Dr Thomas Cameron

Senior Lecturer
School of Life Sciences
Dr Thomas Cameron



I am a Senior Lecturer in Animal Ecology with an interest in how populations and communities respond to environmental change, predation and management. My research group has an aquatic ecology focus with current projects ranging from coastal fisheries, aquaculture, marine and freshwater habitat restoration and management. ###################################################################################### I am always interested in contact from undergraduate and postgraduate students about dissertation projects and postgraduate research projects. Don't be shy.


  • BSc (Hons) Animal Ecology University of Aberdeen, (2000)

  • PhD Doctor of Philosophy of Ecology University of Leeds, (2005)


University of Essex

  • Founding Board Member, University of Essex, Center for Environment and Society (1/1/2017 - present)

  • Theme Leader, Ecology & Biodiversity, EnvEast/ ARIES NERC Doctoral Training Partnership (1/5/2018 - present)

Other academic

  • Board Member, Essex Native Oyster Restoration Initiative (ENORI) (1/3/2017 - present)

  • Editorial Board Member, Ecological Entomology (1/3/2008 - present)

  • Associate Editor, Aquatic Ecology and Wildlife Biology, Ecology & Evolution (1/3/2014 - present)

  • External Examiner, Queen Mary University of London (1/1/2021 - present)

Research and professional activities

Research interests

The demography of Predator-prey dynamics

Open to supervise

Demographic responses to Harvesting

Open to supervise

Animal movement and dispersal

Open to supervise

Eco-evolution of population and community dynamics (invertebrate model and aquatic field system)

Open to supervise

Size- and stage- structured ecologyof shellfish communities (with a focus on European Oyster and Cockles)

Open to supervise

Evolution of Ontogenetic Niche Shifts and Asymmetry in Guppies

At present this research in my lab is being led by PhD student Matt Bond, but it represent a larger body of work develop by Lennart Persson (Professor of Ecology, Umea) and Andre de Roos (Professor of Theoretical Ecology, Amsterdam).

Open to supervise

Estuarine ecology, global change and European oyster restoration

We work on saltmarsh ecology, the use of estuaries as nursery habitats for juvenile fish, the ecology and conservation of endangered European flat oysters and the thermal ecology of animals in coastal environments

Open to supervise

Conferences and presentations

Eco-evolutionary dynamics in model systems: it's very competitive

Invited presentation, Evolution 2017, Oregon, Oregon, United States, 24/6/2017

Teaching and supervision

Current teaching responsibilities

  • Professional skills for Ecological and Marine Scientists (BS257)

  • Global Challenges in Interdisciplinary Perspective: Water Conflicts, Water Cultures (CS315)

Previous supervision

Amie Leigh Parris
Amie Leigh Parris
Thesis title: The Applied Phycology and Biochemistry of Managed Reservoirs in the East of England
Degree subject: Environmental Sciences
Degree type: Doctor of Philosophy
Awarded date: 10/5/2021
Emma Alice Ward
Emma Alice Ward
Thesis title: Productivity and Carbon Sequestration Potential of Seagrass Ecosystems in the Eastern Aegean Sea
Degree subject: Marine Biology
Degree type: Master of Science (by Dissertation)
Awarded date: 12/10/2020
Brisneve Edullantes
Brisneve Edullantes
Thesis title: Thermal Responses of Marine Phytoplankton: Implications to Their Biogeography in the Present and Future Oceans
Degree subject: Environmental Biology
Degree type: Doctor of Philosophy
Awarded date: 6/10/2020
Benjamin John Archer
Benjamin John Archer
Thesis title: Dynamics and Drivers: Carbon Fluxes From Temperate Freshwater Ponds and Reservoirs
Degree subject: Environmental Biology
Degree type: Master of Science (by Dissertation)
Awarded date: 8/7/2020
Fiona Mary Watson
Fiona Mary Watson
Thesis title: Advances in Modelling the Effectiveness of Marine Protected Areas (Mpas) to Enhance Conservation Management of Mobile Fish Stocks
Degree subject: Marine Biology
Degree type: Doctor of Philosophy
Awarded date: 31/3/2020
Synthesa Praharani Ksatrya
Synthesa Praharani Ksatrya
Thesis title: Development of Maritime Logistic System to Support Marine and Fisheries Integrated Centre in Small Island and Boundary Areas
Degree subject: Marine Biology
Degree type: Master of Science (by Dissertation)
Awarded date: 29/1/2020
Alice Elizabeth Lown
Alice Elizabeth Lown
Thesis title: Community Ecology and Population Dynamics of the European Native Oyster (Ostrea Edulis) in Essex, Uk: A Baseline for the Management of the Blackwater, Crouch, Roach and Colne Estuaries Marine Conservation Zone
Degree subject: Marine Biology
Degree type: Doctor of Philosophy
Awarded date: 18/11/2019
Amy Sut Moy Sing Wong
Amy Sut Moy Sing Wong
Thesis title: Functional Ecology of Herbivorous Fish Communities in a Coral Reef System, Wakatobi, Se Sulawesi
Degree subject: Marine Biology
Degree type: Master of Science (by Dissertation)
Awarded date: 12/7/2019
Matthew Neil Bond
Matthew Neil Bond
Thesis title: Drivers of Eco-Evolutionary Dynamics in Model Systems - the Role of Harvest Mortality and Intraspecific Competition
Degree subject: Biological Sciences
Degree type: Doctor of Philosophy
Awarded date: 5/7/2019


