People

Professor Geoffrey Ward

Professor
Department of Psychology
Professor Geoffrey Ward
  • Email

  • Telephone

    +44 (0) 1206 873799

  • Location

    3.709, Colchester Campus

Profile

Biography

Geoff grew up in Slough, Berkshire, where he attended Langley Grammar School and studied science subjects at A-level. His interest in Biology and Chemistry prompted him to read Natural Sciences at Cambridge, with the aim of specialising in Biochemistry. Unexpectedly, he found that he was more inspired by one of his second year options, Experimental Psychology, which he took in the final year as his Part II. This proved to be a succesful switch because he was awarded the Passingham Prize in Experimental Psychology from the University of Cambridge in 1989. After a year off, working for the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Foods (MAFF), he studied for his doctorate in Experimental Psychology at the University of Oxford where he examined the roles of memory and attention in planning and problem-solving under the supervision of Prof. Alan Allport. Geoff was appointed as Lecturer in Psychology in 1993, and was promoted to Senior Lecturer (2000), Reader (2002) and then Professor (2005). He was the Head of the Department of Psychology between January 1st, 2014- 31st December 2016. Externally, he has served as committee member and then Secretary of the Cognitive Psychology Section of the British Psychological Society, and he has been an Associate Editor of the international peer-reviewed journal, Memory & Cognition (2009-2014). He has two main areas of current research: (1) examining encoding and retrieval processes in human memory, specialising in short-term memory and immediate serial and free recall, and (2) examining the possibility of augmenting human memory through technology. He has recently completed work on a 3-year EU-funded project entitled Recall: Enhanced Human Memory, examining how technology can help us understand and enhance human memory. This work was in collaborration with Computer Scientists at Lancaster, Stuttgart, and Lugano.He is currently involved in an Australian Research Council grant onmemory-based model of evaluation and choice with Simon Farrell (UWA) and Gordon Brown (Warwick), and has started on a 30-month EPSRC grant on Trust, Pivacy and Consent in Future Pervasive Environments with colleagues at Lancaster, Manchester and Edinburgh.

Qualifications

  • BA hons Natural Sciences (Part II: Experimental Psychology) University of Cambridge, (1989)

  • D. Phil. Experimental Psychology University of Oxford, (1993)

Appointments

University of Essex

  • Lecturer, Psychology, University of Essex (1/10/1993 - 31/8/2000)

  • Senior Lecturer, Psychology, University of Essex (1/9/2000 - 31/8/2005)

  • Professor, Psychology, University of Essex (1/9/2005 - present)

Research and professional activities

Research interests

Similarities and differences between different memory tasks, especially immediate serial recall and free recall

General properties of episodic memory

Memory structures and processes

The use of technology to enhance human memory

Teaching and supervision

Current teaching responsibilities

  • Brain and Behaviour (PS411)

  • Memory Attention and Language (PS415)

  • Topics in Human Memory (PS491)

  • MSc Psychology Research Project (PS900)

  • Research Project (MSc) (PS934)

  • Advanced Brain and Behaviour (PS943)

  • Enhancing employability and career planning (PS417)

  • Advanced employability skills and career progression (PS492)

Publications

Journal articles (41)

Cortis Mack, C., Dent, K. and Ward, G., (2018). Near-Independent Capacities and Highly Constrained Output Orders in the Simultaneous Free Recall of Auditory-Verbal and Visuo-Spatial Stimuli. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 44 (1), 107-134

Oberauer, K., Lewandowsky, S., Awh, E., Brown, GDA., Conway, A., Cowan, N., Donkin, C., Farrell, S., Hitch, GJ., Hurlstone, M., Ma, WJ., Morey, CC., Nee, DE., Schweppe, J., Vergauwe, E. and Ward, G., (2018). Benchmarks for Models of Short Term and Working Memory. Psychological Bulletin. 144 (9), 885-958

Cinel, C., Cortis Mack, C. and Ward, GD., (2018). Towards augmented human memory: Retrieval-induced forgetting and retrieval practice in an interactive, end-of-day review. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. 147 (5), 632-661

Oberauer, K., Lewandowsky, S., Awh, E., Brown, GDA., Conway, A., Cowan, N., Donkin, C., Farrell, S., Hitch, GJ., Hurlstone, MJ., Ma, WJ., Morey, CC., Nee, DE., Schweppe, J., Vergauwe, E. and Ward, G., (2018). Benchmarks provide common ground for model development: Reply to Logie (2018) and Vandierendonck (2018).. Psychological Bulletin. 144 (9), 972-977

