Component

MA Public Opinion and Political Behaviour
MRes Political Economy options

Final Year, Component 03

Government or Economics option from list
EC366-7-AU
Market Structure and Strategic Behaviour
(20 CREDITS)

How do firms make decisions? And how do these decisions impact on the prices you pay? What role does game theory play? Understand strategic interaction among firms, using theoretical tools to examine real-world examples. Analyse the main economic forces behind firm behaviour, adapting economic models to study particular challenges.

EC383-7-AU
Environmental Economics
(20 CREDITS)

Can economic analysis be applied to environmental issues? And to environmental policies? Understand the strengths and weaknesses of economic analysis when applied to the environment. Learn to design policies that result in positive environmental outcomes in the modern world.

EC501-7-AU
Econometric Methods
(20 CREDITS)

Wish to conduct your own research using econometric methods? Understand econometric methods and learn to apply them to a wide variety of situations. Examine methods of linear regression and hypothesis testing. Study time series concepts of unit roots and co-integration. Explore ideas around simultaneous equation models and panel data models.

EC511-7-AU
Mathematical Methods
(20 CREDITS)

What mathematical concepts are vital to understanding modern economic theory? Gain the essential mathematics skills needed to study economics at Masters-level, such as optimisation theory and the role of equilibrium. Understand how economic arguments work and improve your problem solving skills by using real-world economic problems.

EC902-7-SP
Economic Development Theory
(20 CREDITS)

What are the distinctive features of less developed economies? How do theories around child labour or inequality explain poverty? What economic policies could alleviate such problems? Understand the issues facing developing countries, examining policies theoretically and empirically. Act as a policy advisor, undertaking research on issues of development economics.

EC903-7-AU
Microeconomics
(20 CREDITS)

What are the concepts and methods of modern microeconomics? And how can you apply economic reasoning to this? Understand the main principles and theories of modern microeconomics, looking at topics like contract theory, equilibrium concepts in game theory, and market signalling. Learn to apply economic reasoning to these arguments.

EC904-7-AU
Macroeconomics
(20 CREDITS)

What are the main issues facing the modern macroeconomist? How do you critically assess macroeconomic policies? Acquire the necessary tools for macroeconomic analysis, focusing on the important questions faced by macroeconomists today.

EC906-7-SP
Economics of Banking
(20 CREDITS)

What value is added by your business? And how is this value added? Such questions are asked to business leaders. Understand the core economic reasoning behind commercial and investment banking, looking at financial intermediation and money creation, as well security, mergers and acquisition.

EC907-7-SP
Economics of Financial Markets
(20 CREDITS)

Study the concepts of risk and return in equity markets, both in the context of asset pricing, and in the management of equity portfolios. You will start by focusing on the analysis of the stylised facts of asset returns, and will then review the theoretical foundations of modern finance, covering expected utility theory and risk aversion.

EC909-7-AU
Behavioural Economics I: Individual Decision Making
(20 CREDITS)

How do individuals make decisions? When does classic economic theory not predict empirically observed behaviour? And how do you then use behavioural economics to reconcile your empirical findings with theoretical models? Learn about empirical and theoretical research in behavioural economics that can be used to explain individual decision making.

EC914-7-SP
Behavioural Economics II: Games and Markets
(20 CREDITS)

What happens when classic economic theory doesn’t predict empirically observed behaviour? Can behaviour economics help? Study strategic interactions and markets using behavioural economics to reconcile empirical findings with theoretical models. Gain an understanding of experimental methods used in behavioural economics.

EC915-7-SP
Data Science for Economics
(20 CREDITS)

This postgraduate module equips you with the key tools in modern data science, with a focus on machine learning (ML) and its application to Economics and Finance. The main goal of this module is to enable you to understand how machine learning tools can complement the tools of traditional econometrics and how to apply these techniques to real-world economics and finance problems. By the end of this module you will have: 1. Developed a comprehensive understanding of key concepts in modern machine learning (ML): classification, prediction, supervised and unsupervised learning 2. Demonstrated a critical understanding of the advantages and disadvantages of ML as compared to traditional econometric approaches 3. Applied ML to real-world economics and finance problems, with examples based on: i. Prediction ii. Causal Inference and Policy Evaluation

EC930-7-SP
Theory of Industrial Organisation
(20 CREDITS)

How do firms interact? What impact does this have on products that are available to you? Or the price that you pay? Understand current thinking on industrial organisation, with a focus on competition policy, regulation and business strategy. Apply analytical models of firm behaviour and strategic interaction to real-life situations.

