Dr Michael Steinke

Senior Lecturer
School of Life Sciences
Dr Michael Steinke



2017 Senior Lecturer, University of Essex, Colchester, UK 2006 Lecturer, University of Essex, Colchester, UK 2001 Postdoctoral Fellow, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK 1997 Postdoctoral Researcher, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK 1997 Ph.D., University of Bremen, Germany Research Interests • Environmental volatilomics • Ecology and biogeochemistry of trace gases • Infochemistry of algae and zooplankton • Chemodetection of dimethyl sulfide (DMS) and isoprene in herbivorous plankton • Production of trace gases in algae and terrestrial plants • Sensor technology Research Questions My research addresses fundamental questions on the role of biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs) in the physiology and ecology of aquatic organisms. Many of the BVOCs I study transfer into the atmosphere where they contribute to the biogeochemical cycling of important elements and affect atmospheric processing, particle formation and climate. I develop sensor technologies for trace gas quantification and monitoring of bivalve (oyster) behaviour. Approaches Key to my investigations are gas chromatographic analyses that utilise various detectors (flame ionisation, flame photometric and mass spectrometric) to quantify and identify trace gases. My group is currently developing novel analytical tools for the characterisation of environmental volatile metabolomes (volatilomes). Our Non-invasive Oyster Sensor (NOSy) monitors gaping frequency in oysters using high-frequency magnetic valvometry. Collaborations I collaborate with research groups across the world and consult industry on the formation of biofilms, nuisance fouling and the infochemistry of bacterial and larval settlement. We welcome new collaborative efforts and are always interested in new Masters and PhD projects. Please contact us for more information or a discussion of your research ideas and analytical needs. Opportunities to Study Enquiries from students or postdoctoral researchers who are interested in carrying out research in my group are very welcome.


  • Dr rer. nat. Marine Biology University of Bremen,


University of Essex

  • Director Postgraduate Studies (Taught), School of Life Sciences, University of Essex (1/8/2019 - present)

  • Director MSc Tropical Marine Biology, School of Life Sciences, University of Essex (1/8/2019 - present)

  • Director BSc Marine Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Essex (1/8/2017 - 31/7/2019)

  • Director MSc Tropical Marine Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Essex (1/8/2013 - 1/7/2017)

Other academic

  • Theme Leader for 'Marine Science', ARIES Doctoral Training Partnership (1/2/2018 - present)

  • Member Awards and Training Committee, British Phycological Society (9/1/2012 - present)

  • Panel Member, Natural Environment Research Council (19/4/2018 - 19/4/2018)

Research and professional activities

Research interests

Signalling in microbial foodwebs

Open to supervise

Ecology of traces gases in the infochemistry of phytoplankton

Open to supervise

Chemodetection of DMS in zooplankton and benthic invertebrates

Open to supervise

Production of biogenic trace gases under future CO2 levels

Open to supervise

Metabolic pathways for DMSP-dependent DMS-production

Open to supervise

Role of dimethylsulphoniopropionate (DMSP) and related compounds in the stress-physiology of zooxanthellae-cnidarian symbioses

Open to supervise

Production of dimethyl sulphide (DMS) and isoprene in coral reef ecosystems

Open to supervise

Production of ethene (ethylene) in marine algae and its possible function as an infochemical

Open to supervise

Current research

Microbial degradation of isoprene in the terrestrial environment(NERC 2012-2016)PhD Student Gordon Murphy

Developing novel analytical tools to explore the marine volatile metabolome(NERC EnvEast DTP 2015-2018) PhD Student Luli Randell

Conferences and presentations

Farmed Oysters - Ecosystem engineers that provide food and flood protection

Invited presentation, Aquaculture for a Thriving Future, Fishmongers' Company, 30/11/2023

Production and Resulting Flux of the Climate-Active Volatiles Dimethyl Sulfide (DMS) and Isoprene in Aquatic Systems

Invited presentation, Gordon Research Conference, Conference Centre Les Diablerets, Les Diablerets, Switzerland, 12/6/2018

Volatile metabolomic signatures: Infochemicals with global reach?

Invited presentation, Workshop 'Message in a Bottle‘ - Chemical Communication at Sea, Eilat, Israel, 14/3/2017

Chemical Ecology of Marine Interactions - The chemical language that shapes future marine health

Invited presentation, Keynote presentation, EuroMarine Blue Science for Blue Growth, EU Parliament Brussels, Belgium (8 March 2017), Brussels, Belgium, 8/3/2017

Chemical Ecology of Marine Interactions - The chemical language that shapes future marine health

Invited presentation, Keynote presentation, EuroMarine General Assembly, Olhao, Portugal (28 January 2016), Olhao, Portugal, 28/1/2016

Teaching and supervision

Current teaching responsibilities

  • Marine Biology Field Skills (BS114)

  • Estuarine and Coastal Ecology Field Module (Assessed in Following Year) (BS417)

  • Professional Skills in Tropical Marine Biology (BS708)

  • Marine Science Work Placement (BS719)

  • Research Project in Life Sciences (BS832)

