history

Holocaust Memorial Week

A week of remembrance

Since 2007 the University of Essex has marked Holocaust Memorial Day with a series of events taking place around the anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz concentration camp by Soviet troops.

The week provides a focus for remembering the millions of people killed in the Holocaust, Nazi persecution and in subsequent genocides in countries such as Cambodia, Rwanda, Bosnia and Darfur. It is also an opportunity for us to look at human rights issues, explore discrimination that still exists today, and lessons still to be learned by the Holocaust.

This year, Holocaust Memorial week will be held between Friday 25 January - Friday 1 February 2019.

Professor Rainer Schulze
"The awareness that work for greater tolerance, for human dignity and human rights starts on our doorsteps, in our schools and in our local communities."
Professor Rainer Schulze Department of history

Holocaust Memorial Week 2019

Service led by Colchester and District Jewish Community

Everyone is very welcome to join us for this service, which is based on the Friday evening synagogue service. There will be readings and reflections, in the spirit of peace and friendship. The service is open to all members of the University community.

Venue: TBC

Date: Friday 25 January 2019, 7.30pm

Holocaust Memorial Day

The Colchester Holocaust Memorial Day Group has organised an afternoon of events, supported by the Colchester Trades Union Council, that will be taking place at firstsite, Lewis Gardens, High Street, Colchester CO1 1JH. Events are as follows:

12pm: Drinks reception with tea and latke

1pm: Professor Rainer Schulze tells the Dora Love story. Dora Love was a Holocaust survivor and one of the pioneers of Holocaust Education. She lived in Colchester from 1978 until her death in October 2011. Rainer Schulze from the University of Essex is the founding editor of the journal ‘The Holocaust in History and Memory’ and initiated Holocaust Memorial Week at the University of Essex.

2pm: Paula Kitching – Integration to invisibility – removing real Jews from society and replacing them with lies and stereoptypes. Paula Kitching is a freelance historian, education consultant and writer. She is a regular contributor of the publication ‘The Historian’ and sits on its editorial committee.

3pm: Marian de Vooght – Poems of the Holocaust. Marian is a Visiting Fellow at the University of Essex and is currently editing The Holocaust Poetry Anthology.

4pm: ‘Resistance’ – a short film by Liz Crow. Elise is a patient who sweeps an institution set up by the Nazis for people with disabilities. She does not speak and staff assume she does not understand. Based on real events and the experience of disable people in Nazi Germany, this is the story of one woman’s resistance.

Venue: firstsite Colchester.

Date: Sunday 27 January 2019 from 12 noon.


The Reading of Names

The Reading of Names of victims of the Holocaust and other genocides represents a significant act of remembrance that is best expressed by David Berger, a victim of the Holocaust who was killed at the age of 19 in Vilnius, Lithuania in 1941. David said: "If something happens, I would want there to be somebody who would remember that someone named D. Berger had once lived. This will make things easier for me in the difficult moments."

The Reading of Names is informal, if solemn, and each name we read aloud represents the many whose names we also do not know. We would like volunteers to read names aloud for around five minutes during the hour. If you are a member of staff or a student and you would like to contribute to this important commemoration, please contact the events team.

Venue: Square 3, University of Essex Colchester Campus.

Date: Monday 28 January 2019, 1-2pm.

Film screening and discussion of 'Denial'

Denial is a 2016 British-American biographical drama film directed by Mick Jackson and written by David Hare, based on Deborah Lipstadt's book ‘History on Trial: My Day in Court with a Holocaust Denier’. It dramatises the Irving v Penguin Books Ltd case, in which Lipstadt – a Holocaust scholar – was sued for libel by Holocaust denier David Irving. It stars Rachel Weisz, Tom Wilkinson, Timothy Spall, Andrew Scott, Jack Lowden, Caren Pistorius and Alex Jennings.

The screening will be followed by a discussion and Q&A session. Film screening 6.15pm-8.15pm, interval 8.15pm-8.30pm, followed by discussion from 8.30pm-9.30pm.

Venue: Lakeside Theatre, University of Essex Colchester Campus.

Date: Monday 28 January 2019 from 6.15pm.

Words... with Jonathan Lichtenstein

Hans Lichtenstein arrived in Britain in 1939, an unaccompanied child refugee who escaped Nazi Germany on the Kindertransport. Since then, he has revealed little else about his childhood. Do its secrets offer an explanation for this gentle man’s frequent erratic behaviour; his violent eruptions of anger and thirst for extreme danger? Can his son escape from a parental mould that has driven him unwittingly towards his own journey of isolation and recklessness?

Jonathan Lichtenstein reads extracts from his book The Berlin Shadow – a memoir spanning three timeframes: the author’s childhood, his father’s childhood, and the contemporary journey that unites them as they set out together for Berlin in a quest to confront the event that has dominated both of their lives.

Venue: The Studio, Lakeside Theatre, University of Essex Colchester Campus.

Date: Tuesday 29 January 2019, 6-7pm.

Don Kipper

For this special Holocaust Memorial Week performance, multi award-winning quartet Don Kipper will take you on a journey into the world of Eastern European Jewish and Roma music making, from hectic hongas and frantic freylekhs, to tranquil Dobridens and soulful Doinas. Over the course of the evening they will tell you about the lives of great Klezmer musicians (the Klezmorim) of the past and help bring to life this most durable of traditions.

"So tight it sounds like one divine entity is playing the band” (BBC Radio 3).

Please visit the Lakeside Theatre for further information and how to book.

Venue: Lakeside Theatre, University of Essex Colchester Campus.

Date: Tuesday 29 January 2019, 7.30pm.

