|Position in department:||Director, Institute for Democracy and Conflict Resolution
|Staff position:||Professor, Department of Government
|Biography:||Todd Landman is Professor of Government and Director of the Institute for Democracy and Conflict Resolution at the University of Essex. He has been at Essex since 1993 in the Department of Government and before being appointed Director of the Institute, he served as the Deputy Director (1999-2003) and Co-Director (2003-2005) of the Human Rights Centre and Director (2007-2010) of the Centre for Democratic Governance.
He is author of Protecting Human Rights (Georgetown 2005), Studying Human Rights (Routledge 2006), and Issues and Methods in Comparative Politics (Routledge 2000, 2003, 2008); co-author of Measuring Human Rights (Routledge 2009), Assessing the Quality of Democracy (International IDEA 2008); Governing Latin America (2003), and Citizenship Rights and Social Movements (Oxford 1997, 2000); editor of Human Rights Volumes I-IV (Sage 2009), and co-editor of the Sage Handbook of Comparative Politics (Sage 2009) and Real Social Science (Cambridge 2012). He was the President of the Human Rights Section of the American Political Science Association and has numerous articles published in International Studies Quarterly, The British Journal of Political Science, Human Rights Quarterly, Democratization, Political Studies, The Journal of Human Rights, The British Journal of Politics and International Relations, Electoral Studies, Human Rights and Human Welfare, Public Law and The California Western International Law Journal.
He has carried out numerous projects on the analysis and synthesis of data and complex governmental information, preparation of reports, and the development of assessment and measurement frameworks for significant inter-governmental organisations, governments, and non-governmental organisations. These include the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP),The International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (IDEA),the UK Department for International Development (DFID), The Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA), The Danish Foreign Ministry, The Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA), The European Commission, The Inter-Parliamentary Union, The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands, International Capacity Building (InWent), Minority Rights Group International, The International Council for Human Rights Policy, Amnesty International, and the World Organisation Against Torture.
- BA Political Science, University of Pennyslvania 1988
- MA Latin American Studies, Georgetown University, 1990
- MA Political Science, University of Colorado at Boulder, 1993
- PhD in Comparative Politics, University of Essex, 2000.
- The political economy of human rights
- Principal-agent explanations for conflict state repression,and large-scale human rights violations
- Measuring human rights
- The quality of democracy
|Research interests:||The systematic comparative analysis of problems in the areas of development, democracy, and human rghts including quantitative and qualitative political methodology.
- Human Rights Vols I-IV, Sage 2009
- Measuring Human Rights, Routledge 2009 (with Edzia Carvalho)
- Sage Handbook of Comparative Politics 2009 (co-edited with Neil Robinson)
- Assessing the Quality of Democracy, International IDEA 2008 (co-authored with Stuart Weir, David Beetham and Edzia Carvalho)
- Issues and Methods in Comparative Politics, Routledge 2000, 2003, 2008
- Studying Human Rights, Routledge 2006
- Protecting Human Rights, Georgetown University Press 2005
- Governing Latin America, Polity 2003 (co-authored with Joe Foweraker and Neil Harvey)
- Citizenship Rights and Social Movements, Oxford 1997, 2000 (co-authored with Joe Foweraker)
- 'Inequality and Human Rights: Who Controls What When and How', International Studies Quarterly, 53 (3): 715-736 (with Marco Larizza).
- 'Paradigmatic Contestation and the Persistence of Perennial Dualities' Political Studies Review, 6 (Spring 2008): 178-185.
- 'Imminence and Proportionality: The US and UK Response to Terrorism', California Western International Law Journal, 28 (Autumn 2007) 1: 75-106.
- ‘Mapping the Use of Judicial Review to Challenge Local Authorities in England and Wales’, Public Law, Issue 3 (2007): 545-567 (with Maurice Sunkin, Kerman Calvo, and Lucinda Platt).
- 'Addressing the Gaps: Promise and Performance, Synthesis and Purity, Large-N and Small-N: A Response to Moore', Human Rights and Human Welfare, 6 (June-July): 99-103.
- ‘The Scope of Human Rights: From Concepts to Measures’, Revista Iberoamericana de Derechos Humanos (2006).
- ‘Justifying Human Rights: The Roles of Domain, Audience and Constituency’, The Journal of Human Rights (2006 with Tom Sorell).
- 'Holding the Line: Human Rights Defenders in the Age of Terror', British Journal of Politics and International Relations, Volume 8 (2006): 123-147.
- 'The Political Science of Human Rights', British Journal of Political Science, 33 (2005): 549-572.
- 'Measuring Human Rights: Principle, Practice, and Policy,' Human Rights Quarterly, 26 (2004): 906-931.
- 'Economic Development and Democracy Revisited: Why Dependency Theory Is Not Yet Dead', Democratization, 11 (2004): 1-20 (With Joe Foweraker)
- ‘Pinochet’s Chile: The United States, Human Rights, and International Terrorism’, Human Rights and Human Welfare, 4 (2004): 91-99.
- 'Open Citizen Juries and the Politics of Sustainability,' Political Studies, 51 (2003): 289-306 (with Hugh Ward, Aletta Norval, and Jules Pretty).
- 'Comparative Politics and Human Rights', Human Rights Quarterly, 24 (November): 890-923.
- ‘Politics, Pragmatism, and Human Rights’, Human Rights and Human Welfare, 3 (2003): 27-34.
