Dr Megan Klabunde

Department of Psychology
Dr Megan Klabunde
  • Email

  • Telephone

    +44 (0) 1206 873733

  • Location

    3.719, Colchester Campus

  • Academic support hours

    Developing clinical placements for students for health and wellbeing hubs



Dr Klabunde studies how our brain processes and perceives information from within our bodies. This focus on internal body sensations is what psychology and neuroscience call interoception. Dr Klabunde specifically examines how children and young people process internal body information and how their brain development changes these processes over time. Additionally, the factors that influence interoceptive development, such as environmental and genetic interactions are also studied. Dr Klabunde also looks at how genetics, one's sex, stress/trauma and relationships influence interoception. How we perceive information from our bodies also has profound effects on how we process our emotions, empathise, and connect with one another. It also significantly influences our mental and physical health. Technically, as a neuroscientist, clinical and health psychologist, Dr Klabunde uses advanced research methods such as multi-modal neuroimaging, psychophysiology and neurobehavioral assessments to focus on typical and atypical childhood neurodevelopment. Her work implements state of the art acquisition tools and analyses in order to study the developing structure and function of the brain. She primarily relies upon functional and structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and functional near infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) for brain imaging acquisition. To analyse brain imaging data, she uses advanced procedures such as functional, physiological, effective and multivariate connectivity analyses, and machine learning tools. As a dually registered health psychologist and clinical psychologist by the HCPC and her prior post as an attending (consultant) psychologist at Stanford University, Dr Klabunde is an international expert in working with children and young people impacted by various psychiatric, neurogenetic and medical disorders that are associated with interoceptive deficits. She relies upon the deep knowledge gained by successfully treating with hundreds of children and young people to design research studies and translate the new knowledge gained from these studies to improve the sense of embodiment in children/young people and their relationships with one another.


  • PhD Psychology Alliant International Unviersity, (2011)

  • Post-Doctoral Research Scholar- Applied Developmental Neuroscience Stanford University School of Medicine, (2016)

  • NIMH T32 Post-Doctoral Fellow Stanford University School of Medicine, (2012)

  • Health Psychologist PYL37986 Health and Care Professions Council,

  • Clinical Psychologist PYL37986 Health Care Professions Council,


University of Essex

  • Lecturer, University of Essex (3/1/2019 - present)

Other academic

  • Lecturer, University of Essex (1/1/2019 - present)

  • Clinical Assistant Professor, Stanford University School of Medicine (1/2/2018 - 31/12/2018)

  • Instructor, Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine (1/4/2016 - 1/2/2018)

  • NIMH T32 Post-Doctoral Scholar in Developmental Neuroscience, Stanford University School of Medicine (1/9/2012 - 31/3/2016)

  • Paediatric (Child Health) Psychology Post-Doctoral Fellow, Stanford University School of Medicine (1/8/2011 - 31/8/2012)

  • American Psychological Association Internship in Child and Adolescent Psychology, Children's Hospital Colorado (1/6/2010 - 1/6/2011)

  • Child and Adolescent Psychology Internship, Rady Children's Hospital (1/8/2009 - 31/5/2010)

  • Professional Research Associate, Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego (1/8/2007 - 31/5/2010)

Research and professional activities

Research interests


Open to supervise


Open to supervise


Open to supervise


Open to supervise

Social Cognition


Open to supervise

Interoceptive Development

Open to supervise

Mental Health Development

Open to supervise

Somatic Symptoms in Children

Open to supervise

Interoception and Exercise in Adolescent Girls

In collaboration with SRES examine interoception in adolescent girls and their tendency to engage in physical exercise. Also examining how this impacts mental health.

Open to supervise

Mind Body Exercise and Community Non-Communicable Disease Prevention

Prepare a grant for a project looking at mind-body exercise and its impact on interoception and disease.

Open to supervise

Arthritis and Interoception

Examining how interoception influences exercise and active movement when treating patients who have arthritis.

