People

Professor Neil Baker

Emeritus Professor
School of Life Sciences
Professor Neil Baker

Profile

Biography

Harkness Fellow at University of California, San Diego (1974-76) I joined the University of Essex in 1976 as Lecturer in Biology, was promoted to Professor in Biology in 1987, and was Head of Department from 1st August 1996 until July 2001 Fulbright Fellow at University of California, Los Angeles (1981-82) Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Research Fellowship at University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana (1988) Visiting Professor at Université Paris-Sud (1993) Fellow of the American Society of Plant Biologists (2007-to date)

Research and professional activities

Research interests

Factors determining efficiency of light utilisation in photosynthesis

Effects of environmental stress on photosynthesis

Spatial heterogeneity of chloroplast development and photosynthesis in leaves under environmental stress

Developing crops for improved tolerance to environmental stresses, particularly oxidative stress

Signalling responses in leaves exposed to photo-oxidative stresses

The mechanistic basis of ozone damage to leaves

The effects of UV-B radiation on cell development and photosynthesis in crops, natural vegetation and microalgae

The effects of low temperatures on photosynthesis, chloroplast and leaf development in C4 plants, particularly maize

Photosynthesis of individual cells comprising microphytobenthic biofilms

Teaching and supervision

Previous supervision

Lorna Mcausland
Lorna Mcausland
Thesis title: The Influence of Stomata on Intrinsic Water Use Efficiency
Degree subject: Biological Sciences
Degree type: Doctor of Philosophy
Awarded date: 1/10/2014

Publications

Journal articles (145)

Baker, NR. and Rosenqvist, E., (2020). Corrigendum to: Applications of chlorophyll fluorescence can improve crop production strategies: an examination of future possibilities. Journal of Experimental Botany. 71 (4), 1647-1647

Driever, SM. and Baker, NR., (2018). Measurement of O2 Uptake and Evolution in Leaves In Vivo Using Stable Isotopes and Membrane Inlet Mass Spectrometry. Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.). 1770, 141-154

McAusland, L., Vialet-Chabrand, S., Davey, P., Baker, NR., Brendel, O. and Lawson, T., (2016). Effects of kinetics of light-induced stomatal responses on photosynthesis and water-use efficiency. New Phytologist. 211 (4), 1209-1220

Bechtold, U., Penfold, CA., Jenkins, DJ., Legaie, R., Moore, JD., Lawson, T., Matthews, JSA., Vialet-Chabrand, SRM., Baxter, L., Subramaniam, S., Hickman, R., Florance, H., Sambles, C., Salmon, DL., Feil, R., Bowden, L., Hill, C., Baker, NR., Lunn, JE., Finkenstädt, B., Mead, A., Buchanan-Wollaston, V., Beynon, J., Rand, DA., Wild, DL., Denby, KJ., Ott, S., Smirnoff, N. and Mullineaux, PM., (2016). Time-series transcriptomics reveals that AGAMOUS-LIKE22 affects primary metabolism and developmental processes in drought-stressed arabidopsis. Plant Cell. 28 (2), 345-366

Lawson, T., Davey, PA., Yates, SA., Bechtold, U., Baeshen, M., Baeshen, N., Mutwakil, MZ., Sabir, J., Baker, NR. and Mullineaux, PM., (2014). C₃ photosynthesis in the desert plant Rhazya stricta is fully functional at high temperatures and light intensities. New Phytologist. 201 (3), 862-873

Araujo, WL., Ramadan, A., Sabir, JSM., Alakilli, SYM., Shokry, AM., Gadalla, NO., Edris, S., Al-Kordy, MA., Al-Zahrani, HS., El-Domyati, FM., Bahieldin, A., Baker, NR., Willmitzer, L. and Irgang, S., (2014). Metabolomic Response of Calotropis procera Growing in the Desert to Changes in Water Availability. PloS One. 9 (2), creators-Baker=3ANeil_R=3A=3A

Bechtold, U., Albihlal, WS., Lawson, T., Fryer, MJ., Sparrow, PAC., Richard, F., Persad, R., Bowden, L., Hickman, R., Martin, C., Beynon, JL., Buchanan-Wollaston, V., Baker, NR., Morison, JIL., Schöffl, F., Ott, S. and Mullineaux, PM., (2013). Arabidopsis HEAT SHOCK TRANSCRIPTION FACTORA1b overexpression enhances water productivity, resistance to drought, and infection. Journal of Experimental Botany. 64 (11), 3467-3481

McAusland, L., Davey, PA., Kanwal, N., Baker, NR. and Lawson, T., (2013). A novel system for spatial and temporal imaging of intrinsic plant water use efficiency. Journal of Experimental Botany. 64 (16), 4993-5007

Driever, SM. and Baker, NR., (2011). The water-water cycle in leaves is not a major alternative electron sink for dissipation of excess excitation energy when CO(2) assimilation is restricted.. Plant, cell & environment. 34 (5), 837-46

