People

Professor Monika Schmid

Head of Department - Professor (R)
Department of Language and Linguistics
Professor Monika Schmid
  • Email

  • Telephone

    +44 (0) 1206 872089

  • Location

    4.326, Colchester Campus

  • Academic support hours

    Monday, 11-13

Profile

Biography

Monika's main topic of research is the loss of the native language, also called First Language Attrition. Please refer to her personal websiteon this topic at https://languageattrition.org. Monika received her PhD in English Linguistics from the University of Duesseldorf, Germany, in 2000, for a PhD thesis on first language attrition among German-Jewish refugees in the UK and the US. Her thesis was published with John Benjamins Publishing Co. in 2002 under the title First Language Attrition, Use and Maintenance: The case of German Jews in Anglophone countries. She subsequently held positions as lecturer at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam (2000-2007) and as Senior Lecturer (2007-2010) and Professor of English Language (2010-2015) at the University of Groningen. Her research interests focus on bilingual development and, in particular, on change, deterioration and stability in the native language of migrants who become dominant in the language of the environment (this process is called first language attrition). Her recent work focuses on the impact of personal factors such as the age at migration and working memory capacities on these processes. Together with Barbara Kopke of the University of Toulouse she has organised a series of conferences and conference panels and edited a number of books and special issues of journals on this topic. Monika has been the PI on a number of projects funded by the German Science Foundation (DFG), the Dutch Organisation for Research (NWO) and the Economic and Social Sciences Research Council (ESRC).

Qualifications

  • Dipl. Literaturuebersetzen (translation of literature), University of Duesseldorf, Germany, 1996

  • PhD English Linguistics, University of Duesseldorf, Germany, 2000

Appointments

University of Essex

  • Professor of Linguistics, Language and Linguistics University of Essex ( 1/7/2013 - present )

Other academic

  • Professor of English Language, English Department University of Groningen ( 1/7/2010 - 1/8/2017 )

  • Senior Lecturer in English Language, English Department University of Groningen ( 1/4/2007 - 30/6/2010 )

  • Lecturer in English Language, English Department Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam ( 1/8/2000 - 31/3/2007 )

Research and professional activities

Research interests

First language attrition

Bilingual development

Cognitive impacts of bilingualism

research methods of bilingual development

psycho- and neurolinguistics

factors in bilingual development

Conferences and presentations

When is a bilingual an attriter? – Bilingualism as a two-way street

Invited presentation, Keynote presentation, University of Groningen, Netherlands, 7/11/2017

Language attrition across the lifespan

Invited presentation, Keynote presentation, University of Lyon, France, 21/7/2017

How does age of onset affect L1 attrition in bilinguals?

Invited presentation, Keynote presentation, Tromsø, Norway, 19/9/2016

Persecution, identity and language

Invited presentation, Keynote presentation, Fryske Akademie, Leeuwarden, Netherlands, 10/12/2014

When your language is your only passport: Language as an indicator of origin

Invited presentation, Keynote presentation, Centre for Multilingualism, Oslo, Norway, 22/9/2014

“I always thought I was a German – it was Hitler who taught me I was a Jew.” National-socialist persecution, identity, and the German language.

Invited presentation, Keynote presentation, University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany, 19/2/2014

First language attrition as a window to constraints on bilingual development

Invited presentation, Keynote presentation, Nanyang Technical University, Singapore, Singapore, 13/6/2013

Language Attrition

Invited presentation, Keynote presentation, Fribourg, Switzerland, 3/2/2012

The discrepancy between L1 and L2: a perspective from L1 attrition

Invited presentation, Keynote presentation, Thessaloniki, Greece, 3/4/2009

Development of linguistic incompetence? On L1 attrition and the linguistic system.

Invited presentation, Keynote presentation, EuroSLA, France, 4/9/2008

Problems and challenges for language attrition research

Invited presentation, Keynote presentation, Center for the Brain Basis of Cognition, Washington D.C., United States, 3/4/2008

Publications

Journal articles (47)

De Leeuw, E., Tusha, A. and Schmid, MS., (2018). Individual phonological attrition in Albanian–English late bilinguals. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition. 21 (02), 278-295

Schmid, MS. and Yilmaz, G., (2018). Predictors of language dominance: an integrated analysis of first language attrition and second language acquisition in late bilinguals. Frontiers in Psychology. 9 (AUG), 1306-

Karayayla, T. and Schmid, MS., (2018). First Language Attrition as a Function of Age at Onset of Bilingualism: First Language Attainment of Turkish–English Bilinguals in the United Kingdom. Language Learning

