Jeff Gill: Models for Identifying Substantive Clusters and Fitted Subclusters in Social Science Data
Unseen grouping, often called latent clustering, is a common feature in social science data. Subjects may intentionally or unintentionally group themselves in ways that complicate the statistical analysis of substantively important relationships.
This work introduces a new model-based clustering design which incorporates two sources of heterogeneity. The first source is a random effect that introduces substantively unimportant grouping but must be accounted-for.
The second source is more important and more difficult to handle since it is directly related to the relationships of interest in the data. We develop a model to handle both of these challenges and apply it to data on terrorist groups, which are notoriously hard to model with conventional tools.