Previous supervision

Alexander William Shakspeare
Alexander William Shakspeare
Thesis title: Increasing Sustainable Bivalve Aquaculture Productivity Using Remote Non-Invasive Sensing and Upweller Technologies
Degree subject: Biological Sciences
Degree type: Doctor of Philosophy
Awarded date: 22/1/2024
Ellen Grace Montejo Funesto
Ellen Grace Montejo Funesto
Thesis title: Impacts of Heatwaves and Toxic Algal Blooms on the Physiological Performance and Future Aquaculture of the Oysters Ostrea Edulis and Magallana (Crassostrea) Gigas
Degree subject: Biological Sciences
Degree type: Doctor of Philosophy
Awarded date: 2/1/2024
Michela Lever
Michela Lever
Thesis title: Effect of Temperature-Induced Stress on Dimethylsulphide (Dms) and Dimethylsulphoniopropionate (Dmsp) in Members of the Symbiodiniaceae Family and the Anemone Exaiptasia Pallida
Degree subject: Marine Biology
Degree type: Doctor of Philosophy
Awarded date: 3/2/2023
Zara Lamorna Rose Botterell
Zara Lamorna Rose Botterell
Thesis title: Investigation of the Bioavailability and Ingestion of Microplastics By Marine Zooplankton and Implications
Degree subject: Biological Sciences
Degree type: Doctor of Philosophy
Awarded date: 24/1/2022
Leslie Galstaun
Leslie Galstaun
Thesis title: Light Hydrocarbon Ratios as Biosignatures of Microbial Activity
Degree subject: Marine Biology
Degree type: Master of Science (by Dissertation)
Awarded date: 24/2/2021
Luli Sophie Randell
Luli Sophie Randell
Thesis title: Developing Novel Tools to Explore the Marine Volatilome
Degree subject: Marine Biology
Degree type: Doctor of Philosophy
Awarded date: 16/11/2020
Brisneve Edullantes
Brisneve Edullantes
Thesis title: Thermal Responses of Marine Phytoplankton: Implications to Their Biogeography in the Present and Future Oceans
Degree subject: Environmental Biology
Degree type: Doctor of Philosophy
Awarded date: 6/10/2020
Gordon Peter Murphy
Gordon Peter Murphy
Thesis title: Isoprene Degradation in the Terrestrial Environment
Degree subject: Microbiology
Degree type: Doctor of Philosophy
Awarded date: 19/5/2017
Kyle John Alan Zawada
Kyle John Alan Zawada
Thesis title: Production of Dimethyl Sulphide (Dms) in Scleractinian Coral During Aerial Exposure - Effect of Temperature and Light
Degree subject: Marine Biology
Degree type: Master of Science (by Dissertation)
Awarded date: 8/10/2015
Nicola Dawn Lewis
Nicola Dawn Lewis
Thesis title: Modelling the Infochemical Role of Dimethylsulphide in Pelagic Multitrophic Interactions
Degree subject: Marine Biology
Degree type: Doctor of Philosophy
Awarded date: 18/6/2014


Publications (1)

Nightingale, J., McMahon, L., Steinke, M., McGenity, TJ., Gehrels, W., Dumbrell, A., Schäfer, H. and Redeker, K., (2022). Carbon neutrality does not equal climate neutrality in saltmarsh restoration

Journal articles (65)

Edullantes, B., Low-Decarie, E., Steinke, M. and Cameron, T., (2023). Comparison of thermal traits between non-toxic and potentially toxic marine phytoplankton: Implications to their responses to ocean warming. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. 562, 151883-151883

Funesto, EGM., Lewis, AM., Turner, AD., Cameron, TC. and Steinke, M., (2023). Immediate and delayed effects of a heatwave and Prorocentrum lima ((Ehrenberg) Stein 1878) bloom on the toxin accumulation, physiology, and survival of the oyster Magallana gigas (Thunberg, 1793).. Science of the Total Environment. 892, 164485-164485

Shakspeare, A., Moore, H., Service, M., Wilson, C., Ahmed, H., Cameron, TC. and Steinke, M., (2023). Gaping behaviour of Blue mussels (Mytilus edulis) in relation to freshwater runoff risks. Aquaculture Reports. 33, 101719-101719

Botterell, ZLR., Bergmann, M., Hildebrandt, N., Krumpen, T., Steinke, M., Thompson, RC. and Lindeque, PK., (2022). Microplastic ingestion in zooplankton from the Fram Strait in the Arctic.. Science of the Total Environment. 831, 154886-154886

Dawson, RA., Crombie, AT., Pichon, P., Steinke, M., McGenity, TJ. and Murrell, JC., (2021). The microbiology of isoprene cycling in aquatic ecosystems. Aquatic Microbial Ecology. 87, 79-98

Botterell, ZLR., Beaumont, N., Cole, M., Hopkins, FE., Steinke, M., Thompson, RC. and Lindeque, PK., (2020). Bioavailability of Microplastics to Marine Zooplankton: Effect of Shape and Infochemicals. Environmental Science and Technology. 54 (19), 12024-12033

Gebser, B., Thume, K., Steinke, M. and Pohnert, G., (2020). Phytoplankton-derived zwitterionic gonyol and dimethylsulfonioacetate interfere with microbial dimethylsulfoniopropionate sulfur cycling.. MicrobiologyOpen. 9 (5), e1014-

Botterell, ZLR., Beaumont, N., Dorrington, T., Steinke, M., Thompson, RC. and Lindeque, PK., (2019). Bioavailability and effects of microplastics on marine zooplankton: A review. Environmental Pollution. 245, 98-110

Saha, M., Berdalet, E., Carotenuto, Y., Fink, P., Harder, T., John, U., Not, F., Pohnert, G., Potin, P., Selander, E., Vyverman, W., Wichard, T., Zupo, V. and Steinke, M., (2019). Using chemical language to shape future marine health. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 17 (9), 530-537

Walker, N., Susanto, H., Steinke, M. and Codling, EA., (2019). Bottom-up and top-down control in a multitrophic system: the role of nutrient limitation and infochemical-mediated predation in a plankton food-web model. Communication in Biomathematical Sciences. 2 (2), 65-84

Steinke, M., Hodapp, B., Subhan, R., Bell, TG. and Martin-Creuzburg, D., (2018). Flux of the biogenic volatiles isoprene and dimethyl sulfide from an oligotrophic lake. Scientific Reports. 8 (1), 630-

Franchini, F. and Steinke, M., (2017). Quantification of dimethyl sulfide (DMS) production in the sea anemone Aiptasia sp. to simulate the sea-to-air flux from coral reefs. Biogeosciences. 14 (24), 5765-5774

Hopkins, FE., Bell, TG., Yang, M., Suggett, DJ. and Steinke, M., (2016). Air exposure of coral is a significant source of dimethylsulfide (DMS) to the atmosphere. Scientific Reports. 6 (1), 36031-