EC932-7-SP
The Geography of Employment and the Environment
(20 CREDITS)

Despite all the talk about the “death of distance”, geography matters more than ever. This course is a journey through the current economic landscape. We will try to understand the economic forces driving trends in wages, productivity and innovation across cities and regions. These are the forces that will define the geography of future jobs and will shape the economic destiny of local communities around the world.

EC933-7-SP
International Finance
(20 CREDITS)

What are the main uncertainties for international financial markets? What causes a currency crisis? How do you deal with global imbalances? Understand the analytical tools used in the field of international macroeconomics and finance. Demonstrate how such tools can be applied by examining key policy issues of interest today.

EC951-7-AU
Economics of Incentives
(20 CREDITS)

What compensation should CEOs get? How can you motivate team performance? What impact does an altruistic manager make? Study real-world issues like policymaking, finance and management using economic models from contract theory, incentive theory, and the theory of the firm.

EC955-7-SP
Experimental Economics
(20 CREDITS)

This module equips you with the tools to critically access experimental methods commonly used in economics. You will put theoretical knowledge into practice, learning how to design experiments and interpret results. With a growing interest in behavioural considerations, experiments are increasingly used not only in psychology, but also economics and political science. Recognizing the value of controlled variation to study causal relationships, large companies also increasingly use "A-B testing".

EC963-7-SP
Public Policy Evaluation
(20 CREDITS)

This module equips you with the tools commonly used in economics to critically assess the efficacy of current policies and the effects of policy changes. You will put theoretical knowledge into practice, closely reviewing canonical applications of these tools in the economics literature as well as performing evaluations yourself.

EC965-7-SP
Time Series Econometrics
(20 CREDITS)

How do you analyse stationary time series? Or non-stationary (integrated) processes? Understand the econometric methods available to analyse models of economic time series. Examine how methods of estimation and inference can be applied to these models. Learn how to use these methods in your own research.

EC968-7-SP
Panel Data Methods
(20 CREDITS)

What are the main issues with panel data? And the main econometric techniques to analyse panel data? What methods can you use to evaluate spell duration data? Answer such questions with examples from labour economics, while gaining the skills to analyse a variety of research and policy problems.

EC969-7-SP
Applications of Data Analysis
(20 CREDITS)

What are the issues regarding different types of panel datasets? Or problems with survey methodology? Understand longitudinal data analysis by using micro-econometric techniques and critically examine survey methodology issues, like response rate and sampling frames. Apply panel data methods to study labour markets, focusing on marriage, unemployment and wages.

GV510-7-AU
Democracy, Violence, and Inequality in Latin America
(15 CREDITS)

What are the challenges to democracy in Latin America and how do they prevent democratic consolidation? Gain an introduction to the politics of Latin America and explore the significant challenges to democratic consolidation throughout the region. This module will enable you to be better prepared to tackle complex and important political, economic, and social questions in this dynamic region of the world.

GV525-7-SP
Israeli Politics
(15 CREDITS)

In this module, you’ll gain an introduction to the domestic politics of Israel in a comparative perspective, including issues of internal cultural diversity, religion and politics, fragmentation of the political party system, and coalition governance. You’ll explore political institutions, parties, and voting behaviour in Israel, and evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the state of Israel as a democratic country, understand the Israeli political structure, and discuss the electoral arena.

GV528-7-SP
Political Theory and Gender
(15 CREDITS)

This module explores the relation between gender and political theory by focusing on the work of feminist theorists, the critiques they have developed of mainstream understandings of key political concepts, and how they have sought to 'en-gender' those concepts. Themes may include the public/private divide, equality, intersectionality, democracy, power, rights, justice.

GV538-7-SP
From Cradle to Grave: Social Justice in Childhood, Adulthood, and Death
(15 CREDITS)

Theories of justice are still being worked on and developed today. You question contemporary theories of justice through applying them to some of the most controversial issues dominating contemporary politics.

GV554-7-SP
Migration, Politics and International Development
(15 CREDITS)

International migration is at the forefront of academic and policy discussions. You'll explore the multiple dimensions of human development linked to international migration, and the determinants and dynamics of international migration and its economic and social effects on both sending and receiving countries.

GV591-7-AU
Comparative Environmental Politics
(15 CREDITS)

Study one of the most important contemporary aspects of political action: the natural environment. You consider the state of the environment and possible paths along which it might change, before exploring environmental policies from the level of individual values to the environmental movement to political parties, and finally to the level of international affairs.

