People

Professor Karen Hulme

Head of School - Professor (R)
School of Law
Professor Karen Hulme
  • Email

  • Telephone

    +44 (0) 1206 872139

  • Location

    5S.6.20, Colchester Campus

  • Academic support hours

    By appointment

Profile

Biography

Karen joined the School of Law at Essex in 2001, and has particular interests in environmental law, the laws of armed conflict and environmental rights. Karen has a range of scholarly publications covering topics such as armed conflict, security, environmental human rights and specific weapons, as well as focusing on issues related to climate change, biodiversity and oceans. One area of interest is that of litter, including marine litter, and Karen is currently working on a funded project on the topic of litter laws in England. Karen has worked with the Essex Business and Human Rights Project (EBHR) on a number of reports and consultancies on the extractives industry, including legislation amendments and human rights impact monitoring, and, in particular, on issues of environmental law and environmental human rights. In 2013 EBHR was commissioned to advise on necessary amendments to Afghanistans new Mining Code and Regulations for Global Witness, A Shaky Foundation: Analysing Afghanistan's Draft Mining Law, and in 2013 we were commissioned by Amnesty International, writing an opinion for the OECD National Contact Point examining the legal standards and human right responsibilities of the mining company licensed to undertake the Phulbari coal mining project (the opinion is soon to be published on the NCP website). In 2013 we were commissioned by Amnesty International (Netherlands) to advise on necessary amendments to Senegals (Gold) Mining Code in order to ensure compliance with their ECOWAS obligations. Karen also works with an NGO, the Toxic Remnants of War Project (part of ICBUW International Coalition to Ban Uranium Weapons), as an adviser on humanitarian, environmental and human rights issues in eliminating battlefield TRW. In 2009 Karen contributed, alongside the International Committee for the Red Cross, to the report for UNEP on Protecting the Environment during Armed Conflict: An Inventory and Analysis of International Law. Karen is a member of the IUCN, including their special expert group on Warfare and Environment. Karen's teaching interests include public international law, environmental law, international law of armed conflict, human rights and the environment, and the law of evidence. Karen's book, based on her doctoral thesis, entitled, Worn Torn Environment: Interpreting the Legal Threshold won the American Society of International Laws Francis Lieber Prize for 2004 for outstanding scholarship in the field of the law of armed conflict. Karen also the founded and directed the Essex Law Clinic for 8 years.

Qualifications

  • LL.B. Law, Nottingham, 1995

  • LL.M. Public International Law, Nottingham, 1996

  • PhD, Essex, 2002

  • Postgraduate Certificate in Higher Education Practice, Essex, 2006

Research and professional activities

Research interests

Laws of armed conflict

Environmental law

Human rights and the environment

Current research

international humanitarian law where it intersects with environmental protection

human rights and the environment, including governance issues surrounding climate change, adaptation and resilience

environmental law and fracking

envirionmental human rights implicated by large scale development projects

Conferences and presentations

October 2104, Environmental Place-Based Protections in Conflict and Cultural Property, IUCN/Rutgers University Conference on the ILC topic of the Protection of the Environment in relation to Armed Conflict, UN Building, New York

2104

June 2016, Water and international humanitarian law, Geneva Water Hub.

2016

June 2014, Human Rights as a Framework for Protection of the Environment in a Jus Post Bellum Context, Leiden University, The Hague

2014

December 2013, 'Current IHL provisions and Trends', Toxic Remnants of War Project, Manchester

2013

June 2012 IHL standards for toxic remnants of war? Toxic Remnants of War Project, Berlin

2012

February 2012 Environment and International Humanitarian Law, Lund University, invited speaker.

2012

November 2011 Taking Care to Protect the Environment against Damage: A Meaningless Obligation?, invited speaker, T.M.C. Asser Institute, The Hague

2011

July 2010 The Environment in Armed Conflict, Program on Humanitarian Law and Policy Research at Harvard University, invited speaker (webinar)

2010

March 2010 Protecting the Environment during Armed Conflict, IUCN CEL Specialist Group Workshop, invited workshop speaker, Bonn

2010

March 2009 UNEP/ ICRC Expert Panel on the 30 year anniversary of the Additional Protocol provisions protecting the environment (Nairobi, Kenya).

2009

Sept 2008 Human Rights and Climate Change: Human and National Security Concerns, SLS Annual Conference (London).

2008

Sept 2008 Climate Change and Armed Conflict: Is It Time to Ecocentrise the Laws of War, Conference on the Challenges to the Laws of Armed Conflict (UWE).

2008

Feb 2008 Do we need a human right to a healthy environment?, Human Rights Centre Panel on Environment and Human Rights (Essex).

2008

March 2007 Warfare and Climate Change, Triangle Institute of Strategic and Security Studies, (North Carolina University, US).

2007

Nov 2003 The Legality of the Attack on Iraq, 2003, in the Essex Law Department.

