Definition and Interpretations
Objects of the University
Powers of the University
Functions of the Council
Powers of the Council
Delegation by the Council
Dividend, Gift, Division or Bonus in Money
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ELIZABETH THE SECOND
by the Grace of God of the United Kingdom of Great
Britain and Northern Ireland and of Our other Realms and Territories
Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith:
TO ALL TO WHOM THESE PRESENTS SHALL COME, GREETING!
WHEREAS an humble Petition has been presented unto Us
by the Members of the Academic Planning Board for the University of
Essex praying that We should constitute and found a University within
Our County of Essex for the advancement of learning and knowledge by
teaching and research and for enabling students to obtain the
advantages of University education and to grant a Charter with such
provisions in that behalf as shall seem to Us right and suitable:
AND WHEREAS We have taken the said Petition into Our
Royal Consideration and are minded to accede thereto:
NOW THEREFORE KNOW YE that We by virtue of Our
Prerogative Royal and of Our especial grace, certain knowledge and
mere motion have willed and ordained and by these Presents do for Us,
Our Heirs and Successors will and ordain as follows:
The Chancellor, the Pro-Chancellors, the
Vice-Chancellor, the Treasurer, the Pro-Vice-Chancellors and the Deans
for the time being, the members for the time being of the Court, the
Council, the Senate and the Academic Staff, the Graduates of the
University, the Graduate and the Undergraduate students of the
University and all others who shall pursuant to this Our Charter and
the Statutes of the University for the time being be Members of the
University are hereby constituted and from henceforth for ever shall
be one Body Politic and Corporate, with perpetual succession and a
Common Seal, by the name and style of 'The University of Essex'
(hereinafter called 'the University').
2. Definitions and Interpretations
In the Charter and Statutes
The words “Alumni Association”, “Court”, “Charter”,
“Council” and “Senate” refer respectively to the Alumni Association,
the Court, the Charter, the Council and the Senate of the
The words “Chancellor”, “Pro-Chancellor”,
“Vice-Chancellor”, “Treasurer” and “Pro-Vice-Chancellor” refer
respectively to the Chancellor, the Pro-Chancellor, the
Vice-Chancellor, the Treasurer and the Pro-Vice-Chancellor of the
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“Graduates” means persons upon whom Degrees of the
University have been conferred.
“External members” means members of the Council who
are neither Staff nor Students of the University and are otherwise
independent of the University.
“Officers” means persons holding any office in the
University established under the Charter and the Statutes.
“Ordinances” means Ordinances made under the Charter
or the Statutes.
“Ordinary Resolution” means a resolution passed by a
simple majority at a meeting of the Council.
“Regulations” means Regulations made under the
Charter, the Statutes or the Ordinances.
“Special Resolution” means a resolution passed at
one meeting of the Council and confirmed at a subsequent meeting
held not less than one calendar month nor more than six calendar
months after the former, provided that notice of each meeting is
given to each member of the Council not less than fourteen days
before the meeting, and that the resolution is passed by a majority
of not less than three fourths of the members of the Council present
and voting. The notice of the meeting shall set out the resolution
“Staff ” means all persons employed by the
“Court” means a meeting of persons who have been
appointed by the Council and have an interest in, or relationship
to, the University.
“Students” means persons pursuing any programme of
study in the University.
“Students’ Union” means an association of all
Students of the University.
“University” means The University of Essex.
Words defined in the Charter shall have the same
meaning in the Statutes, the Ordinances and the Regulations unless
the context indicates otherwise.
The headings used in the Charter and in the
Statutes, Ordinances and Regulations are provided for reference only
and are not intended to have legal effect.
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3. Objects of the University
The objects of the University shall be to advance
education, scholarship, knowledge and understanding by teaching and
research, for the benefit of individuals and society at large.
