2020 applicants

Dr Thoko Kaime

Deputy Dean (Postgraduate Research Training) and Senior Lecturer (R)
School of Law
Dr Thoko Kaime
  • Email

  • Telephone

    +44 (0) 1206 873768

  • Location

    5S.7.15, Colchester Campus

  • Academic support hours

    Wednesday 11:00-12:00



Dr Thoko Kaime is a Senior Lecturer in Law and Socio-legal Studies and Deputy Dean for Postgraduate Research Education for the University. Thoko is a public international lawyer and maintains research and teaching interests in human rights and international environmental law. His work is an ongoing socio-legal critique of international legal arrangements which he expresses through a consideration of a number of critical issues in childrens rights and sustainability governance. He has written extensively on these subjects, focusing on the intersection between law, legitimacy and public participation in international rule-making and policy implementation. Amongst his publications are Cultural Legitimacy and the International Law and Policy on Climate Change (London: Routledge, 2013) and The Convention on the Rights of the Child: A Cultural Legitimacy Critique (Groningen: Europa Law, Publishing, 2011). Prior to joining Essex, Thoko served as Lecturer in International Environmental Law at the University of Leicester; Deputy Director of the Environmental Regulatory Research Group at the University of Surrey and as a corporate consultant for risk management firm Exclusive Analysis Limited where he was Head of Africa Division. Beyond Essex, Thoko is Senior Teaching Fellow at SOAS University of London; Convenor for Energy and Natural Resources at the International Environmental Law Research Centre; Visiting Professor at Fordham University School of Law; and co-Chair of the Community of Practice on Legal Aspects of Sustainable Access to Energy. Thokos current work investigates role of disruptive discourse in shaping progressive action and accountability frameworks in international law. In particular, he is investigating the extent to which human rights language can be deployed as a strategic tool for the realisation of sustainable energy for all including the articulation of a general right of access to basic energy services.


  • Fellow (Higher Education Academy)

  • PhD (SOAS, University of London)

  • LLM (University of Pretoria)

  • LLB (University of Malawi)


University of Essex

  • Deputy Dean, Postgraduate Research Education, University of Essex (8/2017 - present)

Research and professional activities

Research interests

International energy law and policy (including sustainable energy for all; access to energy and human rights; energy finance and human rights)

Law and natural resources (including law and policy for ecosystems services; regulatory frameworks for climate change; access to water; risk regulation in natural resources)

International human rights law (including human rights in Africa; children's rights; refugee rights)

Research methods (including socio-legal methodologies; disruptive discourse and innovation)

Regional interestsSouthern Africa; East Africa; West Africa; South America

Current research

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Teaching and supervision

Previous supervision

Peter Mason
Peter Mason
Degree subject: Law
Degree type: Doctor of Philosophy
Awarded date: 17/9/2019


Journal articles (14)

Kaime, T., (2017). Countering Abuse in EU Environmental Markets: The Case for Integrated Operational Safeguards. Review of European Comparative and International Environmental Law. 26 (1), 69-79

Kaime, T. and Glicksman, RL., (2015). An International Legal Framework for SE4All: Human Rights and Sustainable Development Law Imperatives. Fordham International Law Journal. 38 (5), 1405-1444

Glicksman, RL. and Kaime, T., (2013). A Comparative Analysis of Accountability Mechanisms for Ecosystem Services Markets in the United States and the European Union. Transnational Environmental Law. 2 (2), 259-283

Kaime, T., (2013). Symposium Foreword: Framing the Law and Policy for Ecosystem Services. Transnational Environmental Law. 2 (2), 211-216

Kaime, T., (2011). Cultural Legitimacy and Regulatory Transitions for Climate Change: A Discursive Framework. Carbon & Climate Law Review. 5 (3), 321-328

Kaime, T., (2010). 'Vernacularising' the Convention on the Rights of the Child: Rights and Culture as Analytic Tools. The International Journal of Children's Rights. 18 (4), 637-653

Kaime, T., (2009). The Foundations of Rights in the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child: A Historical and Philosophical Account. African Journal of Legal Studies. 3 (1), 120-136

Kaime, T., (2009). The African Children's Charter: Does It Represent a Relevant Vision of Childhood and Children's Rights. Children's Legal Rights Journal. 29 (3), 11-22

Kaime, T., (2008). The Struggle for Context in the Protection of Children’s Rights: Understanding the Core Concepts of the African Children’s Charter. The Journal of Legal Pluralism and Unofficial Law. 40 (58), 33-68

