People

Professor Noam Lubell

Professor
School of Law
Professor Noam Lubell
  • Email

  • Telephone

    +44 (0) 1206 872568

  • Location

    5S.6.11, Colchester Campus

  • Academic support hours

    Term 1: Tuesday 11:00-12:00 (except 27/11) Term 2: Thursday 11:00-12:00

Profile

Biography

Noam Lubell is a Professor in the School of Law, University of Essex, and was Head of the School from January 2014 until January 2017. In past years he was a Lecturer at the Irish Centre for Human Rights, National University of Ireland, Galway; the Co-Director of the International Law Amicus Curiae Clinic at the Concord Research Centre in Israel; and a Visiting Research Fellow at the Harry S. Truman Research Institute for the Advancement of Peace, at the Hebrew University, Jerusalem. He holds a Ph.D in Law and an LL.M, as well as a B.A. in Philosophy. He has taught courses on international human rights law and the laws of armed conflict in a number of academic institutions, including the University of Essex, the National University of Ireland, the University of Oxford, the Geneva Academy, and as a Visiting Professor at Case Western Reserve University. Prof. Lubell holds the Swiss Chair of International Humanitarian Law, at the Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights, is a Research Associate of the Hebrew University's Cyber Security Research Center and is the Rapporteur of the International Law Association's Committee on the Use of Force. During his research leave in 2017-2018, Prof Lubell will be a Visiting Scholar at the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory in the US. In addition to his academic work, during the last twenty years Prof. Lubell has worked for various organisations including human rights NGOs dealing with the Israeli/Palestinian conflict, as Outreach Coordinator, International Law Advisor, and Director of a Prisoners & Detainees Project. He has also provided consultancies and training in human rights law and the laws of armed conflict, for international bodies such as Amnesty International, government bodies, and the BBC. From 2007-2011 he was a member of the Executive Committee of Amnesty International (Ireland). He has been a member of numerous expert groups and consultations with governments, the ICRC and the UN on topics such as the law of occupation, self-defence, the scope of the battlefield, and autonomous weapon systems. He has taught, researched and published on a variety of topics in the fields of international human rights law and the law of armed conflict, and is the author of the book 'Extraterritorial Force Against Non-state Actors' (Oxford University Press).

Appointments

University of Essex

  • Head of School, Law University of Essex ( 1/2014 - 1/2017 )

Research and professional activities

Research interests

International Humanitarian Law / Law of Armed Conflict; Conduct of Hostilities; Military Occupation; New Military and Law Enforcement Technologies, including Cyber Operations, Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning, Human Enhancement; The Use of Force by States; Self-Defence; the UN Collective Security Framework; Counter-Terrorism.

Current research

The Legal and ethical implications of new technologies in law enforcement and armed conflict, including cyber operations, autonomous weapons, machine learning systems, and human enhancement technologies.

The concept of proportionality in armed conflict.

The legal frameworks for use of force against transnational armed groups.

Conferences and presentations

Investigations during Armed Conflict Workshop for NATO Legal Advisors (Geneva, 2017)

2017

Ius ad Bellum Proportionality and its Regulatory Role During Armed Conflict

2017

Use of Force in the Cyber Sphere

2017

Strategic Proportionality as a Regulatory Mechanism for Armed Conflict

2017

Autonomous Weapons Systems, International Law Association (Johannesburg, 2016)

2016

'Legal Complexities in Fragmented Armed Conflicts' United States Military Academy (West Point, 2016)

2016

'Transnational Armed Conflicts' The International Institute of Humanitarian Law (San Remo, 2015)

2015

'Cyber War and International Law' The Royal Air Force Legal Services (London, 2015)

2015

'The Use of Force and Multi-Territorial Fragmented Conflicts' Oxford University (Oxford, 2015)

2015

'Current Challenges to the Notion of Military Objectives'The International Institute of Humanitarian Law (San Remo 2014)

2014

The Applicability of the Law of Armed Conflict to Drug-related Violence, Columbia University, (New York, 2013)

2013

The War against Al-Qaeda, UK Defence Academy (Shrivenham, 2013)

2013

Drones and the Global Battlefield, Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights (Geneva, 2013)

2013

'Is the Current IHL Armed Conflict Classification Adequate?' conference organised by the College of Europe and the International Committee of the Red Cross (Bruges, 2012).

