Dr Godswill Agbaitoro

Essex Law School
Dr Godswill Agbaitoro
  • Email

  • Telephone

    +44 (0) 1206 872892

  • Location

    4SB.4.8, Colchester Campus

  • Academic support hours

    Mondays 2-3pm



Godswill is a lecturer at Essex Law School and his research primarily relates to implementing the energy justice framework in the Global South. His PhD research funded by the University of Essex explores the extent to which the principles embedded in the energy justice framework can be deployed as a strategic tool for addressing energy access and poverty challenges, including the articulation of providing just energy systems. Godswill was a Visiting Research Scholar in 2019 at the University of Houston Law Center (UHLC), Texas, United States. His prior work experience includes practicing as a lawyer following his qualification as a Barrister and Solicitor in Nigeria in 2011, working as a research assistant to the Attorney-General & Commissioner for Justice, Edo State, Nigeria, and serving as a peer reviewer for the Journal of African Law (Cambridge University Press), and Commonwealth Law Bulletin (Routledge). He received a Master of Laws (LLM), Oil and Gas Law, 2014, University of Aberdeen, UK, and a Bachelor of Laws (LLB), 2010, Madonna University, Nigeria. He is presently a member of the Nigerian Bar Association, the Society of Legal Scholars, an Associate Editor of the Journal of Sustainable Development Law and Policy, and a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy UK. Godswill's teaching and research interests include International Environmental Law and Sustainability, Oil and Gas Law: Contracting, Oil and Gas Law: State Control, Oil and Gas Law: Regulation, Energy Justice and Transition in Africa and the Global South, Corporate Social Responsibility in the Extractive and Energy Industry, Climate Justice in Africa and the Global South, Natural Resource Governance, Contract Law, and Foundations of Public Law.


  • PhD University of Essex,

  • LLM University of Aberdeen,

  • BL Nigerian Law School,

  • LLB Madonna University,


University of Essex

  • Lecturer in Law, University of Essex (1/9/2021 - present)

Other academic

  • Sessional Law Tutor, University of Essex International College (2/9/2019 - 16/8/2021)

  • Assistant Lecturer, Law, University of Essex (28/1/2019 - 30/4/2020)

  • Visiting Researcher, Law, University of Houston (1/8/2019 - 27/9/2019)

Research and professional activities

Research interests

Energy and Climate Justice: Global South Perspectives; International Environmental Law and Sustainability; Just Energy Transition; Oil and Gas Law; Natural Resource Governance

Key words: Climate Justice
Open to supervise

Energy Justice in Africa and the Global South

Open to supervise

Energy Transitions and Law in Africa

Open to supervise

Environmental Justice and Law in Africa and the Global South

Open to supervise

Current research

Developing an Interdisciplinary Framework to Combat Food Waste in the UK Seafood Supply Chain (University of Essex PVC-R Strategic Fund 2021/22)

Laying the legal foundation for Article 6 of the Paris Agreement (Investment Mechanisms) Eastern Arc Funded Workshop 2022

Teaching and supervision

Current teaching responsibilities

  • Justice (LW234)

  • International Environmental Law (LW356)

  • Human Rights, Development and the Environment (LW915)

  • Trade, Investment, Environment, and Human Rights (LW917)

  • International Environmental Law and Sustainability (LW928)

  • Corporate Responsibility and Business Law (LW941)


Journal articles (13)

Agbaitoro, G. and Ekhator, E., (2024). Just Energy Transition in Africa: Towards Social Inclusion and Environmental Rights-based Imperatives (Forthcoming). Business and Human Rights Journal

Misra, S. and Agbaitoro, G., (2024). Mapping Human Rights Violations Connected to Renewable Energy Development in India: A Case Study of the “Oran Land” at Thar Desert and Energy Transition (Forthcoming). Business and Human Rights Journal

Agbaitoro, G., (2024). Implementing Energy Justice through Corporate Social Responsibility of Multinational Corporations in Energy and Extractive Industries: Old Body in New Robes (Forthcoming). Journal of Energy and Natural Resources Law. 42 (3)

Kaime, T. and Agbaitoro, G., (2023). An Energy Justice Approach to Resolving the Conflict between the Development of Energy Access Projects and Human Rights Risks and Violations in Africa: Can a Balance be Struck?. Global Energy Law and Sustainability. 3 (1), 39-71

