With 68.5m people displaced according to UNHCR’s statistics for 2017, 22.4 across an international border, there are attempts to operationalise international co-operation in the shape of burden and responsibility sharing in situations of large scale movements or protracted displacement through the drafting of the Global Compact on Refugees, due to be endorsed by the UN General Assembly in September 2018.
Given that the median average length of a displacement situation is 20 years, the idea that a purely humanitarian response would suffice is clearly inadequate. On the other hand, since 85% of refugees are in low or middle income countries, the idea that responding to hosting refugees should be done through loans as part of a development assistance package is not acceptable. This paper will address the interplay of humanitarian (UNHCR) and development (UNDP/ World Bank) actors and the concerns of states hosting refugees as regards long term solutions and true burden and responsibility sharing.
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