GV592-7-SP
International Environmental Politics
(15 CREDITS)

This module provides a better understanding of democratic political and economic processes in Europe. In the first part, you will compare representative democracy with direct democracy instruments and analyse under what circumstances referendums are suitable for making political decisions. As corruption is a perpetual threat for democracies, you will examine what types of corruption are prevalent in Europe, how they are measured, and which accountability mechanisms have proved effective at curbing corrupt behaviour. You will then examine the institutional foundations of welfare-capitalism, analysing how coordinated and liberal capitalism types responded to challenges such as globalisation and deindustrialization. The second part of the module is devoted to studying the power-sharing arrangements in the European Union. In this context, you will examine under what circumstances member states may decide to delegate powers to the EU level or alternatively re-nationalize supranational powers. The module also provides an accessible introduction to research design and methods that political scientists have used to address these topics.

GV900-7-AU
Introduction to Quantitative Methods and Data Analysis I
(15 CREDITS)

This module offers you an introduction to the theory and practice of quantitative data analysis techniques. You will also be introduced to the computer package R, which is widely used by academics and practitioners for the analysis of quantitative data. As the work becomes more challenging, the relevance of the techniques to modern social science research becomes more apparent.   

GV903-7-AU
Quantitative Methods
(15 CREDITS)

Master the quantitative methods that are essential for testing hypotheses. You will study hypothesis testing, linear regression models, and more advanced regression models ubiquitous in political science, accompanied by data science and R programming skills.

GV906-7-AU
Conflict Resolution
(15 CREDITS)

In this module you focus on conflict resolution in inter- and intra-state issues. You gain experience in the practical as well as in the theoretical aspects of negotiation and mediation, exploring the applicability of various tools and techniques in problem-solving real cases of international conflict, and making use of negotiation and mediation techniques in role playing exercises and other types of simulations.

GV907-7-AU
Comparative Political Economy
(15 CREDITS)

The course bridges together topics in international relations, comparative political economy, and economics. The goals of the course are to (a) introduce students to contemporary scholarly research on political economy topics, (b) introduce students to strategic models in political science using substantive applications, and (c) stimulate students to form original ideas for promising quantitative research projects in the area of contemporary political economy. 

GV908-7-AU
Justice and Equality
(15 CREDITS)

This module introduces historical and contemporary traditions within political theory, and applies these theories to pressing policy debates.

GV909-7-AU
Foundations and Methods of Political Theory
(15 CREDITS)

Evaluate a variety of foundational questions in the philosophy of science about how and to what extent we can obtain certain, value-free knowledge and make laws about the social world. Explore the methodology of normative political theory and the role and importance of ideals and utopias in political thinking.

GV914-7-AU
Research Design
(15 CREDITS)

In this module you gain an overview of the logic of social science research designs that includes the goals, theories and strategies of social science research, and develop a research agenda for potential use as publication in a peer reviewed journal, MA or PhD dissertation.

GV915-7-SU
Applied Research Design
(15 CREDITS)

You replicate an already published paper to better understand the details of the empirical analysis, assess its robustness, and develop the paper in a new direction by changing one element. For example, include a new control variable, introduce an interaction term, or extend the time period or the sample size.

GV918-7-AU
Data for Social Data Science
(30 CREDITS)

This module introduces principles and applications of the electronic storage, structuring, manipulation, transformation, extraction, and dissemination of data. In the age of "Big Data", the vast amount of data is generated in each day, and if equipped with a right set of skills, computational social scientists can obtain valuable insights only attainable through a data-driven approach. This module is aimed to provide an opportunity for learning such skills through programming in Python.

GV923-7-AU
Foundations of Public Policy
(15 CREDITS)

This module introduces you to key concepts and theoretical approaches to studying and analysing public policy as well as applying these concepts and approaches to real-world public policy areas. This includes the economic, theoretical and normative foundations for public policies, theories of the public policy process and the actors and institutions involved in this process as well as approaches to studying the politics and political dilemmas regarding public policy. You will also be introduced and apply these concepts to real-world policy areas including education, pollution and taxation.

GV924-7-SP
The Politics of Public Policy
(15 CREDITS)

This module introduces the main political arenas and actors that shape public policy in democratic states and beyond. You will analyse and debate political conflicts around policymaking in the core arenas of democratic government including elections, parliaments, governments, the bureaucracy, and the judicial system. You will examine the public policy role of interest groups and civil society and explore policymaking beyond and outside of formal governmental arenas as well as in non-democratic states.