Borell, EM., Pettay, DT., Steinke, M., Warner, M. and Fine, M., (2016). Symbiosis-specific changes in dimethylsulphoniopropionate concentrations in Stylophora pistillata along a depth gradient. Coral Reefs. 35 (4), 1383-1392

Exton, DA., McGenity, TJ., Steinke, M., Smith, DJ. and Suggett, DJ., (2015). Uncovering the volatile nature of tropical coastal marine ecosystems in a changing world.. Global Change Biology. 21 (4), 1383-1394

Kopf, A., Bicak, M., Kottmann, R., Schnetzer, J., Kostadinov, I., Lehmann, K., Fernandez-Guerra, A., Jeanthon, C., Rahav, E., Ullrich, M., Wichels, A., Gerdts, G., Polymenakou, P., Kotoulas, G., Siam, R., Abdallah, RZ., Sonnenschein, EC., Cariou, T., O'Gara, F., Jackson, S., Orlic, S., Steinke, M., Busch, J., Duarte, B., Caçador, I., Canning-Clode, J., Bobrova, O., Marteinsson, V., Reynisson, E., Loureiro, CM., Luna, GM., Quero, GM., Löscher, CR., Kremp, A., DeLorenzo, ME., Øvreås, L., Tolman, J., LaRoche, J., Penna, A., Frischer, M., Davis, T., Katherine, B., Meyer, CP., Ramos, S., Magalhães, C., Jude-Lemeilleur, F., Aguirre-Macedo, ML., Wang, S., Poulton, N., Jones, S., Collin, R., Fuhrman, JA., Conan, P., Alonso, C., Stambler, N., Goodwin, K., Yakimov, MM., Baltar, F., Bodrossy, L., Van De Kamp, J., Frampton, DM., Ostrowski, M., Van Ruth, P., Malthouse, P., Claus, S., Deneudt, K., Mortelmans, J., Pitois, S., Wallom, D., Salter, I., Costa, R., Schroeder, DC., Kandil, MM., Amaral, V., Biancalana, F., Santana, R., Pedrotti, ML., Yoshida, T., Ogata, H., Ingleton, T., Munnik, K., Rodriguez-Ezpeleta, N., Berteaux-Lecellier, V., Wecker, P., Cancio, I., Vaulot, D., Bienhold, C., Ghazal, H., Chaouni, B., Essayeh, S., Ettamimi, S., Zaid, EH., Boukhatem, N., Bouali, A., Chahboune, R., Barrijal, S., Timinouni, M., El Otmani, F., Bennani, M., Mea, M., Todorova, N., Karamfilov, V., Ten Hoopen, P., Cochrane, G., L'Haridon, S., Bizsel, KC., Vezzi, A., Lauro, FM., Martin, P., Jensen, RM., Hinks, J., Gebbels, S., Rosselli, R., De Pascale, F., Schiavon, R., Dos Santos, A., Villar, E., Pesant, S., Cataletto, B., Malfatti, F., Edirisinghe, R., Silveira, JAH., Barbier, M., Turk, V., Tinta, T., Fuller, WJ., Salihoglu, I., Serakinci, N., Ergoren, MC., Bresnan, E., Iriberri, J., Nyhus, PAF., Bente, E., Karlsen, HE., Golyshin, PN., Gasol, JM., Moncheva, S., Dzhembekova, N., Johnson, Z., Sinigalliano, CD., Gidley, ML., Zingone, A., Danovaro, R., Tsiamis, G., Clark, MS., Costa, AC., El Bour, M., Martins, AM., Collins, RE., Ducluzeau, A-L., Martinez, J., Costello, MJ., Amaral-Zettler, LA., Gilbert, JA., Davies, N., Field, D. and Glöckner, FO., (2015). The ocean sampling day consortium.. GigaScience. 4 (1), 27-27

Beddow, J., Stölpe, B., Cole, PA., Lead, JR., Sapp, M., Lyons, BP., McKew, B., Steinke, M., Benyahia, F., Colbeck, I. and Whitby, C., (2014). Estuarine sediment hydrocarbon-degrading microbial communities demonstrate resilience to nanosilver. International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation. 96, 206-215

Borell, EM., Steinke, M., Horwitz, R. and Fine, M., (2014). Increasing pCO2 correlates with low concentrations of intracellular dimethylsulfoniopropionate in the sea anemone Anemonia viridis.. Ecology and Evolution. 4 (4), 441-449

Brodie, J., Williamson, CJ., Smale, DA., Kamenos, NA., Mieszkowska, N., Santos, R., Cunliffe, M., Steinke, M., Yesson, C., Anderson, KM., Asnaghi, V., Brownlee, C., Burdett, HL., Burrows, MT., Collins, S., Donohue, PJC., Harvey, B., Foggo, A., Noisette, F., Nunes, J., Ragazzola, F., Raven, JA., Schmidt, DN., Suggett, D., Teichberg, M. and Hall-Spencer, JM., (2014). The future of the northeast Atlantic benthic flora in a high CO2 world.. Ecology and Evolution. 4 (13), 2787-2798

Rinnan, R., Steinke, M., McGenity, T. and Loreto, F., (2014). Plant volatiles in extreme terrestrial and marine environments.. Plant, Cell and Environment. 37 (8), 1776-1789

Lewis, ND., Morozov, A., Breckels, MN., Steinke, M. and Codling, EA., (2013). Multitrophic Interactions in the Sea: Assessing the Effect of Infochemical-Mediated Foraging in a 1-d Spatial Model. Mathematical Modelling of Natural Phenomena. 8 (6), 25-44

Lewis, ND., Breckels, MN., Steinke, M. and Codling, EA., (2013). Role of infochemical mediated zooplankton grazing in a phytoplankton competition model. Ecological Complexity. 16, 41-50

Borell, EM., Steinke, M. and Fine, M., (2013). Direct and indirect effects of high pCO2 on algal grazing by coral reef herbivores from the Gulf of Aqaba (Red Sea). Coral Reefs. 32 (4), 937-947