Waring, J., Klenell, M., Bechtold, U., Underwood, GJC. and Baker, NR., (2010). LIGHT-INDUCED RESPONSES OF OXYGEN PHOTOREDUCTION, REACTIVE OXYGEN SPECIES PRODUCTION AND SCAVENGING IN TWO DIATOM SPECIES1. Journal of Phycology. 46 (6), 1206-1217

Mullineaux, PM. and Baker, NR., (2010). Oxidative Stress: Antagonistic Signaling for Acclimation or Cell Death?: Figure 1.. Plant Physiology. 154 (2), 521-525

Driever, SM., Fryer, MJ., Mullineaux, PM. and Baker, NR., (2009). Imaging of Reactive Oxygen Species In vivo. Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.). 479, 109-116

Galvez-Valdivieso, G., Fryer, MJ., Lawson, T., Slattery, K., Truman, W., Smirnoff, N., Asami, T., Davies, WJ., Jones, AM., Baker, NR. and Mullineaux, PM., (2009). The High Light Response inArabidopsisInvolves ABA Signaling between Vascular and Bundle Sheath Cells. The Plant Cell. 21 (7), 2143-2162

Morison, JIL., Baker, NR., Mullineaux, PM. and Davies, WJ., (2008). Improving water use in crop production. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 363 (1491), 639-658

Suggett, DJ., Warner, ME., Smith, DJ., Davey, P., Hennige, S. and Baker, NR., (2008). PHOTOSYNTHESIS AND PRODUCTION OF HYDROGEN PEROXIDE BYSYMBIODINIUM(PYRRHOPHYTA) PHYLOTYPES WITH DIFFERENT THERMAL TOLERANCES1. Journal of Phycology. 44 (4), 948-956

Lawson, T., Lefebvre, S., Baker, NR., Morison, JIL. and Raines, CA., (2008). Reductions in mesophyll and guard cell photosynthesis impact on the control of stomatal responses to light and CO2. Journal of Experimental Botany. 59 (13), 3609-3619

Baker, NR., (2008). Chlorophyll fluorescence: a probe of photosynthesis in vivo.. Annual review of plant biology. 59 (1), 89-113

WARING, JEN., BAKER, NR. and UNDERWOOD, GJC., (2007). Responses of estuarine intertidal microphytobenthic algal assemblages to enhanced ultraviolet B radiation. Global Change Biology. 13 (7), 1398-1413

BAKER, NR., HARBINSON, J. and KRAMER, DM., (2007). Determining the limitations and regulation of photosynthetic energy transduction in leaves. Plant, Cell & Environment. 30 (9), 1107-1125

von Caemmerer, S. and Baker, N., (2007). The Biology of Transpiration. From Guard Cells to Globe. Plant Physiology. 143 (1), 3-3

Flors, C., (2006). Imaging the production of singlet oxygen in vivo using a new fluorescent sensor, Singlet Oxygen Sensor Green(R). Journal of Experimental Botany. 57 (8), 1725-1734

Mullineaux, PM., Karpinski, S. and Baker, NR., (2006). Spatial Dependence for Hydrogen Peroxide-Directed Signaling in Light-Stressed Plants. Plant Physiology. 141 (2), 346-350

WARING, JEN., UNDERWOOD, GJC. and BAKER, NR., (2006). Impact of elevated UV-B radiation on photosynthetic electron transport, primary productivity and carbon allocation in estuarine epipelic diatoms. Plant, Cell and Environment. 29 (4), 521-534

FARAGE, PK., BLOWERS, D., LONG, SP. and BAKER, NR., (2006). Low growth temperatures modify the efficiency of light use by photosystem II for CO2 assimilation in leaves of two chilling-tolerant C4 species, Cyperus longus L. and Miscanthus x giganteus. Plant, Cell and Environment. 29 (4), 720-728

Morison, JIL., Gallouët, E., Lawson, T., Cornic, G., Herbin, R. and Baker, NR., (2005). Lateral Diffusion of CO2 in Leaves Is Not Sufficient to Support Photosynthesis. Plant Physiology. 139 (1), 254-266

Smith, DJ., Suggett, DJ. and Baker, NR., (2005). Is photoinhibition of zooxanthellae photosynthesis the primary cause of thermal bleaching in corals?. Global Change Biology. 11 (1), 1-11

Underwood, GJC., Perkins, RG., Consalvey, MC., Hanlon, ARM., Oxborough, K., Baker, NR. and Paterson, DM., (2005). Patterns in microphytobenthic primary productivity: Species-specific variation in migratory rhythms and photosynthetic efficiency in mixed-species biofilms. Limnology and Oceanography. 50 (3), 755-767

Zhu, X-G., Govindjee, Baker, NR., deSturler, E., Ort, DR. and Long, SP., (2005). Chlorophyll a fluorescence induction kinetics in leaves predicted from a model describing each discrete step of excitation energy and electron transfer associated with Photosystem II. Planta. 223 (1), 114-133

