Dr Vanessa Loaiza

Senior Lecturer
Department of Psychology
Dr Vanessa Loaiza



I am a cognitive developmental psychologist interested in memory and complex cognition across the adult lifespan. My research interests concern the processes that allow us to hold onto information in mind from moment-to-moment (i.e., working memory) and how we retrieve that information later on (i.e., long-term memory). I'm interested in how these processes change with age, especially our ability to engage in the mental time travel that allows us to seemingly relive events in our mind's eye (i.e., recollection). I use a variety of empirical and statistical tools to investigate these issues.


  • PhD Cognitive Psychology Colorado State University, (2012)

  • MS Cognitive Psychology Colorado State University, (2010)

  • BA Psychology Loyola Marymount University, (2007)


University of Essex

  • Lecturer, Psychology, University of Essex (10/9/2015 - 30/9/2019)

  • Senior Lecturer, Psychology, University of Essex (1/10/2019 - present)

Research and professional activities

Research interests

working memory

Key words: working memory
Open to supervise

cognitive ageing

Key words: cognitive aging
Open to supervise

long-term memory

Key words: long-term memory
Open to supervise

executive functioning

Key words: executive functioning
Open to supervise

conscious recollection

Key words: conscious recollection
Open to supervise

cognitive modelling

Key words: cognitive modeling
Open to supervise

Conferences and presentations

Symposium on the Information Exchange Between Working Memory and Long-Term Memory

Invited presentation, Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society, 5/11/2021


Journal articles (24)

Loaiza, VM., McCabe, DP., Youngblood, JL., Rose, NS. and Myerson, J., The influence of levels of processing on recall from working memory and delayed recall tasks.. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 37 (5), 1258-1263

Loaiza, VM. and Camos, V., Does Controlling for Temporal Parameters Change the Levels-of-Processing Effect in Working Memory?. Advances in Cognitive Psychology. 12 (1), 2-9

Jarjat, G., Ward, G., Hot, P., Portrat, S. and Loaiza, V., (2021). Distinguishing the Impact of Age on Semantic and Non-Semantic Associations in Episodic Memory. Journals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences. 76 (4), 722-731

Loaiza, VM., Doherty, C. and Howlett, P., (2021). The long-term consequences of retrieval demands during working memory. Memory and Cognition. 49 (1), 112-126

Loaiza, V. and Lavilla, ET., (2021). Elaborative Strategies Contribute to the Long-Term Benefits of Time in Working Memory. Journal of Memory and Language. 117, 104205-104205

Loaiza, V. and Srokova, S., (2020). Semantic relatedness corrects the age-related binding deficit in working memory and episodic memory. Journals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences. 75 (9), 1841-1849

Bartsch, LM., Loaiza, VM., Jäncke, L., Oberauer, K. and Lewis-Peacock, JA., (2019). Dissociating refreshing and elaboration and their impacts on memory. NeuroImage. 199, 585-597

Loaiza, V. and Souza, A., (2019). An Age-Related Deficit in Preserving the Benefits of Attention in Working Memory. Psychology and Aging. 34 (2), 282-293

Bartsch, L., Loaiza, VM. and Oberauer, K., (2019). Does limited working memory capacity underlie age differences in associative long-term memory?. Psychology and Aging. 34 (2), 268-281

Zuber, S., Ihle, A., Loaiza, VM., Schnitzspahn, K., Stahl, C., Phillips, L., Kaller, C. and Kliegel, M., (2019). Explaining Age-Differences in Working Memory: The Role of Updating, Inhibition, and Shifting. Psychology and Neuroscience. 12 (2), 191-208

Loaiza, VM. and Halse, SC., (2019). Where Working Memory Meets Long-Term Memory: The Interplay of List Length and Distractors on Memory Performance. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 45 (8), 1455-1472

Loaiza, VM. and Camos, V., (2018). The Role of Semantic Representations in Verbal Working Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 44 (6), 863-881

Galli, G., Sirota, M., Gruber, MJ., Ivanof, BE., Ganesh, J., Materassi, M., Thorpe, A., Loaiza, V., Cappelletti, M. and Craik, FIM., (2018). Learning facts during aging: the benefits of curiosity. Experimental Aging Research. 44 (4), 311-328

Loaiza, VM. and Borovanska, BM., (2018). Covert Retrieval in Working Memory Impacts the Phenomenological Characteristics Remembered During Episodic Memory. Consciousness and Cognition. 57, 20-32

Loaiza, VM. and Souza, AS., (2018). Is Refreshing in Working Memory Impaired in Older Age? Evidence from the Retro-Cue Paradigm. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 1424 (1), 175-189

Camos, V., Johnson, MR., Loaiza, VM., Portrat, S., Souza, AS. and Vergauwe, E., (2018). What is attentional refreshing in working memory?. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 1424 (1), 19-32

Camos, V., Lagner, P. and Loaiza, VM., (2017). Maintenance of item and order information in verbal working memory. Memory. 25 (8), 953-968

Loaiza, VM., Rhodes, MG. and Anglin, J., (2015). The Influence of Age-Related Differences in Prior Knowledge and Attentional Refreshing Opportunities on Episodic Memory. The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences. 70 (5), 729-736

Loaiza, VM., Duperreault, KA., Rhodes, MG. and McCabe, DP., (2015). Long-term semantic representations moderate the effect of attentional refreshing on episodic memory. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review. 22 (1), 274-280

Loaiza, VM., Rhodes, MG., Camos, V. and McCabe, DP., (2015). Using the process dissociation procedure to estimate recollection and familiarity in working memory: An experimental and individual differences investigation. Journal of Cognitive Psychology. 27 (7), 844-854

Lucidi, A., Loaiza, V., Camos, V. and Barrouillet, P., (2014). Assessing Working Memory Capacity Through Time-Constrained Elementary Activities. The Journal of General Psychology. 141 (2), 98-112

Loaiza, VM. and McCabe, DP., (2013). The influence of aging on attentional refreshing and articulatory rehearsal during working memory on later episodic memory performance. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition. 20 (4), 471-493

Loaiza, VM. and McCabe, DP., (2012). Temporal–contextual processing in working memory: Evidence from delayed cued recall and delayed free recall tests. Memory & Cognition. 40 (2), 191-203

Castel, AD., Rhodes, MG., McCabe, DP., Soderstrom, NC. and Loaiza, VM., (2012). Rapid communication: The fate of being forgotten: Information that is initially forgotten is judged as less important. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 65 (12), 2281-2287

Book chapters (2)

Loaiza, VM. and Oberauer, K., (2016). Working Memory in Older Age. In: Encyclopedia of Geropsychology. Editors: Pachana, NA., . Springer. 978-981-287-080-3

Loaiza, V. and McCabe, DP., (2012). Working memory. In: The Wiley-Blackwell Handbook of Adult Development and Aging. Editors: Whitbourne, SK. and Sliwinski, MJ., . Wiley-Blackwell. 154- 173

Other (1)

McCabe, DP. and Loaiza, VM., (2010).A unique overview of important issues in cognitive aging. PsycCritiques. 55,American Psychological Association

Grants and funding


A Smart System to Empower Healthy Food Choices

Economic and Social Research Council


The Impact of Befriending Programs on the Health & Well-being of Socially Isolated Older Adults

University of Essex

+44 (0) 1206 873779


2.716, Colchester Campus

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