journal articles (10)

Sandoval, C., (2017). Two steps forward, one step back: Reflections on the jurisprudential turn of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights on domestic reparation programmes. The International Journal of Human Rights, 1-17

Sandoval, C., (2014). Transitional justice and social change. Sur. 11 (20), 180-189

Sandoval, C., (2014). Transitional Justice and Social Change. Sur : International Journal on Human Rights. 11 (20), 181-192

Sandoval, C., (2013). Transitional Justice and Violations of Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights. Aportes DPLF. 18 (6), 8-11

Rubio-Marín, R. and Sandoval, C., (2011). Engendering the Reparations Jurisprudence of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights: The Promise of the Cotton Field Judgment. Human Rights Quarterly. 33 (4), 1062-1091

Sandoval-Villalba, C., (2011). Reflexiones en Torno de la Ley de Justicia y Paz. Revista de Derecho Comparado

Sandoval, C., (2011). Reflexiones Sobre La Ley De Justicia Y Paz En Colombia, Sus Desafíos Y Aciertos. Revista de Derecho Comparado. 19, 43-68

Gilbert, G. and Sandoval, C., (2010). Cross-border conflict and international law. Accord. 22, 20-24

Sandoval, C., (2008). The Challenge of Impunity in Peru: The Significance of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights. Essex Human Rights Review. 5 (1), 1-20

Sandoval, C., (2005). A Critical View of the Protection of Refugees and IDPs by the Inter-American System of Human Rights: Re-assessing its Powers and Examining the Challenges for the Future. International Journal of Refugee Law. 17 (1), 43-66

Books (2)

Gilbert, G., Hampson, FJ. and Sandoval, C., (2010). The Delivery of Human Rights: Essays in honour of Professor Sir Nigel Rodley. Routledge. 0203844351. 9780415579926

Gilbert, G., Hampson, FJ. and Sandoval, C., (2010). Strategic Visions for Human Rights: Essays in Honour of Professor Kevin Boyle. Routledge. 0203844327. 9781136919329

Book chapters (14)

Sandoval-Villalba, C., (2017). Reflections on the Transformative Potential of Transitional Justice and the Nature of Social Change in Times of Transition. In: Justice mosaics: How Context Shapes Transitional Justice in Fractured Societies. Editors: Duthie, R. and Seils, P.,

Sandoval-Villalba, C., Murray, R. and Leach, P., (2016). The Duty to Investigate Right to Life Violations Across Three Regional Systems: Harmonisation or Fragmentation of International Law. In: Towards Convergence in International Human Rights Law: Approaches of Regional and International Systems. Editors: Buckley, C., Donald, A. and Leach, P., . Brill Nijhoff. 33- 67. 9789004284241

Sandoval, C., Filippini, L. and Vidal, R., (2014). Linking transitional justice and corporate accountability. In: Corporate Accountability in the Context of Transitional Justice. 9- 26. 9780203338094

Sandoval-Villalba, C., Vidal, R. and Filippini, L., (2013). Linking Transitional Justice and Corporate Accountability. In: Corporate Accountability in the Context of Transitional Justice. Routledge. 9- 26

Gilbert, G., Hampson, F. and Sandoval, C., (2010). The common introduction. xix- xxvi. 0203844327

Sandoval, C. and Duttwiler, M., (2010). Redressing Non-Pecuniary Damages of Torture Survivors: The Practice of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights. In: The Delivery of Human Rights: Essays in honour of Professor Sir Nigel Rodley. Editors: Gilbert, G., Hampson, FJ. and Sandoval, C., . Routledge. 114- 136. 9780415579926

Gilbert, G., Hampson, F. and Sandoval, C., (2010). The common introduction. xxiii- xxx. 0203844351

Gilbert, G., (2010). Implementing protection: What refugee law can learn from IDP law . . . and vice versa. In: The Delivery of Human Rights: Essays in Honour of Professor Sir Nigel Rodley. 183- 198. 0203844351

Lubell, N., (2010). Still waiting for the goods to arrive: The delivery of human rights to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. In: The Delivery of Human Rights: Essays in Honour of Professor Sir Nigel Rodley. 199- 227. 0203844351

Leader, S., (2010). Human rights, power, and the protection of free choice. In: Strategic Visions for Human Rights: Essays in Honour of Professor Kevin Boyle. Editors: Gilbert, G., Hampson, FJ. and Sandoval, C., . Routledge. 81- 90. 0203844327

Gilbert, G., (2010). Law and human rights rather than international human rights law. In: Strategic Visions for Human Rights: Essays in Honour of Professor Kevin Boyle. Editors: Gilbert, G., Hampson, F. and Sandoval, C., . Routledge. 19- 33. 0203844327. 9781136919329

Sandoval, C. and Duttwiler, M., (2010). Redressing non-pecuniary damages of torture survivors: The practice of the inter-American court of human rights. In: The Delivery of Human Rights: Essays in Honour of Professor Sir Nigel Rodley. Editors: Gilbert, G., Hampson, FJ. and Sandoval, C., . Routledge. 114- 136. 0203844351. 9780415579926

Sandoval-Villalba, C., (2009). The concepts of 'injured party' and 'victim' of gross human rights violations in the jurisprudence of the Inter-American court of human rights: A commentary on their implications for reparations. In: Reparations for Victims of Genocide, War Crimes and Crimes against Humanity: Systems in Place and Systems in the Making. 243- 282. 9789004174498

Rubio-Marín, R., Sandoval, C. and Díaz, C., (2009). Repairing family members: Gross human violations and communities of harm. In: The Gender of Reparations: Unsettling Sexual Hierarchies while Redressing Human Rights Violations. 215- 290. 9780511596711

Reports and Papers (5)

Sandoval-Villalba, C. and Miriam, P., (2018). Reparations for the Victims of Conflict in Iraq: Lessons Learned from Comparative Perspective

Sandoval, C., (2014). Guidance Note of the Secretary General - Reparations for Conflict Related Sexual Violence

Sandoval, C., (2014). Transitional Justice and Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

Sandoval, C., (2011). Transitional Justice: Key Concepts, Processes and Challenges

Other (3)

Sandoval-Villalba, C. and Limon, P., (2016).Highlights of the 157th period of sessions of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, https://hrcessex.wordpress.com/2016/05/11/highlights-of-the-157th-period-of-sessions-of-the-inter-american-commission-on-human-rights/,University of Essex Human Rights Centre Blog

Engstrom, P., Limon, P. and Sandoval-Villalba, C., (2016).#CIDHenCrisis: urgent action needed to save the regional human rights system in the Americas, https://www.opendemocracy.net/democraciaabierta/par-engstrom-paola-lim-n-clara-sandoval/cidhencrisis-urgent-action-needed-to-save-,Open Democracy

Sandoval, C., (2013).The Inter-American System and Approach,Routledge

Grants and funding

2016

Reparations, Responsibility and Victimhood in Transnational Societies

Arts And Humanities Research Council

2015

Implementation and compliance with human rights law: An exploration of the interplay between the international, regional and national levels

Economic & Social Research Council

2014

Dealing with land destitution and structural inequalities in transitions

British Council

Contact

csando@essex.ac.uk
+44 (0) 1206 874218

Location:

5S.6.22, Colchester Campus

Academic support hours:

By appointment only. Please email csando@essex.ac.uk for an appointment