2012

'Military Objectives in Cyber Warfare', conference organised by the US Naval War College (Newport, 2012).

2012

'The Contemporary Legal Nature of UN Security Council Ceasefire Resolutions', conference organised by the International Law Association, British Branch (Nottingham, 2012).

2012

'The Principle of Distinction on Future Battlefields', conference organised by the International Committee of the Red Cross and the Minerva Center for Human Rights, Hebrew University (Jerusalem, 2012).

2012

'Military Operations against Armed Groups in Foreign Territory', conference on regional and global security, The International Security Forum, convened by the Center for Security Studies (Zurich, 2011).

2011

'Extraterritorial Human Rights Obligations (from the Flotilla to Bin-Laden), guest speaker at the Public Law Forum, Hebrew University (Jerusalem 2011).

2011

'Targeted Killings under the Law of Armed Conflict and the Rules on Resort to Force', meeting of experts and legal practitioners at Columbia University Law School (New York, 2011).

2011

'Cyber-war as a form of Armed Conflict', 11th Bruges Colloquium, conference organised by the College of Europe and the International Committee of the Red Cross (Bruges, 2010).

2010

'Extraterritorial Human Rights Obligations', conference on the European Convention on Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law, organised by University College London, the London School of Economics and the International Committee of the Red Cross (London, 2009).

2009

'Transnational Armed Conflicts', 10th Bruges Colloquium, conference organised by the College of Europe and the International Committee of the Red Cross (Bruges, 2009).

2009

'Racial Discrimination in International Law', seminar organised by the EU-China Human Rights Network (Beijing, 2008).

2008

'Administrative Detention during Armed Conflict and Occupation', meeting of experts organised by the Frederick K. Cox International Law Center, Case Western Reserve University and the International Committee of the Red Cross (Cleveland, 2007).

2007

'Violence, Resistance and Armed Hostilities during Occupation: The Legal Paradigms and their Implications', conference organised by the Minerva Center for Human Rights, Hebrew University (Jerusalem, 2007).

2007

'Counter-Terrorism and Human Rights', Civil G8 Forum (Moscow, 2006).

2006

'The Parallel Application of International Human Rights Law and International Humanitarian Law', conference organised by the Minerva Center for Human Rights, Hebrew University (Jerusalem, 2006).

2006

'Human Rights Law during Military Occupation', 6th Bruges Colloquium, conference organised by the College of Europe and the International Committee of the Red Cross (Bruges, 2005).

2005

'The Relationship between Humanitarian Law and Human Rights', conference marking the International Committee of the Red Cross study on customary international humanitarian law (Oslo, 2005).

2005

'The Relationship between Humanitarian Law and Human Rights', official launch conference of the International Committee of the Red Cross study on customary international humanitarian law (The Hague, 2005).

2005

Teaching and supervision

  • International Law of Armed Conflict (LW803)

  • Current Challenges in the Law of Armed Conflict (LW804)

  • The Protection of Human Rights in Armed Conflict and Situations of Acute Crisis (LW808)

  • International Human Rights: Theories and Institutions (LW901)

Publications

Journal articles (10)

Deeks, A., Lubell, N. and Murray, D., Machine learning, artificial intelligence, and the use of force by states. Journal of National Security Law and Policy

Lubell, N., (2017). Fragmented Wars: Multi-Territorial Military Operations against Armed Groups. International Law Studies. 93, 214-250

Lubell, N., (2013). Lawful Targets in Cyber Operations: Does the Principle of Distinction Apply?. International Law Studies. 89 (2), 252-275

Henderson, C. and Lubell, N., (2013). The contemporary legal nature of UN Security Council ceasefire resolutions. Leiden Journal of International Law. 26 (2), 369-397

Lubell, N. and Derejko, N., (2013). A global battlefield?: Drones and the geographical scope of armed conflict. Journal of International Criminal Justice. 11 (1), 65-88

Lubell, N., (2012). Human rights obligations in military occupation. International Review of the Red Cross. 94 (885), 317-337