4. Powers of the University
Subject to the provisions of the Charter and Statutes,
and in the furtherance of its objects, the University shall have all
the powers of a natural person including, but not limited to, power:
in relation to teaching and research:
to provide instruction and programmes of study and
to engage in scholarship and conduct research;
to admit applicants to programmes of study in
accordance with their qualifications or experience;
to determine fees in relation to programmes of
study and to require payment of such fees;
to determine and conduct appropriate forms of
assessment, including examinations;
to confer degrees and grant other academic awards;
to withdraw degrees and other academic awards
conferred or granted by the University;
in relation to students:
to prescribe rules for the discipline of Students;
to determine procedures for the hearing of
complaints by Students;
in relation to staff:
to employ Staff in such positions as may be
required, and to prescribe their conditions of service.
in relation to other institutions:
to affiliate other institutions, or branches or
departments of other institutions;
to co-operate and collaborate with other
to award joint degrees and other academic awards
with other institutions;
to incorporate into the University any other
institution and take over its rights, property and liabilities,
for any purpose not inconsistent with the Charter.
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in relation to the provision of services and goods,
within the limits applicable to a charity:
to exploit for the University’s benefit a facility
or resource of the University, including study, research or
knowledge, or the practical application of study, research or
knowledge, belonging to the University, whether alone or with
to sell books, and other learning resources,
intellectual property and other goods and services consistent with
to print, reproduce and publish research and other
works initiated by the University, or to provide for their
printing, reproduction and publication;
to provide facilities and resources for the
wellbeing of the University’s Students and Staff.
in relation to the transaction of University
to enter into contracts;
to acquire, hold, dispose of and deal with
to raise funds;
to act as trustee or manager of any property or
funds given or bequeathed to the University for purposes of
education or research or other objects of the University, and to
invest any such funds.
To do anything else necessary or convenient,
whether incidental to these powers or not, in order to further the
objects of the University as a place of education, learning and
5. The Council
There shall be a
Council of the University. The
Council shall be the supreme Governing Body of the University and
shall act in a way that promotes the University’s interests.
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6. Functions of the Council
The Council’s functions shall be to:
have ultimate responsibility for the affairs of the
determine the strategic direction of the University;
ensure the effective management and control of the
University’s affairs, property and finances;
determine the structure, staffing and overall
composition of the University;
appoint the Chancellor, Pro-Chancellors,
Vice-Chancellor, and other officers of the University.
7. Powers of the Council
Subject to the Charter, and in furtherance of its role
as the supreme Governing Body, the Council shall exercise all the
powers of the University; and without limiting the above, the Council
has the specific powers set out in the Ordinances.
8. Delegation by the Council
Subject to sub-paragraph (b) below, the Council may
delegate its powers under the Charter, the Statutes and Ordinances
an appropriately qualified member of the Council;
an appropriately qualified committee that contains
one or more members of the Council; or
an appropriately qualified member of the
Provisions governing the delegation of the Council’s
powers are set out in the Ordinances.
The Council may not delegate its powers:
to appoint and dismiss the Vice-Chancellor and to
approve the Vice-Chancellor’s terms and conditions of appointment;
to approve the annual budget;
to amend the Charter under the provisions of
to make University Statutes or Ordinances;
to adopt the University’s Annual Accounts;
to appoint the University’s Auditors.
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9. The Senate
There shall be a
Senate of the University which shall
have delegated authority from the Council to oversee the academic work
of the University, the enhancement of academic quality and assurance
of academic standards, and the regulation of student discipline, and
which shall have the composition, powers and functions conferred on it
in the Ordinances.
10. The Court
There shall be a
Court of the University comprising
persons who have been appointed by the Council and which shall have
the composition and functions prescribed in the Ordinances.
11. Students’ Union
There shall be a Students’ Union of the University
which shall have the composition, powers and functions prescribed in
12. Alumni Association
There shall be an
Alumni Association of the University
which shall have the composition and functions prescribed in the
13. The Chancellor
There shall be a Chancellor of the University who
shall be the chief Officer of the University.
The Chancellor shall be entitled to preside over the
Annual Meeting of the Court and to confer degrees on behalf of the
14. The Pro-Chancellor
There shall be Pro-Chancellors of the University not
exceeding three in number. One of the Pro-Chancellors shall be the
Chair of Council and shall act as Chancellor in the absence of the
Chancellor or in the event of a vacancy in that post.
15. The Vice-Chancellor
There shall be a Vice-Chancellor of the University
who shall be the principal academic and administrative Officer of
the University and ex officio Chair of the Senate.
The Vice-Chancellor shall assume the role of the
chief executive officer of the University.
