People

Dr Giulia Gentile

Lecturer
Essex Law School
Dr Giulia Gentile

Profile

Biography

Giulia Gentile is Lecturer in Law at Essex Law School. Her research focuses on the promotion of human rights in the digital society and EU constitutional law. She is particularly interested in the use of AI in the legal profession and in justice systems. Currently, she is a co-PI for the EU Horizon 2021-2027 collaborative project EXPRESS2. She joined Essex Law School in 2023, having previously worked as Fellow at LSE Law School, Teaching Fellow and Postdoctoral Researcher at Maastricht University. She holds a PhD and an LLM from King’s College London, where she also worked as Visiting Lecturer in Law. During her doctoral studies she was awarded research scholarships by the Centre of European Law at King’s College London and the Max Planck Institute of European Procedural Law (Luxembourg). Her PhD thesis won the 2021 European Public Law Organization PhD Thesis Prize. Giulia has led several research projects funded among others from the EU Commission and UKRI on the rule of law, public values and digitisation. She held funded positions as visiting scholar at the European University Institute (Florence), the Centre de droit européen of the University Panthéon-Assas (Paris) and the Max Planck Institute of European Procedural Law (Luxembourg). Her research was published in journals such as the Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law, the German Law Journal and International and Comparative Law Quarterly. Her academic work was cited, among others, by the UK Parliament, Advocates General at the Court of Justice, the European Banking Authority, the Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission and the Slovenian Constitutional Court. Giulia has provided expert evidence to the UK Parliament on issues concerning the protection of fundamental rights in the UK and digital regulation, and to the European Commission concerning the political rights of the disabled and e-voting procedures. She has also acted as Project Assistant for the research project ‘Fundamental Constitutional Principles’ funded by the European Law Institute and aimed at formulating fundamental constitutional principles, identifying their content, and providing guidance on their application to public authorities, courts, and citizens. Giulia is a qualified lawyer at the Italian Bar Association and has gained legal experience, among others, at the chambers of Judge Lucia Serena Rossi at the Court of Justice of the European Union and at the M&A Department of Clifford Chance (Milan).

Qualifications

  • Fellow Higher Education Academy, (2023)

  • PhD King's College London, (2021)

  • LLM King's College London, (2016)

  • Law Degree University of Naples Federico II, (2014)

Appointments

University of Essex

  • Deputy Director of UG Recruitment & Admissions, Essex Law School (1/1/2024 - present)

  • Research Cluster Coordinator: Law and Technology, Essex Law School (1/1/2024 - present)

Teaching and supervision

Current teaching responsibilities

  • Justice (LW234)

  • Legal Research Skills (LW254)

  • Law of the European Union (LW302)

  • Introduction to the Law of the European Union (LW430)

  • Public Law (LW103)

  • Career Development Learning Part 1 (LW111)

  • French Private Law II (LW208)

Publications

Journal articles (13)

Gentile, G., Giulia Gentile, 'Book Review: Relative Authority of Judicial and Extra-Judicial Review: EU Courts, Boards of Appeal, Ombudsman, by Michal Krajewski. (Ombudsman. Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2021)', (2023), 60, Common Market Law Review, Issue 4, pp. 1169-1172

Gentile, G. and Sartori, D., (2023). Interim Measures as “Weapons of Democracy” in the European Legal Space. European Human Rights Law Review. 2023 (1), 18-31

Gentile, G., (2023). Effective judicial protection: enforcement, judicial federalism and the politics of EU law. European Law Open. 2 (1), 128-143

Gentile, G. and Lynskey, O., (2022). DEFICIENT BY DESIGN? THE TRANSNATIONAL ENFORCEMENT OF THE GDPR. International and Comparative Law Quarterly. 71 (4), 799-830

Gentile, G., (2022). One, No one, One Hundred Thousand: The Multi-faceted Effectiveness of EU Law. European Review of Public Law. 34 (3)

Gentile, G., (2022). Autonomous but interdependent: Constitutional traditions on judicial protection and the general principle of effective judicial protection. Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law. 29 (6), 685-707

Gentile, G., (2021). To be or not to be (legally binding)? Judicial review of EU soft law after BT and Fédération Bancaire Française. Revista de Derecho Comunitario Europeo. 70 (70), 981-1005

Popelier, P., Gentile, G. and van Zimmeren, E., (2021). Bridging the gap between facts and norms: mutual trust, the European Arrest Warrant and the rule of law in an interdisciplinary context. European Law Journal. 27 (1-3), 167-184