Lahmann, C., Steinkrauss, R. and Schmid, MS., (2017). Speed, breakdown, and repair: An investigation of fluency in long-term second-language speakers of English. International Journal of Bilingualism. 21 (2), 228-242

Schmid, MS. and Köpke, B., (2017). The relevance of first language attrition to theories of bilingual development. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism. 7 (6), 637-667

Schmid, MS. and Köpke, B., (2017). When is a bilingual an attriter? Response to the commentaries.. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism. 7 (6), 763-770

Bergmann, C., Nota, A., Sprenger, SA. and Schmid, MS., (2017). Erratum to “L2 immersion causes non-native-like L1 pronunciation in German attriters” [J. Phon. 58 (2016) 71–86]. Journal of Phonetics. 65, 160-160

Bergmann, C., Nota, A., Sprenger, SA. and Schmid, MS., (2016). L2 immersion causes non-native-like L1 pronunciation in German attriters. Journal of Phonetics. 58, 71-86

Lahmann, C., Steinkrauss, R. and Schmid, MS., (2016). Factors Affecting Grammatical and Lexical Complexity of Long-Term L2 Speakers’ Oral Proficiency. Language Learning. 66 (2), 354-385

Schmid, MS., (2016). First language attrition. Language Teaching. 49 (02), 186-212

Keijzer, MC. and Schmid, MS., (2016). Individual differences in cognitive control advantages of elderly late Dutch-English bilinguals. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism. 6 (1-2), 64-85

Bergmann, C., Sprenger, SA. and Schmid, MS., (2015). The impact of language co-activation on L1 and L2 speech fluency. Acta Psychologica. 161, 25-35

Meulman, N., Wieling, M., Sprenger, SA., Stowe, LA. and Schmid, MS., (2015). Age Effects in L2 Grammar Processing as Revealed by ERPs and How (Not) to Study Them. PloS One. 10 (12), creators-Schmid=3AMonika_S=3A=3A

Bergmann, C., Meulman, N., Stowe, LA., Sprenger, SA. and Schmid, MS., (2015). Prolonged L2 immersion engenders little change in morphosyntactic processing of bilingual natives. NeuroReport. 26 (17), 1065-1070

Yılmaz, G. and Schmid, MS., (2015). Second language development in a migrant context: Turkish community in the Netherlands. International Journal of the Sociology of Language. 2015 (236), 101-132

Schmid, MS. and Jarvis, S., (2014). Lexical access and lexical diversity in first language attrition. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition. 17 (04), 729-748

Meulman, N., Stowe, LA., Sprenger, SA., Bresser, M. and Schmid, MS., (2014). An ERP study on L2 syntax processing: When do learners fail?. Frontiers in Psychology. 5 (SEP), 1072-

Schmid, MS. and Hopp, H., (2014). Comparing foreign accent in L1 attrition and L2 acquisition: Range and rater effects. Language Testing. 31 (3), 367-388

Schmid, MS., Gilbers, S. and Nota, A., (2014). Ultimate attainment in late second language acquisition: Phonetic and grammatical challenges in advanced Dutch–English bilingualism. Second Language Research. 30 (2), 129-157

Schmid, MS., (2014). The Debate on Maturational Constraints in Bilingual Development: A Perspective from First-Language Attrition. Language Acquisition. 21 (4), 386-410

Loerts, H., Wieling, M. and Schmid, MS., (2013). Neuter is not Common in Dutch: Eye Movements Reveal Asymmetrical Gender Processing. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research. 42 (6), 551-570

Schmid, MS., Köpke, B. and de Bot, K., (2013). Language attrition as a complex, non-linear development. International Journal of Bilingualism. 17 (6), 675-682

Köpke, B. and Schmid, MS., (2013). L'Attrition de la première langue en tant que phénomène psycholinguistique, 13-36

Schmid, MS., (2013). First language attrition. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism. 3 (1), 94-115

Loerts, H., Stowe, LA. and Schmid, MS., (2013). Predictability speeds up the re-analysis process: An ERP investigation of gender agreement and cloze probability. Journal of Neurolinguistics. 26 (5), 561-580

Hopp, H. and Schmid, MS., (2013). Perceived foreign accent in first language attrition and second language acquisition: The impact of age of acquisition and bilingualism. Applied Psycholinguistics. 34 (02), 361-394

HOPP, H. and SCHMID, MS., (2013). Perceived foreign accent in first language attrition and second language acquisition: The impact of age of acquisition and bilingualism—ERRATUM. Applied Psycholinguistics. 34 (02), 417-417

Schmid, MS., (2013). First language attrition. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science. 4 (2), 117-123

Schmid, MS., (2013). First language attrition: state of the discipline and future directions. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism. 3 (1), 94-115