- 'Constitutional Design and Democratic Performance,' Democratization, 9 (Summer 2002), (with Joe Foweraker). Winner of the Frank Cass Prize for 2002
- ‘Publish Not Punish: The Contested Truth of the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission’, Human Rights and Human Welfare, 1 (2001): 1-6.
- 'Individual Rights and Social Movements: A Comparative and Statistical Inquiry', British Journal of Political Science, 29 (1999): 291-322 (with Joe Foweraker).
- 'Economic Development and Democracy: The View from Latin America', Political Studies (September 1999), winner of the Harrison Political Studies Award.
- ‘Evolution of Maya Polities in the Ancient Mesoamerican System’, International Studies Quarterly, 43 (December): 559-598.(with Claudio Cioffi-Revilla).
- Todd Landman (2011) ‘Projecting Liberalism into a Realist World: David P. Forsythe and the Political Science of Human Rights,’ Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, 1-4 September 2011, Seattle, Washington.
- Todd Landman, Tulio Antonio-Cravo, Huw Edwards and David Kernohan (2011) ‘The Economic Geography of Human Rights’, paper prepared for the Regional Studies Association Conference, Newcastle University, 17-20 April 2011.
- Todd Landman, David Kernohan and Anita Gohdes (2010) ‘Relativising Human Rights: A New System for Country Ranking,’ paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, 1-3 September, Washington, DC.
- Todd Landman and Edzia Carvalho (2009) ‘Measuring Complexity and Change in Human Rights,’ paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, 1-3 September, Toronto, Canada.
- Todd Landman (2009) ‘Democracy Assessments: Donor Demand and Political Science’, paper presented at the World Congress of the International Political Science Association, 12-16 July, Santiago, Chile.
- Todd Landman (2006) ‘The Role of Democracy Assessment in Democracy Consolidation: Lessons from Mongolia’, paper prepared for the Sixth International Conference of New or Restored Democracies (ICNRD-6), 30 October to 2 November, Doha, Qatar.
- Todd Landman and Marco Larizza (2006) ‘Power and Human Rights: Who Controls What When and How’ Paper prepared for the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Philadelphia, 31 August to3 September.
- Todd Landman (2006) ‘From London to Ulaanbaatar: Making the State of Democracy Framework Travel’, Paper prepared for the IPSA XX World Congress “Is Democracy Working?” Fukuoka, Japan 9-14 July.
- Todd Landman (2006) ‘Democratization in the Age of Rights,’ Paper prepared for the IPSA XX World Congress “Is Democracy Working?” Fukuoka, Japan 9-14 July 2006.
- Todd Landman (2006) ‘Endogenous Democratization in Latin America?’, paper prepared for the 2006 meeting of the Latin American Studies Association, 14-18 March, San Juan, Puerto Rico.
- Todd Landman (2005) ‘Defending Rights in the Age of Terror’ paper prepared for the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Washington DC, 1-4 September.
- Todd Landman (2004) ‘Dictatorships and Double Standards Revisited: US Foreign Policy in Chile, 1973-2000’, Paper presented at the conference on the United States and Global Human Rights, Rothermere American Institute, Oxford University, 11-13 November.
- Todd Landman (2004) ‘Development, Democracy, and Human Rights in Latin America, 1976-2000’, Paper prepared for the 2004 Meeting of the Latin American Studies Association, Las Vegas, Nevada October 7-9.
- Todd Landman (2004) ‘Ratifications and Reservations: Coding the de jure Protection of Human Rights’, paper presented at SC19: Measurement Issues in the Analysis of Human Rights, a workshop at the 2004 Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Chicago, 1 September.
- Todd Landman (2004) ‘Holding the Line: Human Rights Defenders in Comparative Perspective’, Paper presented at the 100th Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Chicago 2-5 September.
- Todd Landman (2003) ‘Norms and Rights: A Non-Recursive Model of Human Rights Protection’ Paper presented at the 99th Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Philadelphia, 27-31 August.
- Todd Landman (2002) ‘Measuring Human Rights: Principle, Practice, and Policy’ paper presented at a conference on human rights and statistics, Brussels 27-29 November.
- Todd Landman (2002) ‘The Evolution of the International Human Rights Regime: Political and Economic Determinants’, paper presented at the 98th Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Boston, 29 August – 1 September.
- Todd Landman (2001) ‘Measuring Human Rights and the Impact of Human Rights Policy’, paper presented at the Conference on Human Rights Impact Assessment (HRIA), 19-20 November, Brussels.
- Todd Landman (2001) ‘Measuring the International Human Rights Regime’, paper presented at the 97th Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, August 30-September 2, San Francisco.
- Joe Foweraker and Todd Landman (2000) ‘Economic Development and Democracy Revisited: Differentiating the Dependent Variable’, paper presented at the ECPR Join Sessions, Copenhagen, April.
- Todd Landman (1999) ‘Organisation and Impact: The Green Movement in Comparative Perspective’, Paper prepared for the ECPR Joint Session, Mannheim, April. Paper published as best papers in conference book.
|Additional information:||Professor Landman is available for media work and has recently appeared on:
- The BBC's 'The Big Questions' with Nicky Campbell
- CNN as a commentator on American politics
- BBC Radio 4 on conflict between Colombia and Venezuela
- Radio Five Live on statistics and crime in the UK
- BBC Essex Radio as a regular commentator on political affairs
- BBC affiliates on the Derren Brown lottery prediction
Please note that Professor Landman is the Director of the Institute for Democracy and Conflict Resolution, the responsibilities for which preclude teaching and PhD supervision.