Exton, DA., Suggett, DJ., McGenity, TJ. and Steinke, M., (2013). Chlorophyll-normalized isoprene production in laboratory cultures of marine microalgae and implications for global models. Limnology and Oceanography. 58 (4), 1301-1311

Arnold, HE., Kerrison, P. and Steinke, M., (2013). Interacting effects of ocean acidification and warming on growth and DMS-production in the haptophyte coccolithophore Emiliania huxleyi.. Global Change Biology. 19 (4), 1007-1016

Breckels, MN., Bode, NWF., Codling, EA. and Steinke, M., (2013). Effect of grazing-mediated dimethyl sulfide (DMS) production on the swimming behavior of the copepod Calanus helgolandicus.. Marine Drugs. 11 (7), 2486-2500

Avgoustidi, V., Nightingale, PD., Joint, I., Steinke, M., Turner, SM., Hopkins, FE. and Liss, PS., (2012). Decreased marine dimethyl sulfide production under elevated CO2 levels in mesocosm and in vitro studies. Environmental Chemistry. 9 (4), 399-399

Green, BC., Suggett, DJ., Hills, A. and Steinke, M., (2012). Optimisation of a fast DMS sensor (FDS) for real time quantification of dimethyl sulfide production by algae. Biogeochemistry. 110 (1-3), 163-172

Lewis, ND., Breckels, MN., Archer, SD., Morozov, A., Pitchford, JW., Steinke, M. and Codling, EA., (2012). Grazing-induced production of DMS can stabilize food-web dynamics and promote the formation of phytoplankton blooms in a multitrophic plankton model. Biogeochemistry. 110 (1-3), 303-313

Exton, DA., Suggett, DJ., Steinke, M. and McGenity, TJ., (2012). Spatial and temporal variability of biogenic isoprene emissions from a temperate estuary. Global Biogeochemical Cycles. 26 (2), n/a-n/a

Kerrison, P., Suggett, DJ., Hepburn, LJ. and Steinke, M., (2012). Effect of elevated pCO2 on the production of dimethylsulphoniopropionate (DMSP) and dimethylsulphide (DMS) in two species of Ulva (Chlorophyceae). Biogeochemistry. 110 (1-3), 5-16

Caruana, AMN., Steinke, M., Turner, SM. and Malin, G., (2012). Concentrations of dimethylsulphoniopropionate and activities of dimethylsulphide-producing enzymes in batch cultures of nine dinoflagellate species. Biogeochemistry. 110 (1-3), 87-107

Bell, TG., Malin, G., Lee, GA., Stefels, J., Archer, S., Steinke, M. and Matrai, P., (2012). Global oceanic DMS data inter-comparability. Biogeochemistry. 110 (1-3), 147-161

Kerrison, P., Hall-Spencer, JM., Suggett, DJ., Hepburn, LJ. and Steinke, M., (2011). Assessment of pH variability at a coastal CO2 vent for ocean acidification studies. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science. 94 (2), 129-137

Montagnes, DJS., Lowe, CD., Roberts, EC., Breckels, MN., Boakes, DE., Davidson, K., Keeling, PJ., Slamovits, CH., Steinke, M., Yang, Z. and Watts, PC., (2011). An introduction to the special issue: Oxyrrhis marina, a model organism?. Journal of Plankton Research. 33 (4), 549-554

Breckels, MN., Roberts, EC., Archer, SD., Malin, G. and Steinke, M., (2011). The role of dissolved infochemicals in mediating predator-prey interactions in the heterotrophic dinoflagellate Oxyrrhis marina. Journal of Plankton Research. 33 (4), 629-639

Boakes, DE., Codling, EA., Thorn, GJ. and Steinke, M., (2011). Analysis and modelling of swimming behaviour in Oxyrrhis marina. Journal of Plankton Research. 33 (4), 641-649

Steinke, M., Exton, DA. and McGenity, TJ., (2011). Marine gases: Challenges to the bio(geo)chemist. The Biochemist. 33 (3), 20-25

Steinke, M., Brading, P., Kerrison, P., Warner, ME. and Suggett, DJ., (2011). Concentrations of dimethylsulfoniopropionate and dimethyl sulfide are strain-specific in symbiotic dinoflagellates (symbiodinium sp., dinophyceae). Journal of Phycology. 47 (4), 775-783

Roberts, EC., Legrand, C., Steinke, M. and Wootton, EC., (2011). Mechanisms underlying chemical interactions between predatory planktonic protists and their prey. Journal of Plankton Research. 33 (6), 833-841

Exton, DA., Smith, DJ., McGenity, TJ., Steinke, M., Hills, AJ. and Suggett, DJ., (2010). Application of a Fast Isoprene Sensor (FIS) for measuring isoprene production from marine samples. Limnology and Oceanography: Methods. 8 (5), 185-195

Bell, TG., Malin, G., Kim, Y-N. and Steinke, M., (2010). Erratum to: Spatial variability in DMSP-lyase activity along an Atlantic meridional transect. Aquatic Sciences. 72 (4), 533-535

Bell, TG., Malin, G., Kim, Y-N. and Steinke, M., (2010). Spatial variability in DMSP-lyase activity along an Atlantic meridional transect (vol 69, pg 320, 2007). AQUATIC SCIENCES. 72 (4), 533-535

Hopkins, FE., Turner, SM., Nightingale, PD., Steinke, M., Bakker, D. and Liss, PS., (2010). Ocean acidification and marine trace gas emissions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 107 (2), 760-765

Franklin, DJ., Steinke, M., Young, J., Probert, I. and Malin, G., (2010). Dimethylsulphoniopropionate (DMSP), DMSP-lyase activity (DLA) and dimethylsulphide (DMS) in 10 species of coccolithophore. Marine Ecology: Progress Series. 410, 13-23

Breckels, MN., Boakes, DE., Codling, EA., Malin, G., Archer, SD. and Steinke, M., (2010). Modelling the concentration of exuded dimethylsulphoniopropionate (DMSP) in the boundary layer surrounding phytoplankton cells. Journal of Plankton Research. 32 (2), 253-257