Verspoor, M., Schmid, MS. and Xu, X., (2012). A dynamic usage based perspective on L2 writing. Journal of Second Language Writing. 21 (3), 239-263

Schmid, MS., (2012). The impact of age and exposure on bilingual development in international adoptees and family migrants: A perspective from holocaust survivors. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism. 2 (2), 177-208

Yilmaz, G. and Schmid, MS., (2012). L1 accessibility among Turkish-Dutch bilinguals. The Mental Lexicon. 7 (3), 249-274

Schmid, MS. and Mehotcheva, T., (2012). Foreign language attrition. Dutch Journal of Applied Linguistics. 1 (1), 102-124

(2011). L’attrition de la première langue en tant que phénomène psycholinguistique. Language, Interaction and Acquisition. 2 (2), 197-220

(2011). Second language acquisition and attrition. Language, Interaction and Acquisition. 2 (2), 185-196

Schmid, MS. and Fägersten, KB., (2010). Disfluency Markers in L1 Attrition. Language Learning. 60 (4), 753-791

De Leeuw, E., Schmid, MS. and Mennen, I., (2010). The effects of contact on native language pronunciation in an L2 migrant setting. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition. 13 (1), 33-40

Schmid, MS., (2010). Languages at play: The relevance of L1 attrition to the study of bilingualism. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition. 13 (1), 1-7

Schmid, MS. and Dusseldorp, E., (2010). Innovative and quantitative methods for bilingualism research. Second Language Research. 26 (1), 5-11

Schmid, MS. and Dusseldorp, E., (2010). Quantitative analyses in a multivariate study of language attrition: the impact of extralinguistic factors. Second Language Research. 26 (1), 125-160

Schmid, MS. and Keijzer, M., (2009). First language attrition and reversion among older migrants. International Journal of the Sociology of Language. 2009 (200), 83-101

Schmid, MS., (2009). On L1 attrition and the linguistic system. EUROSLA Yearbook. 9, 212-244

Schmid, MS. and de Leeuw, E., (2008). Language Attrition Research Network. International Journal of Applied Linguistics.. 18 (1), 117-117

Keijzer, M. and Schmid, MS., (2005). Building Language Attrition Research. Toegepaste Taalwetenschap in Artikelen. 74, 201-207

Schmid, MS., (2004). Identity and First Language Attrition: A Historical Approach. Estudios de Sociolingüística: Linguas, Sociedades e Culturas. 5 (1), 41-58

Schmid, MS., (2004). First language attrition: The methodology revised. International Journal of Bilingualism. 8 (3), 239-255

Schmid, MS. and Stein, D., (1996). Subjektivierung in markierter Wortstellung im Englischen. Zeitschrift für Literaturwissenschaft und Linguistik. 26 (2), 97-113

Books (7)

Schmid, MS., Berends, SM., Bergmann, C., Brouwer, SM., Meulman, N., Seton, B., Sprenger, S. and Stowe, L., (2015). Designing Research on Bilingual Development Behavioral and Neurolinguistic Experiments. Springer. 3319115294. 9783319115290

Koops, BJ., Lüthy, CH., Nelis, A., Sieburgh, C., Jansen, JPM. and Schmid, MS., (2013). Engineering the human: Human enhancement between fiction and fascination. 9783642350962

Schmid, MS., (2011). Language attrition. Cambridge University Press. 0521759935. 9780511852046

(2007). Language Attrition: Theoretical Perspectives. Benjamins. 9027241449. 9789027241443

Schmid, MS., (2002). First Language Attrition, Use and Maintenance: The Case of German Jews in Anglophone Countries. Benjamins. 9789027241351

Schmid, MS., (1999). Translating the Elusive: Marked Word Order and Subjectivity in English-German Translation. Benjamins. 9789027216410

(1998). Historical Linguistics 1997. Benjamins. 9789027236692

Book chapters (21)

Steinkrauss, R. and Schmid, MS., (2016). Entrenchment and Language Attrition. In: Entrenchment and the Psychology of Language Learning: How We Reorganize and Adapt Linguistic Knowledge. Editors: Schmid, H-J., . de Gruyter Mouton. 367- 383. 9783110341423

Bregtje, S. and Schmid, MS., (2016). Multi-competence and first language attrition. In: The Cambridge Handbook of Linguistic Multi-Competence. Editors: Cook, V. and Wei, L., . Cambridge University Press. 338- 354. 9781107059214

Schmid, MS., Steinkrauss, R. and Lahmann, C., (2014). Sprachverlust im Kontext von Migration und Asyl. In: Sprache(n) im Exil. Editors: Bischoff, D., Gabriel, C. and Kilchmann, E., . Edition text + kritik. 121- 131. 978-3-86916-374-1