GV928-7-AU
Political Psychology
(15 CREDITS)

Politics is about people. Everything – angry tweeting, constitutional design, environmental lobbying, states going to war – boils down to the opinions, decisions and behaviour of individuals, and understanding those is the territory of psychology. Political psychology is a growing and thriving subfield, to which this module provides a wide-ranging introduction. We will apply both the theories and methods of psychology to the behaviour of a range of political actors – voters, leaders, protestors, even terrorists. This is a practical as well as a theoretical module, with heavy emphasis on how we learn about political psychology and with every student designing – and perhaps in their dissertation executing – a research project in the field.

GV944-7-SP
Insurgents, Criminals and Terrorists
(15 CREDITS)

The world of violent non-state actors has received growing attention among academics and policy circles. Given the rise of groups such as the Islamic State, and criminal organisations fighting in Mexico and other locations, the focus on violent non-state actors has become increasingly important. This module focuses on the political science literature on violent non-state actors. We start with a conceptual approach, considering why some groups fit into categories such as "insurgent" while others perhaps fit better in another category such as "terrorist" or "mafia". It also examines why non-state actors resort to violence and crime, what tactics and strategies they use, how they fund their existence, how they undermine the state and what can be done to counter the instability they cause. The module will examine the objectives of these organizations, what their mobilization strategies are and what often constitutes their support base. The module will give a thorough overview of not only the world of violent non-state actors but also the political, economic, geographical and regional environments which help to explain their strength.

GV945-7-AU
International Institutions and Global Governance
(15 CREDITS)

This module examines the institutions that govern international relations. It is designed around the following question: Do international institutions promote international cooperation? In particular, the module analyses how formal and informal international institutions can help to overcome the main challenges for international cooperation and promote global governance.

GV946-7-SP
Conflict Resolution and Peace
(15 CREDITS)

This module exposes you to different political theories and approaches within the field of conflict resolution. It provides an overview and a basic framework for studying the evolving field of conflict resolution. The focus is on conflict resolution in inter- and intra-state issues. You will have the opportunity to explore conflict resolution methods such as mediation, negotiation, arbitration, collaborative problem solving, peacekeeping operations, and other applications. This module especially focuses on the practical as well as on the theoretical aspects of negotiation and mediation. You will also have the opportunity to explore the applicability of various tools and techniques in problem-solving real cases of international conflict and to make use of negotiation and mediation techniques in role playing exercises and other types of simulations.

GV947-7-SP
International Political Economy
(15 CREDITS)

This module focuses on how domestic politics affect national integration into international markets. You will examine areas like how national politics affect trade policy, foreign direct investment, financial markets, financial liberalisation, sovereign debt dynamics, central banks and monetary policy, and exchange rate policy and regimes. Extra topics include things like economics of inter- and intra-state conflict. You will cover these dynamics in both developed and developing, and democratic and authoritarian nations.

GV948-7-SP
Democracy and Freedom
(15 CREDITS)

This is a module in political theory. You will read classic texts that first formulated our modern ideas of democracy and freedom, as well as more contemporary texts that challenge these ideas. You will discuss democracy from a range of historical, normative, and theoretical perspectives. Questions include: What is democracy? What is democracy’s value? What are the practices that are constitutive of democracy? You will also consider some challenges for democracy, considering contemporary threats to democracy and freedom.

GV950-7-SP
Introduction to Quantitative Methods and Data Analysis II
(15 CREDITS)

This module starts with a refresher on linear regression before delving into more advanced methods, both theoretically and practically. You will start with the assumptions that go into linear regressions, learning to analyse whether each assumption holds and considering how our results are impacted when they do not. The remainder of the module will focus on more advanced statistical methods with a focus on two broad categories. The first will be models for analysing non-continuous dependent variables, including binary, categorical and ordinal dependent variables. You will also spend some time looking at causal inference methods and analysis, using both observational and experimental data.

GV952-7-AU
Comparative European Politics I
(15 CREDITS)

The objective of this module is to provide a better understanding of democratic political and economic processes in Europe. The first part of the module will be devoted to studying the origins of party systems, party competition, electoral systems, the rise of populist and extremist parties, referendums, and linkages between citizens and politicians in West and East European countries. In the second part, we will examine the institutional foundations of welfare-capitalism and analyse the incentives of different actors (labour unions, employers, lobbyists, etc.) to maintain or undermine certain regulatory arrangements. Furthermore, we will study how coordinated and liberal capitalism types responded to challenges such as globalisation and deindustrialization. A large part of the module is devoted to studying the power-sharing arrangements in the European Union. In this context, we will analyse the new trade agreements the EU has struck in light of rising global trade tensions, and what the euro crisis, influx of refugees, and disintegration referendums might mean for the future of the EU. The module also provides an accessible introduction to research design and methods that political scientists have used to address these topics.