Lubell, N., (2011). What's in a Name? The Categorisation of Individuals under the Laws of Armed Conflict. Journal of International Peace and Organization. 86 (3-4), 83-110

Lubell, N., (2007). Parallel application of international humanitarian law and international human rights law: An examination of the debate. Israel Law Review. 40 (2), 648-660

Lubell, N., (2005). Challenges in applying human rights law to armed conflict. International Review of the Red Cross. 87 (860), 737-754

Lubell, N., (2002). Selective Conscientious Objection in International Law: Refusing to Participate in a Specific Armed Conflict. Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights. 20 (4), 407-422

Books (3)

Murray, DP., (2016). Practitioners' Guide to Human Rights Law in Armed Conflict. Oxford University Press (OUP). 9780198791393

Lubell, N., (2010). Extraterritorial Use of Force Against Non-State Actors. Oxford University Press (OUP). 9780191594540

Peel, M., Lubell, N. and Beynon, J., (2009). Medical Investigation and Documentation of Torture: A Handbook for Health Professionals. University of Essex, Human Rights Centre and UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office. 1 874635 42 0

Book chapters (5)

Lubell, N. and Prud'homme, N., (2016). Impact of Human Rights Law. In: Routledge Handbook of the Law of Armed Conflict. Editors: Liivoja, R. and McCormack, T., . Routledge. 978-0-415-64037-4

Lubell, N., (2015). The Problem of Imminence in an Uncertain World. In: The Oxford Handbook of the Use of Force in International Law. Editors: Weller, M. and Rylatt, JW., . Oxford University Press. 978-0-19-967304-9

Lubell, N., (2012). The War against Al-Qaeda. In: International Law and the Classification of Conflicts. Editors: Wilmshurst, E., . Oxford University Press. 421- 454. 9780199657759

Lubell, N., (2010). Still waiting for the goods to arrive: The delivery of human rights to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. In: The Delivery of Human Rights Essays in Honour of Professor Sir Nigel Rodley. Editors: Gilbert, G., Hampson, FJ. and Sandoval, C., . Routledge. 199- 227. 0203844351. 9780203844359

Lubell, N., (2005). The ICJ Advisory Opinion and the Separation Barrier: A Troublesome Route. In: Israel Yearbook on Human Rights. Editors: Dinstein, Y. and Domb, F., . 9789004147829

Other (4)

Lubell, N., Expert Opinion on the Involuntary Transfer of Palestinians from the West Bank to the Gaza Strip,Supreme Court of Israel

Hampson, FJ. and Lubell, N., (2014).Amicus Curiae Brief, Georgia v. Russia (II), 38263/08,University of Essex, Human Rights Centre

Hampson, FJ. and Lubell, N., (2013).Amicus Curiae Brief, Hassan v. United Kingdom, 29750/09,University of Essex, Human Rights Centre

Lubell, N., (2006).Key issues in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict from the viewpoint of international law. SSRN Electronic Journal,BBC

Grants and funding

2018

The Interface between Cyber Security and Military Applications of Human Enhancement

The Hebrew University

2017

International guidelines on human rights and drug control (Phase 1)

The Swiss Confederation

Strengthening the development dimensions, expanding political support, and laying the foundations for dissemination of the international guidelines on human rights and drug policy

Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) Gmbh

International Guidelines on Human Rights and Drug Control (Phase 2)

United Nations Development Programme

2015

Law Research - Managed by REO

General

Promoting rights-based drug policy in Europe

Foundation to Promote Open Society

2014

Promoting Postgraduate Teaching and Research On Human Rights and Drug Policy

Open Society Institute

2012

International Centre on Human Rights and Drug Policy: Promoting Postgraduate Teaching and Research in Human Rights and Drug Policy

Open Society Institute

2011

Human Rights & Drug Policy Debate Series of the International

Open Society Institute

Contact

nlubell@essex.ac.uk
+44 (0) 1206 872568

Location:

5S.6.11, Colchester Campus

Academic support hours:

Term 1: Tuesday 11:00-12:00 (except 27/11) Term 2: Thursday 11:00-12:00