People

Professor Paul Hibbard

Head of Department - Professor
Department of Psychology
Professor Paul Hibbard

Profile

Biography

Paul Hibbard studied Psychology at University College London, where he gained a BSc and PhD . He then worked at the University of Surrey as a research fellow, and as a lecturer, then senior lecturer, at the University of St Andrews. He joined the department of Psychology in 2013.

Research and professional activities

Research interests

binocular vision

image statistics

visual discomfort

Teaching and supervision

  • Preparing for University Psychology (PS116)

  • Psychology Project (PS300)

  • Quantitative Data Analysis (PS910)

  • Psychology at Work and in the Real World (PS937)

  • Special Topics in Neuroscience and Neuropsychology (PS939)

  • Special Topics in Perception and Cognition (PS940)

Publications

Journals (73)

Hunter, DW. and Hibbard, PB., (2018). The effect of image position on the Independent Components of natural binocular images. Scientific Reports. 8 (1)

Beattie, L., Curran, W., Benton, CP., Harris, JM. and Hibbard, PB., (2017). Perceived duration of brief visual events is mediated by timing mechanisms at the global stages of visual processing. Royal Society Open Science. 4 (3)

Hibbard, PB., Haines, AE. and Hornsey, RL., (2017). Magnitude, precision, and realism of depth perception in stereoscopic vision. Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications. 2 (1)

Jonas, C., Spiller, MJ., Hibbard, PB. and Proulx, M., (2017). Introduction to the special issue on individual differences in multisensory perception: An overview. Multisensory Research. 30 (6)

Jonas, C., Spiller, MJ. and Hibbard, P., (2017). Summation of visual attributes in auditory–visual crossmodal correspondences. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review. 24 (4)

Hibbard, PB., Haines, AE. and Hornsey, RL., (2017). Magnitude, precision, and realism of depth perception in stereoscopic vision. Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications. 2 (25)

Beattie, L., Curran, W., Benton, CP., Harris, JM. and Hibbard, PB., (2017). Perceived duration of brief visual events is mediated by timing mechanisms at the global stages of visual processing. Royal Society Open Science. 4 (160928)

Hibbard, PB., Goutcher, R. and Hunter, DW., (2016). Encoding and estimation of first- and second-order binocular disparity in natural images. Vision Research. 120

Romei, V., Chiappini, E., Hibbard, PB. and Avenanti, A., (2016). Empowering Reentrant Projections from V5 to V1 Boosts Sensitivity to Motion. Current Biology. 26 (16)

Curran, W., Benton, CP., Harris, JM., Hibbard, PB. and Beattie, L., (2016). Adapting to time: Duration channels do not mediate human time perception. Journal of Vision. 16 (5)

Hunter, DW. and Hibbard, PB., (2016). Ideal Binocular Disparity Detectors Learned Using Independent Subspace Analysis on Binocular Natural Image Pairs. PloS One. 11 (3)

Hornsey, RL., Hibbard, PB. and Scarfe, P., (2016). Binocular depth judgments on smoothly curved surfaces. PLoS ONE. 11 (11)

O'Hare, L. and Hibbard, PB., (2016). Visual processing in migraine. Cephalalgia. 36 (11)

Curran, W., Benton, CP., Harris, JM., Hibbard, PB. and Beattie, L., (2016). Adapting to time: Duration channels do not mediate human time perception. Journal of Vision. 16 (5)

Hibbard, PB. and O'Hare, L., (2015). Uncomfortable images produce non-sparse responses in a model of primary visual cortex. Royal Society Open Science. 2 (2)

Jonas, CN. and Hibbard, PB., (2015). Migraine in Synesthetes and Nonsynesthetes: A Prevalence Study. Perception. 44 (10)

Hunter, DW. and Hibbard, PB., (2015). Distribution of independent components of binocular natural images. Journal of Vision. 15 (13)

Hunter, DW. and Hibbard, PB., (2015). Distribution of independent components of binocular natural images. Journal of Vision. 15 (6)

Hibbard, PB., Scott-Brown, KC., Haigh, EC. and Adrain, M., (2014). Depth Perception Not Found in Human Observers for Static or Dynamic Anti-Correlated Random Dot Stereograms. PLoS ONE. 9 (1)

Zhang, T., O’hare, L., Hibbard, PB., Nefs, HT. and Heynderickx, I., (2014). Depth of Field Affects Perceived Depth in Stereographs. ACM Transactions on Applied Perception. 11 (4)