Open to supervise

Interoception and Anxiety

Examining multidimensions of interoception and adult and child anxiety

Open to supervise

Trauma Research

Examine how trauma impacts health and mental problems in children and adults

Open to supervise

Meta-Anaysis of fMRI in Psychiatric Disorders

Examining with Bayesian Meta-Analysis Statistics neural substrates underlying various mental health disorders

Open to supervise

Interoception and Sexual Functioning

Examine how interoception impacts sexual arousal and orgasm satisfaction and frequency

Open to supervise


Publications (1)

Ireton, R., Hughes, A. and Klabunde, M., An fMRI Meta-Analysis of Childhood Trauma

Journal articles (23)

Poerio, G., Klabunde, M., Geoff, B. and Murphy, J., Interoceptive attention and mood in daily life: an experience-sampling study. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

Ireton, R., Hughes, A. and Klabunde, M., (2024). A Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Meta-Analysis of Childhood Trauma. Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging, S2451-9022(24)00022-3-

Moran, J., Allen, M., Butson, J., Granacher, U., Hammami, R., Clemente, FM., Klabunde, M. and Sandercock, G., (2024). How effective are external cues and analogies in enhancing sprint and jump performance in academy soccer players?. Journal of Sports Sciences. 41 (22), 2054-2061

Jordan, T., Klabunde, M., Green, T., Hong, D., Ross, J., Jo, B. and Reiss, A., (2023). Longitudinal Investigation of Cognition, Social Competence, and Anxiety in Children and Adolescents with Turner Syndrome. Hormones and Behaviour. 149, 105300-105300

Moran, J., Hammami, R., Butson, J., Allen, M., Mahmoudi, A., Vali, N., Lewis, I., Samuel, P., Davies, M., Earle, J., Klabunde, M. and Sandercock, G., (2023). Do verbal coaching cues and analogies affect motor skill performance in youth populations?. PLoS One. 18 (3), e0280201-e0280201

Jordan, TL., Klabunde, M., Green, T., Hong, DS., Ross, JL., Jo, B. and Reiss, AL., (2023). Longitudinal investigation of cognition, social competence, and anxiety in children and adolescents with Turner syndrome. Hormones and Behavior. 149, 105300-105300

Klabunde, M., Piccirilli, A., Bruno, J., Gendron, M. and Reiss, AL., (2022). Empathic accuracy in adolescent girls with Turner Syndrome. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 52 (5), 2203-2212

Green, T., Flash, S., Shakar, G., Bade Shrestha, S., Booil, J., Klabunde, M., Hong, D. and Reiss, A., (2022). Effect of sex chromosome number variation on attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms, executive function, and processing speed. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology. 64 (3), 331-339

Baker, JM., Klabunde, M., Jo, B., Green, T. and Reiss, AL., (2020). On the relationship between mathematics and visuospatial processing in Turner syndrome. Journal of Psychiatric Research. 121, 135-142

Klabunde, M., Juszczak, H., Jordan, T., Baker, J., Bruno, J., Carrion, V. and Reiss, A., (2019). Functional neuroanatomy of interoceptive processing in children and adolescents: a pilot study. Scientific Reports. 9 (1), 16184-

Khalsa, SS., Adolphs, R., Cameron, OG., Critchley, HD., Davenport, PW., Feinstein, JS., Feusner, JD., Garfinkel, SN., Lane, RD., Mehling, WE., Meuret, AE., Nemeroff, CB., Oppenheimer, S., Petzschner, FH., Pollatos, O., Rhudy, JL., Schramm, LP., Simmons, WK., Stein, MB., Stephan, KE., Van den Bergh, O., Van Diest, I., von Leupoldt, A., Paulus, MP., Ainley, V., Al Zoubi, O., Aupperle, R., Avery, J., Baxter, L., Benke, C., Berner, L., Bodurka, J., Breese, E., Brown, T., Burrows, K., Cha, Y-H., Clausen, A., Cosgrove, K., Deville, D., Duncan, L., Duquette, P., Ekhtiari, H., Fine, T., Ford, B., Garcia Cordero, I., Gleghorn, D., Guereca, Y., Harrison, NA., Hassanpour, M., Hechler, T., Heller, A., Hellman, N., Herbert, B., Jarrahi, B., Kerr, K., Kirlic, N., Klabunde, M., Kraynak, T., Kriegsman, M., Kroll, J., Kuplicki, R., Lapidus, R., Le, T., Hagen, KL., Mayeli, A., Morris, A., Naqvi, N., Oldroyd, K., Pané-Farré, C., Phillips, R., Poppa, T., Potter, W., Puhl, M., Safron, A., Sala, M., Savitz, J., Saxon, H., Schoenhals, W., Stanwell-Smith, C., Teed, A., Terasawa, Y., Thompson, K., Toups, M., Umeda, S., Upshaw, V., Victor, T., Wierenga, C., Wohlrab, C., Yeh, H-W., Yoris, A., Zeidan, F., Zotev, V. and Zucker, N., (2018). Interoception and Mental Health: A Roadmap. Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging. 3 (6), 501-513

