14:00 - 15:00
Zoom ID: 8808141103
Lectures, talks and seminars
Mathematical Sciences, Department of
Osama Mahmoud firstname.lastname@example.org
These Departmental Seminars are for everyone in Maths. We encourage anyone interested in the subject in general, or in the particular subject of the seminar, to come along. It's a great opportunity to meet people in the Maths Department and join in with our community.
Chromatin consists of DNA wrapped around histones and forms complex three-dimensional structures within the cell nucleus with various degrees of compaction.
Genes have been shown to be repressed by their proximity to the nuclear periphery or activated by being in contact with special regulatory regions called enhancers. Thus the relative positioning of genes and their interactions with other regions are very important in determining whether they are expressed or not. Interactions between pairs of genomic regions have been studied using assays such as Hi-C, which generate large matrices estimating interaction frequencies.
We use such interaction estimates as weights in a network whose nodes are equally sized genomic regions and perform nested community detection in order to resolve the relative positioning of genomic regions of interest and model the interior of the cell nucleus.
Our biological model is cellular senescence, a phenotype associated with dramatic changes in its chromatin interactions network relative to normal cells. Senescence corresponds to permanent cell cycle arrest and has been shown to act as a protective barrier against tumourigenesis.
Ioana Olan, University of Cambridge
If not a member of the Dept. Mathematical Science at the University of Essex, you can register your interest in attending the seminar and request the Zoom’s meeting password by emailing Dr Osama Mahmoud.