Gentile, G., (2020). Ensuring Effective Judicial Review of EU Soft Law via the Action for Annulment before the EU Courts: a Plea for a Liberal-Constitutional Approach. European Constitutional Law Review. 16 (3), 466-492

Gentile, G., (2020). The ECJ as the EU Court of Appeal: some evidence from the appeal case-law on the non-contractual liability of the EU. Review of European Administrative Law. 13 (1), 73-107

Gentile, G., (2020). Two Strings to One Bow? Article 47 of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights in the EU Competition Case Law: Between Procedural and Substantive Fairness. Market and Competition Law Review. 4 (2), 169-204

Tridimas, T. and Gentile, G., (2019). The Essence of Rights: An Unreliable Boundary?. German Law Journal. 20 (6), 794-816

Andrea, B. and Giulia, G., (2019). National Procedural Autonomy

Books (6)

Deplano, R., Gentile, G., Lonardo, L. and Nowak, T., (2024). Interdisciplinary Research Methods in Eu Law A Handbook. Edward Elgar. 1802205845. 9781802205848

Bonelli, M., Eliantonio, M. and Gentile, G., (2023). Article 47 of the EU Charter and Effective Judicial Protection, Volume 2: The National Courts’ Perspectives. Bloomsbury Publishing. 1509947965. 9781509947966

Bonelli, M., Eliantonio, M. and Gentile, G., (2023). Introduction

Bonelli, M., Eliantonio, M. and Gentile, G., (2022). Article 47 of the EU Charter and Effective Judicial Protection, Volume 1: The Court of Justice’s Perspective. Hart Publishing. 150994799X. 9781509947997

Bonelli, M., Eliantonio, M. and Gentile, G., (2022). Introduction

(2019). Pluralising International Legal Scholarship. Edward Elgar Publishing. 1788976363. 9781788976367

Book chapters (14)

Gentile, G., Between Online and Offline Due Process: the Digital Services Act. In: New Directions in Digitalisation: Perspectives from EU Competition Law and the Charter of Fundamental Rights. Editors: Engel, A. and Groussot, X.,

Gentile, G., EU Judicial Federalism: A Conceptual Analysis. In: Process Federalism in EU Law. Editors: Groussot, X. and Harvey, D.,

Gentile, G., (2024). Does Big Brother exist? Face Recognition Technology in the United Kingdom. In: The Cambridge Handbook on Facial Recognition in the Modern State. Editors: Matulionyte, R. and Zalnieriute, M., . Cambridge University Press. 9781009321211

Gentile, G., Glavina, M. and Nowak, T., (2024). The application of EU law from the national judge’s perspective: a plea for an interdisciplinary approach. In: Interdisciplinary research methods in EU law; a Handbook. Edward Elgar

Gentile, G., (2023). Article 47 Charter in the case law of the Court of Justice of the EU: between EU constitutional essentialism and the enhancement of justice in the Member States. In: Civil Courts and the European Polity: The constitutional role of private law adjudication in Europe. Editors: Mak, C. and Kas, B., . Hart Publishing. 141- 160. 9781509941674

Gentile, G., (2023). The Power of Procedure: Fundamental Rights in the Action for Annulment before EU Courts. In: Mechanisms to Redress Human Rights Violations by the EU (Cambridge University Press, Forthcoming). Editors: Fink, M., . Cambridge University Press

Gentile, G., (2023). Drawing the Lines between Validity and Bindingness in EU Law: The FBF Case. In: Yearbook on Procedural Law of the Court of Justice of the European Union Fourth Edition – 2022. Editors: Sarmiento, D., Ruiz Fabri, H. and Hess, B., . Max Planck Institute Luxembourg for Procedural Law

Bonelli, M., Eliantonio, M. and Gentile, G., (2023). Conclusions. In: Article 47 of the EU Charter and Effective Judicial Protection, Volume 2 The National Courts’ Perspectives. Hart Publishing. 241- 258. 150994799X. 9781509947997

Bonelli, M., Eliantonio, M. and Gentile, G., (2023). Article 47 of the Charter and the Principle of Effective Judicial Protection before National Courts: Comparative Remarks. In: Article 47 of the EU Charter and Effective Judicial Protection, Volume 2: The National Courts’ Perspectives. 241- 258

