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Professor Sonia Bhalotra

Professor
Department of Economics
Professor Sonia Bhalotra
  • Email

  • Telephone

    +44 (0) 1206 873700

  • Location

    2N2.5B.207, Colchester Campus

Profile

Biography

Sonia Bhalotra is Professor of Economics at the University of Essex. She is Principal Investigator on an Advanced Grant from the European Research Council (ERC) 2020-2025, Co-Investigator ESRC Research Centre on Micro-Social Change at the Institute of Social and Economic Research Essex 2019-2024, and Co-Investigator ESRC Project on Human Rights, Big Data and Technology at the Human Rights Centre in the Law department at Essex, 2015-2020. She is Fellow of the Academy of Social Sciences and the Centre for Economic Policy Research London. Sonia's research has made contributions in the areas of health, gender and political economy. Her work has contributed to understanding the creation of human capital, the long run benefits of early life health interventions (clean water, antibiotics, infant care); maternal depression, maternal mortality, domestic violence, childhood mortality; gender inequality; the political economy of public service provision; accountability and the right to health; implementing universal health coverage; parental investments in children; intergenerational mobility, the gender pay gap and women’s labour force participation, and the dynamics of mortality, fertility and sex selection. Her research is set, inter alia, in India, Brazil, Colombia, Mexico, America, the UK and Sweden. She holds or has recently held research awards from the ESRC, Grand Challenges Explorations, Grand Challenges Canada, the British Academy, the Bank of Sweden, Innovations for Poverty Action, the Swedish Research Council, CEDIL, and the International Growth Centre. She is collaborating on a major NIH award led by Professor Maselko at UNC, that allows us to follow up children of a maternal depression trial. She is involved in the Bachpan cohort study incorporating a randomized control trial for maternal depression: see https://www.jmaselko.com/share-child Sonia has acted as Keynote or Panels on fifteen occasions in the last three years- including a British Academy debate on global inequalities, the gender equality panel at an SDG financing event at the European Investment Bank, and an Academy of Social Science event celebrating Women in Social Science. She is on the International Advisory Boards of Lancet Women, Academics Stand Against Poverty Yale, The Millennium Nucleus for the Study of the Life Course and Vulnerability Santiago Chile, the Goettingen India Centre and a UNICEF network on adolescents in humanitarian crises. She is on the Peer Review Boards of the UKRI Future Leaders Fellowship and the GCRF, Visiting Professor at the University of Gothenburg and Research Fellow at SFI Denmark. She has recently served on Scientific Committees at the WHO, UNICEF, ILO, British Academy, the European Society of Population Economics Council, the International Review Panel of the Danish Research Council and several ESRC committees and was a CROP Research Fellow at Bergen and a Visiting Professor at Essen. She has or has had collaborations with academics in Politics, Psychology, Philosophy, Medicine, Law. Sonia obtained an MPhil and PhD from Oxford and a BSc Hons from Delhi. Prior to joining Essex, Sonia was a Professor at the University of Bristol.

Qualifications

  • DPhil. Economics University of Oxford, (1995)

  • MPhil. Economics University of Oxford, (1989)

  • B.Sc. Honours University of Delhi, (1987)

Appointments

University of Essex

  • Professor of Economics, University of Essex (2013 - present)

Teaching and supervision

Previous supervision

Duygu Ozdemir
Duygu Ozdemir
Thesis title: Essays on Behavioural and Organizational Economics
Degree subject: Economics
Degree type: Doctor of Philosophy
Awarded date: 4/7/2018
Maria Elena Komodromou
Maria Elena Komodromou
Thesis title: Women Employment and Health
Degree subject: Applied Social and Economic Research
Degree type: Doctor of Philosophy
Awarded date: 26/10/2017
Alberto Tumino
Alberto Tumino
Thesis title: Essays in Labour Economics: School Leaving, Unemployment and Retirement
Degree subject: Economics
Degree type: Doctor of Philosophy
Awarded date: 19/5/2017
Seethamani Menon Ramapurath
Seethamani Menon Ramapurath
Thesis title: Public Health Issues in India and Uk: Child Mortality and Survival Expectations
Degree subject: Economics
Degree type: Doctor of Philosophy
Awarded date: 4/8/2016

Publications

Journal articles (26)

Bhalotra, SR., Clarke, D., Mühlrad, H. and Palme, M., Multiple Births, Birth Quality and Maternal Labor Supply: Analysis of Ivf Reform in Sweden. IZA Discussion Paper (12490)

Baranov, V., Bhalotra, S., Biroli, P. and Maselko, J., (2020). Maternal Depression, Women's Empowerment, and Parental Investment: Evidence from a Randomized Control Trial. American Economic Review