Vanin, AF., Svistunenko, DA., Mikoyan, VD., Serezhenkov, VA., Fryer, MJ., Baker, NR. and Cooper, CE., (2004). Endogenous Superoxide Production and the Nitrite/Nitrate Ratio Control the Concentration of Bioavailable Free Nitric Oxide in Leaves. Journal of Biological Chemistry. 279 (23), 24100-24107

von Caemmerer, S., Lawson, T., Oxborough, K., Baker, NR., Andrews, TJ. and Raines, CA., (2004). Stomatal conductance does not correlate with photosynthetic capacity in transgenic tobacco with reduced amounts of Rubisco. Journal of Experimental Botany. 55 (400), 1157-1166

Chang, CC-C., Ball, L., Fryer, MJ., Baker, NR., Karpinski, S. and Mullineaux, PM., (2004). Induction ofASCORBATE PEROXIDASE 2expression in woundedArabidopsisleaves does not involve known wound-signalling pathways but is associated with changes in photosynthesis. The Plant Journal. 38 (3), 499-511

Maple, J., Fujiwara, MT., Kitahata, N., Lawson, T., Baker, NR., Yoshida, S. and Møller, SG., (2004). GIANT CHLOROPLAST 1 Is Essential for Correct Plastid Division in Arabidopsis. Current Biology. 14 (9), 776-781

Baker, NR., (2004). Applications of chlorophyll fluorescence can improve crop production strategies: an examination of future possibilities. Journal of Experimental Botany. 55 (403), 1607-1621

Fryer, MJ., Ball, L., Oxborough, K., Karpinski, S., Mullineaux, PM. and Baker, NR., (2003). Control ofAscorbate Peroxidase 2expression by hydrogen peroxide and leaf water status during excess light stress reveals a functional organisation ofArabidopsisleaves. The Plant Journal. 33 (4), 691-705

Suggett, DJ., Oxborough, K., Baker, NR., MacIntyre, HL., Kana, TM. and Geider, RJ., (2003). Fast repetition rate and pulse amplitude modulation chlorophyllafluorescence measurements for assessment of photosynthetic electron transport in marine phytoplankton. European Journal of Phycology. 38 (4), 371-384

Lawson, T., (2003). The responses of guard and mesophyll cell photosynthesis to CO2, O2, light, and water stress in a range of species are similar. Journal of Experimental Botany. 54 (388), 1743-1752

Mason, CF., Underwood, GJC., Baker, NR., Davey, PA., Davidson, I., Hanlon, A., Long, SP., Oxborough, K., Paterson, DM. and Watson, A., (2003). The role of herbicides in the erosion of salt marshes in eastern England. Environmental Pollution. 122 (1), 41-49

Barbagallo, RP., Oxborough, K., Pallett, KE. and Baker, NR., (2003). Rapid, Noninvasive Screening for Perturbations of Metabolism and Plant Growth Using Chlorophyll Fluorescence Imaging. Plant Physiology. 132 (2), 485-493

Fryer, MJ., (2002). Imaging of photo-oxidative stress responses in leaves. Journal of Experimental Botany. 53 (372), 1249-1254

Lawson, T., Oxborough, K., Morison, JIL. and Baker, NR., (2002). Responses of Photosynthetic Electron Transport in Stomatal Guard Cells and Mesophyll Cells in Intact Leaves to Light, CO2, and Humidity. Plant Physiology. 128 (1), 52-62

Perkins, RG., Oxborough, K., Hanlon, ARM., Underwood, GJC. and Baker, NR., (2002). Can chlorophyll fluorescence be used to estimate the rate of photosynthetic electron transport within microphytobenthic biofilms?. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 228, 47-56

Ort, DR. and Baker, NR., (2002). A photoprotective role for O2 as an alternative electron sink in photosynthesis?. Current Opinion in Plant Biology. 5 (3), 193-198

(2002). Editorial. Plant, Cell & Environment. 25 (1), i-i

Baker, NR., (2001). High resolution imaging of photosynthetic activities of tissues, cells and chloroplasts in leaves. Journal of Experimental Botany. 52 (356), 615-621

Hymus, GJ., Dijkstra, P., Baker, NR., Drake, BG. and Long, SP., (2001). Will rising CO2 protect plants from the midday sun? A study of photoinhibition of Quercus myrtifolia in a scrub-oak community in two seasons. Plant, Cell & Environment. 24 (12), 1361-1368

Leipner, J., Oxborough, K. and Baker, NR., (2001). Primary sites of ozone‐induced perturbations of photosynthesis in leaves: identification and characterization in Phaseolus vulgaris using high resolution chlorophyll fluorescence imaging. Journal of Experimental Botany. 52 (361), 1689-1696

Hymus, GJ., Baker, NR. and Long, SP., (2001). Growth in Elevated CO2 Can Both Increase and Decrease Photochemistry and Photoinhibition of Photosynthesis in a Predictable Manner. Dactylis glomerata Grown in Two Levels of Nitrogen Nutrition. Plant Physiology. 127 (3), 1204-1211