2003

Oct 2003 Invited to give two papers, International Law and Politics Since September 11 and Case Study: The Iraq Crisis and Beyond The Future Role of the United Nations, for the MA in International Politics at the University of Brussels.

2003

Sept 2003 The Legality of the Use of Cluster Weapons in Iraq, Annual Conference of the Society of Legal Scholars (Oxford).

2003

Teaching and supervision

  • Selected Issues in Public International Law (LW219)

Publications

Journal articles (9)

Hulme, K., (2016). The ILC's work stream on protection of the environment in relation to armed conflict. Questions of International Law (QIL)

Hulme, K. and Short, D., (2014). Ecocide and the Polluter Pays Principle: The Case of Fracking. Environmental Scientist. 23.2, 7-10

Hulme, K., (2010). Taking care to protect the environment against damage: a meaningless obligation?. International Review of the Red Cross. 92 (879), 675-691

McGoldrick, D. and Hulme, K., (2009). III. THE 2008 CLUSTER MUNITIONS CONVENTION: STEPPING OUTSIDE THE CCW FRAMEWORK (AGAIN). International and Comparative Law Quarterly. 58 (01), 219-219

Hulme, K., (2009). The 2008 Cluster Munitions Convention: Stepping Outside the CCW Framework (Again). International and Comparative Law Quarterly. 58 (01), creators-Hulme=3AKaren=3A=3A

Hulme, K., (2009). Environmental Security: Implications for International Law. Yearbook of International Environmental Law. 19 (1), 3-26

Hulme, K., (2006). Radiation Warfare: A Review of the Legality of Depleted Uranium Weaponry. Canadian Yearbook of International Law. 43, 197-296

Hulme, K., (2005). Armed Conflict and the Displaced. International Journal of Refugee Law. 17 (1), 91-116

Hulme, K., (2005). Of Questionable Legality: The Military Use of Cluster Bombs in Iraq in 2003. Canadian Yearbook of International Law. 42, 143-195

Books (1)

Hulme, KL., (2017). Law of the Environment and Armed Conflict. Edward Elgar. 9781786431103

Book chapters (11)

Ong, D. and Hulme, K., (2018). The Challenge of Global Climate Change For International Law: An Overview. In: Sustainable Development: Asia-Pacific Perspectives. Editors: Low, PS., . Cambridge University Press. 9780521897174

Hulme, K., (2017). Using a framework of human rights and transitional justice for post-conflict environmental protection and remediation. In: Environmental Protection and Transitions from Conflict to Peace: Clarifying Norms, Principles, and Practices. Editors: Stahn, C., Iverson, J. and Easterday, JS., . Oxford University Press. 119- 142. 9780198784630

Hulme, KL., (2017). Review Article/ Introduction in edited collection. In: Law of the Environment and Armed Conflict. Editors: Hulme, KL., . Edward Elgar. 9781786431103

Hulme, K., Ong, D. and Calley, D., (2016). New Maritime Security Threats. In: The IMLI Manual on International Maritime Law Volume III: Marine Environmental Law and International Maritime Security Law. Editors: Attard, D., Fitzmaurice, M., Martinez, N. and Hamza, R., . Oxford University Press (OUP). 9780199683949

Hulme, K., (2016). Armed Conflict and Biodiversity. In: Research Handbook on Biodiversity and Law. Editors: Bowman, M., Davies, P. and Goodwin, E., . Edward Elgar. 978 1 78100 478 4

Hulme, K., (2013). International Environmental Law and Human Rights. Editors: Rodley, N. and Sheeran, SP., . Routledge. 9780415620734

Hulme, K., (2013). Weapons. In: Research Handbook on International Conflict and Security Law: Jus ad Bellum, Jus in Bello and Jus Post Bellum. Editors: White, ND. and Henderson, C., . Edward Elgar. 315- 341. 9781849808569

Hulme, K., (2012). Climate Change and International Humanitarian Law. In: International Law in the Era of Climate Change. Edward Elgar Publishing. 190- 218. 9781849800303

Hulme, K., (2010). Environmental Protection in Armed Conflict. In: Research Handbook on International Environmental Law. Edward Elgar Publishing. 586- 604. 9781847201249

Hulme, K., (2010). A darker shade of green: is it time to ecocentrise the laws of war?. In: International Law and Armed Conflict: Challenges in the 21st Century. Editors: Qu´┐Żnivet, N. and Shah-Davis, S., . T M C Asser Press. 142- 160. 9789067043113

Hulme, K., (2007). Natural environment. In: Perspectives on the ICRC Study on Customary International Humanitarian Law. Cambridge University Press. 204- 237. 9780521882903

Grants and funding

2016

A Strategy to solve England's litter problem

Campaign to Protect Rural England

Contact

klhulm@essex.ac.uk
+44 (0) 1206 872139

Location:

5S.6.20, Colchester Campus

Academic support hours:

By appointment