Professor Andrew Canessa

Head of Department - Professor
Department of Sociology
Professor Andrew Canessa
  • Email

  • Telephone

    +44 (0) 1206 872656

  • Location

    6.335, Colchester Campus

  • Academic support hours

    By appointment



Andrew is a social anthropologist and has worked for many years with Aymara speakers in highland Bolivia. More recently he was the PI in an ESRC funded project looking at the evolution of a British Gibraltarian identity over the course of the 20th century. Member of the University of Essex Human Rights Centre ESRC research project: Bordering on Britishness: An Oral History of Gibraltarian Identity in the 20th Century Teaching interests: Latin America, race and ethnicity, gender and sexuality, indigenous peoples, anthropology.


  • BA

  • PhD (LSE)

Research and professional activities

Research interests

Indigenous studies

Latin America, especially the Andes

Gender and sexualities

Ethnic and racial identities

Current research

Andrew is currently finishing an ESRC funded project Bordering on Britishness: An Oral History Study of Gibraltarian Identitywhich explores through almost 400 interviews how Gibraltar evolved from an overwhelmining Spanish speaking in the beginning of the 20th century to one which is increasingly anglophone and where most people passionately reject any association with Spanishness.

Teaching and supervision

  • Anthropology of Birth, Sex and Death (SC276)


Journals (29)

Canessa, ALE., (2018). Hobbes’ Border Guards or Evo’s Originary Citizens? Indigenous People and the Sovereign State in Bolivia. New Diversities. 19 (2)

Canessa, A., (2017). Bearing witness: Testimonies, translations, and ontologies in the andes. HAU : Journal of Ethnographic Theory. 7 (1)

Orsini, G., Canessa, A., Gonzaga Martínez del Campo, L. and Ballantine Pereira, J., (2017). Fixed Lines, Permanent Transitions. International Borders, Cross-Border Communities and the Transforming Experience of Otherness. Journal of Borderlands Studies

Canessa, A., (2017). Methods really do matter A response to Marisol de la Cadena. HAU : Journal of Ethnographic Theory. 7 (2)

Ballantine Perera, J. and Canessa, A., (2016). Gibraltarian Oral Histories: Walking the Line Between Critical Distance and Subjectivity. Life Writing. 13 (2)

Canessa, A., (2015). El pasado en el presente: explorando historias indígenas en Bolivia. Revista Española de Antropología Americana. 44 (1)

Canessa, A., (2014). Conflict, claim and contradiction in the new ‘indigenous’ state of Bolivia. Critique of Anthropology. 34 (2)

Canessa, A., (2014). Les paradoxes des politiques multiculturelles en Bolivie : entre inclusion et exclusion. Problèmes d'Amérique latine. 92 (2)

Canessa, A., (2012). Gender, Indigeneity, and the Performance of Authenticity in Latin American Tourism. Latin American Perspectives. 39 (6)

Canessa, A., (2012). New Indigenous Citizenship in Bolivia: Challenging the Liberal Model of the State and its Subjects. Latin American and Caribbean Ethnic Studies. 7 (2)

Canessa, ALE., (2012). De la arqueología a la autonomía: El uso de restos precolombinos para forjar una nueva relación con el Estado en Bolivia. Nuevo mundo - Mundos Nuevos. 12 (2)

Canessa, A., (2010). Dreaming of Fathers: Fausto Reinaga and Indigenous Masculinism. Latin American and Caribbean Ethnic Studies. 5 (2)

Canessa, A., (2009). Forgetting the Revolution and Remembering the War: Memory and Violence in Highland Bolivia. History Workshop Journal. 68 (1)

Canessa, ALE., (2009). El indio desde adentro, el indio desde afuera: ciudadanía, raza y sexo en una comunidad boliviana.. La Manzana de la Discordia. 5 (2)

Canessa, A., (2008). The Past is Not Another Country: Exploring Indigenous Histories in Bolivia. History and Anthropology. 19 (4)

Canessa, A., (2008). Sex And The Citizen: Barbies And Beauty Queens In The Age Of Evo Morales. Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies. 17 (1)

Canessa, A., (2007). Who is indigenous? Self-identification, indigeneity, and claims to justice in contemporary Bolivia. Urban Anthropology. 36 (3)

Canessa, A., (2007). A postcolonial turn: Social and political change in the new indigenous order of Bolivia. Urban Anthropology. 36 (3)

Canessa, A., (2007). El indio desde adentro, el indio desde afuera: ciudadanía, raza y sexo en una comunidad boliviana. La manzana de la discordia. 4 (2)

Canessa, A., (2006). Todos somos indigenas: Towards a New Language of National Political Identity. Bulletin of Latin American Research. 25 (2)

Canessa, ALE., (2006). De latigazos a libros de texto: Observaciones sobre el racismo en Larecaja. Fe y Pueblo. 10 (1)

Canessa *, A., (2004). Reproducing racism: schooling and race in highland Bolivia. Race Ethnicity and Education. 7 (2)

