People in the Transitional Justice Network

Clara Sandoval



LLB Javeriana, University (Colombia), MA Essex University, PhD Essex
Senior Lecturer, former Director of LLM International Human Rights Law, Member of the Advisory Board of the Human Rights Clinic, School of Law
Clara Sandoval

  • Room: 5S.6.22
  • Telephone (external): (+44) 01206 874218
  • Telephone (internal): 4218
  • e-mail: csando [at]
  • Departmental webpage

Dr Clara Sandoval is a qualified lawyer and a Senior Lecturer in the School of Law at Essex University, former Director of the LLM in International Human Rights Law, member of the Human Rights Centre, Director of the Essex Transitional Justice Network and Member of the Advisory Board of the Human Rights Clinic. She teaches and researches on areas related to the Inter-American System of Human Rights, Legal Theory, Business and Human Rights and Transitional Justice.

Most of her recent scholarship has been focused on reparations for gross human rights violations by the State and by TNCs. She was a visiting professional at the International Criminal Court in 2005, providing the Court with analysis on the award of reparations for gross human rights violations by regional human rights courts, and has equally worked as a consultant for the ICC in the area of reparations. She was also part of the research carried out by the ICTJ on reparations for the next of kin of victims of gross human rights violations under international law.

Her work in the area of transitional justice led her and a group of colleagues at the University of Essex to create the Essex Transitional Justice Network (ETJN). The University has been fully supportive of this project and awarded it funding for it to become one of its four global challenges. Currently, the ETJN has more than 60 members of the academic staff from different disciplines in the University and is conducting exciting work. More on the ETJN can be found at: Besides her academic commitments, Clara also engages in human rights litigation, training and capacity building with organisations such as REDRESS and the IBA. Clara is a member of the Human Rights International Council of the Human Rights Institute of the International Bar Association (IBA).

Transitional Justice related publications

Sandoval, C., and Rubio, R., "Engendering the Reparations Jurisprudence of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights: The Promise of the Cotton Field Judgment", Human Rights Quarterly (2011), 1062-1091.

Sandoval, C., "Reflexiones en Torno de la Ley de Justicia y Paz", 19 Revista de Derecho Comparado 2011 available at:

Sandoval, C., Transitional Justice: Key Concepts, Processes and Challenges, IDCR Briefing paper, 2010, available at:

Sandoval, C., and Duttwiler, M., "Redressing Non-Pecuniary Damages of Torture Survivors: The Practice of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights", in Gilbert, G., Hampson, F., and Sandoval, C., The Delivery of Human Rights: Essays in Honour of Professor Sir Nigel Rodley (London, Routledge, 2010), p. 114-136.


    ETJN and ICHRDP Talk

    "Colombia at the Crossroads: Drug Policy and the Transition to Peace"

    Dr Rodrigo Uprimny

    Monday 16 Nov 2015 17:00 - 18:30 Ivor Crewe Seminar Room

  • NEWS

    ETJN 2014 Newsletter

    Seminar on Transitional Justice in Argentina attracts media attention

    From 6th to the 8th of November, Professor Sabine Michalowski, director of the Essex Transitional Justice Network and Professor Sheldon Leader, director of the Essex Business and Human Rights Project, spoke at a seminar on ‘Accountability for Corporate Human Rights Violations in Dictatorships and Civil Conflicts: The Argentine Model in Comparative Perspective", held by the Latin American Centre of the University of Oxford held on "future directions in corporate accountability". The seminar attracted media attention in Argentina where Pagina 2 reported on 16 November that:

    "Sheldon Leader and Sabine Michalowski of the Essex Business and Human Rights Project and the Essex Transitional Justice Network laid out the need to link the areas of Transitional Justice and corporate accountability. Michalowski presented an amicus curiae brief in a case of complicity of banks with the Argentine dictatorship. Leader stressed the responsibility of parent companies for acts of their subsidiaries and objected to the doctrine of separate corporate personality."