Clearing 2021

Dr Jessica Lawrence

Senior Lecturer
School of Law
Dr Jessica Lawrence



Jessica Lawrence is a Senior Lecturer at the University of Essex School of Law. Dr Lawrence’s research focuses on issues relating to international economic integration, including at the WTO, in regional and bilateral trade and investment agreements, and within the EU internal market. She has a particular interest in the interaction between economic and non-economic public policy goals, and in the ways in which trade and investment agreements take into account their impacts on human rights, labour, sustainable development, environmental protection, and gender. Her work often takes a critical perspective, applying tools drawn from constructivist international relations theory, post-Foucauldian governmentality studies, and other strands of post-positivist thought to examine the impact of discourses and framing devices on politics and law. Prior to joining the University of Essex, Dr Lawrence was Associate Professor at Central European University in Budapest, Hungary. She holds a PhD in Transnational Legal Studies from the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, the Netherlands, and a JD in Law from the University of Georgia in the United States. In addition to her academic work, Dr Lawrence has held various positions at NGOs, think tanks, and universities in the US, EU, India, New Zealand, and Costa Rica, and continues to provide research and training for governmental and non-governmental organizations on issues related to trade and investment agreements and their impact on social policy goals.


  • PhD VU University Amsterdam, (2015)

  • JD Law University of Georgia, (2007)

  • BA International Studies American University, (2003)

  • BA Environmental Policy American University, (2003)

Research and professional activities

Research interests

public international trade law


international investment law

EU internal market law

critical theory

Teaching and supervision

Current teaching responsibilities

  • Law of the European Union (LW302)

  • Final Year Research Project (LW304)

  • International Trade Law (LW327)

  • Investment, Environment and Human Rights (LW917)


Journal articles (7)

Lawrence, J., Ankersmit, L. and Davies, G., Diverging EU and WTO Perspectives on Extraterritorial Process Regulation. Minnesota Journal of International Law Online. 21, 14-14

Lawrence, JC., (2019). Constitutional Pluralism's Unspoken Normative Core. Cambridge Yearbook of European Legal Studies. 21, 24-40

LAWRENCE, JC., (2013). Contesting constitutionalism: Constitutional discourse at the WTO. Global Constitutionalism. 2 (1), 63-90

Lawrence, J. and Ankersmit, L., (2012). The Future of Environmental Labeling: US-Tuna II and the Scope of the TBT. Legal Issues of Economic Integration. 39 (1), 127-147

Lawrence, J., (2011). Complementary and Alternative Medicine Under the GATS. Manchester Journal of International Economic Law. 4, 110-110

Heller, KJ. and Lawrence, JC., (2007). The Limits of Article 8(2)(b)(iv) of the Rome Statute, the First Ecocentric Environmental War Crime. Georgetown International Environmental Law Review (GIELR). 20

Lawrence, J., (2006). Chicken Little Revisited: NAFTA Regulatory Expropriations After Methanex. Georgia Law Review. 40, 261-261

Books (2)

Lawrence, JC., (2018). Governmentality in EU External Trade and Environment Policy Between Rights and Market. Routledge. 1138094722. 9781138094727

Lawrence, J., (2012). Human Rights. Peace Operations Training Institute

Book chapters (11)

Lawrence, J., The structural logic of expert participation in WTO decision-making processes. In: The Role of ‘Experts' in International and European Decision-Making Processes. Cambridge University Press. 173- 193

Lawrence, J., (2021). Governmentality Approaches. In: The Routledge Handbook of Critical European Studies. Editors: Bigo, D., Diez, T., Fanoulis, E., Rosamond, B. and Stivachtis, Y., . Routledge. 60- 71. 1138589918. 9781138589919

Lawrence, J., (2020). The EU in the Mirror of NPE: Normative Power Europe in the EU’s New Generation Trade and Investment Agreements. In: World Trade and Local Public Interest Trade Liberalization and National Regulatory Sovereignty. Editors: Nagy, CI., . Springer. 3030419193. 9783030419196

Hoekstra, J., Lawrence, J., O'Connor, N. and Vaccari, E., (2020). The Effects of the Covid-19 Pandemic on the Regulation of the Economy: A Discussion. In: Covid-19, Law and Human Rights : Essex Dialogues. A Project of the School of Law and Human Rights Centre. Editors: Ferstman, C. and Fagan, A., . University of Essex. 103- 105. 978-1-5272-6632-2

Lawrence, J., (2020). Covid-19, Export Restrictions, and the WTO: Magnifying Global Divisions in a Time of Crisis. In: Covid-19, Law and Human Rights : Essex Dialogues. A Project of the School of Law and Human Rights Centre. Editors: Ferstman, C. and Fagan, A., . University of Essex. 107- 115. 978-1-5272-6632-2

Lawrence, JC., (2019). Academic travel and exclusion in the backstage of transnational legal practice. In: Backstage Practices of Transnational Law. Editors: Boer, LJM. and Stolk, S., . Routledge. 9780367086572

Gruszczynski, L. and Lawrence, J., (2019). Trump, International Trade and Populism. In: Netherlands Yearbook of International Law. Editors: Nijman, JE. and Werner, WG., . T.M.C. Asser Press. 19- 44. 9789462653306

Lawrence, J., (2018). Of Politics and Pluralism: Governmentality and the EU Legal Order. In: Research Handbook on Legal Pluralism and EU Law. Editors: Davies, G. and Avbelj, M., . Edward Elgar. 1786433087. 9781786433084

Lawrence, JC., (2017). Managing the Environment: Neoliberal Governmentality in the Anthropocene. In: Sustainability and Peaceful Coexistence for the Anthropocene. Editors: Heikkurinen, P., . Routledge. 1138634271. 9781138634275

Lawrence, JC., (2014). The EU in Crisis: Crisis Discourse as a Technique of Government. In: Netherlands Yearbook of International Law. T.M.C. Asser Press. 187- 202

Lawrence, J. and Bodansky, D., (2009). Trade and Environment. In: The Oxford Handbook of International Trade Law. Editors: Bethlehem, D., McRae, D., Neufeld, R. and Van Damme, I., . Oxford University Press, USA. 0199231923. 9780199231928

Other (1)

Amaya-Castro, J. and Lawrence, JC., (2016).Refugees,Oxford University Press (OUP)

Grants and funding


Scoping study regarding the CAI and potential risks for European interests

Heinrich-B�ll-Stiftung e.V. (Heinrich B�ll Foundation)

+44 (0) 1206 873963


4SB.6.11, Colchester Campus