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"We believe that nurturing and caring for children are the cornerstones of human progress." UNICEF

 General Information

 Optional protocol to the convention on the rights of the child on the involvement of children in armed conflict Volume 2173, A-27531

 External Links

  Children in Conflict and Emergencies (UNICEF)

 Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary General on Children in Armed Conflict An extraordinary impetus now exists for the application of international standards and norms that demonstrates the remarkable commitment of the international community to child protection in armed conflict.

 A World for Children (BBC News In-Depth on Children's Rights)

 After the Conflict: A Review of Selected Sources on Rebuilding War-torn Societies (Patricia Weiss Fagen, UNRISD/PSIS, War-torn Societies Project, Occasional Paper 1, November 1994)

 Canadian Consortium on Human Security (An academic-based network promoting policy-relevant research on human security)

 Children and War: Impact, Protection and Rehabilitation Conference (University of Alberta) (April 1-3, 2004)

 Children in war (ICRC In-Depth on children in war) In its Plan of Action for the years 2000-2003, the 27th International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent (Geneva, 1999) stressed the urgent necessity to strengthen the protection of children in armed conflict. With the following text the ICRC intends to give some information on problems encountered and on action taken.

 Europa World (Human Rights Page) In parallel with its growing economic power, the EU has created its own foreign and security policy. This enables it to speak and act as one in world affairs.

 International Humanitarian Law Research Initiative A searchable database of links to current research, reference materials, and regional and international news on International Humanitarian Law.

 Peace Agreements Worldwide (INCORE) An international centre of excellence for the study of peace and conflict.

 Peacekeeping Resource Hub The Policy, Evaluation and Training Division was established on 1 July 2007. The Division comprising the existing Peacekeeping Best Practices Section (PBPS) and the Integrated Training Service (ITS), and small new teams for Evaluation and for Partnerships provides an integrated capacity to develop and disseminate policy and doctrine; develop, coordinate and deliver standardized training; evaluate mission progress towards mandate implementation; and develop policies and operational frameworks for strategic cooperation with various UN and external partners.

 Military Training for Officers on Children in Armed Conflict pdf

 UN Special Session on Children New York, 19-21 September 2001 (UNICEF) From 8 to 10 May 2002, more than 7,000 people participated in the most important international conference on children in more than a decade, the Special Session of the UN General Assembly on Children, at which the nations of the world committed themselves to a series of goals to improve the situation of children and young people.

 United Nations Special Session on Children (Key documents of the Special Session) (CRIN)

 University Teachers for Human Rights (Jaffna), Sri Lanka

 War and Accountability - FORUM, April 2002 (ICRC)

 War-torn Societies Project - WSP International

 Watchlist on Children and Armed Conflict

 Special Features

Children and Armed Conflict - new edition International Bureau for Children's Rights, 2010 (inc. contribution by Rachel Harvey, Children's Legal Centre)

Children and Armed Conflict - A guide to international humanitarian and human rights law by Rachel Harvey, Children and Armed Conflict Unit, published by the International Bureau for Children's Rights, June 2003

One Day of War The BBC programme One Day of War follows individual fighters in 16 of these wars, over the same 24 hour period

In pictures: Struggle for children's rights (BBC) (November 20, 2002)

 UN Special Session on Children (19-21 September 2001)

 UN Special Session on Children New York, 19-21 September 2001 (UNICEF)

 United Nations Special Session on Children (Key documents of the Special Session) (CRIN)

 NGOs Helping to Make A World Fit for Children A Report of NGO Activities at the UN General Assembly Special Session on Children May 8-10, 2002

 NGO Committee on UNICEF A coalition of international organisations

 UN Special Session on Children (childRIGHT) (September 12, 2001)

 Reports, Articles and Analysis

The State of the World's Children (2011) (UNICEF)

 AU calls to protect the rights of women and children (Ethiopian News) (March 31, 2010)

 YEMEN: Children hit hardest by northern conflict (IRIN News) (February 23, 2010)

 Children killed by old Mozambiquan bomb (Independent Online) (November 20, 2009)