Agbaitoro, G. and Oyibo, K., (2022). Realizing the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals 7 and 13 in sub-Saharan Africa by 2030: Synergizing Energy and Climate Justice Perspectives. Journal of World Energy Law and Business. 15 (3), 223-235

Faturoti, B., Agbaitoro, G. and Onya, O., (2019). Environmental Protection in the Nigerian Oil and Gas Industry and Jonah Gbemre v Shell PDC Nigeria Limited: Let the Plunder Continue?. African Journal of International and Comparative Law. 27 (2), 225-245

Agbaitoro, G., (2019). Legal strategy for resolving the socio-economic and environmental symptoms of the resource curse in Nigeria: the role of impact and benefit agreements (IBAs). Commonwealth Law Bulletin. 44 (3), 381-399

Agbaitoro, G., (2018). Enforcing Constitutional Environmental Rights in Court: A Comparative Analysis of Nigeria and India. Miyetti Quarterly Law Review. 3 (1), 119-150

Agbaitoro, G. and Kejeh, N., (2017). Moving Towards Robust Governance Regime for the Decommissioning of Offshore Energy Installations in the Nigerian Petroleum Industry. Miyetti Quarterly Law Review. 2 (3), 99-127

Agbaitoro, G., Amakoromo, M. and Wifa, E., (2017). Enforcement challenges in the protection of the environment from upstream petroleum operations in Nigeria: the need for judicial independence. International Energy Law Review. 2017 (3), 85-93

Agbaitoro, G. and Ojong-Okongor, E., (2017). Resolving the Implications of Maritime Boundary and Delimitation Disputes on Oil and Gas Industry Growth and Development in the West African sub-Region: The Way Forward. Oil, Gas and Energy Law. 2017 (1)

Agbaitoro, G., (2017). Is Having a Robust Energy Mix a Panacea for Resolving the Energy Crisis in Nigeria?. Renewable Energy Law and Policy Review. 7 (4), 7-16

Amakoromo, M. and Agbaitoro, G., (2016). Reforming the Regulatory Framework for Offshore Health and Safety in the Nigerian Oil and Gas Industry: Lessons from the United Kingdom. Oil, Gas and Energy Law (4)

Book chapters (4)

Ekhator, E. and Agbaitoro, G., (2024). Placing the Rule of Law and Environmental Justice in the Resource-Conflict Nexus in Nigeria. In: Governing Natural Resources for Sustainable Peace in Africa: Environmental Justice and Conflict Resolution. Editors: Okoi, O. and Nalule, V., . Routledge. 145- 168. 9781032409917

Egbon, O., Nwoke, U. and Agbaitoro, G., (2024). Corporate Social Responsibility Practices in the Nigerian Oil Industry: New Legal Direction and the Implications for Reporting.. In: Handbook of Corporate Social Responsibility.. Editors: Nwagbara, U., Alhassan, Y. and Idowu, S., . Springer

Ekhator, E. and Agbaitoro, G., (2019). Energy Law and Policy in Nigeria with Reflection on the International Energy Charter and Domestication of the African Charter. In: Governance in Nigeria post-1999: Revisiting the democratic ‘new dawn’ of the Fourth Republic. Editors: Adeola, R. and Jegede, AO., . Pretoria University Law Press

Agbaitoro, G., (2019). Renewable Energy Development: A Panacea for Resolving the Energy Crisis in Nigeria. In: Beyond Fossil Fuels: Renewable Energy Law and Policy. Editors: Atsegbua, L. and Daudu, S., . Fifers Lane Publishers. 978-978-57146-0-9

Other (2)

Agbaitoro, G., (2022).Book Review: The Paris Agreement on Climate Change: A Commentary by Geert van Calster and Leonie Reins, eds., (Edward Elgar 2021). Law, Environment and Development Journal,School of Oriental and African Studies

Agbaitoro, G., (2021).Delivering Energy and Climate Justice in Africa: Implications for Realizing the United Nations SDGs 7 and 13,Essex Law Research Blog

Grants and funding


The Role of Local Informal Institutions in the Implementation of Effective Corporate Social Responsibility Policies in Nigeria

British Academy

+44 (0) 1206 872892


4SB.4.8, Colchester Campus

Academic support hours:

Mondays 2-3pm