People

Dr Tom Foulsham

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Department of Psychology
Dr Tom Foulsham

Profile

Biography

I received my PhD from the University of Nottingham. I subsequently carried out postdoctoral research at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, Canada, supported by a Commonwealth Fellowship. I joined the Department of Psychology at the University of Essex in 2011 as a Lecturer and was promoted to Reader in 2015.

Research and professional activities

Research interests

Visual cognition

Perception of pictures and videos

Eye movements

Cognitive neuropsychology

Teaching and supervision

  • Interdisciplinary Science Group Project Module (BS399)

  • Cognitive Psychology and Economics (EC956)

  • Statistics for Psychologists (PS115)

  • Introduction to Personal Development and Employability (PS117)

  • Seeing and Hearing (PS414)

  • Enhancing employability and career planning (PS417)

  • Advanced employability skills and career progression (PS492)

  • MSc Psychology Research Project (PS900)

  • Advanced Seeing and Hearing (PS921)

  • Methods in Cognitive Neuroscience (PS929)

  • Research Project (MSc) (PS934)

  • Special Topics in Perception and Cognition (PS940)

Publications

Journal articles (59)

McIntyre, NA. and Foulsham, TWJ., (2018). Scanpath analysis of expertise and culture in teacher gaze in real-world classrooms. Instructional Science. 46 (3), 435-455

Foulsham, T., Frost, E. and Sage, L., (2018). Stable individual differences predict eye movements to the left, but not handedness or line bisection.. Vision Research. 144, 38-46

Dewhurst, R., Foulsham, T., Jarodzka, H., Johansson, R., Holmqvist, K. and Nyström, M., (2018). How task demands influence scanpath similarity in a sequential number-search task.. Vision Research. 149, 9-23

Foulsham, T. and Kingstone, A., (2017). Are fixations in static natural scenes a useful predictor of attention in the real world?. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology/Revue canadienne de psychologie experimentale. 71 (2), 172-181

Boya, M., Foulsham, T., Hettinga, FJ., Parry, D., Williams, E., Jones, H., Sparks, A., Marchant, D., Ellison, P., Bridge, C., McNaughton, L. and Micklewright, DP., (2017). Information Acquisition Differences between Experienced and Novice Time Trial Cyclists. Medicine And Science In Sports And Exercise. 49 (9), 1884-1898

Harvey, AJ., Callan, MJ., Sutton, RM., Foulsham, T. and Matthews, WJ., (2017). Selective Exposure to Deserved Outcomes. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. 69, 33-43

Solman, GJF., Foulsham, T. and Kingstone, A., (2017). Eye and head movements are complementary in visual selection. Royal Society Open Science. 4 (1), Foulsham=3ATom=3A=3A-Foulsham=3ATom=3A=3A

Lewis, J., Roberson, D. and Foulsham, T., (2017). The impact of facial abnormalities and their spatial position on perception of cuteness and attractiveness of infant faces. PLoS ONE. 12 (7), e0180499-e0180499

Foulsham, T., (2016). Functions of a quiet and un-quiet eye in natural tasks ? comment on Vickers. Current Issues in Sport Science (CISS). 2016 (1)

Astle, AT., Foulsham, T. and McGraw, PV., (2016). The consequences of strabismus and the benefits of adult strabismus surgery. Optometry in Practice. 17 (3), 121-130

Astle, AT., Foulsham, T., Foss, AJ. and McGraw, PV., (2016). Is the frequency of adult strabismus surgery increasing?. Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics. 36 (4), 487-493

Foulsham, T., Wybrow, DP. and Cohn, N., (2016). Reading Without Words: Eye Movements in the Comprehension of Comic Strips. Applied Cognitive Psychology. 30 (4), 566-579

Cohn, N., Murthy, B. and Foulsham, T., (2016). Meaning above the head: combinatorial constraints on the visual vocabulary of comics. Journal of Cognitive Psychology. 28 (5), 559-574