 Universal Children's Day: put a stop to crimes against children in war (ICRC) (November 17, 2009)

 The Six Grave Violations Against Children During Armed Conflict: The Legal Foundation (Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict) (October, 2009)

 Effect of conflict on Gazas children devastating, says UN rights monitoring body (UN News Centre) (January 13, 2009)

UN agency worried at impact of Georgia conflict on children (UNICEF) (August 14 2008)

Lessons Learned: Child Protection, The Impact of Child Protection Advisers in UN Peacekeeping Operations (UN Peacekeeping) (May, 2008)

Child Protection in Emergencies: Priorities, Principles and Practices (International Save the Children Alliance) (January 24, 2008)

ICRC highlights world's 'missing' (BBC News) (August 30, 2007)

Iran Leads the World in Executing Children (Human Rights Watch) (June 20, 2007)

Children and Armed Conflict: Towards a Policy Consensus and Future Agenda Ten Years after the Machel Study by Roger Williamson (Wilton Park) (April 2007)

Israeli soldiers use two Palestinian minors as human shields (B'Tselem) (March 08, 2007)

Factsheet: MSF top 10 'forgotten' crises (AlertNet) (January 10, 2007)

Top 10 Underreported Humanitarian Stories of 2006 (Medecins Sans Frontieres Report) (January 9, 2007)

'Zero tolerance' for UN sex abuse (BBC News) (December 5, 2006)

UN hosts meeting aimed at tackling problems of sexual abuse by field personnel (United Nations News Service) (December 4, 2006)

UN to discuss child abuse claims (BBC News) (December 1, 2006)

Annan calls for action to protect children from conflict; Council reiterates commitment (United Nations News Service) (November 28, 2006)

Next Steps for the UN Security Council on Children and Armed Conflict (Coalition to Stop the Use of Child Soldiers) (November 2006)

Palestinian human shields give Israel pause (The Christian Science Monitor) (November 20, 2006)

Children bringing in a deadly harvest (The Times) (June 2, 2005)

Three Billion Reasons Norway's Development Strategy for Children and Young People in the South (Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs) (May 2005)

Kofi Annan: Without Reform UN Credibility is at Stake (United Nations) (April 7, 2005)

Children Affected by Armed Conflict: Child Rights Law vs Compliance (4th World Congress on Family Law and Child Rights, Cape Town, South Africa) (March 20-23, 2005)

Protecting Children Affected by Conflict and Natural Disaster (Save the Children) (Spring 2005)

Reader on Children and Armed Conflict (IRIN) (March, 2005)

'Era of Application' - Instituting a Compliance and Enforcement Regime for CAAC Statement before the Security Council by Olara A. Otunnu Under-Secretary-General Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict (United Nations) (February 23, 2005)

Tutu calls for child registration (BBC News) (February 22, 2005)

New Voices on the Protection and Participation of Young People Affected by Armed Conflict (Womens Commission for Refugee Women and Children) (January, 2005)

Legal And Human Rights Experts Complete Review Of Draft Laws For Post-Conflict States (United Nations) (March 17, 2004)

Rights groups fault UN steps on children in wars (Reuters) (January 20, 2004)

Protecting Children in Armed Conflict: Blueprints for Compliance (Watchlist on Children and Armed Conflict) (January 2004)

EU Guidelines on Children and Armed Conflict (Council of the European Union) (December 4, 2003)

Children and Armed Conflict Report of the Secretary-General (General Assembly Security Council) (October 30, 2003)

The teenagers traded for slave labour and sex (The Guardian) (July 30, 2003)

Human Development Report 2003: Millennium Development Goals: A compact among nations to end human poverty (UNDP) (2003)

Children and Armed Conflict - A guide to international humanitarian and human rights law by Rachel Harvey, Children and Armed Conflict Unit, published by the International Bureau for Children's Rights, June 2003

General Comment No. 2 (2002) The role of independent national human rights institutions in the promotion and protection of the rights of the child

Helping Children Outgrow War Edited by Vachel W. Miller and Friedrich W. Affolter (June 2002)