Goutcher, R. and Hibbard, PB., (2014). Mechanisms for similarity matching in disparity measurement. Frontiers in Psychology. 4 (JAN)

Hunter, D. and Hibbard, P., (2014). Effect of eccentricity on disparity distributions in binocular natural images. Journal of Vision. 14 (10)

Hibbard, PB., Scott-Brown, KC., Haigh, EC. and Adrain, M., (2014). Depth Perception Not Found in Human Observers for Static or Dynamic Anti-Correlated Random Dot Stereograms. PloS One. 9 (1)

Scarfe, P. and Hibbard, PB., (2013). Reverse correlation reveals how observers sample visual information when estimating three-dimensional shape. Vision Research. 86

O'Hare, L., Zhang, T., Nefs, HT. and Hibbard, PB., (2013). Visual Discomfort and Depth-of-Field. i-Perception. 4 (3)

O?Hare, L., Clarke, ADF. and Hibbard, PB., (2013). Visual Search and Visual Discomfort. Perception. 42 (1)

O'Hare, L. and Hibbard, PB., (2013). Visual discomfort and blur. Journal of Vision. 13 (5)

Vishwanath, D. and Hibbard, PB., (2013). Seeing in 3-D With Just One Eye. Psychological Science. 24 (9)

Hibbard, PB., (2013). Sensory cue integration. PERCEPTION. 42 (4)

Harris, JM., Chopin, A., Zeiner, K. and Hibbard, PB., (2012). Perception of relative depth interval: Systematic biases in perceived depth. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 65 (1)

Bannerman, RL., Hibbard, PB., Chalmers, K. and Sahraie, A., (2012). Saccadic latency is modulated by emotional content of spatially filtered face stimuli.. Emotion. 12 (6)

May, K., Zhaoping, L. and Hibbard, P., (2012). Perceived Direction of Motion Determined by Adaptation to Static Binocular Images. Current Biology. 22 (1)

Hibbard, PB., Goutcher, R., O’Kane, LM. and Scarfe, P., (2012). Misperception of aspect ratio in binocularly viewed surfaces. Vision Research. 70

O’Hare, L. and Hibbard, PB., (2011). Spatial frequency and visual discomfort. Vision Research. 51 (15)

Martinovic, J., Mordal, J. and Wuerger, SM., (2011). Event-related potentials reveal an early advantage for luminance contours in the processing of objects. Journal of Vision. 11 (7)

Keefe, BD., Hibbard, PB. and Watt, SJ., (2011). Depth-cue integration in grasp programming: No evidence for a binocular specialism. Neuropsychologia. 49 (5)

Martinovic, J., Mordal, J. and Wuerger, SM., (2011). Event-related potentials reveal an early advantage for luminance contours in the processing of objects.. Journal of vision. 11 (7)

Scarfe, P. and Hibbard, PB., (2011). Statistically optimal integration of biased sensory estimates. Journal of Vision. 11 (7)

O’Kane, L. and Hibbard, P., (2010). Contextual effects on perceived three-dimensional shape. Vision Research. 50 (11)

Mon-Williams, M., Murphy, S. and Hibbard, P., (2010). The tactics and timing of smooth corrections in human arm movements. Journal of Vision. 3 (9)

Sahraie, A., Hibbard, PB., Trevethan, CT., Ritchie, KL. and Weiskrantz, L., (2010). Consciousness of the first order in blindsight. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 107 (49)

Goutcher, R. and Hibbard, PB., (2010). Evidence for relative disparity matching in the perception of an ambiguous stereogram. Journal of Vision. 10 (12)

Hibbard, PB., (2010). Integration and segmentation of opposite contrast polarities in the perception of motion. Journal of Vision. 2 (7)

Goutcher, R. and Hibbard, PB., (2010). Evidence for relative disparity matching in the perception of an ambiguous stereogram. Journal of Vision. 10 (12)

Hibbard, PB., (2008). Binocular energy responses to natural images. Vision Research. 48 (12)

Hibbard, P., (2008). Can appearance be so deceptive? Representationalism and binocular vision. Spatial Vision. 21 (6)

Hibbard, PB., (2008). Binocular energy responses to natural images. VISION RESEARCH. 48 (12)

Curran, W., Hibbard, PB. and Johnston, A., (2007). The visual processing of motion-defined transparency. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 274 (1613)

O'Kane, LM. and Hibbard, PB., (2007). Vertical Disparity Affects Shape and Size Judgments across Surfaces Separated in Depth. Perception. 36 (5)

Hibbard, PB., (2007). A statistical model of binocular disparity. Visual Cognition. 15 (2)

