We use a variety of methods and techniques to study how babies and children develop.
Preferential looking measures and eye tracking: Although babies can’t talk, where they look and what they prefer to look at are really good indications of their knowledge of the world around them. Therefore in some studies we record their looking behaviour and with the help of an eye tracking device we are able to gather data about their gaze direction and eye movements.
Observation techniques: We also study what babies and children know by watching and recording their behaviour in planned game situations.
Event-Related Potentials (ERPs): This is a more recent advanced technique that can teach us when and how the brain develops. The ERPs allow us to measure natural brain activity in response to different tasks.
Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS): This technique measures how much oxygen the brain uses when it’s busy responding to something. Like the ERPs, this technique is very advanced and can teach us about brain development. It will also enable us to learn which areas of the brain are involved in different behaviours.