Statement by the High Commissioner for Human Rights, commenting on the UN Special Session on Children (June 3, 2002)

A World Fit for Children (A/S-27/19/Rev.1) (Official text of the outcome document approved at the Special Session of the General Assembly on Children on 10 May 2002)

A World Fit for Us (Message from the Children's Forum, delivered to the UN General Assembly Special Session on Children by child delegates, Gabriela Azurduy Arrieta, 13, from Bolivia and Audrey Cheynut, 17, from Monaco on 8 May 2002)

We the Children: Meeting the Promises of the World Summit for Children (Report issued by UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan, assessing the progress made in meeting the commitments made to the children around the globe at the 1990 World Summit for Children)

War In My Back Yard? Issues and Action around Children and Armed Conflict (April 2002)

Outcome Document of OMCT's Conference on Children, Torture and Other Forms of Violence (including a proposal for a Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Children) (OMCT) (March 5, 2002)

OMCT Study on the need for a UN Special Rapporteur on Violence against Children (OMCT) (March 4, 2002)

Update on Children and Armed Conflict (World Vision) (2002)

The slave children (BBC News) (October 5, 2001)

Peace and Conflict 2001: A Global Survey of Armed Conflicts, Self-Determination Movements, and Democracy

Graca Machel: Children's champion (BBC News) (August 28, 2001)

Mandela's mission for children (BBC News) (August 27, 2001)

Human Development Report 2001 (UNDP)

In the Child's Best Interest (Plan International) (June 14, 2001)

OSCE Human Dimension Commitments: A Reference Guide (Warsaw, 2001)

Untapped Potential: Adolescents Affected by Armed Conflict - A review of programmes and policies (Women's Commission for Refugee Women and Children) (January 2000)

Olara Otunnu examines the significance of Security Council Resolutions 1261 and 1314

Olara Otunnu reports to the UN General Assembly at the end of his first three-year mandate (October 3, 2000) (55th GA session)

Child marriage 'violates rights' (BBC News) (March 7, 2001)

The Impact of Armed Conflict on Children A review by Graa Machel (September 2000, Winnipeg, Canada)

Discussion on Peace Agreements and Cease-fires (INCORE)

Children in A World of Violence (Children in Need Magazine) (Jane Sutton-Redner [Timeless Images])

The Strange War: Stories for a Culture of Peace by Martin Auer (Peace education materials for children)

Children's Security and Human Insecurity: "Mitigating the Impacts of Armed Conflict on Civilian Children - the Rhetoric and Reality of Human Security in the Post Cold War Era." By Sara Edson (1998-1999)

Protecting Children from the Scourge of War by Dan Jacobs (The Consultative Group on Early Childhood Care and Development) (Coordinators' Notebook No. 10, October 1991)

 Country and Region Specific


 CAR children 'seized for ransom' (BBC News) (June 26, 2007)

 African charter on the rights and welfare of the child OAU Doc. CAB/LEG/24.9/49 (1990), entered into force Nov. 29, 1999.

 Africa's orphaned and vulnerable generations: CHILDREN AFFECTED BY AIDS (August 2006)


 The state of Latin American and Caribbean children Child survival 2008

 Father forced to lynch son by Peru vigilantes (The Guardian) (August 30, 2007)

 Haiti's hidden 'child slaves' (BBC News) (March 20, 2007)

 Study: Child sex abuse 'epidemic' in U.S. (CNN) (September 11, 2001)


 International Collaboration for children's rights in Asia and the pacific New opportunities for South-South cooperation (4,6 November 2010)

 Lost Children of Central Asia: Underage Prostitution in Kazakstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan An IWPR special investigation (Institute for War and Peace Reporting) (January 19, 2004)

Middle East

 Middle East: Violence hits education (IRIN) (March 3, 2011)

 Child rights situation analysis for Middle East and North African Region (Save the Children) (August 2008)

 First Arab regional workshop on combating child trafficking (UNICEF) (March 1, 2006)

WARNING: The Children and Armed Conflict Unit is not responsible for the content of external websites. Links are for informational purposes only. A link does not imply an endorsement of the linked site or its contents.

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