People

Dr Anita Hammer

Senior Lecturer
EBS - Organisation Studies and Human Resource Management
Dr Anita Hammer

Profile

Biography

I am a sociologist of work and employment, with a background in history and development. My research draws upon Marxian political economy and labour process analysis to examine informal and precarious work, reproductive work, automation and the future of work debates, and workers’ organisations in the Global South, with a particular focus on India and the Middle East. Currently, I am examining the impact of new technologies on work and labour. I am a co-investigator on the CRIMT Partnership Project on 'Institutional Experimentation and Work Improvement', a 19-university international partnership funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC) - https://www.crimt.net. My focus on power and inequalities at work extends to studying workplace control and job quality in multinational firms in the UK and the Global South. I am also involved in an ACAS research partnership project (with Dr Maria Hudson) which examines race inequalities and efforts to address them in UK workplaces. At policy level, I engage with the ‘Decent Work’ agenda of the ILO and UN ‘s Sustainable Development Goals, especially SDG 8. I serve on the Editorial Board of Work Employment and Society and Work in the Global Economy, and am Associate Editor of the Journal of Labor and Society. I regularly review for the ESRC and key journals in my field such as Industrial Relations Journal, International Journal of HRM, Human Resource Management Journal and Organisation. I am the Director of Postgraduate Research of Essex Business School. I enjoy and have considerable experience of doctoral supervision to successful completion and as external examiner of PhD theses. The topics range from labour process analysis, grassroot activism, expatriates and MNCs to strategy and dynamic capabilities of firms. I welcome candidates interested in examining work, labour, and MNCs. Some grounding in sociology, political economy, labour studies or industrial relations would be helpful.

Qualifications

  • PhD, Sociology of Work/Management University of London,

  • MSc, Social Policy and Development London School of Economics and Political Science,

  • MA, Area Studies (South Asia) School of Oriental and African Studies,

  • BA (Hons.), History St Stephens, Delhi University,

  • Postgraduate Certificate in Teaching and Learning in Higher Education University of London,

  • Senior Fellow Higher Education Academy,

Appointments

University of Essex

  • Director of Postgraduate Research, Essex Business School, University of Essex (1/1/2022 - present)

  • Co-Chair BAME Staff Forum, University of Essex (30/6/2021 - present)

  • Associate Director of Postgraduate Research, Organisation Studies and HRM, Essex Business School, University of Essex (22/10/2020 - present)

Other academic

  • External examiner for two Masters programmes in Development Studies Department, School of Oriental and African Studies, London (1/2016 - present)

Research and professional activities

Current research

Work in the Global South

A long standing project that aims to challenge theories developed in the North for their inability to comprehensively capture Southern realities by theorising from the South. It draws upon empirical research from India and across the South.

Work and HRM in MNCs

This project examines work and employment relations and HRM from a critical angle in multinational firms in India, Saudi Arabia and the UK. It explores themes of trade unions, mobilisation, job quality, skills and processes of informalisation in different regional contexts.

Informal and precarious work in the Global South and challenges of Decent Work

This is a comparative effort by a women's collective working in different regional contexts across the Global South, ranging from Cambodia, India, Nigeria to Argentina. It examines the lack of success of the 'Decent Work' agenda and UN SDG 8.

Automation and the future of work

This developing research examines the impact of new technologies on work and labour in India. Engaging with the future of work debates, it adopts Marxian labour process analysis to challenge the technological determinism of existing accounts.

Teaching and supervision

Current teaching responsibilities

  • Sustainability and Corporate Social Responsibility (BE467)

  • Principles and Practices in Human Resource Management (BE475)

  • People and Organisations (BE865)

  • Student Success Tutorial (BE916)

  • Independent Research Project: Management/Marketing (BE939)

Publications

Journal articles (14)

Hammer, A., Olsen, W. and Keles, J., Working lives in India: past insights and future directions. Work, Employment and Society, 095001702210835-095001702210835

Butler, P. and Hammer, A., (2022). HR practice in a fast food MNC: exploring the low discretion, high commitment phenomenon. International Journal of Human Resource Management. Online (4), 1-26

Hammer, A. and Adham, A., (2022). Mobility power, state and the sponsored labour regime in Saudi capitalism. Work, Employment and Society, 095001702210803-095001702210803