Oxborough, K., Hanlon, ARM., Underwood, GJC. and Baker, NR., (2000). In vivo estimation of the photosystem II photochemical efficiency of individual microphytobenthic cells using high-resolution imaging of chlorophyll a fluorescence. Limnology and Oceanography. 45 (6), 1420-1425

Nogues, S., (2000). Effects of drought on photosynthesis in Mediterranean plants grown under enhanced UV-B radiation. Journal of Experimental Botany. 51 (348), 1309-1317

Nogués, S. and Baker, NR., (2000). Effects of drought on photosynthesis in Mediterranean plants grown under enhanced UV‐B radiation. Journal of Experimental Botany. 51 (348), 1309-1317

(2000). Correction: Elevated Glutathione Biosynthetic Capacity in the Chloroplasts of Transgenic Tobacco Plants Paradoxically Causes Increased Oxidative Stress. The Plant Cell. 12 (2), 301-301

Creissen, G., Firmin, J., Fryer, M., Kular, B., Leyland, N., Reynolds, H., Pastori, G., Wellburn, F., Baker, N., Wellburn, A. and Mullineaux, P., (1999). Elevated Glutathione Biosynthetic Capacity in the Chloroplasts of Transgenic Tobacco Plants Paradoxically Causes Increased Oxidative Stress. The Plant Cell. 11 (7), 1277-1291

Nogués, S., Allen, DJ., Morison, JIL. and Baker, NR., (1999). Characterization of Stomatal Closure Caused by Ultraviolet-B Radiation. Plant Physiology. 121 (2), 489-496

Hymus, GJ., Ellsworth, DS., Baker, NR. and Long, SP., (1999). Does Free-Air Carbon Dioxide Enrichment Affect Photochemical Energy Use by Evergreen Trees in Different Seasons? A Chlorophyll Fluorescence Study of Mature Loblolly Pine1. Plant Physiology. 120 (4), 1183-1192

Allen, DJ., Nogués, S., Morison, JIL., Greenslade, PD., Mcleod, AR. and Baker, NR., (1999). A thirty percent increase in UV‐B has no impact on photosynthesis in well‐watered and droughted pea plants in the field. Global Change Biology. 5 (2), 235-244

Fryer, MJ., Andrews, JR., Oxborough, K., Blowers, DA. and Baker, NR., (1998). Relationship between CO2 Assimilation, Photosynthetic Electron Transport, and Active O2 Metabolism in Leaves of Maize in the Field during Periods of Low Temperature1. Plant Physiology. 116 (2), 571-580

Nogués, S., Allen, DJ., Morison, JIL. and Baker, NR., (1998). Ultraviolet-B Radiation Effects on Water Relations, Leaf Development, and Photosynthesis in Droughted Pea Plants1. Plant Physiology. 117 (1), 173-181

Allen, DJ., Nogues, S. and Baker, NR., (1998). Ozone depletion and increased UV-B radiation: is there a real threat to photosynthesis?. Journal of Experimental Botany. 49 (328), 1775-1788

Allen, DJ., Nogués, S. and Baker, NR., (1998). Ozone depletion and increased UV-B radiation: Is there a real threat to photosynthesis?. Journal of Experimental Botany. 49 (328), 1775-1788

James, EK., Minchin, FR., Oxborough, K., Cookson, A., Baker, NR., Witty, JF., Crawford, RMM. and Sprent, JI., (1998). Photosynthetic oxygen evolution within Sesbania rostrata stem nodules. The Plant Journal. 13 (1), 29-38

White, Smith, Baker, Davis and Frew, (1998). Symptom control in patients with hay fever in UK general practice: how well are we doing and is there a need for allergen immunotherapy?. Clinical & Experimental Allergy. 28 (3), 266-270

Oxborough, K. and Baker, NR., (1997). Resolving chlorophyll a fluorescence images of photosynthetic efficiency into photochemical and non-photochemical components - Calculation of qP and Fv'/Fm' without measuring Fo'. Photosynthesis Research. 54 (2), 135-142

Hendrey, GR., Long, SP., McKee, IF. and Baker, NR., (1997). Can photosynthesis respond to short-term fluctuations in atmospheric carbon dioxide?. Photosynthesis Research. 51 (3), 179-184

OXBOROUGH, K. and BAKER, NR., (1997). An instrument capable of imaging chlorophyll a fluorescence from intact leaves at very low irradiance and at cellular and subcellular levels of organization. Plant, Cell and Environment. 20 (12), 1473-1483

Andrews, JR. and Baker, NR., (1997). Oxygen-sensitive Differences in the Relationship between Photosynthetic Electron Transport and CO2 Assimilation in C3 and C4 Plants during State Transitions. Functional Plant Biology. 24 (4), 495-495

ALLEN, DJ., MCKEE, IF., FARAGE, PK. and BAKER, NR., (1997). Analysis of limitations to CO2 assimilation on exposure of leaves of two Brassica napus cultivars to UV-B. Plant, Cell and Environment. 20 (5), 633-640