Journal articles (33)

Miller, TH., Ng, KT., Lamphiere, A., Cameron, TC., Bury, NR. and Barron, LP., (2021). Multicompartment and cross-species monitoring of contaminants of emerging concern in an estuarine habitat. Environmental Pollution. 270, 116300-116300

Lown, A., Hepburn, L., Heywood, J. and Cameron, T., (2021). European native oysters and associated species richness in the presence of non-native species in a southern North Sea estuary complex. Conservation Science and Practice. 3 (5)

Bond, MN., Piertney, SB., Benton, TG. and Cameron, TC., (2021). Plasticity is a locally adapted trait with consequences for ecological dynamics in novel environments. Ecology and Evolution. 11 (16), 10868-10879

Allison, S., Hardy, M., Hayward, K., Cameron, TC. and Underwood, GJC., (2020). Strongholds of Ostrea edulis populations in estuaries in Essex, SE England and their association with traditional oyster aquaculture: evidence to support a MPA designation. The Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. 100 (1), 27-36

Thomas, GE., Cameron, TC., Campo, P., Clark, DR., Coulon, F., Gregson, BH., Hepburn, LJ., McGenity, TJ., Miliou, A., Whitby, C. and McKew, BA., (2020). Bacterial Community Legacy Effects Following the Agia Zoni II Oil-Spill, Greece. Frontiers in Microbiology. 11, 1706-

Lown, AE., Hepburn, LJ., Dyer, R. and Cameron, TC., (2020). From individual vital rates to population dynamics: An integral projection model for European native oysters in a marine protected area. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems. 30 (11), 2191-2206

zu Ermgassen, PSE., Bonačić, K., Boudry, P., Bromley, CA., Cameron, TC., Colsoul, B., Coolen, JWP., Frankić, A., Hancock, B., Have, TM., Holbrook, Z., Kamermans, P., Laugen, AT., Nevejan, N., Pogoda, B., Pouvreau, S., Preston, J., Ranger, CJ., Sanderson, WG., Sas, H., Strand, Å. and Sutherland, WJ., (2020). Forty questions of importance to the policy and practice of native oyster reef restoration in Europe. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems. 30 (11), 2038-2049

Chopra, K., Hodges, HR., Barker, ZE., Vázquez Diosdado, JA., Amory, JR., Cameron, TC., Croft, DP., Bell, NJ. and Codling, EA., (2020). Proximity Interactions in a Permanently Housed Dairy Herd: Network Structure, Consistency, and Individual Differences. Frontiers in Veterinary Science. 7, 583715-

