Please join us for the latest Human Rights Speaker Series, hosted by the University of Essex Human Rights Centre and the Essex Armed Conflict and Crisis Hub.
What is racism? How does the definition change depending on country, culture and context? Why is a legal definition of racism under international law essential to meaningful efforts to understand and combat the full extent of its harms? Drawing upon the travaux préparatoires of the International Convention on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination, Professor Spain Bradley identifies how disagreements in 1965 persist today and why this impedes efforts to eliminate racism. Professor Spain Bradley will address these topics, which she explores in her forthcoming book Global Racism (OUP), building upon her article, Human Rights Racism (Harvard Human Rights Journal, 2019), and her experience as a legal expert to the United Nations Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of Contemporary Standards.
Professor Anna Spain Bradley is the Vice Chancellor for Equity, Diversity and Inclusion at the University of California, Los Angeles and a Professor of Law at UCLA School of Law. As UCLA’s chief diversity officer, she leads and advances strategies for enhancing equity, diversity and inclusion and oversees the university’s mechanisms for upholding civil rights protections. An expert in international law and human rights, Vice Chancellor Spain Bradley is the author of Human Choice in International Law (Cambridge University Press, 2021) and Global Racism (Oxford University Press, forthcoming), and co-editor of International Dispute Resolution: Cases and Materials (3rd edition, Carolina Academic Press, 2021) in addition to numerous scholarly publications. Her current research concerns understanding the elimination of racism, globally, through human rights frameworks. Prior to joining UCLA, Vice Chancellor Spain Bradley served as Assistant Vice Provost for Faculty Development and Diversity (2017-2020) and a Professor of Law at the University of Colorado. She previously practiced international law as an Attorney-Adviser at the U.S. Department of State Office of the Legal Adviser where she received two Meritorious Honor Awards for her work representing the U.S. before the Iran-U.S. Claims Tribunal in The Hague and as a delegate to the United Nations Compensation Commission in Geneva. In 2021, she was elected as a Vice President of the American Society of International Law, having previously served on the Executive Council. She is a life member of the Council on Foreign Relations, a member of the Academic Council of the Institute for Transnational Arbitration, and a founding member of Mediators Beyond Borders International.
Dr. Aoife Duffy is an interdisciplinary human rights scholar currently affiliated with University of Essex’s Human Rights Centre. Prior to this posting, Aoife held lectureships at the National University of Ireland Galway and Dublin City University. Aoife has been the recipient of various awards and grants, including the prestigious Department of Foreign Affairs Andrew Grene scholarship in conflict resolution for her doctoral studies. With a broad horizon of research interests, Aoife has published on topics ranging from indigenous peoples’ rights to states of emergency in such journals as Human Rights Quarterly, the Journal of Refugee Law, and the International Journal of Transitional Justice. Aoife’s transitional justice scholarship examining major paradigm shifts with a retrospective lens led to the development of new historiographies shedding light on legacy issues in various case studies. Several of these have been published, including a monograph with Routledge - Torture and Human Rights in Northern Ireland: Interrogation in Depth. In tandem with legal histories, Aoife built up expertise on intelligence/security operations, detention without trial, interrogation and torture.