Bradshaw, MF., Hibbard, PB., Parton, AD., Rose, D. and Langley, K., (2006). Surface orientation, modulation frequency and the detection and perception of depth defined by binocular disparity and motion parallax. Vision Research. 46 (17)

Hibbard, PB. and Bradshaw, MF., (2006). 2-D Tilt and 3-D Slant Illusions in Perception and Action Tasks. Perception. 35 (10)

Scarfe, P. and Hibbard, P., (2006). Disparity-defined objects moving in depth do not elicit three-dimensional shape constancy. Vision Research. 46 (10)

Hibbard, PB., (2005). The orientation bandwidth of cyclopean channels. Vision Research. 45 (21)

Hibbard, P. and Bouzit, S., (2005). Stereoscopic correspondence for ambiguous targets is affected by elevation and fixation distance. Spatial Vision. 18 (4)

Bradshaw, M., Elliott, K., Hibbard, P., Simpson, P., Watt, S. and Davies, I., (2004). Binocular cues and the control of prehension. Spatial Vision. 17 (1)

Bradshaw, MF., Elliott, KM., Watt, SJ., Hibbard, PB., Davies, IRL. and Simpson, PJ., (2004). Binocular cues and the control of prehension. Spatial vision. 17 (1-2)

Hibbard, PB. and Bradshaw, MF., (2003). Reaching for virtual objects: binocular disparity and the control of prehension. Experimental Brain Research. 148 (2)

Rose, D., Bradshaw, MF. and Hibbard, PB., (2003). Attention Affects the Stereoscopic Depth Aftereffect. Perception. 32 (5)

Bradshaw, MF. and Hibbard, PB., (2003). Reaching for virtual objects: binocular disparity, retinal motion and the control of prehension. Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia. 66 (5)

Bradshaw, M. and Hibbard, P., (2002). Isotropic integration of binocular disparity and relative motion in the perception of three-dimensional shape. Spatial Vision. 15 (2)

Bradshaw, M., Watt, Simpson, P., Hibbard, P. and Van Der Willigen, (2002). The stereoscopic anisotropy affects manual pointing. Spatial Vision. 15 (4)

Bradshaw, MF., Hibbard, PB. and Gillam, B., (2002). Perceptual latencies to discriminate surface orientation in stereopsis. Perception & Psychophysics. 64 (1)

Hibbard, PB., Bradshaw, MF., Langley, K. and Rogers, BJ., (2002). The stereoscopic anisotropy: Individual differences and underlying mechanisms.. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance. 28 (2)

Hibbard, PB., Bradshaw, MF. and Eagle, RA., (2000). Cue combination in the motion correspondence problem. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 267 (1450)

Langley, K., Fleet, DJ. and Hibbard, PB., (1999). Stereopsis from contrast envelopes. Vision Research. 39 (14)

Hibbard, PB., Bradshaw, MF. and DeBruyn, B., (1999). Global motion processing is not tuned for binocular disparity. Vision Research. 39 (5)

Everatt, J., Bradshaw, MF. and Hibbard, PB., (1999). Visual Processing and Dyslexia. Perception. 28 (2)

Hibbard, PB. and Bradshaw, MF., (1999). Does Binocular Disparity Facilitate the Detection of Transparent Motion?. Perception. 28 (2)

Hibbard, PB. and Langley, K., (1998). Plaid slant and inclination thresholds can be predicted from components. Vision Research. 38 (8)

Langley, K., Fleet, DJ. and Hibbard, PB., (1998). Linear and nonlinear transparencies in binocular vision. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 265 (1408)

Bradshaw, MF. and Hibbard, PB., (1998). Depth Perception. Perception. 27 (11)

Langley, K., Fleet, D. and Hibbard, P., (1996). Linear filtering precedes nonlinear processing in early vision. Current Biology. 6 (7)

Conferences (37)

Webb, ALM., Hibbard, PB. and O'Gorman, R., (2017). The Effect of Emotional Expression on the Luminance Contrast of Faces

Hibbard, PB., Hornsey, RL. and Khan, NZ., (2017). The Contribution of Binocular and Motion Cues to Depth Quality in Complex Naturalistic Scenes

Asher, JM., O'Hare, L., Romei, V. and Hibbard, PB., (2017). Normal Lateral Interactions, but Increased Contrast Sensitivity, in Migraine With Aura

Webb, AL. and Hibbard, PB., (2016). The threat bias for fearful expressions is evident in apparent contrast

Hibbard, PB. and Goutcher, R., (2016). The Extraction of Disparity- Defined Structure Using Cyclopean Filtering

Asher, JM., Romei, V. and Hibbard, PB., (2016). Perceptual learning for global motion is tuned for spatial frequency

Hunter, DW. and Hibbard, PB., (2016). When does an encoding become a percept?