Gentile, G. and Menzione, S., (2022). Searching the Pieces of the EU's Justice Puzzle: Articles 47, 48, 49 and 50 of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights. In: Article 47 of the EU Charter and Effective Judicial Protection – The Court of Justice’s Perspective. Editors: Bonelli, M., Eliantonio, M. and Gentile, G., . Hart. 27- 44. 9781509947942

Bonelli, M., Eliantonio, M. and Gentile, G., (2022). Introduction. In: Article 47 of the EU Charter and Effective Judicial Protection The Court of Justice's perspective. Volume 1. 1509947973. 9781509947973

Bonelli, M., Eliantonio, M. and Gentile, G., (2022). Conclusions. In: Article 47 of the EU Charter and Effective Judicial Protection The Court of Justice's perspective. Volume 1. Hart Publishing. 273- 286. 1509947973. 9781509947973

Bonelli, M., Eliantonio, M. and Gentile, G., (2022). Introduction. In: Article 47 of the EU Charter and Effective Judicial Protection The National Courts' Perspectives. Volume 2,. Editors: . Hart Publishing. 1- 6. 1509948023. 9781509948024

Gentile, G. and Lonardo, L., (2019). Appeals in the field of EU sanctions before the European Court of Justice after Lisbon: a quantitative study. In: Pluralising International Legal Scholarship. Edward Elgar Publishing. 127- 148. 9781788976367

Reports and Papers (10)

Gentile, G., Ensuring Effective Judicial Review of EU Soft Law via the Action for Annulment Before the EU Courts: A Plea for a Liberal-Constitutional Approach

Gentile, G., 'Faraway, so Close!' The Principle of Effective Judicial Protection and the Constitutional Traditions Common to the Member States

Gentile, G. and Bonelli, M., The Jurisprudence of Small Steps (La jurisprudence des petits pas)

Gentile, G., Two Strings to One Bow? Article 47 of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights in the EU Competition Case Law: Between Procedural and Substantive Fairness

Cantero Gamito, M. and Gentile, G., (2023). Algorithms, rule of law, and the future of justice: implications in the Estonian justice system

Gentile, G., Bruter, Harrison and Vives, (2023). Study on E-Voting practices in the EU JUST/2021/OP/0002

Gentile, G., Obradovic and Bruter, (2023). Study on participation of citizens with disabilities in elections JUST/2021/OP/0002

Gentile, G., (2022). "The Bill of Rights Bill and the damages of UK’s unilateralism"

Gentile, G., (2022). Too Unpredictable to be Tamed? The Management of Emergencies and Crises in the EU

Gentile, G., (2022). AI in the Courtroom and Judicial Independence: An EU Perspective

Scholarly Editions (1)

Demkova, S., Fink, M., Gentile, G., Sanchez Graells, A. and Brito Bastos, F., (2023). Safeguarding the Right to Good Administration in the Age of AI

Thesis dissertation (1)

Gentile, G., Multi-faceted effectiveness: a critical study of the conceptions of effectiveness in EU Law

Other (9)

Gentile, G., Will the EU Retained Law Bill lead to legal chaos?

Gentile, G. and Murray, A., Written evidence Submitted to the Science and Technology Committee,https://committees.parliament.uk/writtenevidence/113787/pdf/

Gentile, G., (2023).Strengthening the effectiveness of EU law via judicial incrementalism: YP and Others and MM (C-615/20)

Gentile, G. and De Gregorio, G., (2023).The digitisation of justice risks blurring the lines between public and private actors

Gentile, G., (2023).LawGPT? How AI is Reshaping the Legal Profession

Gentile, G., (2023).Judicial Protection of Fundamental Rights on the Internet: A Road Towards Digital Constitutionalism? by Oreste Pollicino. International Journal of Law and Information Technology. 30(4),Oxford University Press

Gentile, G., (2022).Reconciling the effective judicial protection of EU rights, procedural autonomy and national judicial politics: Randstad Italia. EU Law Live

Gentile, G. and Bonelli, M., (2021).La jurisprudence des petits pas: C-561/19, Consorzio Italian Management, Catania Multiservizi SpA v Rete Ferroviaria Italiana SpA

Gentile, G., Husovec, M. and Murray, A., (2021).Submission of evidence to the House of Lords Communications and Digital Select Committee inquiry into Digital Regulation

Grants and funding

2023

EXPRESS 2 SPECIFY AND PROTECT THE EU SOCIAL CONTRACT (EXPRESS2)

European Commission

Contact

giulia.gentile@essex.ac.uk

Location:

5S.7.20, Colchester Campus