Adham, A. and Hammer, A., (2021). Understanding Arab capitalisms: Patrimonialism, HRM and work in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Human Resource Management. Online (21), 1-25

Jana, M. and Hammer, A., (2021). Reproductive Work in the Global South: Lived Experiences and Social Relations of Commercial Surrogacy in India. Work, Employment and Society, 095001702199737-095001702199737

Hammer, A. and Karmakar, S., (2021). Automation, AI and the Future of Work in India. Employee Relations: The International Journal. 43 (6), 1327-1341

Hammer, A. and Ness, I., (2021). Informal and Precarious Work: Insights from the Global South. Journal of Labor and Society. 24 (1), 1-15

Butler, P. and Hammer, A., (2020). Pay progression in routinised service sector work: navigating the internal labour market in a fast food multinational company. Industrial Relations Journal. 51 (4), 351-371

Hammer, A., (2019). Comparative capitalism and emerging economies: formal-informal economy interlockages and implications for institutional analysis. Review of International Political Economy. 26 (2), 337-360

Butler, P. and Hammer, A., (2019). ‘A Minute’s a Life-Time in Fast-Food!’: Managerial Job Quality in the Quick Service Restaurant Sector. Work, Employment and Society. 33 (1), 96-111

Hammer, A., (2017). Book review: Matthias Ebenau, Ian Bruff and Christian May (eds), New Directions in Comparative Capitalisms Research: Critical and Global Perspectives. Work, Employment and Society. 31 (2), 385-387

Hammer, A., (2017). Book Review: Labour, State and Society in Rural India: A Class-Relational Approach, by JonathanPattenden. Manchester University Press, Manchester.. British Journal of Industrial Relations. 55 (1), 217-219

Hammer, A., (2016). Book review: Jamie Cross, Dream Zones: Anticipating Capitalism and Development in India. Work, Employment and Society. 30 (3), 555-556

Hammer, A., (2010). Trade unions in a constrained environment: workers' voices from a New Industrial Zone in India. Industrial Relations Journal. 41 (2), 168-184

Books (2)

Hammer, A. and Ness, I., (2022). Global Rupture: Neoliberal Capitalism and the rise of Informal Labour in the Global South. Brill

Hammer, A. and Fishwick, A., (2020). The Political Economy of Work in the Global South: Reflections on Labour Process Theory. Red Globe Press. 1352009765. 9781352009767

Book chapters (5)

Hammer, A. and Adham, A., (2020). Embedding Saudi Capitalism at the Workplace. In: The Political Economy of Work in the Global South: Reflections on Labour Process Theory. Editors: Hammer, A. and Fishwick, A., . Red Globe Press. 175- 195. 9781352009767

Hammer, A. and Karmakar, S., (2020). Work and Employment in the Times of Automation and Artificial Intelligence: The Indian Case. In: The Political Economy of Work in the Global South: Reflections on Labour Process Theory. Editors: Hammer, A. and Fishwick, A., . Red Globe Press. 241- 261. 9781352009767

Hammer, A. and Fishwick, A., (2020). Labour process analysis and work in the Global South: a dialogue. In: The Political Economy of Work in the Global South: Reflections on Labour Process Theory. Red Globe Press

Hammer, A., (2014). Employment relations in emerging economies: China and India. In: Human Resource Management A Contemporary Approach. Editors: Beardwell, J. and Thompson, A., . Pearson Education. 569- 605. 9781292002729

Hammer, A., (2012). Institutional Analysis and Collective Mobilization in a Comparative Assessment of Two Cooperatives in India. In: Alternative Work Organizations. Editors: Atzeni, M., . Palgrave Macmillan. 157- 178. 978-0230241404

Reports and Papers (1)

Hudson, M., Aryal, S. and Hammer, A., (2022). Addressing Inequalities: The Role of Staff Race Networks, ACAS Research Partnership Project Report

Grants and funding

2021

Addressing Inequalities: The Role of Staff Race Networks

Acas - the Advisory, Conciliation and Arbitration Service

Contact

anita.hammer@essex.ac.uk
+44 (0) 1206 876639

Location:

EBS.1.11F, Colchester Campus

More about me
International research network: The Interuniversity Research Center on Globalization and Work: https://www.crimt.net/