GV953-7-SP
Advanced Quantitative Methods
(15 CREDITS)

This module presents advanced quantitative methods for political science based on maximum likelihood estimation (MLE), with a particular focus on the generalised linear model (GLM). After introducing the principles of MLE, models for different kinds of outcome distributions, such as binary, ordinal, categorical, count, and event history data, are considered. This module also introduces some advanced methods beyond the GLM. All models and methods are approached substantively, mathematically, and computationally (using R), with applications to political science research questions. Throughout the module, you will also familiarise yourself with the interpretation and presentation of empirical evidence in political science. The module will be particularly useful for you if you aim to pursue a career in academia or in research-intensive environments, for example think tanks, research-related government posts, data science, or survey analytics.

GV955-7-SP
Comparative European Politics II
(15 CREDITS)

This module is about how representative democracy works in Europe. You will examine several topics within the European context, including: public opinion, political participation, political parties, electoral systems, party competition, and how to evaluate democracies. You will also develop specific knowledge about several European countries, by learning how the political institutions function within them. This module also provides an accessible introduction to research design and methods that political scientists have used to address these topics.

GV967-7-SP
Public Opinion and Political Behaviour: Methods and Practices
(15 CREDITS)

This module introduces methodological debates and the empirical analyses required to understand and undertake research in public opinion and political behaviour. The module examines issues related to; polls and surveys - how do the public understand questions in surveys and how can we go about measuring this? Sampling theory: How do we select representative samples? When is it okay not to use representative samples? Measurement and scaling: How do we measure opinion and political behaviour? What type of measurement scales are available to help us do this? How to design survey questionnaire and to plan survey fieldwork? You will also look at how to program and run online survey and survey experiments; description and visualization of public opinion data as well as examining how to test hypotheses.

GV978-7-AU
Ideology and Discourse Analysis
(15 CREDITS)

This module introduces, develops, and critically engages key strands of poststructuralist discourse theory, including post-marxism, structural linguistics, deconstruction, and psychoanalytic theory. In particular, it clarifies key theoretical categories by examining their associated conceptual frameworks and presuppositions, by probing their value for political analysis and ideological critique, and by exploring their usefulness in relation to selected case illustrations. The module also engages with a set of contemporary debates in political and social theory, in order to deepen our grasp of the role that the categories of discourse and ideology can play.

GV988-7-FY
Ideology and Political Discourse
(30 CREDITS)

This module introduces the fundamental concepts and logics of poststructuralist discourse theory, including discussions of post-Marxism, deconstruction, structural linguistics, Foucauldian discourse analysis, and psychoanalytic theory. Students are invited to engage with contemporary debates in critical political theory, focusing on the emergence and character of core political ideologies, such as neoliberalism, populism, nationalism and socialism, as well as the interpretation, explanation and evaluation of key events and developments, such as the different ideological responses to the global financial crisis, the construction of new political identities, the role of social movements, and the ecological crisis.

GV988-7-SP
Critical Political Theory: Hegemony, Populism and Radical Democracy
(15 CREDITS)

This module introduces the fundamental concepts and logics of poststructuralist discourse theory, including discussions of post-Marxism, deconstruction, structural linguistics, Foucauldian discourse analysis, and psychoanalytic theory. Students are invited to engage with contemporary debates in critical political theory, focusing on the emergence and character of core political ideologies, such as neoliberalism, populism, nationalism and socialism, as well as the interpretation, explanation and evaluation of key events and developments, such as the different ideological responses to the global financial crisis, the construction of new political identities, the role of social movements, and the ecological crisis.

SC970-7-AU
Introduction to Survey Design and Management
(20 CREDITS)

What are the principles of modern survey design? And what is best practice? Explore the fundamentals of survey design and the concept of survey error. Analyse different types of design and modes of data collection, drawing on real-life examples. Build the transferable study skills required to conduct professional surveys. As part of this module, you're required to undertake a 10-day work placement. If you're placement is in London, your travel costs will be paid for by the company. Outside of London, you may incur associated travel costs.

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