Canessa, A., (2000). Fear and loathing on the kharisiri trail: Alterity and identity in the Andes. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute. 6 (4)

CANESSA, ANDREW., (2000). Contesting Hybridity: Evangelistas and Kataristas in Highland Bolivia. Journal of Latin American Studies. 32 (1)

Canessa, ALE., (1998). Procreation, the Person and Ethnic Difference in Highland Bolivia. Ethnos. 63 (2)

Canessa, A., (1998). Evangelical Protestantism in the Northern Highlands of Bolivia. Studies in World Christianity. 4 (Part_1)

Canessa, A., (1998). Evangelical Protestantism in the Northern Highlands of Bolivia. Studies in World Christianity. 4 (1)

Howard-Malverde, R. and Canessa, A., (1995). The school in the Quechua and Aymara communities of highland Bolivia. International Journal of Educational Development. 15 (3)

Canessa, ALE., Indigenous Conflict in Bolivia Explored Through an African Lens: Towards a Comparative Analysis of Indigeneity. Comparative Studies in Society and History. 60 (3)

Chapters (16)

Canessa, ALE., (2017). Painful Proximity: Two Women's Accounts of the Gibraltar/Spanish Border. In: Encyclopedia of Migrants

Canessa, A., (2017). Competing Indigeneities: Being a (Hyper)real Ecowarrior in Twenty-first Century Bolivia. 9781138740600

Canessa, ALE., (2016). The Paradoxes of Multiculturalism in Bolivia. In: The Crisis of Multiculturalism in Latin America. 1137509589. 9781137509581

Canessa, ALE., (2013). Geschlecht und Sexualität in Lateinamerika in (post-) postkolonialer Perspektive. In: Frauen (und) Macht in Lateinamerika

Canessa, ALE., (2012). Soñando con padres: Fausto Reinaga y el masculinismo indígena. In: Hacia un futuro Indígena en Mesoamérica y los Andes: Género, Complementariedades y Exclusiones. 99- 117. 978-87-92786-11-1

Canessa, ALE. and Hernandez Castillo, R., (2012). Introducción: Identidades Indígenas y Relaciones de Género en Mesoamérica y la Región Andina. In: Hacia un futuro Indígena en Mesoamérica y los Andes: Género, Complementariedades y Exclusiones.

Canessa, ALE., (2012). Sitios Antiguos y Nuevas Ciudadanías: El uso de la arqueología para crear autonomía autóctona en Bolivia. In: Autoctonía, poder local y espacio global frente a la noción de ciudadanía

Canessa, A., (2011). The Indian within, the Indian without: Citizenship, race, and sex in a Bolivian Hamlet. In: Natives Making Nation: Gender, Indigeneity, and the State in the Andes. 130- 155. 9780816506040

Canessa, A., (2011). Introduction: Making the nation on the margins. 3- 31. 9780816506040

Canessa, ALE., (2008). Celebrando lo indígena en Bolivia: Unas reflexiones sobre el año nuevo Aymara. In: Repensando las identidades y políticas indígenas en América Latina

Canessa, ALE., (2008). El sexo y el ciudadano: Barbies y reinas de belleza en la era de Evo Morales.. In: Raza, etnicidad y sexualidades: ciudadanía y multiculturalismo en América Latina

Canessa, ALE., (2006). ‘Kharisiri: Maldad y alteridad en los Andes meridionales.’. In: Conceptos del Mal en Latinoamerica.. 167- 201

Canessa, ALE., (2003). Evangelistas y Kataristas en Bolivia. In: Ensayos sobre la sociología de religión andina

Canessa, ALE., (2002). Postmodernismo y evangelismo en Bolivia. In: Religion y postmodernidad: Las recientes alteraciones de campo religioso. 47- 66

Canessa, ALE., (1999). Making Persons, Marking Difference: Procreation in Highland Bolivia. In: Conceiving Persons: Ethnographies of Procreations, Substance, and Personhood. 69- 87

Canessa, ALE., (1997). Chachawarmi: negociando (des)igualdades de género en una aldea aymara boliviana. In: In Nuevas Direcciones en los Estudios Andinos

Books (5)

Canessa, A., (2012).Intimate Indigeneities Race, Sex, and History in the Small Spaces of Andean Life. Duke University Press. 0822352672. 9780822352679

Affairs, IWGFI. and IWGIA, (2012).Género, complementariedades y exclusiones en Mesoamérica y los Andes. 8792786111. 9788792786111

Hernández, RA. and Canessa, A., (2012).Género, complementariedades y exclusiones en Mesoamérica y los Andes.. International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs (IWGIA); Abya Yala Press; The British Academy. 9788792786111

Canessa, A., (2011).Natives making nation: Gender, indigeneity, and the state in the Andes. 9780816506040

Grants and funding


Bordering on Britishness

Economic & Social Research Council

+44 (0) 1206 872656


6.335, Colchester Campus

Academic support hours:

By appointment