Pogoda, B., Boudry, P., Bromley, C., Cameron, TC., Colsoul, B., Donnan, D., Hancock, B., Hugh‐Jones, T., Preston, J., Sanderson, WG., Sas, H., Brown, J., Bonacic, K., Nordheim, H. and zu Ermgassen, PSE., (2020). NORA moving forward: Developing an oyster restoration network in Europe to support the Berlin Oyster Recommendation. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems. 30 (11), 2031-2037

Ward, EA., Meek, SK., Gordon, DM., Cameron, TC., Steer, MD., Smith, DJ., Miliou, A. and Tsimpidis, T., (2020). The use of storm fragments and biodegradable replanting methods allows for a low-impact habitat restoration method of seagrass meadows, in the eastern Aegean Sea. Conservation Evidence. 17, 1-6

Watson, FM., Hepburn, LJ., Cameron, T., Le Quesne, WJF. and Codling, EA., (2019). Relative mobility determines the efficacy of MPAs in a two species mixed fishery with conflicting management objectives. Fisheries Research. 219, 105334-105334

George, HCPH., Miles, G., Bemrose, J., White, A., Bond, MN. and Cameron, TC., (2019). Inter-generational effects of CO2-induced stream acidification in the Trinidadian Guppy (Poecilia reticulata). Ecology and Evolution. 9 (22), 12836-12845

Müller, T., Bernáth, G., Horváth, Á., Várkonyi, L., Grigoraş, G., Gagiu, A., Urbányi, B., Żarski, D., Freyhof, J. and Cameron, T., (2018). Artificial propagation of the endangered Rumanian endemic warm water rudd (Scardinius racovitzai Müller 1958, Cyprinidae, Cypriniformes) for conservation needs. The Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research. 44 (3), 245-249

Cameron, TC., O'Sullivan, D., Reynolds, A., Hicks, JP., Piertney, SB. and Benton, TG., (2016). Harvested populations are more variable only in more variable environments. Ecology and Evolution. 6 (12), 4179-4191

Schröder, A., van Leeuwen, A. and Cameron, TC., (2015). Empirical support for different types of positive mortality effects. A reply to Abrams. Trends in Ecology & Evolution. 30 (4), 180-181

ten Brink, H., Mazumdar, AKA., Huddart, J., Persson, L. and Cameron, TC., (2015). Do intraspecific or interspecific interactions determine responses to predators feeding on a shared size-structured prey community?. Journal of Animal Ecology. 84 (2), 414-426

Schröder, A., van Leeuwen, A. and Cameron, TC., (2014). When less is more: positive population-level effects of mortality. Trends in Ecology & Evolution. 29 (11), 614-624

O’Sullivan, D., Benton, TG. and Cameron, TC., (2014). Inter-patch movement in an experimental system: the effects of life history and the environment. Oikos. 123 (5), 623-629

Cameron, TC., O'Sullivan, D., Reynolds, A., Piertney, SB. and Benton, TG., (2013). Eco‐evolutionary dynamics in response to selection on life‐history. Ecology Letters. 16 (6), 754-763

Cameron, TC., O'Sullivan, D., Reynolds, A., Piertney, SB. and Benton, TG., (2013). Corrigendum to Cameronet al. 2013. Ecology Letters. 16 (10), 1330-1330

Moustakas, A., Kunin, WE., Cameron, TC. and Sankaran, M., (2013). Facilitation or Competition? Tree Effects on Grass Biomass across a Precipitation Gradient. PLoS ONE. 8 (2), e57025-e57025

Backhouse, A., Sait, SM. and Cameron, TC., (2012). Multiple mating in the traumatically inseminating Warehouse pirate bug, Xylocoris flavipes : effects on fecundity and longevity. Biology Letters. 8 (5), 706-709

Ozgul, A., Coulson, T., Reynolds, A., Cameron, TC. and Benton, TG., (2012). Population Responses to Perturbations: The Importance of Trait-Based Analysis Illustrated through a Microcosm Experiment. The American Naturalist. 179 (5), 582-594

Wright, MD., Goodman, P. and Cameron, TC., (2010). Exploring behavioural responses of shorebirds to impulsive noise. Wildfowl. 60, 150-167


