People

Dr Maxwell Roberts

Lecturer
Department of Psychology
Dr Maxwell Roberts
  • Email

  • Telephone

    +44 (0) 1206 873797

  • Location

    3.707, Colchester Campus

Profile

Biography

Dr Max Roberts completed his BSc Psychology at the University of Nottingham in 1988, and his PhD in 1991. He was then employed as a demonstrator in the Department of Psychology at the University of Newcastle from 1991-92 and at the University of St Andrews from 1992-93. He joined our Department as a lecturer in 1993.

Research and professional activities

Research interests

Inductive and deductive reasoning

Individual differences in reasoning strategies

The cognitive psychology of intelligence

Spatial reasoning and imagery

The development of expertise

Teaching and supervision

  • Intelligent Behaviour (PS452)

  • Transit Maps: Past, Present and Future (PS499)

  • MSc Psychology Research Project (PS900)

  • Research Project (MSc) (PS934)

Publications

Journal articles (42)

Roberts, MJ., Gray, H. and Lesnik, J., (2017). Preference versus performance: Investigating the dissociation between objective measures and subjective ratings of usability for schematic metro maps and intuitive theories of design. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies. 98, 109-128

Roberts, MJ. and Rose, D., (2016). Map-induced journey-planning biases for a simple network: A Docklands Light Railway study. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice. 94, 446-460

Roberts, MJ., Newton, EJ. and Canals, M., (2016). Radi(c)al departures Comparing conventional octolinear versus concentric circles schematic maps for the Berlin U-Bahn/S-Bahn networks using objective and subjective measures of effectiveness. Information Design Journal. 22 (2), 92-115

Roberts, MJ., Newton, EJ., Lagattolla, FD., Hughes, S. and Hasler, MC., (2013). Objective versus subjective measures of Paris Metro map usability: Investigating traditional octolinear versus all-curves schematics. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies. 71 (3), 363-386

Pérez-Salas, CP., Streiner, DL. and Roberts, MJ., (2012). A comparison between element salience versus context as item difficulty factors in Raven's Matrices. Intelligence. 40 (4), 325-332

Newton, EJ., Roberts, MJ. and Donlan, C., (2012). The effects of presentation and content on syllogistic reasoning by children with and without specific language impairment. Journal of Cognitive Psychology. 24 (7), 802-814

Roberts, MJ. and Newton, EJ., (2011). Rapid-response versus free-time selection tasks using different logical connectives. Journal of Cognitive Psychology. 23 (7), 858-872

Newton, EJ., Roberts, MJ. and Donlan, C., (2010). Deductive reasoning in children with specific language impairment. British Journal of Developmental Psychology. 28 (1), 71-87

Newton, EJ., Roberts, MJ. and Donlan, C., (2010). Deductive reasoning in children with specific language impairment. British Journal of Developmental Psychology. 28 (1), 71-87

Roberts, MJ., Taylor, RJ. and Newton, EJ., (2007). Explaining inappropriate strategy selection in a simple reasoning task. British Journal of Psychology. 98 (4), 627-644

Roberts, MJ., Taylor, RJ. and Newton, EJ., (2007). Explaining inappropriate strategy selection in a simple reasoning task.. British Journal of Psychology. 98 (Pt 4), 627-44

Meo, M., Roberts, MJ. and Marucci, FS., (2007). Element salience as a predictor of item difficulty for Raven's Progressive Matrices. Intelligence. 35 (4), 359-368

Roberts, MJ., (2005). Expanding the universe of categorical syllogisms: A challenge for reasoning researchers. Behavior Research Methods. 37 (4), 560-580

Roberts, MJ. and Sykes, EDA., (2005). Categorical Reasoning from Multiple Diagrams. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Section A. 58 (2), 333-376

Hayes, M., Masterson, J. and Roberts, MJ., (2004). Improvement in reading speed in an adult with developmental dyslexia of the ?mixed? type. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation. 14 (3), 365-382

Roberts, MJ. and Sykes, ED., (2003). Belief Bias and Relational Reasoning. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Section A. 56 (1), 131-153

Roberts, MJ. and Sykes, EDA., (2003). Belief bias and relational reasoning. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Section A. 56 (1), 131-154

Newton, EJ. and Roberts, MJ., (2003). Individual differences transcend the rationality debate. Behavioral and Brain Sciences. 26 (04), 530-531

Roberts, MJ., (2002). The Elusive Matching Bias Effect in the Disjunctive Selection Task. Experimental Psychology. 49 (2), 89-97

Roberts, MJ., (2002). The relationship between extraversion and ability. Personality and Individual Differences. 32 (3), 517-522

Roberts, MJ. and Newton, EJ., (2001). Inspection times, the change task, and the rapid-response selection task. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Section A. 54 (4), 1031-1048

Ward, G., Roberts, MJ. and Phillips, LH., (2001). Task-Switching Costs, Stroop-Costs, and Executive Control: A Correlational Study. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Section A. 54 (2), 491-511

