Dr Emily Cross

Department of Psychology
Dr Emily Cross



Dr Emily Cross (She/her) joined the Psychology Department at Essex in September 2022. She received her B.A. (Honours) in Psychology and Politics in 2013, her MSc (Psychology) in 2014, and PhD in Social Psychology in 2019 all from the University at Auckland, New Zealand. Emily then moved to Canada and worked as a Postdoctoral Researcher at York University in the Faculty of Health (2019-2021) and then in the Schulich School of Business (2022). Emily's research focus on the intersection between social attitudes and interpersonal functioning. Much of her research has explored how sexist attitudes and traditional gender-based attitudes impact people's thoughts, feelings and behaviour within intimate relationships, and the effects this has on people's health and wellbeing. Emily adopts diverse methods to capture the interplay between social attitudes and relationship processes as they unfold naturally over the course of social interactions and people’s lives, including behavioural observation, daily diary and experience sampling methods, speed dating paradigms, and longitudinal designs.


  • PhD University of Auckland, (2018)

  • MSc University of Auckland, (2022)

  • BA (Honours) University of Auckland, (2013)


University of Essex

  • Lecturer, Psychology, University of Essex (1/9/2022 - present)

Research and professional activities

Research interests

Romantic Relationships

Key words: Romantic Relationships
Open to supervise

Sexism and Gender Attitudes

Key words: Sexism and Gender Attitudes
Open to supervise

Aggression and Family Violence

Open to supervise

LGBTQIA+ Interpersonal Dynamics


Teaching and supervision

Current teaching responsibilities

  • Social Psychology and Economics (EC957)

  • Social Psychology (PS407)

  • Advanced Social Psychology (PS923)


Journal articles (17)

Low, RST., Overall, NC., Cross, EJ. and Henderson, AME., Emotion regulation, conflict resolution, and spillover on subsequent family functioning.. Emotion. 19 (7), 1162-1182

Cross, EJ., Overall, NC., Low, RST. and McNulty, JK., An interdependence account of sexism and power: Men’s hostile sexism, biased perceptions of low power, and relationship aggression.. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 117 (2), 338-363

Hammond, MD., Overall, NC. and Cross, EJ., Internalizing sexism within close relationships: Perceptions of intimate partners’ benevolent sexism promote women’s endorsement of benevolent sexism.. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 110 (2), 214-238

Sasaki, E., Overall, NC., Reis, HT., Righetti, F., Chang, VT., Low, RST., Henderson, AME., McRae, CS., Cross, EJ., Jayamaha, SD., Maniaci, MR. and Reid, CJ., (2023). Feeling loved as a strong link in relationship interactions: Partners who feel loved may buffer destructive behavior by actors who feel unloved.. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

Gordon, AM., Cross, E., Ascigil, E., Balzarini, R., Luerssen, A. and Muise, A., (2022). Feeling Appreciated Buffers Against the Negative Effects of Unequal Division of Household Labor on Relationship Satisfaction. Psychological Science. 33 (8), 1313-1327

Overall, NC., Maner, JK., Hammond, MD., Cross, EJ., Chang, VT., Low, RST., Girme, YU., Jayamaha, SD., Reid, CJ. and Sasaki, E., (2022). Actor and partner power are distinct and have differential effects on social behavior.. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 124 (2), 311-343

Cross, EJ., Overall, NC., Jayamaha, SD. and Sibley, CG., (2021). Does low self-esteem predict lower wellbeing following relationship dissolution?. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships. 38 (7), 2184-2204

Cross, EJ., Muise, A. and Hammond, MD., (2021). Do Scales Measuring Sexist Attitudes have Equivalent Meaning for Sexual Minorities and Majorities?. Sex Roles. 85 (11-12), 707-720

Harrington, AG., Overall, NC. and Cross, EJ., (2021). Masculine gender role stress, low relationship power, and aggression toward intimate partners.. Psychology of Men & Masculinities. 22 (1), 48-62

Cross, EJ., Overall, NC., Low, RST. and Henderson, AME., (2021). Relationship problems, agreement and bias in perceptions of partners’ parental responsiveness, and family functioning.. Journal of Family Psychology. 35 (4), 510-522

Overall, NC., Chang, VT., Cross, EJ., Low, RST. and Henderson, AME., (2021). Sexist attitudes predict family-based aggression during a COVID-19 lockdown.. Journal of Family Psychology. 35 (8), 1043-1052

McRae, CS., Overall, NC., Henderson, AME., Low, RST. and Cross, EJ., (2021). Conflict-coparenting spillover: The role of actors’ and partners’ attachment insecurity and gender.. Journal of Family Psychology. 35 (7), 972-982

Hammond, MD., Cross, EJ. and Overall, NC., (2020). Relationship (in)security is central to the sources and outcomes of sexist attitudes. Social and Personality Psychology Compass. 14 (3)

Cross, EJ. and Overall, NC., (2019). Women experience more serious relationship problems when male partners endorse hostile sexism. European Journal of Social Psychology. 49 (5), 1022-1041

Cross, EJ. and Overall, NC., (2018). Women's attraction to benevolent sexism: Needing relationship security predicts greater attraction to men who endorse benevolent sexism. European Journal of Social Psychology. 48 (3), 336-347

Cross, EJ., Overall, NC., Hammond, MD. and Fletcher, GJO., (2017). When Does Men’s Hostile Sexism Predict Relationship Aggression? The Moderating Role of Partner Commitment. Social Psychological and Personality Science. 8 (3), 331-340

Cross, EJ., Overall, NC. and Hammond, MD., (2016). Perceiving Partners to Endorse Benevolent Sexism Attenuates Highly Anxious Women’s Negative Reactions to Conflict. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. 42 (7), 923-940