Bhalotra, S., Chakravarty, A. and Gulesci, S., (2020). The Price of Gold: Dowry and Death in India. Journal of Development Economics. 143, 102413-102413

LeMasters, K., Andrabi, N., Zalla, L., Hagaman, A., Chung, EO., Gallis, JA., Turner, EL., Bhalotra, S., Sikander, S. and Maselko, J., (2020). Maternal depression in rural Pakistan: the protective associations with cultural postpartum practices. BMC Public Health. 20 (1)

Bhalotra, SR., Clarke, D. and Gomes, J., (2020). Maternal Mortality and Women's Political Participation

Bhalotra, S. and Clarke, D., (2019). Twin Birth and Maternal Condition. Review of Economics and Statistics. 101 (5), 853-864

Bhalotra, S., Chakravarty, A., Mookherjee, D. and Francisco, P., (2019). Property Rights and Gender Bias: Evidence from Land Reform in West Bengal. American Economic Journal: Applied Economics. 11 (2), 205-237

Maselko, J., Hagaman, AK., Bates, LM., Bhalotra, S., Biroli, P., Gallis, JA., O'Donnell, K., Sikander, S., Turner, EL. and Rahman, A., (2019). Father involvement in the first year of life: Associations with maternal mental health and child development outcomes in rural Pakistan. Social Science and Medicine. 237, 112421-112421

Bhalotra, S., Kambhampati, U., Rawlings, S. and Siddique, Z., (2019). Intimate Partner Violence: The influence of job opportunities for men and women. The World Bank Economic Review

Bhalotra, S. and Clarke, D., (2019). The Twin Instrument: Fertility and Human Capital Investment. Journal of the European Economic Association

Hagaman, A., Gallis, J., Bhalotra, S., Baranov, V., Turner, E., Sikander, S. and Maselko, J., (2019). Psychosocial determinants of sustained maternal functional impairment: longitudinal findings from a pregnancy-birth cohort study in rural Pakistan. PLoS One. 14 (11), e0225163-e0225163

Bhalotra, S., Clots-Figueras, I. and Iyer, L., (2018). Pathbreakers? Women's Electoral Success and Future Political Participation. Economic Journal. 128 (613), 1844-1878

Maselko, J., Bates, L., Bhalotra, SR., Gallis, J., O'Donnell, K., Sikander, S. and Turner, EL., (2018). Socioeconomic status indicators and common mental disorders: Evidence from a study of prenatal depression in Pakistan. SSM - Population Health. 4, 1-9

Bhalotra, S., Brulé, R. and Roy, S., (2018). Women's inheritance rights reform and the preference for sons in India. Journal of Development Economics, 102275-102275

Bhalotra, SR., Karlsson, M. and Nilsson, T., (2017). Infant Health and Longevity: Evidence from a Historical Trial in Sweden. Journal of the European Economic Association. 15 (5), 1101-1157

Maselko, J., Sikander, S., Bangash, O., Bhalotra, S., Franz, L., Ganga, N., Rajan, DG., O?Donnell, K. and Rahman, A., (2016). Child mental health and maternal depression history in Pakistan. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. 51 (1), 49-62

Maselko, J., Sikander, S., Bhalotra, S., Bangash, O., Ganga, N., Mukherjee, S., Egger, H., Franz, L., Bibi, A., Liaqat, R., Kanwal, M., Abbasi, T., Noor, M., Ameen, N. and Rahman, A., (2015). Effect of an early perinatal depression intervention on long-term child development outcomes: follow-up of the Thinking Healthy Programme randomised controlled trial. The Lancet Psychiatry. 2 (7), 609-617

Bhalotra, S., Clots-Figueras, I., Cassan, G. and Iyer, L., (2014). Religion, politician identity and development outcomes: Evidence from India. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization. 104, 4-17

Bhalotra, S., (2008). Sibling-Linked Data in the Demographic and Health Surveys. Economic and Political Weekly. 43 (48), 39-43

Arulampalam, W. and Bhalotra, S., (2008). The linked survival prospects of siblings: Evidence for the Indian states. Population Studies. 62 (2), 171-190

Bhalotra, S., (2006). Near rationality in wage setting. Applied Economics. 38 (21), 2513-2521

Bhalotra, S. and Heady, C., (2003). Child Farm Labor: The Wealth Paradox. World Bank Economic Review. 17 (2), 197-227

Bhalotra, S., (2001). Growth and Welfare Provisioning : Lessons from English Poor Laws?. Journal of International Development. 13 (7), 1083-1096

Copestake, J., Bhalotra, S. and Johnson, S., (2001). Assessing the Impact of Microcredit: A Zambian Case Study. The Journal of Development Studies. 37 (4), 81-100