Franklin, DJ., Poulton, AJ., Steinke, M., Young, J., Peeken, I. and Malin, G., (2009). Dimethylsulphide, DMSP-lyase activity and microplankton community structure inside and outside of the Mauritanian upwelling. Progress in Oceanography. 83 (1-4), 134-142

Jickells, TD., Liss, PS., Broadgate, W., Turner, S., Kettle, AJ., Read, J., Baker, J., Cardenas, LM., Carse, F., Hamren-Larssen, M., Spokes, L., Steinke, M., Thompson, A., Watson, A., Archer, SD., Bellerby, RGJ., Law, CS., Nightingale, PD., Liddicoat, MI., Widdicombe, CE., Bowie, A., Gilpin, LC., Moncoiffé, G., Savidge, G., Preston, T., Hadziabdic, P., Frost, T., Upstill-Goddard, R., Pedrós-Alió, C., Simó, R., Jackson, A., Allen, A. and DeGrandpre, MD., (2008). A Lagrangian biogeochemical study of an eddy in the Northeast Atlantic. Progress in Oceanography. 76 (3), 366-398

Vogt, M., Steinke, M., Turner, S., Paulino, A., Meyerhöfer, M., Riebesell, U., LeQuéré, C. and Liss, P., (2008). Dynamics of dimethylsulphoniopropionate and dimethylsulphide under different CO<sub>2</sub> concentrations during a mesocosm experiment. Biogeosciences. 5 (2), 407-419

Vogt, M., Turner, S., Yassaa, N., Steinke, M., Williams, J. and Liss, PS., (2008). Laboratory inter-comparison of dissolved dimethyl sulphide (DMS) measurements using purge-and-trap and solid-phase microextraction techniques during a mesocosm experiment. Marine Chemistry. 108 (1-2), 32-39

Pohnert, G., Steinke, M. and Tollrian, R., (2007). Chemical cues, defence metabolites and the shaping of pelagic interspecific interactions. Trends in Ecology & Evolution. 22 (4), 198-204

Todd, JD., Rogers, R., Li, YG., Wexler, M., Bond, PL., Sun, L., Curson, ARJ., Malin, G., Steinke, M. and Johnston, AWB., (2007). Structural and Regulatory Genes Required to Make the Gas Dimethyl Sulfide in Bacteria. Science. 315 (5812), 666-669

Steinke, M., Evans, C., Lee, GA. and Malin, G., (2007). Substrate kinetics of DMSP-lyases in axenic cultures and mesocosm populations of Emiliania huxleyi. Aquatic Sciences. 69 (3), 352-359

Nejstgaard, JC., Tang, KW., Steinke, M., Dutz, J., Koski, M., Antajan, E. and Long, JD., (2007). Zooplankton grazing on Phaeocystis: a quantitative review and future challenges. Biogeochemistry. 83 (1-3), 147-172

Steinke, M., Stefels, J. and Stamhuis, E., (2006). Dimethyl sulfide triggers search behavior in copepods. Limnology and Oceanography. 51 (4), 1925-1930

Plettner, I., Steinke, M. and Malin, G., (2005). Ethene (ethylene) production in the marine macroalga Ulva (Enteromorpha) intestinalis L. (Chlorophyta, Ulvophyceae): effect of light-stress and co-production with dimethyl sulphide. Plant, Cell and Environment. 28 (9), 1136-1145

Steinke, M., Malin, G., Gibb, SW. and Burkill, PH., (2002). Vertical and temporal variability of DMSP lyase activity in a coccolithophorid bloom in the northern North Sea. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography. 49 (15), 3001-3016