Kaminska, O. and Foulsham, T., (2016). Eye-tracking Social Desirability Bias. BMS: Bulletin of Sociological Methodology. 130 (1), 73-89

Strukelj, A., Foulsham, T. and Nystrom, M., (2016). Social context modulates basic properties of oculomotor control. Journal of Eye Movement Research. 9 (2)

Nasiopoulos, E., Risko, EF., Foulsham, T. and Kingstone, A., (2015). Wearable computing: Will it make people prosocial?. British Journal of Psychology. 106 (2), 209-216

Foulsham, T., (2015). Eye movements and their functions in everyday tasks. Eye. 29 (2), 196-199

Foulsham, T. and Lock, M., (2015). How the Eyes Tell Lies: Social Gaze During a Preference Task. Cognitive Science. 39 (7), 1704-1726

Walkowiak, S., Foulsham, T. and Eardley, AF., (2015). Individual differences and personality correlates of navigational performance in the virtual route learning task. Computers in Human Behavior. 45, 402-410

Ho, S., Foulsham, T. and Kingstone, A., (2015). Speaking and Listening with the Eyes: Gaze Signaling during Dyadic Interactions. PloS One. 10 (8), creators-Foulsham=3ATom=3A=3A

Anderson, GM., Foulsham, T., Nasiopoulos, E., Chapman, CS. and Kingstone, A., (2014). Hide and seek: The theory of mind of visual concealment and search. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics. 76 (4), 907-913

Kaminska, O. and Foulsham, T., (2014). Real-World Eye-Tracking in Face-to-Face and Web Modes. Journal of Survey Statistics and Methodology. 2 (3), 343-359

Foulsham, T., Chapman, C., Nasiopoulos, E. and Kingstone, A., (2014). Top-down and bottom-up aspects of active search in a real-world environment.. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology/Revue canadienne de psychologie exp�rimentale. 68 (1), 8-19

Risko, EF., Foulsham, T., Dawson, S. and Kingstone, A., (2013). The Collaborative Lecture Annotation System (CLAS): A New TOOL for Distributed Learning. IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies. 6 (1), 4-13

Foulsham, T. and Kingstone, A., (2013). Fixation-dependent memory for natural scenes: An experimental test of scanpath theory.. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. 142 (1), 41-56

Foulsham, T., Gray, A., Nasiopoulos, E. and Kingstone, A., (2013). Leftward biases in picture scanning and line bisection: A gaze-contingent window study. Vision Research. 78, 14-25

Foulsham, T. and Sanderson, LA., (2013). Look who's talking? Sound changes gaze behaviour in a dynamic social scene. Visual Cognition. 21 (7), 922-944

Foulsham, T., Farley, J. and Kingstone, A., (2013). Mind wandering in sentence reading: Decoupling the link between mind and eye.. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology/Revue canadienne de psychologie exp�rimentale. 67 (1), 51-59

Levy, J., Foulsham, T. and Kingstone, A., (2013). Monsters are people too. Biology Letters. 9 (1), creators-Foulsham=3ATom=3A=3A

Foulsham, T. and Kingstone, A., (2013). Optimal and Preferred Eye Landing Positions in Objects and Scenes. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 66 (9), 1707-1728

Cheng, JT., Tracy, JL., Foulsham, T., Kingstone, A. and Henrich, J., (2013). Two ways to the top: Evidence that dominance and prestige are distinct yet viable avenues to social rank and influence.. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 104 (1), 103-125

Freeth, M., Foulsham, T. and Kingstone, A., (2013). What Affects Social Attention? Social Presence, Eye Contact and Autistic Traits. PLoS ONE. 8 (1), creators-Foulsham=3ATom=3A=3A

Foulsham, T. and Kingstone, A., (2013). Where have eye been? Observers can recognise their own fixations. Perception. 42 (10), 1085-1089

Foulsham, T., Dewhurst, R., Nystrom, M., Jarodzka, H., Johansson, R., Underwood, G. and Holmqvist, K., (2012). Comparing Scanpaths During Scene Encoding and Recognition: A Multi-Dimensional Approach. Journal of Eye Movement Research. 5(4) (3), 1-14