Bhalotra, SR., (1998). Changes in utilization and productivity in a deregulating economy. Journal of Development Economics. 57 (2), 391-420

Bhalotra, SR., (1998). The Puzzle of Jobless Growth in Indian Manufacturing. Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics. 60 (1), 5-32

Book chapters (3)

Nandi, A., Behrman, JR., Bhalotra, S., Deolalikar, AB. and Laxminarayan, R., (2017). The Human Capital and Productivity Benefits of Early Childhood Nutritional Interventions. In: Disease Control Priorities, Third Edition (Volume 8) Child and Adolescent Health. Editors: Bundy, DAP., de Silva, N., Horton, S., Jamison, DT. and Patton, GC., . World Bank. 385- 402. 1464804230. 9781464804236

Bhalotra, SR., Fernández, M. and Venkataramani, AS., (2015). The Right Tail and the Right Tale: The Gender Wage Gap in Mexico. In: Gender Convergence in the Labor Market. Editors: Polachek, SW., Tatsiramos, K. and Zimmermann, KF., . Emerald Group Publishing Limited. 299- 341. 978-1-78441-456-6

Bhalotra, SR., Fernández, M. and Venkataramani, AS., (2015). The Right Tail and the Right Tale: The Gender Wage Gap in Mexico: We thank Solomon Polachek, Konstantinos Tatsiramos and two anonymous referees as well as participants from the IZA Workshop on Gender Convergence in Bonn in April 2014 for helpful comments and suggestions. All errors are our own.. In: Gender Convergence in the Labor Market. 299- 341

Reports and Papers (12)

Bhalotra, SR., Clots-Figueras, I. and Iyer, L., Path-Breakers: How Does Women's Political Participation Respond to Electoral Success?

Bhalotra, SR., Clots-Figueras, I., Cassan, G. and Iyer, L., Religion, Politician Identity and Development Outcomes: Evidence from India

Bhalotra, SR. and Clots-Figueras, I., Health and the Political Agency of Women

Bhalotra, SR. and Fernandez Sierra, M., The Distribution of the Gender Wage Gap

Bhalotra, SR., Clarke, D., Gomes, J. and Venkataramani, A., Maternal Mortality and Women's Political Participation

Bhalotra, SR. and Clarke, D., The Twin Instrument: Fertility and Human Capital Investment

Bhalotra, S., Karlsson, M., Nilsson, T. and Schwarz, N., (2019). Infant health, cognitive performance and earnings: evidence from inception of the welfare state in Sweden

Bhalotra, S., Facchini, G., Menezes, A. and Rocha, R., (2019). Productivity effects of dengue in Brazil

Bhalotra, SR., Rocha, R. and Soares, RR., (2019). Does Universalization of Healthwork? Evidence from Health Systems Restructuring and Expansion in Brazil

Bhalotra, S., Clots-Figueras, I. and Iyer, L., (2016). Path-Breakers? Women's Electoral Success and Future Political Participation

Bhalotra, S. and Venkataramani, AS., (2015). Shadows of the Captain of the Men of Death: Health Innovation, Human Capital Investment, and Institutions

Bhalotra, S. and Clots-Figueras, I., (2013). Health and the Political Agency of Women

Scholarly Editions (35)

Bhalotra, SR., Chakravarty, A., Mookherjee, D. and Pino, FJ., Property Rights and Gender Bias: Evidence from Land Reform in West Bengal

Bhalotra, SR., Karlsson, M., Nilsson, T. and Schwarz, N., Infant Health, Cognitive Performance and Earnings: Evidence from Inception of the Welfare State in Sweden

Bhalotra, SR., Valente, C. and van Soest, A., The Puzzle of Muslim Advantage in Child Survival in India

Anukriti, S., Bhalotra, SR. and Tam, H., On the Quantity and Quality of Girls: New Evidence on Abortion, Fertility, and Parental Investments

Bhalotra, SR., Chakravarty, A. and Gulesci, S., The Price of Gold: Dowry and Death in India

Bhalotra, SR. and Venkataramani, A., Cognitive Development and Infectious Disease: Gender Differences in Investments and Outcomes

Akresh, R., Bhalotra, SR., Leone, M. and Osili, UO., War and Stature: Growing Up During the Nigerian Civil War

Bhalotra, SR. and Rawlings, S., Gradients of the Intergenerational Transmission of Health in Developing Countries

Bhalotra, SR. and Cochrane, T., Where Have All the Young Girls Gone? Identification of Sex Selection in India

Bhalotra, SR. and Rawlings, S., Intergenerational Persistence in Health in Developing Countries: The Penalty of Gender Inequality?