Aubert, B., Boutigny, D., Gaillard, J-M., Hicheur, A., Karyotakis, Y., Lees, JP., Robbe, P., Tisserand, V., Palano, A., Pompili, A., Chen, GP., Chen, JC., Qi, ND., Rong, G., Wang, P., Zhu, YS., Eigen, G., Stugu, B., Abrams, GS., Borgland, AW., Breon, AB., Brown, DN., Button-Shafer, J., Cahn, RN., Clark, AR., Gill, MS., Gritsan, AV., Groysman, Y., Jacobsen, RG., Kadel, RW., Kadyk, J., Kerth, LT., Kolomensky, YG., Kral, JF., LeClerc, C., Levi, ME., Lynch, G., Oddone, PJ., Pripstein, M., Roe, NA., Romosan, A., Ronan, MT., Shelkov, VG., Telnov, AV., Wenzel, WA., Harrison, TJ., Hawkes, CM., Knowles, DJ., O’Neale, SW., Penny, RC., Watson, AT., Watson, NK., Deppermann, T., Goetzen, K., Koch, H., Kunze, M., Lewandowski, B., Peters, K., Schmuecker, H., Steinke, M., Barlow, NR., Bhimji, W., Chevalier, N., Clark, PJ., Cottingham, WN., Foster, B., Mackay, C., Wilson, FF., Abe, K., Hearty, C., Mattison, TS., McKenna, JA., Thiessen, D., Jolly, S., McKemey, AK., Blinov, VE., Bukin, AD., Bukin, DA., Buzykaev, AR., Golubev, VB., Ivanchenko, VN., Korol, AA., Kravchenko, EA., Onuchin, AP., Serednyakov, SI., Skovpen, YI., Telnov, VI., Yushkov, AN., Best, D., Chao, M., Kirkby, D., Lankford, AJ., Mandelkern, M., McMahon, S., Stoker, DP., Arisaka, K., Buchanan, C., Chun, S., MacFarlane, DB., Prell, S., Rahatlou, S., Raven, G., Sharma, V., Campagnari, C., Dahmes, B., Hart, PA., Kuznetsova, N., Levy, SL., Long, O., Lu, A., Mazur, MA., Richman, JD., Verkerke, W., Beringer, J., Eisner, AM., Grothe, M., Heusch, CA., Lockman, WS., Pulliam, T., Schalk, T., Schmitz, RE., Schumm, BA., Seiden, A., Turri, M., Walkowiak, W., Williams, DC., Wilson, MG., Chen, E., Dubois-Felsmann, GP., Dvoretskii, A., Hitlin, DG., Metzler, S., Oyang, J., Porter, FC., Ryd, A., Samuel, A., Weaver, M., Yang, S., Zhu, RY., Devmal, S., Geld, TL., Jayatilleke, S., Mancinelli, G., Meadows, BT., Sokoloff, MD., Barillari, T., Bloom, P., Dima, MO., Ford, WT., Nauenberg, U., Olivas, A., Rankin, P., Roy, J., Smith, JG., van Hoek, WC., Blouw, J., Harton, JL., Krishnamurthy, M., Soffer, A., Toki, WH., Wilson, RJ., Zhang, J., Brandt, T., Brose, J., Colberg, T., Dickopp, M., Dubitzky, RS., Hauke, A., Maly, E., Müller-Pfefferkorn, R., Otto, S., Schubert, KR., Schwierz, R., Spaan, B., Wilden, L., Bernard, D., Bonneaud, GR., Brochard, F., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Ferrag, S., T’Jampens, S., Thiebaux, C., Vasileiadis, G., Verderi, M., Anjomshoaa, A., Bernet, R., Khan, A., Lavin, D., Muheim, F., Playfer, S., Swain, JE., Tinslay, J., Falbo, M., Borean, C., Bozzi, C., Piemontese, L., Treadwell, E., Anulli, F., Baldini-Ferroli, R., Calcaterra, A., de Sangro, R., Falciai, D., Finocchiaro, G., Patteri, P., Peruzzi, IM., Piccolo, M., Xie, Y., Zallo, A., Bagnasco, S., Buzzo, A., Contri, R., Crosetti, G., Lo Vetere, M., Macri, M., Monge, MR., Passaggio, S., Pastore, FC., Patrignani, C., Pia, MG., Robutti, E., Santroni, A., Tosi, S., Morii, M., Bartoldus, R., Hamilton, R., Mallik, U., Cochran, J., Crawley, HB., Fischer, P-A., Lamsa, J., Meyer, WT., Rosenberg, EI., Grosdidier, G., Hast, C., Höcker, A., Lacker, HM., Laplace, S., Lepeltier, V., Lutz, AM., Plaszczynski, S., Schune, MH., Trincaz-Duvoid, S., Wormser, G., Bionta, RM., Brigljević, V., Lange, DJ., Mugge, M., van Bibber, K., Wright, DM., Bevan, AJ., Fry, JR., Gabathuler, E., Gamet, R., George, M., Kay, M., Payne, DJ., Sloane, RJ., Touramanis, C., Aspinwall, ML., Bowerman, DA., Dauncey, PD., Egede, U., Eschrich, I., Gunawardane, NJW., Nash, JA., Sanders, P., Smith, D., Azzopardi, DE., Back, JJ., Bellodi, G., Dixon, P., Harrison, PF., Potter, RJL., Shorthouse, HW., Strother, P., Vidal, PB., Cowan, G., George, S., Green, MG., Kurup, A., Marker, CE., McGrath, P., McMahon, TR., Ricciardi, S., Salvatore, F., Vaitsas, G., Brown, D., Davis, CL., Allison, J., Barlow, RJ., Boyd, JT., Forti, AC., Fullwood, J., Jackson, F., Lafferty, GD., Savvas, N., Weatherall, JH., Williams, JC., Farbin, A., Jawahery, A., Lillard, V., Olsen, J., Roberts, DA., Schieck, JR., Blaylock, G., Dallapiccola, C., Flood, KT., Hertzbach, SS., Kofler, R., Koptchev, VB., Moore, TB., Staengle, H., Willocq, S., Brau, B., Cowan, R., Sciolla, G., Taylor, F., Yamamoto, RK., Milek, M., Patel, PM., Palombo, F., Bauer, JM., Cremaldi, L., Eschenburg, V., Kroeger, R., Reidy, J., Sanders, DA., Summers, DJ., Nief, JY., Taras, P., Nicholson, H., Cartaro, C., Cavallo, N., De Nardo, G., Fabozzi, F., Gatto, C., Lista, L., Paolucci, P., Piccolo, D., Sciacca, C., LoSecco, JM., Alsmiller, JRG., Gabriel, TA., Brau, J., Frey, R., Grauges, E., Iwasaki, M., Sinev, NB., Strom, D., Colecchia, F., Dal Corso, F., Dorigo, A., Galeazzi, F., Margoni, M., Michelon, G., Morandin, M., Posocco, M., Rotondo, M., Simonetto, F., Stroili, R., Torassa, E., Voci, C., Benayoun, M., Briand, H., Chauveau, J., David, P., de la Vaissière, C., Del Buono, L., Hamon, O., Le Diberder, F., Leruste, P., Ocariz, J., Roos, L., Stark, J., Manfredi, PF., Re, V., Speziali, V., Frank, ED., Gladney, L., Guo, QH., Panetta, J., Angelini, C., Batignani, G., Bettarini, S., Bondioli, M., Bucci, F., Campagna, E., Carpinelli, M., Forti, F., Giorgi, MA., Lusiani, A., Marchiori, G., Martinez-Vidal, F., Morganti, M., Neri, N., Paoloni, E., Rama, M., Rizzo, G., Sandrelli, F., Simi, G., Triggiani, G., Walsh, J., Haire, M., Judd, D., Paick, K., Turnbull, L., Wagoner, DE., Albert, J., Elmer, P., Lu, C., Miftakov, V., Schaffner, SF., Smith, AJS., Tumanov, A., Varnes, EW., Cavoto, G., del Re, D., Ferrarotto, F., Ferroni, F., Lamanna, E., Mazzoni, MA., Morganti, S., Piredda, G., Safai Tehrani, F., Serra, M., Voena, C., Faccini, R., Christ, S., Waldi, R., Adye, T., De Groot, N., Franek, B., Geddes, NI., Gopal, GP., Xella, SM., Aleksan, R., Emery, S., Gaidot, A., Ganzhur, SF., Giraud, P-F., Hamel de Monchenault, G., Kozanecki, W., Langer, M., London, GW., Mayer, B., Serfass, B., Vasseur, G., Yèche, C., Zito, M., Purohit, MV., Singh, H., Weidemann, AW., Yumiceva, FX., Adam, I., Aston, D., Berger, N., Boyarski, AM., Calderini, G., Convery, MR., Coupal, DP., Dong, D., Dorfan, J., Dunwoodie, W., Field, RC., Glanzman, T., Gowdy, SJ., Haas, T., Halyo, V., Himel, T., Hryn’ova, T., Huffer, ME., Innes, WR., Jessop, CP., Kelsey, MH., Kim, P., Kocian, ML., Langenegger, U., Leith, DWGS., Luitz, S., Luth, V., Lynch, HL., Marsiske, H., Menke, S., Messner, R., Muller, DR., O’Grady, CP., Ozcan, VE., Perazzo, A., Perl, M., Petrak, S., Quinn, H., Ratcliff, BN., Robertson, SH., Roodman, A., Salnikov, AA., Schietinger, T., Schindler, RH., Schwiening, J., Snyder, A., Soha, A., Spanier, SM., Stelzer, J., Su, D., Sullivan, MK., Tanaka, HA., Va’vra, J., Wagner, SR., Weinstein, AJR., Wisniewski, WJ., Wright, DH., Young, CC., Burchat, PR., Cheng, CH., Meyer, TI., Roat, C., Henderson, R., Bugg, W., Cohn, H., Izen, JM., Kitayama, I., Lou, XC., Bianchi, F., Bona, M., Gamba, D., Bosisio, L., Della Ricca, G., Dittongo, S., Lanceri, L., Poropat, P., Vuagnin, G., Panvini, RS., Brown, CM., Jackson, PD., Kowalewski, R., Roney, JM., Band, HR., Charles, E., Dasu, S., Eichenbaum, AM., Hu, H., Johnson, JR., Liu, R., Di Lodovico, F., Pan, Y., Prepost, R., Scott, IJ., Sekula, SJ., von Wimmersperg-Toeller, JH., Wu, SL., Yu, Z., Kordich, TMB. and Neal, H., (2002). Study of time-dependentCP-violating asymmetries and flavor oscillations in neutralBdecays at theΥ(4S). Physical Review D. 66 (3)