MEPSTED, R., PAUL, ND., STEPHEN, J., CORLETT, JE., NOGUES, S., BAKER, NR., JONES, HG. and AYRES, PG., (1996). Effects of enhanced UV-B radiation on pea (Pisum sativum L.) grown under field conditions in the UK. Global Change Biology. 2 (4), 325-334

Brestič, M., Cornic, G. and Baker, NR., (1996). Protecting mechanisms of photosynthetic apparatus against photoinhibition during dehydration. Biologia. 51 (1), 63-64

Fryer, MJ., Oxborough, K., Martin, B., Ort, DR. and Baker, NR., (1995). Factors Associated with Depression of Photosynthetic Quantum Efficiency in Maize at Low Growth Temperature. Plant Physiology. 108 (2), 761-767

Andrews, JR., Fryer, MJ. and Baker, NR., (1995). Consequences of LHC II deficiency for photosynthetic regulation in chlorina mutants of barley. Photosynthesis Research. 44 (1-2), 81-91

NIE, G-Y., ROBERTSON, EJ., FRYER, MJ., LEECH, RM. and BAKER, NR., (1995). Response of the photosynthetic apparatus in maize leaves grown at low temperature on transfer to normal growth temperature. Plant, Cell and Environment. 18 (1), 1-12

Brestic, M., Cornic, G., Freyer, M. and Baker, N., (1995). Does photorespiration protect the photosynthetic apparatus in french bean leaves from photoinhibition during drought stress?. Planta. 196 (3), 450-457

Andrews, JR., Fryer, MJ. and Baker, NR., (1995). Characterization of chilling effects on photosynthetic performance of maize crops during early season growth using chlorophyll fluorescence. Journal of Experimental Botany. 46 (9), 1195-1203

NOGUES, S. and BAKER, NR., (1995). Evaluation of the role of damage to photosystem II in the inhibition of CO2 assimilation in pea leaves on exposure to UV-B radiation. Plant, Cell and Environment. 18 (7), 781-787

Stirling, CM., Aguilera, C., Baker, NR. and Long, SP., (1994). Changes in the photosynthetic light response curve during leaf development of field grown maize with implications for modelling canopy photosynthesis. Photosynthesis Research. 42 (3), 217-225

Val, J., Monge, E. and Baker, NR., (1994). An Improved HPLC Method for Rapid Analysis of the Xanthophyll Cycle Pigments. Journal of Chromatographic Science. 32 (7), 286-289

BREDENKAMP, GJ. and BAKER, NR., (1994). Temperature-sensitivity of D1 protein metabolism in isolated Zea mays chloroplasts. Plant, Cell and Environment. 17 (2), 205-210

Habash, DZ., Genty, B. and Baker, NR., (1994). The consequences of chlorophyll deficiency for photosynthetic light use efficiency in a single nuclear gene mutation of cowpea. Photosynthesis Research. 42 (1), 17-25

NIE, G-Y., TOMASEVIC, M. and BAKER, NR., (1993). Effects of ozone on the photosynthetic apparatus and leaf proteins during leaf development in wheat. Plant, Cell and Environment. 16 (6), 643-651

ROBERTSON, EJ., BAKER, NR. and LEECH, RM., (1993). Chloroplast thylakoid protein changes induced by low growth temperature in maize revealed by immunocytology. Plant, Cell and Environment. 16 (7), 809-818

Edwards, GE. and Baker, NR., (1993). Can CO2 assimilation in maize leaves be predicted accurately from chlorophyll fluorescence analysis?. Photosynthesis Research. 37 (2), 89-102

Andrews, JR., Bredenkamp, GJ. and Baker, NR., (1993). Evaluation of the role of State transitions in determining the efficiency of light utilisation for CO2 assimilation in leaves. Photosynthesis Research. 38 (1), 15-26

Seel, WE., Baker, NR. and Lee, JA., (1992). Analysis of the decrease in photosynthesis on desiccation of mosses from xeric and hydric environments. Physiologia Plantarum. 86 (3), 451-458

Nie, G-Y., Long, SP. and Baker, NR., (1992). The effects of development at sub-optimal growth temperatures on photosynthetic capacity and susceptibility to chilling-dependent photoinhibition in Zea mays. Physiologia Plantarum. 85 (3), 554-560

Groom, QJ. and Baker, NR., (1992). Analysis of Light-Induced Depressions of Photosynthesis in Leaves of a Wheat Crop during the Winter. Plant Physiology. 100 (3), 1217-1223

Groom, QJ., Baker, NR. and Long, SP., (1991). Photoinhibition of holly (Ilex aquifolium) in the field during the winter. Physiologia Plantarum. 83 (4), 585-590

McKIERNAN, M. and BAKER, NR., (1991). Adaptation to shade of the light-harvesting apparatus in Silene dioica. Plant, Cell and Environment. 14 (2), 205-212

