2H Causal Models and Structural Equations
Peter Schmidt, State Research University Higher School of Economics(HSE) in Moscow
22 July - 2 August (two week course / 35 hrs)
The course shows how a causal theory can be translated into a structural equation model, and how the model can be estimated and tested with the MPLUS 7 computer program. In the first part, we deal with confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) relating single or multiple indicators to one (CFA) or several latent variables(Simultaneous Confirmatory Factor Analysis and second order confirmatory factor analysis). Different specifications of measurement models are tested via confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) as a special case of a structural equation model (SEM). Special emphasis is given to the cross cultural analysis of multiple groups (MGCFA) for comparisons within and between societies including intercepts of observed variables and latent means. The second part comprises both the structural model and the measurement model. Topics include recursive vs. non-recursive models for the structural part of the model, Moderation (Interaction effects) and mediation, missing data and the use of formative vs. reflective indicators in MIMIC Models. Special emphasis is directed toward the use of the multiple-group option, for cross-national comparisons of both the measurement and the structural model. A major focus will be the process of model modification and alternative model testing using adequate fit measures and how to report CFA and SEM results. All examples are based on data from the European Social Survey(ESS) .
The objectives of this course are to show how confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modelling can be used to develop and/or test both measurement models and causal theories with latent variables especially for cross cultural comparisons. A further important aim is to familiarize participants with the MPLUS 7 program to handle the most important standard models especially for comparisons within and between societies. The program will be run by graphical input and syntax.
Participants are expected to have extensive familiarity with Windows applications, good knowledge of exploratory factor analysis and regression analysis is required. The course is for those, who want to apply CFA and SEM within the next six months
T. Brown, (2006). Confirmatory Factor Analysis for Applied Research. Guilford Press.
B.Byrne 2012. Structural Equation Modeling with MPLUS. Routledge.
B. Muthen, L. Muthen, (2012). Mplus 7 manual, available from the MPLUS Website.
E.Davidov/P.Schmidt/J.Billiet(eds.) 2011. Cross Cultural Analysis: Methods and Applications Routledge .
R.B.Kline 2011. Principles and Practice of Structural Equation Modeling, third edition Guilford Press.
Representative Background Reading
E. Davidov,P. Schmidt,S. Schwartz, (2008). Bringing values back in. The adequacy of the European Social Survey to measure values in 20 countries. Public Opinion Quarterly 72, 3, 420-445.
E. Davidov, B. Meuleman, J. Billiet, P. Schmidt, (2008). Values and the Support for immigration: A Cross Country Comparison, European Sociological Review, 24, 5, 583-599.