Steinke, M., Malin, G. and Liss, PS., (2002). TROPHIC INTERACTIONS IN THE SEA: AN ECOLOGICAL ROLE FOR CLIMATE RELEVANT VOLATILES?1. Journal of Phycology. 38 (4), 630-638

Steinke, M., Malin, G., Archer, SD., Burkill, PH. and Liss, PS., (2002). DMS production in a coccolithophorid bloom: evidence for the importance of dinoflagellate DMSP lyases. Aquatic Microbial Ecology. 26 (3), 259-270

Steinke, M., Malin, G., Turner, SM. and Liss, PS., (2000). Determinations of dimethylsulphoniopropionate (DMSP) lyase activity using headspace analysis of dimethylsulphide (DMS). Journal of Sea Research. 43 (3-4), 233-244

Steinke, M., Wolfe, GV. and Kirst, GO., (1998). Partial characterisation of dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) lyase isozymes in 6 strains of Emiliania huxleyi. Marine Ecology: Progress Series. 175, 215-225

Wolfe, GV., Steinke, M. and Kirst, GO., (1997). Grazing-activated chemical defence in a unicellular marine alga. Nature. 387 (6636), 894-897

Wolfe, GV. and Steinke, M., (1996). Grazing‐activated production of dimethyl sulfide (DMS) by two clones of Emiliania huxleyi. Limnology and Oceanography. 41 (6), 1151-1160

Steinke, M. and Kirst, GO., (1996). Enzymatic cleavage of dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) in cell-free extracts of the marine macroalga Enteromorpha clathrata (Roth) Grev. (Ulvales, Chlorophyta). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. 201 (1-2), 73-85

Book chapters (6)

Steinke, M., Randell, L., Dumbrell, AJ. and Saha, M., (2018). Volatile Biomarkers for Aquatic Ecological Research. In: Next Generation Biomonitoring: Part 2. Editors: Bohan, DA., Dumbrell, AJ., Woodward, G. and Jackson, M., . Elsevier. 75- 92. 978-0128143179

Franchini, F. and Steinke, M., (2016). Protocols for the quantification of dimethyl sulfide (DMS) and other volatile organic compounds in aquatic environments. In: Hydrocarbon and Lipid Microbiology Protocols Petroleum, Hydrocarbon and Lipid Analysis. Editors: McGenity, TJ., Timmis, KN. and Nogales, B., . Springer. 161- 177. 978-3-662-52791-7

Stefels, J., Steinke, M., Turner, S., Malin, G. and Belviso, S., (2007). Environmental constraints on the production and removal of the climatically active gas dimethylsulphide (DMS) and implications for ecosystem modelling. In: Phaeocystis, major link in the biogeochemical cycling of climate-relevant elements. Editors: van Leeuwe, MA., Stefels, J., Belviso, S., Lancelot, C., Verity, PG. and Gieskes, WWC., . Springer Netherlands. 245- 275. 9781402062131

Nejstgaard, JC., Tang, KW., Steinke, M., Dutz, J., Koski, M., Antajan, E. and Long, JD., (2007). Zooplankton grazing on Phaeocystis: a quantitative review and future challenges. In: Phaeocystis, major link in the biogeochemical cycling of climate-relevant elements. Editors: van Leeuwe, MA., Stefels, J., Belviso, S., Lancelot, C., Verity, PG. and Gieskes, WWC., . Springer Netherlands. 147- 172. 9781402062131