In the event of the Vice-Chancellor’s death or
incapacity, or a vacancy in the office of Vice-Chancellor, the
Council may appoint an Acting Vice-Chancellor in accordance with the
Ordinances. In such an event, the term “the Vice-Chancellor” in this
Charter, the Statutes and the Ordinances shall apply to the duly
appointed Acting Vice-Chancellor.
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16. The Treasurer
There shall be a Treasurer of the University who shall
be the Chair of the audit committee.
17. The Pro-Vice-Chancellor
There shall be Pro-Vice-Chancellors of the University
who shall in the event of the Vice-Chancellor’s incapacity through
illness or any other cause perform functions and duties of the
Vice-Chancellor. The Council may designate a Pro-Vice-Chancellor as
Deputy Vice-Chancellor in accordance with the Ordinances.
18. The Charter
The Council may at any time add to, amend, or revoke
the Charter by a Special Resolution. Such addition, amendment, or
revocation shall only become effective when approved by Us, Our Heirs
or Successors in Council. A certificate under the hand of the Clerk of
the Privy Council shall be conclusive evidence of such approval. This
Article shall apply to the Charter as added to, amended, or revoked in
19. The Statutes
Subject to the provisions of the Charter, Statutes
the constitution and business of the Council;
such other provisions as the Council may see fit in
connection with the governance of the University, or for the
promotion of the objects of the Charter.
The Statutes may direct that any of the matters
prescribed or regulated by Statute as authorised or directed in the
Charter shall be further prescribed or regulated by Ordinance, by
Regulation, or by decision made by the Council.
The Council may, at any time, by Special Resolution,
make Statutes for the University which may add to, amend or revoke the
Statutes for the time being in force; provided that such Statutes
shall not be inconsistent with the provisions of the Charter. Such
addition, amendment or revocation shall only become effective when
approved by the Privy Council. A Certificate under the hand of the
Clerk of the Privy Council shall be conclusive evidence of such
20. The Ordinances
Subject to the provisions of the Charter and the
Statutes the Council may, on the recommendation of the Senate, and by
Ordinary Resolution, make, add to, amend or revoke such Ordinances as
it considers necessary or desirable for the purpose of carrying out
the objects of the University, and shall stipulate when such
Ordinances come into effect; provided that no Ordinances shall be
inconsistent with the provisions of the Charter or Statutes.
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21. The Regulations
Subject to the provisions of the Charter, the Statutes
and Ordinances, the Senate may, within the responsibilities delegated
to it by the Council, make, add to, amend or revoke Regulations
teaching, research, programmes of study and the
award of degrees and other academic distinctions;
the conduct of examinations;
the University Library;
the requirements for admission to the University and
to any particular programme of study;
the conditions under which Students shall be
permitted to continue their studies in the University;
the discipline of the Students of the University;
such other matters within its delegated
responsibilities as it considers necessary or desirable for the
purpose of carrying out the objects of the University.
22. Academic Freedom
Academic staff shall have freedom within the law to
question and test received wisdom, and to put forward new ideas and
controversial or unpopular opinions, without placing themselves in
jeopardy of losing their jobs or privileges.
The University shall show no discrimination on account
of political belief, gender identity, sexual orientation, disability,
age, marital status, race, ethnic origin, nationality, religion or
social background against any person in determining whether he or she
is to be admitted as a member of the Staff, or as a Student, or to
graduate from the University or to hold any advantage or privilege of
24. Dividend, Gift, Division or Bonus in Money
The University shall not make any dividend, gift,
division or bonus in money to or between any of its members except by
way of prize, reward or special grant.
We reserve unto Ourself, Our Heirs and Successors, on
representation from the Council following a Resolution passed by a
simple majority of the members of the Council present and voting, the
right by Order in Council to appoint a Visitor of the University for
such period and with such duties as We, Our Heirs and Successors shall
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Our Royal Will and Pleasure is that this Our Charter
shall ever be construed benevolently and in every case most favourably
to the University and the promotion of the objects of this Our
IN WITNESS whereof We have caused these Our Letters to
be made Patent.
WITNESS Ourself at Westminster the eleventh day of
January in the thirteenth year of Our Reign.
BY WARRANT UNDER THE QUEEN'S SIGN MANUAL, COLDSTREAM
Committees of the Council
Committees of the Senate