KAIME, T., (2006). J. Hatchard, M. Ndulo and P. Slinn, Comparative Constitutionalism and Good Governance in the Commonwealth: An Eastern and Southern African Perspective, Cambridge University Press, 2004. 361 pp. £65.00. ISBN 0 521 58464 7.. Journal of African Law. 50 (1), 85-87

Kaime, T., (2004). From Lofty Jargon to Durable Solutions: Unaccompanied Refugee Children and the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child. International Journal of Refugee Law. 16 (3), 336-348

KAIME, T., (2004). SADC AND HUMAN SECURITY. African Security Review. 13 (1), 109-117

Kaime, T., (2004). T. W. Bennett, Customary Law in South Africa, Lansdowne: Juta and Company Ltd., ISBN 0-7021-6361-9, 462 pp.. Journal of African Law. 48 (2), 271-273

Kaime, T., (2004). C. Grant Bowman and A. Kuenyahia, Women and Law in sub-Saharan Africa, Accra, Sedco Publishing Ltd., ISBN 9-9647-2235-4, 652pp., £29.95. Available from Africa Books Collective, Oxford.. Journal of African Law. 48 (2), 273-273

Books (3)

Kaime, T., (2014). International Climate Change Law and Policy. Routledge. 9780203796870

Kaime, T., (2011). The Convention on the Rights of the Child A Cultural Legitimacy Critique. Europa Law Pub Netherlands. 9089521135. 9789089521132

Kaime, T., (2009). The African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child A Socio-legal Perspective. Pretoria University Law Press (PULP). 0981442048. 9780981442044

Book chapters (9)

Kaime, T., (2019). International energy policy for development: human rights and sustainable development law imperatives. In: Research Handbook on Law, Environment and the Global South. Editors: Cullet, P. and Koonan, S., . 978 1 78471 745 2

Kaime, T., (2018). Children's Rights and the Environment. In: International Human Rights of Children. Editors: Kilkelly, U. and Liefaard, T., . Springer. 1- 23. 978-981-10-3182-3

Kaime, T., (2013). The Normative Framework for Children’s Rights in Refugee Situations. In: An Introduction to International Refugee Law. Brill | Nijhoff. 401- 426. 9789004226159

Kaime, T., (2013). The protection of refugee children under the african human rights system: Finding durable solutions in international law. In: Children's Rights in Africa: A Legal Perspective. 183- 198. 9780754648871

Chenoweth, J., Malcolm, R., Kaime, T. and Pedley, S., (2013). Household water security and the human right to water and sanitation. In: Water Security: Principles, Perspectives, and Practices. Routledge. 307- 318. 9780203113202

Kaime, T., (2013). Water law, human health and the human right to water and sanitation’. In: Water Security Principles, Perspectives and Practices. Routledge. 1136285865. 9781136285868

Kaime, T., (2009). Socio-legal approaches to children’s rights under the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child: A discussion of methodology. In: The International Survey of Family Law 2009 Edition. Editors: Atkin, B., . International Survey of Family Law. 255- 274

Kaime, T., (2008). The protection of refugee children under the African human rights system: Finding durable solutions in international law. In: Children's Rights in Africa: A Legal Perspective. 183- 197. 9780754648871

Kaime, T., (2004). Children’s right to health. In: Monitoring child socio-economic rights in South Africa: Achievements and challenges. Editors: Coetzee, E. and Streak, J.,

Conferences (1)

Charles, KJ., Okurut, K., Tsinda, A., Adogo, JM., Abbott, P., Okotto, L., Kulabako, R., Kaime, T., Chenoweth, J., Malcolm, R. and Pedley, S., (2013). Sanitation in informal settlements in East Africa (3ksan)

Grants and funding


Failure to protect: Tackling the enduring legitimacy of ritual murders of albino children in Malawi

University of Essex (GCRF)

Research skills and knowledge exchange in energy policy development, analysis and dissemination

University of Essex (GCRF)

Part 2 Research skills and knowledge exchange in energy policy development, analysis and dissemination

University of Essex (GCRF)


Newton Fund - Southern African Development Community (SADC) Directorate for Energy

Higher Education Funding Council (Hefce)

A people-centred agenda for energy justice in Malawi's energy policies and programmes

University of Essex


+44 (0) 1206 873768


5S.7.15, Colchester Campus

Academic support hours:

Wednesday 11:00-12:00