Klabunde, M., Collado, D. and Bohon, C., (2017). An interoceptive model of bulimia nervosa: A neurobiological systematic review. Journal of Psychiatric Research. 94, 36-46

Klabunde, M., Weems, CF., Raman, M. and Carrion, VG., (2017). The moderating effects of sex on insula subdivision structure in youth with posttraumatic stress symptoms. Depression and Anxiety. 34 (1), 51-58

de Morree, A., Collman, F., Gordon, C. and Klabunde, M., (2017). United we stand. Nature. 549 (7673), 555-555

Klabunde, M., Saggar, M., Hustyi, KM., Kelley, RG., Reiss, AL. and Hall, SS., (2015). Examining the neural correlates of emergent equivalence relations in fragile X syndrome. Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging. 233 (3), 373-379

Klabunde, M., Saggar, M., Hustyi, KM., Hammond, JL., Reiss, AL. and Hall, SS., (2015). Neural correlates of self-injurious behavior in Prader-Willi syndrome. Human Brain Mapping. 36 (10), 4135-4143

Weems, CF., Klabunde, M., Russell, JD., Reiss, AL. and Carrión, VG., (2015). Post-traumatic stress and age variation in amygdala volumes among youth exposed to trauma. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. 10 (12), 1661-1667

Dold, M., Aigner, M., Klabunde, M., Treasure, J. and Kasper, S., (2015). Second-generation antipsychotic drugs in anorexia nervosa: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics. 84 (2), 110-116

Darcy, AM., Fitzpatrick, KK., Manasse, SM., Datta, N., Klabunde, M., Colborn, D., Aspen, V., Stiles-Shields, C., Labuschagne, Z., Le Grange, D. and Lock, J., (2015). Central coherence in adolescents with bulimia nervosa spectrum eating disorders. International Journal of Eating Disorders. 48 (5), 487-493

Klabunde, M., Acheson, DT., Boutelle, KN., Matthews, SC. and Kaye, WH., (2013). Interoceptive sensitivity deficits in women recovered from bulimia nervosa. Eating Behaviors. 14 (4), 488-492

Strigo, IA., Matthews, SC., Simmons, AN., Oberndorfer, T., Klabunde, M., Reinhardt, LE. and Kaye, WH., (2013). Altered insula activation during pain anticipation in individuals recovered from anorexia nervosa: Evidence of interoceptive dysregulation. International Journal of Eating Disorders. 46 (1), 23-33

Powers, PS., Klabunde, M. and Kaye, W., (2012). Double-blind placebo-controlled trial of quetiapine in anorexia nervosa. European Eating Disorders Review. 20 (4), 331-334

Duvvuri, V., Cromley, T., Klabunde, M., Boutelle, K. and Kaye, WH., (2012). Differential weight restoration on olanzapine versus fluoxetine in identical twins with anorexia nervosa. International Journal of Eating Disorders. 45 (2), 294-297

Book chapters (1)

(2013). A Collaborative Approach to Eating Disorders. In: A Collaborative Approach to Eating Disorders. Routledge. 35- 51. 9780415581455

Conferences (2)

Carrion, VG., Klabunde, M., Weems, CF., Ramen, M. and Reiss, AL., (2014). Insula Measures and Emotional Cognitive Interplay in Youth with Post-Traumatic Stress Symptoms: Does Gender Matter?

Oberndorfer, TA., Frank, GK., Simmons, A., Klabunde, M., Paulus, MR. and Kaye, WH., (2008). Increased insula response to sucrose stimulation in recovered bulimic women

Reports and Papers (1)

Jordan, TL., Klabunde, M., Green, T., Hong, DS., Ross, JL., Jo, B. and Reiss, AL., Longitudinal Investigation of Cognition, Social Competence, and Anxiety in Children and Adolescents with Turner Syndrome

+44 (0) 1206 873733


3.719, Colchester Campus

Academic support hours:

Developing clinical placements for students for health and wellbeing hubs