The Dora Love Prize

Dora Love, who died in 2011, was a Holocaust survivor who spent much of her life raising awareness that the attitudes which made the Holocaust possible – intolerance, discrimination and outright hatred of those who are regarded as ‘different’ for whatever reason – are still alive and around us. This prize continues her work and is awarded each year for the best project that links learning about the Holocaust with the world we live in today.

This is the 7th year of the Dora Love Prize, and 14 schools have submitted projects. Introduced by Professor Rainer Schulze, who set up the Prize. Also present will be Holocaust survivor Frank Bright. The Dora Love Prize is open to Year 7-10 students at schools in Essex and Suffolk.

Venue: Ivor Crewe Lecture Hall [A], University of Essex Colchester Campus.

Date: Wednesday 30 January 2019, from 5pm.

Lessons from the Kindertransport: providing havens from genocide and atrocities

This event is organised by the Human Rights Society.

Professor Rainer Schulze will be giving an opening statement about the important role Britain played, through the Kindertransport, in the rescue of Jews from Nazi Germany after the Reich's Pogrom Night (9 Nov 1938), contrasting it with the UK government dragging its feet in the Syrian refugee crisis. He will also be commenting on what lessons we should bring from the past to inform us of how to deal with the present. This will be followed with an open discussion touching questions of borders and migration, such as whether Britain has an obligation towards people who are escaping crises, the degree to which Britain’s borders should be opened, the difficulty of integration, the role of cultural differences in militating, and whether the situations described above of the Kindertransport and the Refugee Crisis are at all comparable.

Venue: Human Rights Seminar Room (TBC)

Date: Thursday 31 January, 6-8pm.

Kindertransport Street Theatre

The arrangements for this performance are to be confirmed – please check back for further details.

Human Rights Society

The arrangements for this event are to be confirmed – please check back for further details.


The history of Holocaust Memorial Week

Each year during Holocaust Memorial Week, a number of events take place, each reflecting a different theme. These events include talks, lectures, exhibitions, film screenings and more.

The theme for our very first Holocaust Memorial Week in 2009 was 'STAND UP TO HATRED', and was chosen by the National Holocaust Memorial Day Trust. This theme was chosen in order to highlight the extreme consequences of hatred, and help us to look at our behaviour toward others and explore how each of us can help make our communities stronger and safer.

Over the years, other themes have included; disability and euthanasia, issues including prejudice, intolerance, discrimination and stigmatization, the experiences of the Roma and Sinti, the persecution of gay men under the Nazi regime, and the struggle for the human rights and dignity of LGBT people since 1945.

 

Further reading

African Rights, Rwanda: Death, Despair and Defiance, (London, 1994).

Allen, W. S. ‘The Appeal of Fascism and the Problem of National Disintegration’, in Henry A. Turner Jr. (ed.), Reappraisals of Fascism (New York, 1972).

Aly, G. ‘Final Solution’: Nazi Population Policy and the Murder of the European Jews (London: 1999).

Bankier, D. The Germans and the Final Solution: Public Opinion under Nazism (Cambridge, Mass, 1992).

Bársony, J. and Daróczi, Á. (eds.) Pharrajimos: the fate of the Roma during the Holocaust, (New York, 2008).

Cohen, J. One-hundred days of silence: America and the Rwanda genocide (Lanham, 2007).

Cooper, J. Raphael Lemkin and the struggle for the Genocide Convention, (Basingstoke, 2008).

Hagan, J. and Rymond-Richmond, W. Darfur and the crime of genocide, (Cambridge, 2009).

Hauner, M. ‘Did Hitler want a World Domination?’, Journal of Contemporary History, Vol. 13 (1978), pp. 15-32.

Hilberg, R. The Destruction of the European Jews, (New York, 1985).

Johnson, E. The Nazi Terror. The Gestapo, Jews, and Ordinary Germans (London, 2000).

Kahn, R. A. Holocaust denial and the law: a comparative study, (New York, 2004).

Kiernan, B. (ed) Genocide and democracy in Cambodia : the Khmer Rouge, the United Nations, and the international community, (Connecticut, 1993).

Kuperman, A. The limits of humanitarian intervention: genocide in Rwanda (Washington, D.C., 2001).

Littell, F. H. [et al.] (eds.) The Holocaust : remembering for the future, (California, 1996).

Mann, M. The Dark Side of Democracy: Explaining Ethnic Cleansing, (Cambridge University Press, 2005).

Mayer, A. Why Did The Heavens Not Darken, (London, 1990). Payaslian, S. United States policy toward the Armenian question and the Armenian genocide, (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005).

Prunier, G. The Rwanda crisis : history of a genocide, (London, 1988).

Quigley, J. B. The Genocide Convention: an international law analysis, (Aldershot, 2006).

Roth, C. H. The fate of Holocaust memories : transmission and family dialogues (New York, 2008).

Roth, J. K. Genocide and human rights: a philosophical guide, (New York, 2005).

Sarkin, J. 'The tension between justice and reconciliation in Rwanda: politics, human rights, due process and the role of the Gacaca courts in dealing with genocide', Journal of African law, Vol. 45, No. 2, (2001) pp. 143-172.

Schabas, W. A. Genocide in international law: the crime of crimes, (Cambridge, 2009).

Schabas, W. A. Preventing genocide and mass killing: the challenge for the United Nations, (London, 2006).

Schilling D. (ed.) Lessons and Legacies III: The Meaning of the Holocaust in a Changing World, (Evanston, 1994).

Totten, S and Parsons, W. S. Century of genocide : critical essays and eyewitness accounts, (New York, 2009).

Totten, S. and Markusen, E. (eds.) Genocide in Darfur: investigating the atrocities in the Sudan, (New York, 2006).

Valentino, B. A. Final solutions: mass killing and genocide in the twentieth century, (Ithaca, N.Y., 2004).

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