PhD Students (completed)

Mr Sufyan El Droubi

Staff positionPhD
Emailseldro@essex.ac.uk
Biography

UNIVERSITY APPOINTMENTS

Faculty teaching positions

Graduate Teaching Assistant. Department of Language and Linguistics, University of Essex. UK. 2008 – 2009.

Lecturer in Law. School of Economics, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo São Paulo, Brazil. 2007.

Lecturer in Law. School of Law, Universidade Sao Paulo - UNIP. Sao Paulo, Brazil. 2007.

Lecturer in Law. School of Law, Faculdades Atibaia - FAAP. Atibaia, Brazil. 2005 – 2007.

Faculty administrative positions

Project Associate. Essex Business and Human Rights Project. School of Law, University of Essex. October 2011 - present. URL: http://www.essex.ac.uk/ebhr/

Project Assistant. Essex Business and Human Rights Project. School of Law, University of Essex. July 2011 – October 2011. URL: http://www.essex.ac.uk/ebhr/

Project Assistant. The United Nations Peacekeeping Law Reform Project. School of Law, University of Essex. July 2010 – June 2011. URL: http://www.essex.ac.uk/plrp/

Translator. Human Rights Centre. University of Essex. 2009 (see publications below).

Conference Assistant. Human Rights Centre - 25th Anniversary Alumni Conference. Human Rights Centre, University of Essex. 2008 http://www.essex.ac.uk/human_rights_centre/news_images_and_docs/25th_Anniversary_Programme_9807.pdf)

Student Support Worker (Notetaker, Academic Assistance and Scribe). University of Essex. October 2010 – July 2012.

POSITIONS AS LAWYER

Of Counsel: International Law, Corporate and Economic Law and Foreign Investments in Brazil. França Ribeiro Advocacia – Baker and Hostetler LLP. São Paulo, Brazil. 2006 – 2010. http://www.francaribeiro.com.br/

Partner: International Law, Corporate and Economic Law and Foreign Investments in Brazil. Sarti, Farina e Magalhães Teixeira Advogados. São Paulo, Brazil. 2005 – 2006.

Regional Counsel - Head of the Legal Department, South America. Delphi Automotive Systems. São Caetano do Sul, Brasil. 2002 – 2005.

Associate: International Law, Corporate and Economic Law and Foreign Investments in Brazil. França Ribeiro Advocacia – Baker and Hostetler LLP. São Paulo, Brazil.

Associate: International Law, Corporate and Economic Law and Foreign Investments in Brazil. Nogueira do Vale Advogados. São Paulo, Brazil. 1996 – 1999.

Websitehttp://buscatextual.cnpq.br/buscatextual/visualizacv.do?id=K4719989H5
Qualifications


ACADEMIC

PhD: Public International Law. School of Law, University of Essex. Colchester, UK. 2013

Master of Laws: Law of Social Relations. School of Law, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo. São Paulo, Brazil. 2004.

Bachelor of Laws: International and Economic Law. School of Law, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo. São Paulo, Brazil. 1995.

Current research

Constitutional Resistance to Decisions of the United Nations Security Council

Research interests

Law of the United Nations; International Security; International Human Rights Law; Business and Human Rights

Teaching responsibilities

Publications

Articles

Droubi, Sufyan and Tzanou, Maria 'Case T-318/01, Omar Mohammed Othman v. Council of the European Union and Commission of the European Communities, Judgment of the Court of First Instance of 11 June 2009 (Seventh Chamber)' Common Market Law Review 47 (2010): 1233 (English).

Droubi, Sufyan `What is at stake in Honduras?`Boletim Meridiano 47 – Boletim de Análise de Conjuntura em Relações Internacionais 112 (2009): 12 (English).

Droubi, Sufyan `The United Nations Security Council and the Environmental Intervention - The Case of the Brazilian Amazon’. (2009) XVII Estudos de Direito Internacional - Anais do 7º Congresso Brasileiro de Direito Internacional XII (2009) (Portuguese).

Droubi, Sufyan `Trinta anos da United Nations International Force in Lebanon [Thirty Years of the UNIFIL]’ Boletim Meridiano 47 – Boletim de Análise de Conjuntura em Relações Internacionais 86 (2007):12 (Portuguese).

El Droubi, Sufyan`A Corte Internacional de Justica e o imbroglio balcanico [The International Court of Justice and the Balkan imbroglio]` Boletim Meridiano 47 – Boletim de Análise de Conjuntura em Relações Internacionais 81 (2007): 10 (Portuguese).

El Droubi, Sufyan ‘Notas sobre as resoluções obrigatórias do Conselho de Segurança da ONU e sua introdução no direito brasileiro [Notes on the mandatory resolutions of the UN Security Council and their introduction into Brazilian law]’ Revista IMES de Direito 7, no. 12 (2006): 225 (Portuguese).

Translation Works

Translation to Portuguese of the handbook: Discrimination and Conflict Prevention, by Lanna Hollo. Initiative on Conflict Prevention through Quiet Diplomacy. Edita Stockholm 2006.

Translation to Portuguese of the handbook: Options and Techniques for Quiet Diplomacy, by Craig Collins and John Packer. Initiative on Conflict Prevention through Quiet Diplomacy. Edita Stockholm 2006.

Study areas

    Public International Law

SupervisorProfessor Sir Nigel Rodley and Dr Karen Hulme
Thesis titleConstitutional Resistance to Decisions of the United Nations Security Council
Abstract

With the development of research on the determination of the substantive and procedural norms that are binding upon the United Nations Security Council, the question of how to react to an illegal resolution has gained momentum. This thesis addresses cases of State resistance to prima facie mandatory resolutions of the Council on grounds that they are unlawful.  

Unlawfulness is a consequence of the resolutions’ violation of material and procedural norms – the Purposes and Principles of the UN, norms of jus cogens, and the procedure established in the UN Charter for the adoption of mandatory resolutions. The present work constructs a theory of resistance in light of the practice of UN organs and Members under the Charter, which is construed as a constitution subject to particular canons of interpretation. Rather than placing focus on a State’s decision to reject a resisted resolution, the present theory emphasises any State behaviour that creates hindrances to the enforcement of the resisted resolution – from protests to action through international organisations, to judicial decisions of domestic Courts contrary to the resisted resolution. 

This thesis highlights the collective aspects of the UN Charter, and argues that an unlawful resolution is a collective rather than an individual issue. It submits that, under the Purposes and Principles, both the determination that a resolution is unlawful and the decision that opposition is the appropriate remedy are to be made collectively. Resistance is regarded as a mechanism of fostering the interpretation of the Charter. Rather than articulating a right to resist, the theory supports the notion that collective resistance carried out for the protection of those norms may lose its unlawfulness.

Gradually, it becomes increasingly tolerated in UN practice, and legally accommodated under the Purposes and Principles of the UN. At this point, it may be referred to as constitutional resistance.

Conferences/presentations

The UN Security Council and the Environmental Intervention. The Case of the Brazilian Amazon, conference paper presented at the 7th Edition of the Brazilian Congress of International Law

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