STIRLING, CM., NIE, GY., AGUILERA, C., NUGAWELA, A., LONG, SP. and BAKER, NR., (1991). Photosynthetic productivity of an immature maize crop: changes in quantum yield of CO2 assimilation, conversion efficiency and thylakoid proteins. Plant, Cell and Environment. 14 (9), 947-954

Baker, NR., (1991). A possible role for photosystem II in environmental perturbations of photosynthesis. Physiologia Plantarum. 81 (4), 563-570

Nie, GY. and Baker, NR., (1991). Modifications to Thylakoid Composition during Development of Maize Leaves at Low Growth Temperatures. Plant Physiology. 95 (1), 184-191

Farage, PK., Long, SP., Lechner, EG. and Baker, NR., (1991). The Sequence of Change within the Photosynthetic Apparatus of Wheat following Short-Term Exposure to Ozone. Plant Physiology. 95 (2), 529-535

HABASH, DZ. and BAKER, NR., (1990). Demonstration of Two Sites of Inhibition of Electron Transport by Protein Phosphorylation in Wheat Thylakoids. Journal of Experimental Botany. 41 (7), 761-767

Ortiz-Lopez, A., Nie, G., Ort, D. and Baker, N., (1990). The involvement of the photoinhibition of photosystem II and impaired membrane energization in the reduced quantum yield of carbon assimilation in chilled maize. Planta. 181 (1), 78-84

Genty, B., Wonders, J. and Baker, NR., (1990). Non-photochemical quenching of Fo in leaves is emission wavelength dependent: consequences for quenching analysis and its interpretation. Photosynthesis Research. 26 (2), 133-139

Bredenkamp, GJ. and Baker, NR., (1990). Modification of excitation energy distribution to photosystem I by protein phosphorylation and cation depletion during thylakoid biogenesis in wheat. Photosynthesis Research. 23 (1), 111-117

Genty, B., Briantais, J-M. and Baker, NR., (1989). The relationship between the quantum yield of photosynthetic electron transport and quenching of chlorophyll fluorescence. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - General Subjects. 990 (1), 87-92

Hayden, DB. and Baker, NR., (1989). Damage to Photosynthetic Membranes in Chilling-Sensitive Plants: Maize, a Case Study. Critical Reviews in Biotechnology. 9 (4), 321-341

Harbinson, J., Genty, B. and Baker, NR., (1989). Relationship between the Quantum Efficiencies of Photosystems I and II in Pea Leaves. Plant Physiology. 90 (3), 1029-1034

Val, J. and Baker, NR., (1989). Light-dependent, chilling effects on phosphorylation of thylakoid proteins and consequences for associated photochemical activities in maize. Physiologia Plantarum. 77 (3), 420-426

Bolhar-Nordenkampf, HR., Long, SP., Baker, NR., Oquist, G., Schreiber, U. and Lechner, EG., (1989). Chlorophyll Fluorescence as a Probe of the Photosynthetic Competence of Leaves in the Field: A Review of Current Instrumentation. Functional Ecology. 3 (4), 497-497

COVELLO, PS., HAYDEN, DB. and BAKER, NR., (1988). The roles of low temperature and light in accumulation of a 31-kDa polypeptide in the light-harvesting apparatus of maize leaves. Plant, Cell and Environment. 11 (6), 481-486

Ireland, CR., Telfer, A., Covello, PS., Baker, NR. and Barber, J., (1988). Studies on the limitations to photosynthesis in leaves of the atrazine-resistant mutant ofSenecio vulgaris L.. Planta. 173 (4), 459-467

BAKER, NR. and McKIERNAN, MARC., (1988). Modifications to the photosynthetic apparatus of higher plants in response to changes in the light environment. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 34 (3), 193-203

Baker, NR., Long, SP. and Ort, DR., (1988). Photosynthesis and temperature, with particular reference to effects on quantum yield.. Symposia of the Society for Experimental Biology. 42, 347-375

Hayden, DB., Covello, PS. and Baker, NR., (1988). Characterization of a 31 kDa polypeptide that accumulates in the light-harvesting apparatus of maize leaves during chilling. Photosynthesis Research. 15 (3), 257-270

Bredenkamp, GJ. and Baker, NR., (1988). The changing contribution of LHC I to Photosystem I activity during chloroplast biogenesis in wheat. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Bioenergetics. 934 (1), 14-21

Ireland, CR., Baker, NR. and Long, SP., (1987). Evidence for a physiological role of CO2 in the regulation of photosynthetic electron transport in intact leaves. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Bioenergetics. 893 (3), 434-443

Baker, NR. and Webber, AN., (1987). Interactions Between Photosystems. Advances in Botanical Research. 13 (C), 1-66

Covello, PS., Webber, AN., Danko, SJ., Markwell, JP. and Baker, NR., (1987). Phosphorylation of thylakoid proteins during chloroplast biogenesis in greening etiolated and light-grown wheat leaves. Photosynthesis Research. 12 (3), 243-254