Malin, G. and Steinke, M., (2004). Dimethyl sulfide production: what is the contribution of the coccolithophores?. In: Coccolithophores. Editors: Thierstein, HR. and Young, JR., . Springer Berlin Heidelberg. 127- 164. 3-540-21928-5. 9783642060168

Steinke, M., Daniel, C. and Kirst, GO., (1996). DMSP lyase in marine macro- and microalgae: interspecific differences in cleavage activity. In: Biological and Environmental Chemistry of DMSP and Related Sulfonium Compounds. Editors: Keller, MD., Kiene, RP., Kirst, GO. and Visscher, PT., . Plenum. 317- 324. 0-306-45306-1. 9780306453069

Conferences (6)

Steinke, M., Hodapp, B., Martin-Creuzburg, D., Subhan, R., Lemaire, S. and Dumbrell, A., (2015). Environmental volabolomics: deciphering the chemical language that shapes aquatic health

Bell, TG., Malin, G., Kim, Y-N. and Steinke, M., (2007). Spatial variability in DMSP-lyase activity along an Atlantic meridional transect

Stefels, J., Steinke, M., Turner, S., Malin, G. and Belviso, S., (2007). Environmental constraints on the production and removal of the climatically active gas dimethylsulphide (DMS) and implications for ecosystem modelling

Aubert, B., Bona, M., Boutigny, D., Karyotakis, Y., Lees, JP., Poireau, V., Prudent, X., Tisserand, V., Zghiche, A., Garra Tico, J., Grauges, E., Lopez, L., Palano, A., Pappagallo, M., Eigen, G., Stugu, B., Sun, L., Abrams, GS., Battaglia, M., Brown, DN., Button-Shafer, J., Cahn, RN., Groysman, Y., Jacobsen, RG., Kadyk, JA., Kerth, LT., Kolomensky, YG., Kukartsev, G., Lopes Pegna, D., Lynch, G., Mir, LM., Orimoto, TJ., Osipenkov, IL., Ronan, MT., Tackmann, K., Tanabe, T., Wenzel, WA., Del Amo Sanchez, P., Hawkes, CM., Watson, AT., Held, T., Koch, H., Pelizaeus, M., Schroeder, T., Steinke, M., Walker, D., Asgeirsson, DJ., Cuhadar-Donszelmann, T., Fulsom, BG., Hearty, C., Mattison, TS., McKenna, JA., Khan, A., Saleem, M., Teodorescu, L., Blinov, VE., Bukin, AD., Druzhinin, VP., Golubev, VB., Onuchin, AP., Serednyakov, SI., Skovpen, YI., Solodov, EP., Todyshev, KY., Bondioli, M., Curry, S., Eschrich, I., Kirkby, D., Lankford, AJ., Lund, P., Mandelkern, M., Martin, EC., Stoker, DP., Abachi, S., Buchanan, C., Foulkes, SD., Gary, JW., Liu, F., Long, O., Shen, BC., Zhang, L., Paar, HP., Rahatlou, S., Sharma, V., Berryhill, JW., Campagnari, C., Cunha, A., Dahmes, B., Hong, TM., Kovalskyi, D., Richman, JD., Beck, TW., Eisner, AM., Flacco, CJ., Heusch, CA., Kroseberg, J., Lockman, WS., Schalk, T., Schumm, BA. and Seiden, A., (2007). Search for the rare charmless hadronic decay B+→ a +0 π0

Steinke, M., Wolfe, GV. and Kirst, GO., (1997). A segregated substrate-enzyme system that cleaves dimethylsulfoniopropionate (dmsp) to dimethylsulfide (dms) and acrylate in emiliania huxleyi

deMora, SJ., Haase, R., Steinke, M., Kirst, G., Lee, P., Gosselin, M. and Chanut, JP., (1997). Biosynthesis of dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) by marine phytoplankton: Evidence from laboratory and field studies.

Other (2)

Steinke, M., (2012).New iron age?. New Scientist. 215(2876),Elsevier BV

Steinke, M., (2006).Ocean odours. Planet Earth. Winter(WINTER),Natural Environment Research Council (NERC). Planet Earth, Winter 2006, pp16-17.

Grants and funding


Thermal Tolerance of Whelks

Kent and Essex Inshore Fisheries and Conservation Authority

The Spread of Pacific Oysters

Shellfish Association of Great Britain

Isoprene flux from climate-sensitive lakes

Leverhulme Trust

A Roadmap for Building with Nature for Climate Change Adaptation: A Framework based on Place-Based Approach

Academy of Medical Sciences


Development of an oyster depuration facility to improve the welfare of coastal communities in Thailand

British Council

NOSy Consultancy

Agri-Food and Biosciences Institute

NOSy Consultancy

Agri-Food and Biosciences Institute


Effect of aquatic trace gases on the air quality of the largest coastal city in southern Thailand

University of Essex (GCRF)


Oyster Fisheries - Restoration of the Colchester Oyster

University of Essex

COVID-19 Extension: NOSy - magnetic and wireless sensor technology for improving profit, biosecurity and carbon footprint of regional oyster production

Natural Environment Research Council

Trace gas bio-signatures: implications for NOMAD

UK Space Agency


Quantification and staging of oyster larvae

Colchester Oyster Fisheries


Chemical Ecology of Marine Interactions - The Chemical Language that Shapes Future Marine Health

Euro Marine Consortium

Literature review: role of Biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs) in the chemical communications of marine biofilms

BAE Systems Marine Limited


Effect of salinity on the production of DMSP and DMS in the intertidal seaweed Ulva Clathrata

The British Psychological Society (BPS)


Microbial degradation of isoprene in the terrestial environment

Natural Environment Research Council


Role of Dimethyl Sulphide

Natural Environment Research Council

Fast DMS Sensor for Outline Quantification

Natural Environment Research Council


Antioxidant Function of Dimethyl Sulphide (DMS)

Nuffield Foundation


Lobster Feeding Project

Colchester Oyster Fisheries

Conference Grant - ASLO Aquatic Sciences

British Council

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3SW.4.10, Colchester Campus