Dr Thanos Manos (Institute of Neuroscience and Medicine, Jülich, Germany)
14:00 - 16:00
Dr Thanos Manos
Lectures, talks and seminars
Mathematical Sciences, Department of
Dr Andrew Harrison email@example.com
Mathematical modelling is an important tool in understanding the basic mechanisms of the human brain as well as determining its function and operation. In this talk, I will discuss how such models, based on ordinary differential equations can capture and describe the underlying dynamical evolution at different levels, that is, from individual neuron activity, to interactions between a relatively small number of neurons within some brain area, up to interactions between different brain regions (whole brain dynamics).
Several brain diseases are characterised by abnormally strong neuronal synchrony. Mathematical models can help develop therapies to counteract such synchronisation with external devices. The first part of the talk focuses on neurons whose firing activity is not static; it continuously evolves and adapts, i.e. some already existing neural synapses may get stronger or weaker (synaptic plasticity) while new synapses may be created or deleted (structural plasticity) as time evolves.
Recently, there is an increasing effort to bring mathematical models closer to neuroimaging data (for example, MRI). Patient-based data can be used to improve the models to better compare and differentiate pathological from healthy brain behaviour. The second part of the talk is dedicated to models which take into account large amounts of experimental data and then are used as a virtual platform for experimenting and testing brain activity.