Bradbury, M. and Baker, NR., (1986). The kinetics of photoinhibition of the photosynthetic apparatus in pea chloroplasts.. Plant, Cell and Environment. 9 (4), 289-297

Webber, AN., Baker, NR., Paige, CD. and Hipkins, MF., (1986). Photosynthetic electron transport and establishment of an associated trans-thylakoid proton electrochemical gradient during development of the wheat leaf.. Plant, Cell and Environment. 9 (3), 203-208

IRELAND, CR., PERCIVAL, MP. and BAKER, NR., (1986). Modification of the Induction of Photosynthesis in Wheat by Glyphosate, an Inhibitor of Amino Acid Metabolism. Journal of Experimental Botany. 37 (3), 299-308

Hayden, DB., Baker, NR., Percival, MP. and Beckwith, PB., (1986). Modification of the Photosystem II light-harvesting chlorophyll ab protein complex in maize during chill-induced photoinhibition. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Bioenergetics. 851 (1), 86-92

Percival, MP., Webber, AN., Markwell, JP. and Baker, NR., (1986). Modification of the interaction between Photosystem II and the light-harvesting chlorophyll ab-protein complex by protein phosphorylation in developing wheat thylakoids exhibiting different degrees of lateral heterogeneity. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Bioenergetics. 848 (3), 317-323

HABASH, D., PERCIVAL, MP. and BAKER, NR., (1985). Rapid chlorophyll fluorescence technique for the study of penetration of photosynthetically active herbicides into leaf tissue. Weed Research. 25 (5), 389-395

PERCIVAL, MP. and BAKER, NR., (1985). Comparison of chlorophyll fluorescence emission characteristics of wheat leaf tissue and isolated thylakoids as a function of excitation wavelength. Plant, Cell and Environment. 8 (1), 41-48

Bradbury, M., Ireland, CR. and Baker, NR., (1985). An analysis of the chlorophyll-fluorescence transients from pea leaves generated by changes in atmospheric concentrations of CO2 and O2. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Bioenergetics. 806 (3), 357-365

Leech, RM., Walton, CA. and Baker, NR., (1985). Some effects of 4-chloro-5-(dimethylamino)-2-phenyl-3(2H)-pyridazinone (San 9785) on the development of chloroplast thylakoid membranes in Hordeum vulgare L.. Planta. 165 (2), 277-283

Ireland, CR., Baker, NR. and Long, SP., (1985). The role of carbon dioxide and oxygen in determining chlorophyll fluorescence quenching during leaf development. Planta. 165 (4), 477-485

Gilmour, DJ., Hipkins, MF., Webber, AN., Baker, NR. and Boney, AD., (1985). The effect of ionic stress on photosynthesis in Dunaliella tertiolecta. Planta. 163 (2), 250-256

Markwell, JP., Webber, AN., Danko, SJ. and Baker, NR., (1985). Fluorescence emission spectra and thylakoid protein kinase activities of three higher plant mutants deficient in chlorophyll b. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Bioenergetics. 808 (1), 156-163

Webber, AN., Baker, NR., Platt-Aloia, K. and Thomson, WW., (1984). Appearance of a State 1 - State 2 transition during chloroplast development in the wheat leaf: Energetic and structural considerations. Physiologia Plantarum. 60 (2), 171-179

Bradbury, M. and Baker, NR., (1984). A quantitative determination of photochemical and non-photochemical quenching during the slow phase of the chlorophyll fluorescence induction curve of bean leaves. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Bioenergetics. 765 (3), 275-281

Ireland, CR., Long, SP. and Baker, NR., (1984). The relationship between carbon dioxide fixation and chlorophyll a fluorescence during induction of photosynthesis in maize leaves at different temperatures and carbon dioxide concentrations. Planta. 160 (6), 550-558

Percival, MP., Webber, AN. and Baker, NR., (1984). Evidence for the role of the light-harvesting chlorophyll ab protein complex in photosystem II heterogeneity. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Bioenergetics. 767 (3), 582-589

Dominy, PJ., Baker, NR. and Meek, IT., (1983). Time-dependent changes in the in vitro effects of sodium chloride on photosynthetic electron transport of isolated chloroplasts. Physiologia Plantarum. 57 (1), 163-168

BAKER, NR., EAST, TM. and LONG, SP., (1983). Chilling Damage to Photosynthesis in Young Zea mays. Journal of Experimental Botany. 34 (2), 189-197

LONG, SP., EAST, TM. and BAKER, NR., (1983). Chilling Damage to Photosynthesis in Young Zea mays. Journal of Experimental Botany. 34 (2), 177-188

Baker, NR., Markwell, JP., Bradbury, M., Baker, MG. and Thornber, JP., (1983). Thylakoid protein kinase activity and associated control of excitation energy distribution during chloroplast biogenesis in wheat. Planta. 159 (2), 151-158

Baker, NR., Fernyhough, P. and Meek, IT., (1982). Light-dependent inhibition of photosynthetic electron transport by zinc. Physiologia Plantarum. 56 (2), 217-222

