Academic Staff

Dr Clara Sandoval LLB (Javeriana University, Colombia), MA (Essex), PhD (Essex)

Position in departmentDirector of the Essex Transitional Justice Network (ETJN) and Director, Human Rights Centre (Spring Term)
Staff positionSenior Lecturer
Telephone01206 874218
Office hoursAcademic Support:By appointment only. Please email for an appointment

Dr Clara Sandoval is a qualified lawyer and a Senior Lecturer in the School of Law at Essex University, former Director of the LLM in International Human Rights Law, member of the Human Rights Centre, Director of the Essex Transitional Justice Network and Member of the Advisory Board of the Human Rights Clinic. She teaches and researches on areas related to the Inter-American System of Human Rights, Legal Theory, Business and Human Rights and Transitional Justice.
Most of her recent scholarship has been focused on reparations for gross human rights violations by the State and by TNCs. She was a visiting professional at the International Criminal Court in 2005, providing the Court with analysis on the award of reparations for gross human rights violations by regional human rights courts, and has equally worked as a consultant for the ICC in the area of reparations. She was also part of the research carried out by the ICTJ on reparations for the next of kin of victims of gross human rights violations under international law.
Her work in the area of transitional justice led her and a group of colleagues at the University of Essex to create the Essex Transitional Justice Network (ETJN). The University has been fully supportive of this project and awarded it funding for it to become one of its four global challenges. Currently, the ETJN has more than 60 members of the academic staff from different disciplines in the University and is conducting exhiting work. More on the ETJN can be found at:
Besides her academic commitments, Clara also engages in human rights litigation, training and capacity building with organisations such as REDRESS and the IBA. Clara is a member of the Human Rights International Council of the Human Rights Institute of the International Bar Association (IBA).
Research interests
  • Public International Law
  • International Human Rights Law
  • Transitional Justice
  • Legal Theory
  • Constitutional Law
  • Business and Human Rights
  • Reparations
Teaching responsibilities

Clara teaches on different modules but she is the module director of Transitional Justice (LW927) and the Inter-American System of Human Rights (LW920).


The following are some of Dr. Sandoval's recent publications:

  • Sandoval, C., and Rubio, R., "Engendering the Reparations Jurisprudence of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights: The Promise of the Cotton Field Judgment", Human Rights Quarterly (2011), 1062-1091.
  • Sandoval, C., "Reflexiones en Torno de la Ley de Justicia y Paz", 19 Revista de Derecho Comparado 2011 available at: 
  • Sandoval, C., Transitional Justice: Key Concepts, Processes and Challenges, IDCR Briefing paper, 2010, available at:
  • Sandoval, C., and Duttwiler, M., "Redressing Non-Pecuniary Damages of Torture Survivors: The Practice of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights", in Gilbert, G., Hampson, F., and Sandoval, C., The Delivery of Human Rights: Essays in Honour of Professor Sir Nigel Rodley (London, Routledge, 2010), p. 114-136.
  • Sandoval, C., Rehabilitation as a Form of Reparation under International Law (London, REDRESS, 2009), available at:
  • Sandoval, C., Rubio, R., and Diaz, C., “Repairing Family Members: Gross Human Rights Violations and Communities of Harm”, in R, Rubio, The Gender of Reparations: Unsettling Sexual Hierarchies while Redressing Human Rights Violations (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2009), p. 215-290.
  • Sandoval, C., “The Concepts of ‘Injured Party’ and ‘Victim’ of Gross Human Rights Violations in the Jurisprudence of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights: A Commentary on their Implications for Reparations" in C. Ferstman, A Stephens, and M. Goetz (eds.), Reparations for Victims of Genocide, Crimes against Humanity and War Crimes: Systems in Place and Systems in the Making (The Netherlands, Brill, 2009), p. 243-282.
  • “The Challenge of Impunity in Peru: The Significance of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights”, 5(1) EHRR, 2008.

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