CAMERON, TC., WEARING, HJ., ROHANI, P. and SAIT, SM., (2007). Two-species asymmetric competition: effects of age structure on intra- and interspecific interactions. Journal of Animal Ecology. 76 (1), 83-93

Cameron, TC., Wearing, HJ., Rohani, P. and Sait, SM., (2005). A koinobiont parasitoid mediates competition and generates additive mortality in healthy host populations. Oikos. 110 (3), 620-628

Wearing, HJ., Sait, SM., Cameron, TC. and Rohani, P., (2004). Stage-structured competition and the cyclic dynamics of host-parasitoid populations. Journal of Animal Ecology. 73 (4), 706-722

BENTON, TG., CAMERON, TC. and GRANT, A., (2004). Population responses to perturbations: predictions and responses from laboratory mite populations. Journal of Animal Ecology. 73 (5), 983-995

Wearing, HJ., Rohani, P., Cameron, TC. and Sait, SM., (2004). The Dynamical Consequences of Developmental Variability and Demographic Stochasticity for Host‐Parasitoid Interactions. The American Naturalist. 164 (4), 543-558

CAMERON, TC. and BENTON, TG., (2004). Stage-structured harvesting and its effects: an empirical investigation using soil mites. Journal of Animal Ecology. 73 (5), 996-1006

Rohani, P., Wearing, HJ., Cameron, T. and Sait, SM., (2003). Natural enemy specialization and the period of population cycles. Ecology Letters. 6 (5), 381-384

Cameron, T., (2002). 2002: the year of the ‘diversity – ecosystem function’ debate. Trends in Ecology & Evolution. 17 (11), 495-496

Book chapters (1)

Cameron, TC., Plaistow, S., Mugabo, M., Piertney, SB. and Benton, TG., (2014). Eco-Evolutionary Dynamics. In: Eco-Evolutionary Dynamics. Elsevier. 171- 206. 978-0-12-801374-8

Grants and funding


Development of an oyster depuration facility to improve the welfare of coastal communities in Thailand

British Council

NOSy Consultancy

Agri-Food and Biosciences Institute

Native Oyster Bed � Resolving Definition Issues

Natural England

From Ions to Ecosystems: A Novel Framework for the Biomonitoring and Management of Vulnerable and Commercial Fishes

Medical Research Council


Robust and resilient flat oyster fisheries

EXO Environmental Ltd


Native European Oyster experimental restoration project

Zoological Society London

Estuary Living - What does high quality nursery habitat look like to a sea bass?

Centre for Environment Fisheries and Aquaculture Science

Proposal for research on functional and critical temperature thresholds for the native European oyster in Essex waters & for predictive ecological population modelling of responses to environmental perturbations of native European oysters in the BCRC Marine Conservation Zone

Centre for Environment Fisheries and Aquaculture Science

Experimental estimation of oyster ladder dredge efficiency across multiple ground types

Natural England


Ecosystem services from restoration of European flat oysters

University of Essex

Spatial patterns of phosphorus (P) limitation and the transfer of P between the sediment and the water column.

Anglian water services Limited

COVID-19 Extension: NOSy - magnetic and wireless sensor technology for improving profit, biosecurity and carbon footprint of regional oyster production

Natural Environment Research Council

License Application


Modelling the stock structure and potential responses to fishing in the Blackwater, Crouch, Roach and Colne MCZ European Native Oyster population in Essex

Natural England

Whelk Population Study

European Maritime & Fisheries Fund (MMO)


Quantifying a marine ecosystem's response to a catastrophic oil spill

Natural Environment Research Council


Using geothermal streams to explore salmonid adaptation to warmer waters

The Fisheries Society of the British Isles


Community Ecologists: How coastal communities perceive traditional, commercial, recreational and conservation activities

Economic & Social Research Council

Community ecology of the native Oyster (Ostrea edulis): developing best practice for economic and environmental sustainability of an important regional fishery.

Kent and Essex IFCA


Ecosystem wide responses to changes n trophic structure

British Ecological Society (BES)

Ecosystem wide responses to changes n trophic structure

British Ecological Society (BES)

+44 (0) 1206 872552


3SW.3.14, Colchester Campus

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