Cortis Mack, C., Cinel, C., Davies, N., Harding, M. and Ward, G., (2017). Serial position, output order, and list length effects for words presented on smartphones over very long intervals. Journal of Memory and Language. 97, 61-80

Grenfell-Essam, R., Ward, GD. and Tan, L., (2017). Common Modality Effects in Immediate Free Recall and Immediate Serial Recall. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 43 (12), 1909-1933

Niforatos, E., Cinel, C., Cortis Mack, C., Langheinrich, M. and Ward, G., (2017). Can Less be More?. Proceedings of the ACM on Interactive, Mobile, Wearable and Ubiquitous Technologies. 1 (2), 1-22

Harvey, M., Langheinrich, M. and Ward, G., (2016). Remembering through lifelogging: A survey of human memory augmentation. Pervasive and Mobile Computing. 27, 14-26

Tan, L., Ward, GD., Paulauskaite, L. and Markou, M., (2016). Beginning at the Beginning: Recall Order and the Number of Words to Be Recalled.. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 42 (8), 1282-1292

Clinch, S., Davies, N., Mikusz, M., Metzger, P., Langheinrich, M., Schmidt, A. and Ward, G., (2016). Collecting Shared Experiences through Lifelogging: Lessons Learned. IEEE Pervasive Computing. 15 (1), 58-67

Davies, N., Friday, A., Clinch, S., Sas, C., Langheinrich, M., Ward, G. and Schmidt, A., (2015). Security and Privacy Implications of Pervasive Memory Augmentation. IEEE Pervasive Computing. 14 (1), 44-53

Cortis, C., Dent, K., Kennett, S. and Ward, G., (2015). First things first: Similar list length and output order effects for verbal and nonverbal stimuli.. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 41 (4), 1179-1214

Grenfell-Essam, R. and Ward, G., (2015). The effect of selective attention and a stimulus prefix on the output order of immediate free recall of short and long lists.. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology/Revue canadienne de psychologie expérimentale. 69 (1), 1-16

Spurgeon, J., Ward, GD., Matthews, WJ. and Farrell, S., (2014). Can the effects of temporal grouping explain the similarities and differences between free recall and serial recall?. Memory & Cognition. 43 (3), 469-488

Spurgeon, J., Ward, G. and Matthews, WJ., (2014). Why do participants initiate free recall of short lists of words with the first list item? Toward a general episodic memory explanation.. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 40 (6), 1551-1567

Spurgeon, J., Ward, G. and Matthews, WJ., (2014). Examining the relationship between immediate serial recall and immediate free recall: Common effects of phonological loop variables but only limited evidence for the phonological loop.. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 40 (4), 1110-1141

Grenfell-Essam, R., Ward, G. and Tan, L., (2013). The role of rehearsal on the output order of immediate free recall of short and long lists.. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 39 (2), 317-347

Grenfell-Essam, R. and Ward, G., (2012). Examining the relationship between free recall and immediate serial recall: The role of list length, strategy use, and test expectancy. Journal of Memory and Language. 67 (1), 106-148

Moreton, BJ. and Ward, GD., (2010). Time scale similarity and long-term memory for autobiographical events. Psychonomic Bulletin & Revie. 17 (4), 510-515

Ward, G., Tan, L. and Grenfell-Essam, R., (2010). Examining the relationship between free recall and immediate serial recall: The effects of list length and output order.. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 36 (5), 1207-1241

Bhatarah, P., Ward, G., Smith, J. and Hayes, L., (2009). Examining the relationship between free recall and immediate serial recall: Similar patterns of rehearsal and similar effects of word length, presentation rate, and articulatory suppression. Memory & Cognition. 37 (5), 689-713

Bhatarah, P., Ward, G. and Tan, L., (2008). Examining the relationship between free recall and immediate serial recall: The serial nature of recall and the effect of test expectancy. Memory & Cognition. 36 (1), 20-34

TAN, L. and WARD, G., (2008). Rehearsal in immediate serial recall. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review. 15 (3), 535-542

Tan, L. and Ward, G., (2007). Output order in immediate serial recall. Memory & Cognition. 35 (5), 1093-1106

Bhatarah, P., Ward, GD. and Tan, L., (2006). Examining the relationship between free recall and immediate serial recall: the effect of concurrent task performance. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 32 (2), 215-229

Ward, G., Avons, SE. and Melling, L., (2005). Serial position curves in short‐term memory: Functional equivalence across modalities. Memory. 13 (3-4), 308-317

Ward, G. and Maylor, EA., (2005). Age-Related Deficits in Free Recall: The Role of Rehearsal. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Section A. 58 (1), 98-119