Markwell, JP., Baker, NR. and Thornber, JP., (1982). Metabolic regulation of the thylakoid protein kinase. FEBS Letters. 142 (1), 171-174

Wignarajah, K. and Baker, NR., (1981). Salt induced responses of chloroplast activities in species of differing salt tolerance. Photosynthetic electron transport in Aster tripolium and Pisum sativum. Physiologia Plantarum. 51 (4), 387-393

MIRANDA, V., BAKER, NR. and LONG, SP., (1981). LIMITATIONS OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS IN DIFFERENT REGIONS OF THE ZEA MAYS LEAF. New Phytologist. 89 (2), 179-190

MIRANDA, V., BAKER, NR. and LONG, SP., (1981). ANATOMICAL VARIATION ALONG THE LENGTH OF THE ZEA MA YS LEAF IN RELATION TO PHOTOSYNTHESIS. New Phytologist. 88 (4), 595-605

Bradbury, M. and Baker, NR., (1981). Analysis of the slow phases of the in vivo chlorophyll fluorescence induction curve. Changes in the redox state of Photosystem II electron acceptors and fluorescence emission from Photosystems I and II. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Bioenergetics. 635 (3), 542-551

JENKINS, GI., BAKER, NR. and WOOLHOUSE, HW., (1981). Changes in Chlorophyll Content and Organization During Senescence of the Primary Leaves ofPhaseolus vulgarisL. in Relation to Photosynthetic Electron Transport. Journal of Experimental Botany. 32 (5), 1009-1020

JENKINS, GI., BAKER, NR., BRADBURY, M. and WOOLHOUSE, HW., (1981). Photosynthetic Electron Transport During Senescence of the Primary Leaves ofPhaseolus vulgarisL.. Journal of Experimental Botany. 32 (5), 999-1008

DOMINY, PJ. and BAKER, NR., (1980). Salinity andin vitroAgeing Effects on Primary Photosynthetic Processes of Thylakoids Isolated fromPisum sativumandSpinacia oleracea. Journal of Experimental Botany. 31 (1), 58-74

Horton, P. and Baker, NR., (1980). Observation of two quenchers of chlorophyll fluorescence in chloroplasts at −196°C. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Bioenergetics. 592 (3), 559-564

Baker, NR., Heath, RL. and Leech, RM., (1978). Consistently high rates of electron transport in chloroplasts isolated from hydroponically-grown spinach plants. Plant Science Letters. 12 (3-4), 317-322

BAKER, NR., HARDWICK, K. and JONES, P., (1975). BIOCHEMICAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF LEAF DEVELOPMENT IN COCOA (THEOBROMA CACAO). II. DEVELOPMENT OF CHLOROPLAST ULTRASTRUCTURE AND CAROTENOIDS. New Phytologist. 75 (3), 513-518

BAKER, NR. and HARDWICK, K., (1975). BIOCHEMICAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF LEAF DEVELOPMENT IN COCOA (THEOBROMA CACAO). III. CHANGES IN SOLUBLE SUGAR CONTENT AND SUCROSE SYNTHESIZING CAPACITY. New Phytologist. 75 (3), 519-524

Baker, NR., (1974). R & D project selection models: An assessment. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management. EM-21 (4), 165-171

HARDWICK, K. and BAKER, NR., (1973). IN VIVO MEASUREMENT OF CHLOROPHYLL CONTENT OF LEAVES. New Phytologist. 72 (1), 51-54

BAKER, NR. and HARDWICK, K., (1973). BIOCHEMICAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF LEAF DEVELOPMENT IN COCOA (THEOBROMA CACAO) I. DEVELOPMENT OF CHLOROPHYLL AND PHOTOSYNTHETIC ACTIVITY. New Phytologist. 72 (6), 1315-1324

Conferences (6)

Oxborough, K. and Baker, NR., (2000). An evaluation of the potential triggers of photoinactivation of photosystem II in the context of a Stern–Volmer model for downregulation and the reversible radical pair equilibrium model

Long, SP., Baker, NR. and Raines, CA., (1993). Analysing the responses of photosynthetic CO2 assimilation to long-term elevation of atmospheric CO2 concentration

Genty, B., Harbinson, J., Briantais, J-M. and Baker, NR., (1990). The relationship between non-photochemical quenching of chlorophyll fluorescence and the rate of photosystem 2 photochemistry in leaves

Harbinson, J., Genty, B. and Baker, NR., (1990). The relationship between CO2 assimilation and electron transport in leaves

IRELAND, CR., LONG, SP. and BAKER, NR., (1989). An integrated portable apparatus for the simultaneous field measurement of photosynthetic CO2 and water vapour exchange, light absorption and chlorophyll fluorescence emission of attached leaves

ÖGREN, E. and BAKER, NR., (1985). Evaluation of a technique for the measurement of chlorophyll fluorescence from leaves exposed to continuous white light

Contact

baken@essex.ac.uk

Location:

Colchester Campus