Kwart, DG., Foulsham, T. and Kingstone, A., (2012). Age and beauty are in the eye of the beholder. Perception. 41 (8), 925-938

Dewhurst, R., Nystr�m, M., Jarodzka, H., Foulsham, T., Johansson, R. and Holmqvist, K., (2012). It depends on how you look at it: Scanpath comparison in multiple dimensions with MultiMatch, a vector-based approach. Behavior Research Methods. 44 (4), 1079-1100

Foulsham, T. and Kingstone, A., (2012). Modelling the influence of central and peripheral information on saccade biases in gaze-contingent scene viewing. Visual Cognition. 20 (4-5), 546-579

Risko, EF., Laidlaw, K., Freeth, M., Foulsham, T. and Kingstone, A., (2012). Social attention with real versus reel stimuli: toward an empirical approach to concerns about ecological validity. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 6 (MAY 2012), 1-11

Foulsham, T., Dewhurst, R., Nyström, M., Jarodzka, H., Johansson, R., Underwood, G. and Holmqvist, K., (2012). Comparing scanpaths during scene encoding and recognition: A multi-dimensional approach. Journal of Eye Movement Research. 5 (4), 3-

Foulsham, T., (2011). Correlation and Cause When Inferring Attentional Guidance in the Rainforest and Beyond. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 5 (MAY), 5-

Foulsham, T. and Underwood, G., (2011). If Visual Saliency Predicts Search, Then Why? Evidence from Normal and Gaze-Contingent Search Tasks in Natural Scenes. Cognitive Computation. 3 (1), 48-63

Foulsham, T. and Kingstone, A., (2011). Look at my poster! Active gaze, preference and memory during a poster session. Perception. 40 (11), 1387-1389

Foulsham, T., Barton, JJS., Kingstone, A., Dewhurst, R. and Underwood, G., (2011). Modeling eye movements in visual agnosia with a saliency map approach: Bottom?up guidance or top?down strategy?. Neural Networks. 24 (6), 665-677

Laidlaw, KEW., Foulsham, T., Kuhn, G. and Kingstone, A., (2011). Potential social interactions are important to social attention. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 108 (14), 5548-5553

Foulsham, T., Teszka, R. and Kingstone, A., (2011). Saccade control in natural images is shaped by the information visible at fixation: evidence from asymmetric gaze-contingent windows. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics. 73 (1), 266-283

Foulsham, T., Alan, R. and Kingstone, A., (2011). Scrambled eyes? Disrupting scene structure impedes focal processing and increases bottom-up guidance. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics. 73 (7), 2008-2025

Freeth, M., Foulsham, T. and Chapman, P., (2011). The influence of visual saliency on fixation patterns in individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Neuropsychologia. 49 (1), 156-160

Foulsham, T., Walker, E. and Kingstone, A., (2011). The where, what and when of gaze allocation in the lab and the natural environment. Vision Research. 51 (17), 1920-1931

Foulsham, T. and Kingstone, A., (2010). Asymmetries in the direction of saccades during perception of scenes and fractals: Effects of image type and image features. Vision Research. 50 (8), 779-795

Foulsham, T., Cheng, JT., Tracy, JL., Henrich, J. and Kingstone, A., (2010). Gaze allocation in a dynamic situation: Effects of social status and speaking. Cognition. 117 (3), 319-331

Foulsham, T. and Underwood, G., (2009). Does conspicuity enhance distraction? Saliency and eye landing position when searching for objects. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 62 (6), 1088-1098

Foulsham, T., Barton, JJS., Kingstone, A., Dewhurst, R. and Underwood, G., (2009). Fixation and saliency during search of natural scenes: The case of visual agnosia. Neuropsychologia. 47 (8-9), 1994-2003

Underwood, G., Foulsham, T. and Humphrey, K., (2009). Saliency and scan patterns in the inspection of real-world scenes: Eye movements during encoding and recognition. Visual Cognition. 17 (6-7), 812-834