Hunter, DW., Goutcher, R. and Hibbard, PB., (2015). Towards a biologically plausible model of binocular disparity encoding

Hibbard, PB., Scarfe, P., Goutcher, R. and Hunter, DW., (2015). Optimal encoding of binocular images by cortical neurons

Wilkins, AJ. and Hibbard, PB., (2014). Discomfort and hypermetabolism

Goutcher, R., Hunter, DW. and Hibbard, PB., (2013). Tuned Inhibitory Responses in Binocular Natural Images

Hibbard, PB. and Scott-Brown, KC., (2013). Surface slant can be perceived from orientation disparities

Hunter, DW. and Hibbard, PB., (2013). Statistics of Natural Binocular Images

Clarke, A., O'Hare, L. and Hibbard, PB., (2013). Rating Riloids: the effect of curvature and luminance frequency on visual discomfort

O'Hare, L., Clarke, A. and Hibbard, PB., (2013). Modelling Responses to Uncomfortable Images

Curran, W., Benton, CP., Hibbard, PB. and Harris, JM., (2012). Testing the channel-based model of duration perception

O'Hare, L. and Hibbard, PB., (2012). A wider look at visual discomfort

Goutcher, R. and Hibbard, PB., (2011). What does a decorrelated stereogram look like?

O'Hare, L. and Hibbard, PB., (2011). Visual discomfort and blur

O'Hare, L. and Hibbard, PB., (2011). Visual discomfort and blur

Hibbard, PB., Scott-Brown, K., Haigh, E. and Adrain, M., (2011). No evidence for the perception of depth in anticorrelated random dot stereograms in a large number of observers

Bannerman, R., Hibbard, PB. and Sahraie, A., (2011). Influence of spatial frequency on saccadic latency towards emotional faces

Sahraie, A., Trevethan, CT., Ritchie, KL., Macleod, M-J., Hibbard, PB. and Weiskrantz, L., (2011). Awareness of visual targets within the field defect of hemianopic patients

O'Hare, L. and Hibbard, PB., (2010). Visual discomfort and spatial frequency

May, KA., Zhaoping, L. and Hibbard, PB., (2010). Binocular integration in human vision adapts to maximize information coding efficiency

Scarfe, P. and Hibbard, PB., (2006). Viewing an object from above: The role of height in the visual field and object contour in the perception of 3-D shape

Goutcher, R. and Hibbard, PB., (2006). Perception of multi-stable stereograms

Hibbard, PB., Scarfe, P. and Watt, SJ., (2006). Integration of information across the visual scene in the control of prehension

Hibbard, PB. and Harris, JM., (2005). Spatial variation in the statistics of binocular disparity

Scarfe, P. and Hibbard, PB., (2005). Perceptual distortions of three-dimensional shape are consistent between stationary and moving objects

Scarfe, P. and Hibbard, PB., (2004). Noise in horizontal-disparity and vergence signals predicts systematic distortions in the estimation of shape

Rose, D., Bradshaw, MF. and Hibbard, PB., (2004). Do depth aftereffects arise pre-attentively?

Bouzit, S. and Hibbard, PB., (2004). Stereoscopic correspondence for ambiguous targets is affected by elevation and fixation distance

Hibbard, PB., (2004). Redundancy in natural binocular images

Hibbard, PB., (2003). Orientation bandwidths of cyclopean channels measured with the use of notched noise

O'Kane, LM. and Hibbard, PB., (2002). Vertical-disparity pooling across spatially segregated surfaces

Hibbard, PB., (2002). The independent components of binocular images

Chapters (1)

Everatt, J., Bradshaw, MF. and Hibbard, PB., (1998). Individual Differences in Reading and Eye Movement Control. Eye Guidance in Reading and Scene Perception. Eye Guidance in Reading and Scene Perception. 223. 242. 978-0-08-043361-5

Grants and funding

2016

Depth-cue combination in complex natural scenes

Leverhulme Trust

Integrating the senses in virtual reality

Oculus VR LLC

2014

3D vision in complext natural scenes

The British Academy

2013

Learning to see in depth: Neural models of binocular stereopsis

Biotechnology & Biology Science Res.Council

Contact

phibbard@essex.ac.uk
+44 (0) 1206 873516

Location:

3.722, Colchester Campus