Dr Anita Hammer

Senior Lecturer
EBS - Organisational Studies and Human Resources
Dr Anita Hammer



My research focuses on the political economy of work and development in the Global South, in particular India and the Middle East. I adopt an interdisciplinary approach and draw on political economy and sociology of work (labour process analysis) to examine informal and precarious work, reproductive work, automation and future of work, skills development and workers’ organisations. I also examine work and HRM in multinational firms (MNCs) in the UK and the Global South which focuses on HRM strategy, workplace control and job quality. At policy level, I engage with the ‘Decent Work’ agenda of the ILO and UN ‘s Sustainable Development Goals. Currently, I am editing a journal special issue on ‘Why is work not decent: informal and precarious work in the Global South and challenges of achieving SDG’ (Journal of Labor and Society, forthcoming). I am on the Boards of Work in the Global Economy, Journal of Labor and Society, and an Associate Editor of Work Employment and Society. I review for the ESRC as well as journals such as Industrial Relations Journal, International Journal of HRM, Human Resource Management Journal. I am the Associate Postgraduate Research Director. I enjoy and have considerable experience of doctoral supervision and external examining, with a number of successful completions. They range from labour process analysis, grassroot activism, expatriates and MNCs to strategy and dynamic capabilities of firms. I welcome candidates interested in examining work, labour, and MNCs. Some grounding in sociology, political economy, labour studies or industrial relations would be helpful.


  • PhD, Sociology of Work/Management University of London,

  • MSc, Social Policy and Development London School of Economics and Political Science,

  • MA, Area Studies (South Asia) School of Oriental and African Studies,

  • BA (Hons.), History St Stephens, Delhi University,

  • Postgraduate Certificate in Teaching and Learning in Higher Education University of London,

  • Senior Fellow Higher Education Academy,

Research and professional activities

Current research

Work in the Global South

A long standing project that aims to challenge theories developed in the North for their inability to comprehensively capture Southern realities by theorising from the South. It draws upon empirical research from India and across the South.

Work and HRM in MNCs

This project examines work and employment relations and HRM from a critical angle in multinational firms in India, Saudi Arabia and the UK. It explores themes of trade unions, mobilisation, job quality, skills and processes of informalisation in different regional contexts.

Informal and precarious work in the Global South and challenges of Decent Work

This is a comparative effort by a women's collective working in different regional contexts across the Global South, ranging from Cambodia, India, Nigeria to Argentina. It examines the lack of success of the 'Decent Work' agenda and UN SDG 8.

Teaching and supervision

Current teaching responsibilities

  • Management Psychology (BE434)

  • People and Organisations (BE865)

  • Independent Study Project: Management/Marketing (BE938)


Journal articles (9)

Butler, P. and Hammer, A., (2020). HR practice in a fast food MNC: exploring the low discretion, high commitment phenomenon. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 1-21

Butler, P. and Hammer, A., (2020). Pay progression in routinised service sector work: navigating the internal labour market in a fast food multinational company. Industrial Relations Journal. 51 (4), 351-371

Adham, A. and Hammer, A., (2019). Understanding Arab capitalisms: Patrimonialism, HRM and work in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 1-25

Hammer, A., (2019). Comparative capitalism and emerging economies: formal-informal economy interlockages and implications for institutional analysis. Review of International Political Economy. 26 (2), 337-360

Butler, P. and Hammer, A., (2019). ‘A Minute’s a Life-Time in Fast-Food!’: Managerial Job Quality in the Quick Service Restaurant Sector. Work, Employment and Society. 33 (1), 96-111

Hammer, A., (2017). Book review: Matthias Ebenau, Ian Bruff and Christian May (eds), New Directions in Comparative Capitalisms Research: Critical and Global Perspectives. Work, Employment and Society. 31 (2), 385-387

Hammer, A., (2017). Book Review: Labour, State and Society in Rural India: A Class-Relational Approach, by JonathanPattenden. Manchester University Press, Manchester.. British Journal of Industrial Relations. 55 (1), 217-219

Hammer, A., (2016). Book review: Jamie Cross, Dream Zones: Anticipating Capitalism and Development in India. Work, Employment and Society. 30 (3), 555-556

Hammer, A., (2010). Trade unions in a constrained environment: workers' voices from a New Industrial Zone in India. Industrial Relations Journal. 41 (2), 168-184

Books (1)

Hammer, A. and Fishwick, A., (2020). The Political Economy of Work in the Global South: Reflections on Labour Process Theory. Red Globe Press. 1352009765. 9781352009767

Book chapters (4)

Hammer, A. and Adham, A., (2020). Embedding Saudi Capitalism at the Workplace. In: The Political Economy of Work in the Global South: Reflections on Labour Process Theory. Editors: Hammer, A. and Fishwick, A., . Red Globe Press. 175- 195. 9781352009767

Hammer, A. and Karmakar, S., (2020). Work and Employment in the Times of Automation and Artificial Intelligence: The Indian Case. In: The Political Economy of Work in the Global South: Reflections on Labour Process Theory. Editors: Hammer, A. and Fishwick, A., . Red Globe Press. 241- 261. 9781352009767

Hammer, A., (2014). Employment relations in emerging economies: China and India. In: Human Resource Management A Contemporary Approach. Editors: Beardwell, J. and Thompson, A., . Pearson Education. 569- 605. 9781292002729

Hammer, A., (2012). Institutional Analysis and Collective Mobilization in a Comparative Assessment of Two Cooperatives in India. In: Alternative Work Organizations. Editors: Atzeni, M., . Palgrave Macmillan. 157- 178. 978-0230241404



Colchester Campus