Underwood, G., Templeman, E., Lamming, L. and Foulsham, T., (2008). Is attention necessary for object identification? Evidence from eye movements during the inspection of real-world scenes. Consciousness and Cognition. 17 (1), 159-170

Foulsham, T., Kingstone, A. and Underwood, G., (2008). Turning the world around: Patterns in saccade direction vary with picture orientation. Vision Research. 48 (17), 1777-1790

Foulsham, T. and Underwood, G., (2008). What can saliency models predict about eye movements? Spatial and sequential aspects of fixations during encoding and recognition. Journal of Vision. 8 (2), 6-6

Foulsham, T. and Underwood, G., (2007). How does the purpose of inspection influence the potency of visual salience in scene perception?. Perception. 36 (8), 1123-1138

Underwood, G. and Foulsham, T., (2006). Visual saliency and semantic incongruency influence eye movements when inspecting pictures. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 59 (11), 1931-1949

Underwood, G., Foulsham, T., van Loon, E., Humphreys, L. and Bloyce, J., (2006). Eye movements during scene inspection: A test of the saliency map hypothesis. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology. 18 (3), 321-342

Book chapters (3)

Foulsham, T., (2015). Scene Perception. In: The Handbook of Attention. Editors: Fawcett, JM., Risko, EF. and Kingstone, A., . MIT Press. 9780262029698

Underwood, G., Humphrey, K. and Foulsham, T., (2008). Knowledge-Based Patterns of Remembering: Eye Movement Scanpaths Reflect Domain Experience. In: HCI and Usability for Education and Work. Editors: Holzinger, A., . Springer Verlag. 125- 144. 3540893490. 9783540893493

Underwood, G., Foulsham, T., van Loon, E. and Underwood, J., (2005). Visual Attention, Visual Saliency, and Eye Movements During the Inspection of Natural Scenes. In: Artificial Intelligence and Knowledge Engineering Applications: A Bioinspired Approach. Editors: Mira, J. and �lvarez, JR., . Springer. 459- 468. 3-540-26319-5

Conferences (11)

Solman, G., Kingstone, A. and Foulsham, T., (2015). The Principles of Attentional Selection are Profoundly Different for the Head and Eyes

Nasiopoulos, E., Risko, E., Foulsham, T. and Kingstone, A., (2015). The social presence effect of wearing an eye tracker: Now you see it, now you don't

Foulsham, T., (2015). The interpretation of gaze in two-way social interactions

Lewis, J., Foulsham, T. and Roberson, D., (2013). Craniofacial Abnormalities Divert Attention Away From the Core Features of the Face During Aesthetic Judgments

Foulsham, T., (2012). "Eyes Closed" and "Eyes Open" Expectations Guide Fixations in Real-World Search

Foulsham, T. and Kingstone, A., (2012). Goal-driven and bottom-up gaze in an active real-world search task

Dawson, S., Macfadyen, L., Risko, EF., Foulsham, T. and Kingstone, A., (2012). Using Technology to Encourage Self-Directed Learning: The Collaborative Lecture Annotation System

Lewis, J., Foulsham, T. and Roberson, D., (2012). Does the left hemiface bias cause a greater reduction in the perceived attractiveness/cuteness of infant faces when the abnormality is located on the left side of the face?

Foulsham, T., Cheng, J., Tracy, J. and Kingstone, A., (2010). Look who's talking (and follow the leader)! Eye movements in a social interaction reveal effects of speaking and social status

Laidlaw, K., Foulsham, T., Kuhn, G. and Kingstone, A., (2010). The importance of being present: The effect of a real or videotaped person on visual attention

Foulsham, T. and Underwood, G., (2006). Can the purpose of inspection influence the potency of visual salience in scene perception?

Grants and funding

2012

Quantifying attentionand individual differecnces in film perception

The British Academy

Contact

foulsham@essex.ac.uk
+44 (0) 1206 874159

Location:

4.703, Colchester Campus