Xiaofang holds a Master degree in sociology at the University of Essex. She is now a PhD candidate in the sociological department at the Essex University. Her master dissertation focuses on the online friendship and emotions of Chinese students in the UK. During the process of this study, she was exploring the structural dynamics of competitive friendship, as well as the individualization of emotional norms and the friendship connected to them. Her interests are now coming to emotional acculturation of Chinese immigrants and the consequences on their social relations.