Roberts, MJ., Newstead, SE. and Griggs, RA., (2001). Quantifier interpretation and syllogistic reasoning. Thinking & Reasoning. 7 (2), 173-204

Roberts, MJ. and Newton, EJ., (2001). Understanding strategy selection. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies. 54 (1), 137-154

Roberts, MJ., (2001). Research methods and statistics. CONTEMPORARY PSYCHOLOGY-APA REVIEW OF BOOKS. 46 (6), 611-613

Roberts, MJ. and Roberson, D., (2001). Predicting strategy usage for the compass point directions task: Spatial versus verbal ability across the lifespan. Cahiers de Psychologie Cognitive. 20 (1-2), 3-18

ROBERTS, MJ. and NEWTON, EJ., (2001). Understanding strategy selection. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies. 54 (1), 137-154

Newton, EJ. and Roberts, MJ., (2000). An experimental study of strategy development. Memory & Cognition. 28 (4), 565-573

Roberts, MJ., Welfare, H., Livermore, DP. and Theadom, AM., (2000). Context, visual salience, and inductive reasoning. Thinking & Reasoning. 6 (4), 349-374

Roberts, MJ., (2000). Strategies in relational inference. Thinking & Reasoning. 6 (1), 1-26

Roberts, MJ. and Seager, PB., (1999). Predicting Belief in Paranormal Phenomena: A Comparison of Conditional and Probabilistic Reasoning. Applied Cognitive Psychology. 13 (5), 443-450

Roberts, MJ., (1998). Inspection Times and the Selection Task: Are They Relevant?. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Section A. 51 (4), 781-810

Roberts, MJ., (1998). How Should Relevance be Defined? What Does Inspection Time Measure? A Reply to Evans. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Section A. 51 (4), 815-817

Roberts, MJ., Gilmore, DJ. and Wood, DJ., (1997). Individual differences and strategy selection in reasoning. British Journal of Psychology. 88 (3), 473-492

Roberts, MJ., (1997). On dichotomies and deductive reasoning research. CAHIERS DE PSYCHOLOGIE COGNITIVE-CURRENT PSYCHOLOGY OF COGNITION. 16 (1-2), 196-204

Roberts, MJ. and Stevenson, NJ., (1996). Reasoning with Raven - with and without help. British Journal of Educational Psychology. 66 (4), 519-532

Roberts, MJ., (1996). Putting context into context: a rejoinder to Richardson. British Journal of Educational Psychology. 66 (4), 539-542

Roberts, MJ., (1996). Putting context into context: A rejoinder. BRITISH JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY. 66, 539-542

Roberts, MJ., Wood, DJ. and Gilmore, DJ., (1994). The sentence-picture verification task: Methodological and theoretical difficulties. British Journal of Psychology. 85 (3), 413-432

Roberts, MJ., (1993). Human reasoning: Deduction rules or mental models, or both?. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Section A. 46 (4), 569-589

Roberts, MJ. and Erdos, G., (1993). Strategy Selection and Metacognition. Educational Psychology. 13 (3-4), 259-266

Underwood, G., Roberts, MJ. and Thomason, H., (1988). Strategical invariance in lexical access: The reappearance of the pseudohomophone effect. Canadian Journal of Psychology/Revue canadienne de psychologie. 42 (1), 24-34

Books (1)

Roberts, MJ., (2012). Underground Maps Unravelled: Explorations in Information Design. Maxwell J Roberts. 9780957266407

Book chapters (4)

Roberts, MJ., (2016). From reasoning and intelligence research to information design: Understanding and optimising the usability and acceptability of schematic transit maps. In: The Thinking Mind: A Festschrift for Ken Manktelow. 178- 190. 9781317384083

Fink, M., Haverkort, H., N�llenburg, M., Roberts, MJ., Schuhmann, J. and Wolff, A., (2013). Drawing Metro Maps Using B�zier Curves. In: Graph Drawing. Editors: Didimo, W. and Patrignani, M., . Springer. 463- 474

Roberts, MJ. and Newton, EJ., (2005). Individual Differences in the Development of Reasoning Strategies. In: Thinking: Psychological Perspectives on Reasoning, Judgment and Decision Making. 23- 43. 9780471494577

Roberts, MJ. and Newton, EJ., (2004). Afterword: What do we know, and what do we need to know about reasoning strategies?. In: Methods of Thought: Individual Differences in Reasoning Strategies. 183- 186. 9780203503881

Conferences (5)

Lloyd, PB., Rodgers, P. and Roberts, MJ., (2018). Metro map colour-coding: Effect on usability in route tracing

Roberts, MJ., (2014). Schematic maps in the laboratory

Roberts, MJ., (2014). What?s your theory of effective schematic map design?

Roberts, MJ., (2013). Mental models and falsification: It depends on the task

Roberts, MJ., (2000). Individual differences in reasoning strategies: A problem to solve or an opportunity to seize?

Contact

mjr@essex.ac.uk
+44 (0) 1206 873797

Location:

3.707, Colchester Campus