Module Details

BS346-7-AU-CO: Conservation Management And Practice

Year: 2016/17
Department: Biological Sciences (School of)
Essex credit: 15
ECTS credit: 7.5
Available to Study Abroad / Exchange Students: No
Full Year Module Available to Study Abroad / Exchange Students for a Single Term: No
Outside Option: No

Supervisor: Dr Leanne Appleby Hepburn
Teaching Staff: Dr Leanne Appleby Hepburn, Staff from Colchester Zoo and Essex Wildlife Trust, Rebecca Perry
Contact details: School Graduate Office, email: bsgradtaught (Non essex users should add to create a full email address)

Module is taught during the following terms
Autumn Spring Summer

Module Description

Conservation Management and Practice focuses on key aspects of the practicalities of the conservation and management of species and habitats. Specifically, the role of zoos in species reintroductions and in situ conservation will be examined. Animal welfare and enclosure design will be discussed in detail as well as population management of species. Coastal grazing marsh and quarry restoration will be the focus of the conservation management of habitats and this will include specific site assessments around Essex taking into account evaluation, implementation and management planning. Detailed case studies will be used from both Colchester Zoo and Essex Wildlife Trust. The module will finish by considering strategic management objectives and approaches and funding frameworks and opportunities.

Learning Outcomes:
On completion of this module, students will be able to:
1. demonstrate knowledge of zoos and their role in species reintroduction and in situ conservation techniques;
2. discuss the use of zoos for species conservation management, and describe some of their main day-to-day management and funding issues;
3. discuss animal welfare in zoos and demonstrate practical enclosure design skills;
4. discuss the work of local wildlife trusts in relation to conservation management of coastal grazing marsh and quarry restoration;
5. demonstrate knowledge of site assessment, evaluation and management planning for habitat conservation.

Learning and Teaching Methods

14 x 1-hour lectures including a total of 2 hours data analysis and interpretation, 2 x 3-hour field sessions
Student managed learning: 130 hrs/module
Total: 150 hrs


100 per cent Coursework Mark


Report: Enclosure re-development


  • Hutchinson, J. Schwerda, D. Famini, D. Dale, R. Fischer, M. Kram, R. (2006) The Locomotor Kinematics of Asian and African Elephants: Changes with Speed and Size, The Journal of Experimental Biology 209: 3812-3827General:
  • Hosey, G. Melfi, V. Pankhurst, S. (2008) Zoo Animals: Behaviour, Management and
  • Welfare, OUP Oxford
  • Kleiman, D. Allen, M. Thompson, K. Lumpkin, S. Eds. (1997) Wild Mammals in
  • Captivity: Principles and Techniques, Chicago University Press
  • Norton, B. Hutchins, M. Stevens, E. Maple, T Eds. (1995) Ethics on the Ark: Zoos,
  • Animal Welfare and Wildlife Conservation, Smithsonian Institution Press
  • Zimmermann, A. Hatchwell, M. Dickie, L. West, C. Eds. (2007) Zoos in the 21st Century,
  • Cambridge University Press
  • Zoos and their role in species reintroductions and in situ conservation:
  • Stanley Price & Fa (2007) Reintroduction from Zoos: guiding light or shooting star?
  • Chpt 11 Zoos in the 21st Century Catalysts for conservation? (Eds. Zimmerman, et al. 2007)
  • Byers, O. Seal, U. (2003) The Conservation Breeding Specialist Group (CBSG): Activities, Core Competencies and Vision for the Future, International Zoo Yearbook 38: 43-53
  • Cristinacce, A. (2008), Captive Breeding and Rearing of Critically Endangered Mauritius fodies Foudia rubra for Reintroduction, Zoo Biology 27:255-268
  • Stanley, M. Soorae, P. (2003) Reintroductions: Whence and Wither, International
  • Zoo Yearbook 38: 61-75
  • Animal Welfare in Zoos:
  • Hutchinson, J. Schwerda, D. Famini, D. Dale, R. Fischer, M. Kram, R. (2006) The Locomotor Kinematics of Asian and African Elephants: Changes with Speed and Size, The Journal of Experimental Biology 209: 3812-3827
  • Kuhar, C. Bettinger, T. Laudenslager, M. (2005) Salivary Cortisol and Behaviour in an All-male Group of Western Lowland Gorillas (Gorilla g. gorilla), Animal Welfare 14: 187-193.
  • Maple, T. (2007) Towards a Science of Welfare for Animals in the Zoo, Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science 10(1): 63-70.
  • Rouck, M. Kitchener, A. Law, G. Nelissen, M. (2005) A Comparative Study of the Influence of Social Housing Conditions on the Behaviour of Captive Tigers (Panthera tigris), Animal Welfare 14: 229-238
  • Wickens-Drazilova, D. (2006) Zoo Animal Welfare, Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 19: 27-36
  • Population Management in Zoos:
  • Flesness, N. (2003) International Species Information System (ISIS): Over 25 Years of Compiling Global Animal Data to Facilitate Collection and Population Management, International Zoo Yearbook 38: 53-61
  • Foose, T. Wiese, R. (2006) Population Management of Rhinoceros in Captivity, International Zoo Yearbook 40: 174-196
  • Perkin, L. (1998) Conservation and Management of Orangutans, International Zoo Yearbook 36: 109-112
  • Vargas, A. et al. (2008) The Iberian Lynx Lynx pardinus Conservation Breeding Program, International Zoo Yearbook 42: 190-198
  • Please note: additional references will be given out by Mark Iley from EWT for lectures
  • 11-19
  • For further reading and web references, please see the Module Handbook.

Further information