Avons, SE., Ward, G. and Melling, L., (2004). Item and Order Memory for Novel Visual Patterns Assessed by Two–Choice Recognition. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Section A. 57 (5), 865-891

Ward, G. and Tan, L., (2004). The Effect of the Length of To-Be-Remembered Lists and Intervening Lists on Free Recall: A Reexamination Using Overt Rehearsal.. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 30 (6), 1196-1210

Ward, G., Woodward, G., Stevens, A. and Stinson, C., (2003). Using overt rehearsals to explain word frequency effects in free recall.. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 29 (2), 186-210

Ward, G., (2002). A recency-based account of the list length effect in free recall. Memory & Cognition. 30 (6), 885-892

Ward, G., Roberts, MJ. and Phillips, LH., (2001). Task-Switching Costs, Stroop-Costs, and Executive Control: A Correlational Study. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Section A. 54 (2), 491-511

Avons, SE., Ward, G. and Russo, R., (2001). The dangers of taking capacity limits too literally. Behavioral and Brain Sciences. 24 (1), 114-115

Tan, L. and Ward, G., (2000). A recency-based account of the primacy effect in free recall.. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 26 (6), 1589-1625

Russo, R., Ward, GD., Geurts, H. and Scheres, A., (1999). When unfamiliarity matters: Changing environmental context between study and test affects recognition memory for unfamiliar stimuli. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 25 (2), 488-499

Kerr, JR., Avons, SE. and Ward, G., (1999). The effect of retention interval on serial position curves for item recognition of visual patterns and faces.. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 25 (6), 1475-1494

Ward, G. and Churchill, EF., (1998). Two tests of instance-based and abstract rule-based accounts of invariant learning. Acta Psychologica. 99 (3), 235-253

Kerr, J., Ward, G. and Avons, SE., (1998). Response bias in visual serial order memory.. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 24 (5), 1316-1323

Ward, G., Churchill, EF. and Musgrave, P., (1997). An investigation of cued recall of multiattribute stimuli.. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 23 (5), 1247-1260

Ward, G. and Allport, A., (1997). Planning and Problem solving Using the Five disc Tower of London Task. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology A. 50 (1), 49-78

Valentine, T., Bredart, S., Lawson, R. and Ward, G., (1991). What's in a name? access to information from people's names. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology. 3 (1), 147-176

Books (1)

Morris, R., (2005). The Cognitive Psychology of Planning. Psychology Press. 0203493567

Book chapters (4)

(2008). Interactions Between Short-Term and Long-Term Memory in the Verbal Domain. In: Interactions Between Short-Term and Long-Term Memory in the Verbal Domain. Routledge. 44- 62. 0203938968. 9781841696393

Morris, R. and Ward, GD., (2004). Introduction: 'Plans' and 'Planning'. In: The Cognitive Psychology of Planning. Editors: Morris, R. and Ward, GD., . Taylor & Francis Group. 978-0-415-64677-2

Ward, GD., (2004). Planning and Executive Control of Thought and Action. In: The Cognitive Psychology of Planning. Editors: Morris, R. and Ward, GD., . Taylor & Francis Group. 89- 110. 978-0-415-64677-2

Ward, GD., (2001). A Critique of the Working Memory Model. In: Working Memory in Perspective. Editors: Andrade, J., . Taylor & Francis Group. 219- 239. 978-0-415-21199-4

Conferences (5)

Wolf, K., Abdelrahman, Y., Landwehr, M., Ward, G. and Schmidt, A., (2016). How to browse through my large video data

Agroudy, PE., Machulla, T., Rzayev, R., Dingler, T., Funk, M., Schmidt, A., Ward, G. and Clinch, S., (2016). Impact of reviewing lifelogging photos on recalling episodic memories

Wolf, K., Abdelrahman, Y., Landwehr, M., Ward, GD. and Schmidt, A., (2016). How to browse through my large video data

Schmidt, A., Langheinrich, M., Davies, N. and Ward, G., (2014). Déjà vu -- technologies that make new situations look familiar

Schmidt, A., Langheinrich, M., Davies, N. and Ward, GD., (2014). D�j� vu -- technologies that make new situations look familiar

Grants and funding

2016

PACTMAN: Trust, Privacy and Consent in Future Pervasive Environments

Engineering & Physical Sciences Res.Council

2013

RECALL - Enhancing Human Memory Recall

European Commission

Contact

gdward@essex.ac.uk
+44 (0) 1206 873799

Location:

3.709, Colchester Campus