Bhalotra, SR. and Clarke, D., The Twin Instrument

Bhalotra, SR. and Venkataramani, A., The Captain of the Men of Death and His Shadow: Long-Run Impacts of Early Life Pneumonia Exposure

Bhalotra, SR. and Umana-Aponte, M., The Dynamics of Women's Labour Supply in Developing Countries

Arulampalam, W. and Bhalotra, SR., Persistence in Infant Mortality: Evidence for the Indian States

Arulampalam, W. and Bhalotra, SR., Sibling Death Clustering in India: State Dependence vs. Unobserved Heterogeneity

Bhalotra, SR. and van Soest, A., Birth Spacing, Fertility and Neonatal Mortality in India: Dynamics, Frailty and Fecundity

Bhalotra, SR., Poverty and Survival

Bhalotra, SR., Spending to Save? State Health Expenditure and Infant Mortality in India

Bhalotra, SR. and Pogge, T., Ethical and Economic Perspectives on Global Health Interventions

Bhalotra, SR., Fatal Fluctuations? Cyclicality in Infant Mortality in India

Bhalotra, SR. and Heady, C., Child Farm Labour: Theory and Evidence

Attfield, C. and Bhalotra, SR., Intrahousehold Resource Allocation in Rural Pakistan: A Semi-parametric Analysis

Bhalotra, SR., Is Child Work Necessary?

Bhalotra, SR., Investigating Rationality in Wage-Setting

Bhalotra, SR., Investigating Rationality in Wage-Setting

Bhalotra, SR., Diaz-Cayeros, A., Miller, G., Miranda, A. and Venkataramani, A., Urban Water Disinfection and Mortality Decline in Developing Countries

Bhalotra, SR., Diaz-Cayeros, A., Miller, G., Miranda, A. and Venkataramani, AS., Urban Water Disinfection and Mortality Decline in Developing Countries

Baskaran, T., Bhalotra, SR., Min, B. and Uppal, Y., Women Legislators and Economic Performance

Bhalotra, SR., Clots-Figueras, I., Iyer, L. and Vecci, J., Leader Identity and Coordination

Baranov, V., Bhalotra, SR., Biroli, P. and Maselko, J., Maternal Depression, Women’s Empowerment, and Parental Investment: Evidence from a Large Randomized Control Trial

Bhalotra, SR., Kambhampati, U., Rawlings, S. and Siddique, Z., Intimate Partner Violence and the Business Cycle

Bhalotra, SR., Clots-Figueras, I. and Iyer, L., Religion and Abortion: The Role of Politician Identity

Akresh, R., Bhalotra, SR., Leone, M. and Osili, UO., First and Second Generation Impacts of the Biafran War

Bhalotra, SR., Venkataramani, A. and Walther, S., Fertility and Labor Market Responses to Reductions in Mortality

Umaña-Aponte, M. and Bhalotra, SR., (2012). Women's Labour Supply and Household Insurance in Africa

Other (1)

Bhalotra, S., Maselko, J. and Baranov, V., (2016).Maternal Depression, Parenting Behaviors and Child Development: Evidence from a Randomized Control Trial,University of Essex

Grants and funding

2019

The Research Centre on Micro-Social Change (MiSoC)

Economic and Social Research Council

Restricting Access to Health Services: Citizens� Rights and the Effects of Denying Medical Care in Colombia

University of Essex (GCRF)

2017

Newton Fund - Implement incentivized laboratory-in-field experiments to elicit preferences of women in the intervention and control arms of a randomized control trial.

Higher Education Funding Council (Hefce)

Impacts of programme delivery on voluntary sector service providers: building capacity, competencies and careers.

University of Essex

Behavioural insights for Evidence-Based Policy Making to Address Domestic Violence

British Academy

2016

Female Politicians and Economic Growth: Evidence from State Elections in India

International Growth Centre

Access to Health Care, Health Outcomes and Hospital Performance in Brazilian Cities

The British Academy

Behavioural Insights for Evidence-Based Policy Making to Address Domestic Violence

The British Academy

GCRF: Welfare Dependence and Poverty Traps: Evaluating the contribution of health shocks and health policy using administrative data

British Academy

2015

Inequalities in Access to Health and the Role of the Unified Health System in Brazil: Evidence from administrative hospital records and survey data

Economic & Social Research Council

Human Rights and Information Technology in the Era of Big Data

Economic & Social Research Council

The Effects of a Tailored Health Warning on Socio-Economic Behaviours and Health Outcomes

Economic & Social Research Council

2014

The Research Centre for Micro-Social Change (MiSoC)

Economic & Social Research Council

2013

Determine the economic impact of poverty-related risk factors for cognitive development and human capital

Grand Challenges Canada

Contact

srbhal@essex.ac.uk
+44 (0) 1206 873700

Location:

2N2.5B.207, Colchester Campus