Schmid, MS. and Köpke, B., (2013). Second language acquisition and attrition. In: First Language Attrition. Editors: Schmid, MS. and Köpke, B., . John Benjamins. 1- 12. 9789027202673

Schmid, MS., (2012). Attrition and Multilingualism. In: The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics. Editors: Chapelle, CA., . Wiley Blackwell. 9781405198431

Schmid, MS., Verspoor, M. and MacWhinney, B., (2011). Coding and Extracting Data. In: A Dynamic Approach to Second Language Development: Methods and Techniques. Benjamins. 39- 163. 9789027219985

Schmid, MS. and Lowie, W., (2011). Modeling Bilingualism: From Structure to Chaos. In Honor of Kees de Bot. In: Modeling Bilingualism: From Structure to Chaos. Editors: Schmid, MS. and Lowie, W., . John Benjamins. 155- 176. 9789027241825

Larsen-Freeman, D., Schmid, MS. and Lowie, W., (2011). Introduction: From structure to chaos. In: Modeling Bilingualism: From Structure to Chaos. In Honor of Kees de Bot. Editors: Schmid, MS. and Lowie, W., . John Benjamins. 1- 12

Schmid, MS., (2011). Contact x time: External factors and variability in L1 attrition. In: Modeling Bilingualism: From structure to chaos. In Honor of Kees de Bot. Editors: Schmid, MS. and Lowie, WM., . John Benjamins. 155- 176. 9789027241825

Schmid, MS., (2010). Language Attrition and Identity. In: Culture and Neural Frames of Cognition and Communication. Editors: Han, S. and Pöppel, E., . Springer. 185- 198

Schmid, MS., (2009). L1 attrition across the lifespan. In: Language Development Over the Lifespan. 171- 188. 0203880935

Schmid, MS. and Köpke, B., (2009). L1 attrition and the mental lexicon. In: The Bilingual Mental Lexicon Interdisciplinary Approaches. Editors: Pavlenko, A., . Multilingual Matters. 209- 238. 9781847691248

Schmid, MS., (2008). Use it or lose it?: Language use, language attitudes, and language proficiency among German speakers in Vancouver. In: German Diasporic Experiences: Identity, Migration, and Loss. 491- 502. 1554580277

Schmid, MS. and De Bot, K., (2008). Language Attrition. In: The Handbook of Applied Linguistics. 210- 234. 0631228993

Schmid, MS., (2007). The role of L1 use for L1 attrition. In: Language Attrition: Theoretical perspectives. Editors: Köpke, B., Schmid, MS., Keijzer, M. and Dostert, S., . John Benjamins. 135- 153. 9789027241443

Ben-Rafael, M. and Schmid, MS., (2007). Language Attrition and Ideology: Two Groups of Immigrants in Israel. In: Language Attrition: Theoretical Perspectives. Benjamins. 205- 226. 9789027241443

Schmid, MS. and Köpke, B., (2007). Bilingualism and attrition. In: Language Attrition: Theoretical perspectives. Editors: Köpke, B., Schmid, MS., Keijzer, M. and Dostert, S., . John Benjamins. 1- 7

Köpke, B. and Schmid, MS., (2004). Language attrition. In: First Language Attrition: Interdisciplinary perspectives on methodological issues. Editors: Schmid, MS., Köpke, B., Keijzer, M. and Weilemar, L., . John Benjamins

Schmid, MS., (2004). Language attrition research: An annotated bibliography. In: First Language Attrition: Interdisciplinary perspectives on methodological issues. Editors: Schmid, MS., Köpke, B., Keijzer, M. and Weilemar, L., . John Benjamins

Schmid, MS., (2004). A new blueprint for language attrition research. In: First Language Attrition: Interdisciplinary perspectives on methodological issues. Editors: Schmid, MS., Köpke, B., Keijzer, M. and Weilemar, L., . John Benjamins

Schmid, MS., (2002). Persecution and Identity Conflicts: The Case of German Jews. In: Us and Others: Social Identities across Languages, Discourses and Cultures. Benjamins. 341- 356. 9789027251183

Grants and funding

2017

Issues of Attrition and Transmission in Heritage Language Development

The Royal Society

2015

Language Attrition Website

Economic & Social Research Council

Language, Communication and Alzheimer's Disease

Economic & Social Research Council

2014

First Language Attrition Seminar Series

Economic & Social Research Council

Contact

mschmid@essex.ac.uk
+44 (0) 1206 872089

Location:

4.326, Colchester Campus

Academic support hours:

Monday, 11-13