Dr Daragh Murray

Senior Lecturer
School of Law
Dr Daragh Murray
  • Email

  • Telephone

    +44 (0) 1206 872661

  • Location

    5S.6.16, Colchester Campus

  • Academic support hours

    By appointment only. Please email for an appointment



Daragh Murray is a lecturer at the Human Rights Centre & School of Law. His research focuses on issues relating to conflict and counter-terrorism, as regulated by the law of armed conflict and international human rights law. He has a particular interest in the regulation and engagement of non-State armed groups, and in the use of technology, particularly in an intelligence agency and law enforcement context. He is a former Government of Ireland IRCHSS Research Scholar, and has a PhD in Law from the University of Essex, an LLM in International Human Rights Law from the Irish Centre for Human Rights, and an MSc in Computer Security & Forensics from Dublin City University. Daragh recently published Human Rights Obligations of Non-State Armed Groups with Hart Publishing. He also authored the 'Practitioners Guide to Human Rights Law in Armed Conflict' in conjunction with Dapo Akande, Charles Garraway, Francoise Hampson, Noam Lubell and Elizabeth Wilmshurst. Daragh previously worked as head of the International Unit at the Palestinian Centre for Human Rights, based in the Gaza Strip. In 2011, he served as Rapporteur for an Independent Civil Society Fact-Finding Mission to Libya, which visited western Libya in November 2011 in the immediate aftermath of the revolution. He is currently a member of the Human Rights Big Data & Technology Project, based at the University of Essex Human Rights Centre, and teaches on the Peace Support Operations course and the Journalists, Law and Rights in War course run by the International Institute of Humanitarian Law in Sanremo.

Research and professional activities

Research interests

Armed Groups

Law of Armed Conflict

International Human Rights Law

Freedom of Expression

Public International Law



Big Data/AI & Human Rights

Teaching and supervision

Current teaching responsibilities

  • The Protection of Human Rights in Armed Conflict and Situations of Acute Crisis (LW808)

  • Crisis of the American Idea (CS261)

  • Conflict and the UN: Law Relating to the Use of Force, Peacekeeping, Sanctions & Counter Terrorism (LW806)

  • Human Rights and Artificial Intelligence (LW937)

Previous supervision

Silvia Venier
Silvia Venier
Degree subject: Occasional Study: Law (Research)
Degree type: Occasional Postgraduate Study
Awarded date: 23/12/2016


Journal articles (6)

Murray, D. and Fussey, P., (2019). Bulk Surveillance in the Digital Age: Rethinking the Human Rights Law Approach to Bulk Monitoring of Communications Data. Israel Law Review. 52 (1), 31-60

McGregor, L., Murray, D. and Ng, V., (2019). International human rights law as a framework for algorithmic accountability. International and Comparative Law Quarterly. 68 (2), 309-343

Deeks, A., Lubell, N. and Murray, D., (2018). Machine learning, artificial intelligence, and the use of force by states. Journal of National Security Law and Policy. 10 (1)

Murray, D., (2017). Non-State Armed Groups, Detention Authority in Non-International Armed Conflict, and the Coherence of International Law: Searching for a Way Forward. Leiden Journal of International Law. 30 (02), 435-456

Murray, DP., (2015). How International Humanitarian Law Treaties Bind Non-State Armed Groups. Journal of Conflict & Security Law. 20 (1), 101-131

Murray, D., (2009). Freedom of Expression, Counter-Terrorism and the Internet in Light of the UK Terrorist Act 2006 and the Jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights. Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights. 27 (3), 331-360

Books (3)

Murray, D., Dubberley, S. and Koenig, A., (2019). Digital Witness:Using Open Source Information for Human Rights Investigation, Documentation and Accountability. Oxford University Press

Murray, DP., (2016). Practitioners' Guide to Human Rights Law in Armed Conflict. Oxford University Press (OUP). 9780198791393

Murray, DP., (2016). Human Rights Obligations of Non-State Armed Groups. Hart Publishing. 1509901655. 9781509901630

Book chapters (1)

Murray, DP., (2018). Engaging Armed Groups Through the Development of Human Rights Obligations: Incorporating practice, motivation and ideology to promote compliance with international law. In: Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law Volume 19, 2016. Editors: Gill, TD., McCormack, T., Geiß, R., Krieger, H. and Paulussen, C., . T.M.C. Asser Press. 119- 155. 978-94-6265-212-5

Grants and funding


Companies� Responsibility for Human Rights Abuses Enabled by Surveillance Technology

The Council on Ethics


The future of human rights investigations: Using open source intelligence to transform the documentation and discovery of human rights violations

Economic and Social Research Council

The future of human rights investigations: Using open source intelligence to transform the documentation and discovery of human rights violations

Economic and Social Research Council


Supporting the UN Special Rapporteur on Extrajudicial Executions: Determining the Human Rights Obligations of Non-State Armed Groups

University of Essex


Promoting Post Graduate Teaching and Research on Human Rights and Drugs

Open Society Foundation

+44 (0) 1206 872661


5S.6.16, Colchester Campus

Academic support hours:

By appointment only. Please email for an appointment